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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Isaiah 31

 

 

Introduction
1The prophet shews the folly and danger of trusting to Egypt, and forsaking God.
6He exhorts to conversion.
8He shews the fall of Assyria.

Verse 1
Woe to them that go down to Egypt for help; and stay on horses, and trust in chariots, because they are many; and in horsemen, because they are very strong; but they look not unto the Holy One of Israel, neither seek the LORD!
to them
30:1-7; 36:6; 57:9; Ezekiel 17:15; Hosea 11:5
stay on horses
30:16; 36:9; Deuteronomy 17:16; Psalms 20:7; 33:16,17
the look
5:12; 17:7,8; 22:11; 2 Chronicles 16:7; Jeremiah 2:13; 17:5; Hosea 14:3
neither
9:13; 64:7; Daniel 9:13; Hosea 7:7,13-16; Amos 5:4-8

Verse 2
Yet he also is wise, and will bring evil, and will not call back his words: but will arise against the house of the evildoers, and against the help of them that work iniquity.
he also
1 Samuel 2:3; Job 5:13; Jeremiah 10:7,12; 1 Corinthians 1:21-29; Jude 1:25
will bring
30:13,14; 45:7; Joshua 23:15; Amos 3:6
will not
Numbers 23:19; Jeremiah 36:32; 44:29; Zechariah 1:6; Matthew 24:35
call back
Heb. remove. arise.
28:21; 63:4,5; Numbers 10:35; Psalms 12:5,6; 68:1,2; 78:65,66; Zephaniah 3:8
against the help
3; 20:4-6; 30:3; Jeremiah 44:29,30; Ezekiel 29:6

Verse 3
Now the Egyptians are men, and not God; and their horses flesh, and not spirit. When the LORD shall stretch out his hand, both he that helpeth shall fall, and he that is holpen shall fall down, and they all shall fail together.
the Egyptians
36:6; Deuteronomy 32:30,31; Psalms 9:20; 146:3-5; Ezekiel 28:9; Acts 12:22,23; 2 Thessalonians 2:4-8
their horses
Psalms 33:17
stretch
9:17; Jeremiah 15:6; Ezekiel 20:33,34
both
Jeremiah 37:7-10

Verse 4
For thus hath the LORD spoken unto me, Like as the lion and the young lion roaring on his prey, when a multitude of shepherds is called forth against him, he will not be afraid of their voice, nor abase himself for the noise of them: so shall the LORD of hosts come down to fight for mount Zion, and for the hill thereof.
Like as
Numbers 24:8,9; Jeremiah 50:44; Hosea 11:10; Amos 3:8; Revelation 5:5
noise
or, multitude. so shall.
10:16; 12:6; 37:35,36; 42:13; 2 Chronicles 20:15; Psalms 125:1,2; Zechariah 2:5; Zechariah 9:8,15; 12:8; 14:3

Verse 5
As birds flying, so will the LORD of hosts defend Jerusalem; defending also he will deliver it; and passing over he will preserve it.
birds
10:14; Exodus 19:4; Deuteronomy 32:11; Psalms 46:5; 91:4
defending
Psalms 37:40
passing
Or rather, as Bp. Lowth renders, "leaping forward," pasoach. As the mother bird spreads her wings to cover her young, throws herself before them, and opposes the rapacious bird that assaults them; so shall Jehovah protect, as with a shield, Jerusalem from the enemy, protecting and delivering, springing forward and rescuing her.
Exodus 12:27

Verse 6
Turn ye unto him from whom the children of Israel have deeply revolted.
Turn
55:7; Jeremiah 3:10,14,22; 31:18-20; Hosea 14:1-3; Joel 2:12,13; Acts 3:19; Acts 26:20
deeply
1:4; 29:15; 48:8; 2 Chronicles 33:9-16; 36:14; Jeremiah 5:23; Hosea 9:9

Verse 7
For in that day every man shall cast away his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, which your own hands have made unto you for a sin.
in that
2:20; 30:22; Deuteronomy 7:25; Ezekiel 36:25; Hosea 14:8
his idols of gold
Heb. the idols of his gold. for a sin.
1 Kings 12:28-30; Hosea 8:11

Verse 8
Then shall the Assyrian fall with the sword, not of a mighty man; and the sword, not of a mean man, shall devour him: but he shall flee from the sword, and his young men shall be discomfited.
shall the
10:16-19,33,34; 14:25; 29:5; 30:27-33; 37:35; 2 Kings 19:34-37; 2 Chronicles 32:21; Hosea 1:7
he shall flee
37:37,38
from the sword
or, for fear of the sword. discomfited. or, tributary. Heb. for melting, or tribute.

Verse 9
And he shall pass over to his strong hold for fear, and his princes shall be afraid of the ensign, saith the LORD, whose fire is in Zion, and his furnace in Jerusalem.
he shall pass over to his strong hold for fear
Heb. his rock shall pass away for fear. or, his strength. the ensign.
11:10; 18:3
whose fire
4:4; 29:6; Leviticus 6:13; Ezekiel 22:18-22; Zechariah 2:5; Malachi 4:1

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 31:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/isaiah-31.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, November 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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