corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.19.06.17
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Isaiah 29

 

 

Introduction
1God's heavy judgment upon Jerusalem.
7The unsatiableness of her enemies.
9The senselessness,
13and deep hypocrisy of the Jews.
17A promise of sanctification to the godly.

Verse 1
Woe to Ariel, to Ariel, the city where David dwelt! add ye year to year; let them kill sacrifices.
A. M. 3292. B.C.712. woe. etc. or, O Ariel, that is, the lion of God
31:9; Ezekiel 43:15,16
the city
or, of the city.
2 Samuel 5:9
add
1:11-15; Jeremiah 7:21; Hosea 5:6; 8:13; 9:4; Amos 4:4,5; Hebrews 10:1
kill
Heb. cut off the heads.
66:3; Micah 6:6,7

Verse 2
Yet I will distress Ariel, and there shall be heaviness and sorrow: and it shall be unto me as Ariel.
I will
5:25-30; 10:5,6,32; 17:14; 24:1-12; 33:7-9; 36:22; 37:3; Jeremiah 32:28-32; 39:4,5
and it shall
Or, as Bp. Lowth renders, "and it shall be unto me as the hearth of the great altar;" that is, it shall be the seat of the fire of God, which shall issue from thence to consume his enemies. The hearth of the altar is expressly called ariel by Ezekiel, ch. 43:15; which is put, in the former part of the verse, for Jerusalem, the city in which the altar was. The subject of this and the four following chapters, says Bp. Lowth, is the invasion of Sennacherib; the great distress of the Jews while it continued; their sudden and unexpected deliverance by God's immediate and miraculous interposition on their behalf; the subsequent prosperous state of the kingdom under Hezekiah; interspersed with severe reproofs and threats of punishment for their hypocrisy, stupidity, infidelity, their want of trust in God, and their vain reliance on the assistance of Egypt; and with promises of better times, both immediately to succeed, and to be expected in the future age.
34:6; Ezekiel 22:31; 24:3-13; 39:17; Zephaniah 1:7,8; Revelation 19:17,18

Verse 3
And I will camp against thee round about, and will lay siege against thee with a mount, and I will raise forts against thee.
2 Kings 18:17; 19:32; 24:11,12; 25:1-4; Ezekiel 21:22; Matthew 22:7; Luke 19:43,44

Verse 4
And thou shalt be brought down, and shalt speak out of the ground, and thy speech shall be low out of the dust, and thy voice shall be, as of one that hath a familiar spirit, out of the ground, and thy speech shall whisper out of the dust.
thou shalt
2:11-21; 3:8; 51:23; Psalms 44:25; Lamentations 1:9
whisper
Heb. peep, or chirp.
8:19

Verse 5
Moreover the multitude of thy strangers shall be like small dust, and the multitude of the terrible ones shall be as chaff that passeth away: yea, it shall be at an instant suddenly.
the multitude
10:16-19; 25:5; 31:3,8; 37:36
as chaff
17:13; Job 21:18; Psalms 1:4; 35:5
at an
30:13; Psalms 46:5,6; 76:5,6; 1 Thessalonians 5:3

Verse 6
Thou shalt be visited of the LORD of hosts with thunder, and with earthquake, and great noise, with storm and tempest, and the flame of devouring fire.
5:26-30; 28:2; 30:30; 33:11-14; 1 Samuel 2:10; 12:17,18; 2 Samuel 22:14; Matthew 24:7; Mark 13:8; Luke 21:11; Revelation 11:13,19; 16:18

Verse 7
And the multitude of all the nations that fight against Ariel, even all that fight against her and her munition, and that distress her, shall be as a dream of a night vision.
the multitude
37:36; 41:11,12; Jeremiah 25:31-33; 51:42-44; Nahum 1:3-12; Zechariah 12:3-5; Zechariah 14:1-3,12-15; Revelation 20:8,9
that distress
as a dream
Job 20:8; Psalms 73:20

Verse 8
It shall even be as when an hungry man dreameth, and, behold, he eateth; but he awaketh, and his soul is empty: or as when a thirsty man dreameth, and, behold, he drinketh; but he awaketh, and, behold, he is faint, and his soul hath appetite: so shall the multitude of all the nations be, that fight against mount Zion.
as when
10:7-16; 2 Chronicles 32:21
behold
44:12

Verse 9
Stay yourselves, and wonder; cry ye out, and cry: they are drunken, but not with wine; they stagger, but not with strong drink.
and wonder
1:2; 33:13,14; Jeremiah 2:12; Habakkuk 1:5; Acts 13:40,41; Revelation 17:6
cry ye out, and cry
or, take your pleasure and riot.
22:12,13; Matthew 26:45; Mark 14:41
they are
10; 19:14; 28:7,8; 49:26; 51:21,22; Jeremiah 23:9; 25:27; 51:7; Lamentations 4:21

Verse 10
For the LORD hath poured out upon you the spirit of deep sleep, and hath closed your eyes: the prophets and your rulers, the seers hath he covered.
the Lord
14; 6:9,10; 1 Samuel 26:12; Psalms 69:23; Micah 3:6; Acts 28:26,27; Romans 11:8
hath closed
44:18; Ezekiel 14:9; 2 Corinthians 4:4; 2 Thessalonians 2:9-12
rulers
Heb. heads.
3:2,3; Micah 3:1
the seers
30:10; 1 Samuel 9:9; Jeremiah 26:8-11; Amos 7:12,13

Verse 11
And the vision of all is become unto you as the words of a book that is sealed, which men deliver to one that is learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and he saith, I cannot; for it is sealed:
book
or, letter. that is sealed.
8:16
I cannot
Daniel 12:4,9; Matthew 11:25; 13:11; 16:17; Revelation 5:1-9; 6:1

Verse 12
And the book is delivered to him that is not learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and he saith, I am not learned.
I am not
18; 28:12,13; Jeremiah 5:4; Hosea 4:6; John 7:15,16

Verse 13
Wherefore the Lord said, Forasmuch as this people draw near me with their mouth, and with their lips do honour me, but have removed their heart far from me, and their fear toward me is taught by the precept of men:
Forasmuch
10:6; 48:1,2; 58:2,3; Psalms 17:1; Jeremiah 3:10; 5:2; 12:2; 42:2-4,20; Ezekiel 33:31-33; Matthew 15:7-9
their fear
2 Chronicles 29:1-31; Proverbs 30:6; Matthew 15:2-6; Mark 7:2-13; Colossians 2:22

Verse 14
Therefore, behold, I will proceed to do a marvellous work among this people, even a marvellous work and a wonder: for the wisdom of their wise men shall perish, and the understanding of their prudent men shall be hid.
I will
9; 28:21; Habakkuk 1:5; John 9:29-34
proceed
Heb. add. for the wisdom.
10; 6:9,10; 19:3,11-14; Job 5:13; Jeremiah 8:7-9; 49:7; Obadiah 1:8; Luke 10:24; John 9:39-41; Acts 28:26,27; Romans 1:21,22,28; 1 Corinthians 1:19-24; 3:19

Verse 15
Woe unto them that seek deep to hide their counsel from the LORD, and their works are in the dark, and they say, Who seeth us? and who knoweth us?
seek
5:18,19; 28:15,17; 30:1; Job 22:13,14; Psalms 10:11-13; 64:5,6; Psalms 139:1-8; Jeremiah 23:24; Ezekiel 8:12; 9:9; Zephaniah 1:12; Revelation 2:23
and their works
Job 24:13-17; 34:22; Luke 12:1-3; John 3:19; 1 Corinthians 4:5; 2 Corinthians 4:2
Who seeth
47:10; Psalms 59:7; 73:11; 94:7-9; Malachi 2:17

Verse 16
Surely your turning of things upside down shall be esteemed as the potter's clay: for shall the work say of him that made it, He made me not? or shall the thing framed say of him that framed it, He had no understanding?
your turning
24:1; Acts 17:6
as the potter's
45:9,10; Jeremiah 18:1-10; Romans 9:19,21
or shall
45:11; Psalms 94:8,9

Verse 17
Is it not yet a very little while, and Lebanon shall be turned into a fruitful field, and the fruitful field shall be esteemed as a forest?
yet a very
63:18; Habakkuk 2:3; Haggai 2:6; Hebrews 10:37
Lebanon
32:15; 35:1,2; 41:19; 49:5,6; 55:13; 65:12-16; Hosea 1:9,10; Matthew 19:30; Matthew 21:43; Romans 11:11-17
the fruitful
5:6; Ezekiel 20:46,47; Hosea 3:4; Micah 3:12; Zechariah 11:1,2; Matthew 21:18,19; Romans 11:19-27

Verse 18
And in that day shall the deaf hear the words of the book, and the eyes of the blind shall see out of obscurity, and out of darkness.
the deaf
10-12,24; 35:5; 42:16-18; Deuteronomy 29:4; Psalms 119:18; Proverbs 20:12; Jeremiah 31:33,34; Matthew 11:5; 13:14-16; 16:17; Mark 7:37; Luke 4:18; 7:22; John 6:45; Acts 26:18; 2 Corinthians 3:14-18; 4:2-6; Ephesians 1:17-19; 5:14; 1 Peter 2:9; Revelation 3:18

Verse 19
The meek also shall increase their joy in the LORD, and the poor among men shall rejoice in the Holy One of Israel.
meek
61:1; Psalms 25:9; 37:11; 149:4; Zephaniah 2:3; Matthew 5:5; 11:29; Galatians 5:22,23; Ephesians 4:2; Philippians 2:1-3; James 1:21; 2:5; 3:13-18; 1 Peter 2:1-3
increase
Heb. add. the poor.
41:17,18; 57:15; 66:2; Psalms 9:18; 12:5; Zephaniah 3:12-18; Matthew 5:3; 11:5; 1 Corinthians 1:26-29; James 1:9; 2:5
rejoice
41:16; 61:10; Habakkuk 3:18; Philippians 3:1-3; 4:4

Verse 20
For the terrible one is brought to nought, and the scorner is consumed, and all that watch for iniquity are cut off:
the terrible
5; 13:3; 25:4,5; 49:25; 51:13; Daniel 7:7,19-25; Habakkuk 1:6,7
the scorner
28:14-22; Luke 16:14; 23:11,35
and all
Micah 2:1; Mark 2:6,7; 3:2-6; Luke 6:7; 13:14-17; 20:20-23; Revelation 12:10

Verse 21
That make a man an offender for a word, and lay a snare for him that reproveth in the gate, and turn aside the just for a thing of nought.
make
Judges 12:6; Matthew 22:15; Luke 11:53,54
and lay
Jeremiah 18:18; 20:7-10; 26:2-8; Amos 5:10-12; 7:10-17; Micah 2:6,7
and turn
Proverbs 28:21; Ezekiel 13:19; Amos 5:11,12; Malachi 3:5; Matthew 26:15; Acts 3:14; James 5:6

Verse 22
Therefore thus saith the LORD, who redeemed Abraham, concerning the house of Jacob, Jacob shall not now be ashamed, neither shall his face now wax pale.
who redeemed
41:8,9,14; 44:21-23; 51:2,11; 54:4; Genesis 48:16; Joshua 24:2-5; Nehemiah 9:7,8; Luke 1:68; 1 Peter 1:18,19; Revelation 5:9
Jacob shall
44:21-26; 45:17,25; 46:3,4; 49:7-26; 60:1-9; 61:7-11; Jeremiah 30:5-7,10; Jeremiah 31:10-12; 33:24-26; Ezekiel 37:24,28; 39:25-29; 40:1-48; Joel 2:27; Romans 11:11-24

Verse 23
But when he seeth his children, the work of mine hands, in the midst of him, they shall sanctify my name, and sanctify the Holy One of Jacob, and shall fear the God of Israel.
the work
19:25; 43:21; 45:11; 60:21; Ephesians 2:10
sanctify
5:16; 8:13; Leviticus 10:3; Matthew 6:9; Revelation 11:15-17
fear the God
Hosea 3:5; Revelation 15:4; 19:5

Verse 24
They also that erred in spirit shall come to understanding, and they that murmured shall learn doctrine.
also
10,11; 28:7; Zechariah 12:10; Matthew 21:28-32; Luke 7:47; 15:17-19; Acts 2:37; 6:7; Acts 9:19,20; 1 Corinthians 6:11; 1 Timothy 1:13-15; Revelation 20:2,3
come to understanding
Heb. know understanding.

 


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 29:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/isaiah-29.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, June 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 6 / Ordinary 11
ADVERTISEMENT
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology