Woe. The fourth of the six woes.
down. It is always "down" to Egypt, geographically and morally.
trust = confide. Hebrew. batah. App-69.
the Holy One of Israel. See note on Isaiah 1:4. Psalms 71:22.
neither seek the LORD. Compare Isaiah 30:2. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 17:16). App-92.
the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah.(with "eth). App-4.
evil. evildoers. Hebrew. ra"a". App-44.
iniquity. Hebrew. "aven. App-44.
men, and not GOD. Figure of speech Pleonasm. The statement put two ways for great emphasis (positive and negative).
men. Hebrew. "ddam. App-14.
GOD. Hebrew El = the mighty God. App-4.
flesh, and not spirit. Figure of speech Pleonasm. See above.
spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9.
prey = live prey.
multitude = crowd.
the LORD of hosts. See note on Isaiah 1:9 and 1 Samuel 1:3.
for: or, over.
As birds flying. As birds hovering [covering and protecting their nest with their wings], so will, &c. The Figure of speech Ellipsis is to be thus supplied. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 32:11). App-92.
defend = shield. The verb is found only in Isaiah"s utterances (2 Kings 19:34, 2 Kings 20:6. 2 Kings 31:5; 2 Kings 37:35; 2 Kings 38:6; and Zechariah 9:15; Zechariah 12:8.
defending, &c. = shielding. Only used of God. Only here, 2 Kings 19:34; 2 Kings 20:6. Literally "[then there will be] a shielding, and He will rescue; a passing over [as in Egypt at the Passover], and he will cause to escape. "
passing over. Reference to Pentateuch (Ex. Isaiah 12:13, Isaiah 12:23, Isaiah 12:27). App-92. This word is nowhere else used in this sense.
Turn = Return.
children = sons.
every man. Hebrew. "Ish. App-14.
idols = nothings.
mighty man. Hebrew. "ish. App-14.
mean man. Hebrew. "adam. App-14.
discomfited = become tributaries.
pass over. Not the same word as in Isaiah 31:5 (which is pasah). Here, Hebrew. "abar, to cross over, or retreat.
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Isaiah 31". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Third Sunday after Epiphany