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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Hebrews 5

 

 

Other Authors
Introduction
1The honour of our Saviour's priesthood.
11Negligence in the knowledge thereof is reproved.

Verse 1
For every high priest taken from among men is ordained for men in things pertaining to God, that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins:
every
10:11; Exodus 28:1-14; 29:1-37; Leviticus 8:2
is ordained
8:3
for men
2:17; Numbers 16:46-48; 18:1-3
both
8:3; 9:9; 10:11; 11:4; Leviticus 9:7,15-21

Verse 2
Who can have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way; for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity.
Who
2:18; 4:15
have compassion on
or, reasonably bear with. ignorant.
Numbers 15:22-29; 1 Timothy 1:13
them
12:13; Exodus 32:8; Judges 2:17; Isaiah 30:11
is compassed
7:28; Exodus 32:2-5,21-24; Numbers 12:1-9; 20:10-12; Luke 22:32; 2 Corinthians 11:30; 2 Corinthians 12:5,9,10; Galatians 4:13

Verse 3
And by reason hereof he ought, as for the people, so also for himself, to offer for sins.
as
7:27; 9:7; Exodus 29:12-19; Leviticus 4:3-12; 8:14-21; 9:7; 16:6,15

Verse 4
And no man taketh this honour unto himself, but he that is called of God, as was Aaron.
Exodus 28:1; Leviticus 8:2; Numbers 3:3; 16:5,7,10,35,40,46-48; 17:3-11; 18:1-5; 1 Chronicles 23:13; 2 Chronicles 26:18; John 3:27

Verse 5
So also Christ glorified not himself to be made an high priest; but he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, to day have I begotten thee.
Christ
John 7:18; 8:54
Thou
1:5; Psalms 2:7; Micah 5:2; John 3:16; Acts 13:33; Romans 8:3

Verse 6
As he saith also in another place, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.
Thou
10; 6:20; 7:3,15,17,21; Psalms 110:4
Melchisedec
Genesis 14:18,19

Verse 7
Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared;
the
2:14; John 1:14; Romans 8:3; Galatians 4:4; 1 Timothy 3:16; 1 John 4:3; 2 John 1:7
when
Psalms 22:1-21; 69:1; 88:1; Matthew 26:28-44; Mark 14:32-39; Leviticus 2:2; 4:4-14; John 17:1
with
Matthew 27:46,50; Mark 15:34,37
tears
Isaiah 53:3,11; John 11:35
unto
Matthew 26:52,53; Mark 14:36
and
13:20; Psalms 18:19,20; 22:21,24; 40:1-3; 69:13-16; Isaiah 49:8; John 11:42; John 17:4,5
in that he feared
or, for his piety.
12:28; Matthew 26:37,38; Mark 14:33,34; Luke 22:42-44; John 12:27,28

Verse 8
Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered;
he were
1:5,8; 3:6
yet
10:5-9; Isaiah 50:5,6; Matthew 3:15; John 4:34; 6:38; 15:10; Philippians 2:8

Verse 9
And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him;
being
2:10; 11:40; Daniel 9:24; Luke 13:32; John 19:30; *Gr:
he became
12:2; Psalms 68:18-20; Isaiah 45:22; 49:6; Acts 3:15; *marg:; Acts 4:12
eternal
2:3; 9:12,15; Psalms 45:17; 51:6,8; 2 Thessalonians 2:16; 2 Timothy 2:10; 1 John 5:20; Jude 1:21
unto
11:8; Isaiah 50:10; 55:3; Zechariah 6:15; Matthew 7:24-27; 17:5; Acts 5:32; Romans 1:5; Romans 2:8; 6:17; 10:16; 15:18; 2 Corinthians 10:5; 2 Thessalonians 1:8; 1 Peter 1:22

Verse 10
Called of God an high priest after the order of Melchisedec.
5,6; 6:20

Verse 11
Of whom we have many things to say, and hard to be uttered, seeing ye are dull of hearing.
we
1 Kings 10:1; John 6:6; 16:12; 2 Peter 3:16
dull
Isaiah 6:10; Matthew 13:15; Mark 8:17,18,21; Luke 24:25; Acts 28:27

Verse 12
For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which be the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat.
for the
Matthew 17:17; Mark 9:19
teachers
Ezra 7:10; Psalms 34:11; 1 Corinthians 14:19; Colossians 3:16; Titus 2:3,4
teach
Isaiah 28:9,10,13; Philippians 3:1
the first
6:1
the oracles
2 Samuel 16:23; Acts 7:38; Romans 3:2; 1 Peter 4:11
as have
13; Isaiah 55:1; 1 Corinthians 3:1-3; 1 Peter 2:2

Verse 13
For every one that useth milk is unskilful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe.
is unskilful
Gr. hath no experience. the word.
Psalms 119:123; Romans 1:17,18; 10:5,6; 2 Corinthians 3:9; 2 Timothy 3:16
he
Isaiah 28:9; Matthew 11:25; Mark 10:15; Romans 2:20; 1 Corinthians 13:11; 14:20; Ephesians 4:14; 1 Peter 2:2

Verse 14
But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.
of full age
or, perfect.
Matthew 5:48; 1 Corinthians 2:6; Ephesians 4:13; Philippians 3:15; James 3:2; *Gr:
use
or, an habit, or, perfection. their.
Job 6:30; 12:11; 34:3; Psalms 119:103; Song of Solomon 1:3; 2:3; Matthew 6:22,23; Ephesians 1:18
to discern
Genesis 3:5; 2 Samuel 14:17; 1 Kings 3:9,11; Isaiah 7:15; Romans 14:1; *Gr:; 1 Corinthians 2:14,15; Philippians 1:9,10; *Gr:; 1 Thessalonians 5:21

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Hebrews 5:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/hebrews-5.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, January 25th, 2020
the Second Week after Epiphany
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