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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Isaiah 14

 

 

Introduction
1God's merciful restoration of Israel.
3Their triumphant exultation over Babel.
24God's purpose against Assyria.
29Palestina is threatened.

Verse 1
For the LORD will have mercy on Jacob, and will yet choose Israel, and set them in their own land: and the strangers shall be joined with them, and they shall cleave to the house of Jacob.
the Lord
40:1,2; 44:21,22; 54:7,8; Leviticus 26:40-45; Deuteronomy 4:29-31; Nehemiah 1:8,9; Psalms 98:3; 102:13; 136:10-24; 143:12; Jeremiah 50:4-6,17-20,33; Jeremiah 51:4-6,34-37; Luke 1:54,72-74
choose
27:6; Zechariah 1:17; 2:12
set
Deuteronomy 30:3-5; Jeremiah 24:6,7; 29:14; 30:18-22; 31:8-12; 32:37-41; Ezekiel 36:24-28; 39:25-29
the strangers
19:24,25; 49:16-23; 56:6-8; 60:3-5; 66:20; Ruth 1:14-18; Esther 8:17; Jeremiah 12:15,16; Zechariah 2:11; 8:22,23; Malachi 1:11; Luke 2:32; Acts 15:14-17; Ephesians 2:12-19

Verse 2
And the people shall take them, and bring them to their place: and the house of Israel shall possess them in the land of the LORD for servants and handmaids: and they shall take them captives, whose captives they were; and they shall rule over their oppressors.
and the house
18:7; 60:9-12; 61:5; Ezra 2:65; Romans 15:27; 2 Corinthians 8:4,5; Galatians 5:13
and they
Psalms 68:18; 2 Corinthians 10:5; Ephesians 4:8
whose captives they were
Heb. that had taken them captives. they shall rule over.
60:14; Jeremiah 30:16; Daniel 7:18,25-27; Zechariah 14:2,3; Revelation 3:9; 11:11-18; Revelation 18:20-24

Verse 3
And it shall come to pass in the day that the LORD shall give thee rest from thy sorrow, and from thy fear, and from the hard bondage wherein thou wast made to serve,
12:1; 32:18; Deuteronomy 28:48,65-68; Ezra 9:8,9; Jeremiah 30:10; 46:27,28; 50:34; Ezekiel 28:24; Zechariah 8:2,8; Revelation 18:20; 19:1-3

Verse 4
That thou shalt take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say, How hath the oppressor ceased! the golden city ceased!
proverb
or, taunting speech.
Jeremiah 24:9; Ezekiel 5:15; Habakkuk 2:6
How
6,17; 47:5; 49:26; 51:23; Jeremiah 25:9-14; 27:6,7; 50:22,23; Jeremiah 51:20-24,34,35; Daniel 7:19-25; Habakkuk 1:2-10; 2:6-12,17; Revelation 13:15-17; 16:5,6; 17:6; 18:5-8,20
golden city
or, exactress of gold.
13:19; 45:2,3; 2 Chronicles 36:18; Lamentations 4:1; Daniel 2:38; Revelation 18:16

Verse 5
The LORD hath broken the staff of the wicked, and the sceptre of the rulers.
29; 9:4; 10:5; Psalms 125:3; Jeremiah 48:15-17

Verse 6
He who smote the people in wrath with a continual stroke, he that ruled the nations in anger, is persecuted, and none hindereth.
who smote
33:1; 47:6; 2 Chronicles 36:17; Jeremiah 25:9; Daniel 7:19-21; James 2:13
continual stroke
Heb. a stroke without removing. is persecuted.
13:14-18; 21:1-10; 47:1-15; Jeremiah 25:26; 50:31; Revelation 17:16,17; 18:8-10
and none
46:10,11; Job 9:13; Proverbs 21:30; Daniel 4:35

Verse 7
The whole earth is at rest, and is quiet: they break forth into singing.
they
49:13; Psalms 96:11-13; 98:7-9; 126:1-3; Proverbs 11:10; Jeremiah 51:48; Revelation 18:20; Revelation 19:1-6

Verse 8
Yea, the fir trees rejoice at thee, and the cedars of Lebanon, saying, Since thou art laid down, no feller is come up against us.
55:12,13; Ezekiel 31:16; Zechariah 11:2

Verse 9
Hell from beneath is moved for thee to meet thee at thy coming: it stirreth up the dead for thee, even all the chief ones of the earth; it hath raised up from their thrones all the kings of the nations.
Hell
or, The grave. from.
Proverbs 15:24
is moved
Ezekiel 32:21-32
chief ones
Heb. leaders, or, great goats.
Jeremiah 50:8

Verse 10
All they shall speak and say unto thee, Art thou also become weak as we? art thou become like unto us?
Art thou also
Psalms 49:6-14,20; 82:6,7; Ecclesiastes 2:16; Luke 16:20-23

Verse 11
Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, and the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and the worms cover thee.
pomp
21:4,5; 22:2; Job 21:11-15; Ezekiel 26:13; 32:19,20; Daniel 5:1-4,25-30; Amos 6:3-7; Revelation 18:11-19
the worm
66:24; Job 17:13,14; 24:19,20; Mark 9:43-48

Verse 12
How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!
How art thou fallen
13:10; 34:4; Ezekiel 28:13-17; Luke 10:18; 2 Peter 2:4; Revelation 12:7-10
Lucifer
or, day-star.
2 Peter 1:19; Revelation 2:28; 22:16
weaken
4-6; Jeremiah 50:23; 51:20-24

Verse 13
For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:
thou
47:7-10; Ezekiel 27:3; 28:2; 29:3; Daniel 4:30,31; Zephaniah 2:15; Revelation 18:7,8
I will ascend
Ezekiel 28:9,12-16; Daniel 8:10-12
the mount
2:2; Psalms 48:2

Verse 14
I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.
ascend
37:23,24
I will be
47:8; Genesis 3:5; 2 Thessalonians 2:4

Verse 15
Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit.
thou
3-11; Ezekiel 28:8,9; Matthew 11:23; Acts 12:22,23; Revelation 19:20
to the
Ezekiel 32:23

Verse 16
They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, and consider thee, saying, Is this the man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms;
shall narrowly
Psalms 58:10,11; 64:9
Is this
4,5; Psalms 52:7; Jeremiah 50:23; 51:20-23

Verse 17
That made the world as a wilderness, and destroyed the cities thereof; that opened not the house of his prisoners?
made
13:19-22; 64:10; Ezekiel 6:14; Joel 2:3; Zephaniah 2:13,14
opened not the house of his prisoners
or, did not let his prisoners loose homewards.
45:13; 58:6; 2 Chronicles 28:8-15; Ezra 1:2-4

Verse 18
All the kings of the nations, even all of them, lie in glory, every one in his own house.
all of
22:16; 2 Chronicles 24:16,25; Ecclesiastes 6:3; Ezekiel 32:18-32
house
Job 30:23; Ecclesiastes 12:5

Verse 19
But thou art cast out of thy grave like an abominable branch, and as the raiment of those that are slain, thrust through with a sword, that go down to the stones of the pit; as a carcase trodden under feet.
thou
The prophet having briefly set forth, in the beginning of this chapter, the deliverance of Judah from captivity, in consequence of the destruction of Babylon, then introduces this triumphant song, the beauties of which are excellently illustrated by Bp. Lowth.
1 Kings 21:19,24; 2 Kings 9:25,34-36; Jeremiah 8:1,2; 16:6; 22:19
go
Jeremiah 41:7,9; Ezekiel 32:23

Verse 20
Thou shalt not be joined with them in burial, because thou hast destroyed thy land, and slain thy people: the seed of evildoers shall never be renowned.
the seed
13:15-19; Job 18:16,19; Psalms 21:10; 37:28; 109:13; 137:8,9

Verse 21
Prepare slaughter for his children for the iniquity of their fathers; that they do not rise, nor possess the land, nor fill the face of the world with cities.
slaughter
Exodus 20:5; Leviticus 26:39; Matthew 23:35
do not
27:6; Habakkuk 2:8-12

Verse 22
For I will rise up against them, saith the LORD of hosts, and cut off from Babylon the name, and remnant, and son, and nephew, saith the LORD.
I will
13:5; 21:9; 43:14; 47:9-14; Jeremiah 50:26,27,29-35; 51:3,4,56,57
the name
Job 18:16-19; Proverbs 10:7; Jeremiah 51:62-64
remnant
1 Kings 14:10

Verse 23
I will also make it a possession for the bittern, and pools of water: and I will sweep it with the besom of destruction, saith the LORD of hosts.
make
13:21,22; 34:11-15; Jeremiah 50:39,40; 51:42,43; Zephaniah 2:14; Revelation 14:8; Revelation 18:2,21-23
I will sweep
1 Kings 14:10; 2 Kings 21:13; Jeremiah 51:25,26

Verse 24
The LORD of hosts hath sworn, saying, Surely as I have thought, so shall it come to pass; and as I have purposed, so shall it stand:
Lord
Exodus 17:16; Psalms 110:4; Jeremiah 44:26; Amos 8:7; Hebrews 4:3; 6:16-18
Surely
46:10,11; Job 23:13; Psalms 33:10; 92:5; Proverbs 19:21; 21:30; Jeremiah 23:20; Jeremiah 29:11; Lamentations 3:37; Matthew 11:25; Acts 4:28; Ephesians 1:9

Verse 25
That I will break the Assyrian in my land, and upon my mountains tread him under foot: then shall his yoke depart from off them, and his burden depart from off their shoulders.
I will
9:4; 10:16-19,32-34; 17:12-14; 30:30-33; 31:8,9; 37:36-38; Ezekiel 39:4
then
5; 10:24-27; Nahum 1:13

Verse 26
This is the purpose that is purposed upon the whole earth: and this is the hand that is stretched out upon all the nations.
5:25; Zephaniah 3:6-8

Verse 27
For the LORD of hosts hath purposed, and who shall disannul it? and his hand is stretched out, and who shall turn it back?
the Lord
23:9; 43:13; 46:11; Job 40:8; Jeremiah 4:28; 51:59; Romans 8:28,31
his
9:12; 2 Chronicles 20:6; Job 9:12; 23:13; Psalms 33:11; Proverbs 19:21; 21:30; Daniel 4:31-35

Verse 28
In the year that king Ahaz died was this burden.
A. M. 3278. B.C. 726
6:1; 2 Kings 16:20; 2 Chronicles 28:27

Verse 29
Rejoice not thou, whole Palestina, because the rod of him that smote thee is broken: for out of the serpent's root shall come forth a cockatrice, and his fruit shall be a fiery flying serpent.
Rejoice
Proverbs 24:17; Ezekiel 26:2; 35:15; Hosea 9:1; Obadiah 1:12; Micah 7:8; Zephaniah 3:11
whole
Joshua 13:3; 1 Samuel 6:17,18
because
2 Chronicles 26:6; 28:18
for
2 Kings 18:8
cockatrice
or, adder.
11:8
a fiery
30:6

Verse 30
And the firstborn of the poor shall feed, and the needy shall lie down in safety: and I will kill thy root with famine, and he shall slay thy remnant.
the firstborn
Job 18:13
the poor
5:17; 7:21,22; 30:23,24; 33:16; 37:30; 65:13,14
and I
Jeremiah 47:1-7; Ezekiel 25:15-17; Joel 3:4-8; Amos 1:6-8; Zephaniah 2:4-7; Zechariah 9:5-7

Verse 31
Howl, O gate; cry, O city; thou, whole Palestina, art dissolved: for there shall come from the north a smoke, and none shall be alone in his appointed times.
Howl
13:6; 16:7
for
20:1; Jeremiah 1:14; 25:16-20
none shall be alone
or, he shall not be alone. appointed times. or, assemblies.

Verse 32
What shall one then answer the messengers of the nation? That the LORD hath founded Zion, and the poor of his people shall trust in it.
shall one
39:1; 2 Samuel 8:10; 2 Kings 20:12-19
the Lord
12:6; 37:32; Psalms 87:1,5; 102:16,28; 132:13,14; Matthew 16:18
and the
11:4; 25:4; Zephaniah 3:12; Zechariah 11:7,11; James 2:5
trust in it
or, betake themselves unto it.
Proverbs 18:10; Matthew 24:15,16; Hebrews 12:22

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 14:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/isaiah-14.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, November 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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