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Woe. The fourth of the six woes.
down. It is always "down" to Egypt, geographically and morally.
trust = confide. Hebrew. batah. App-69 .
the Holy One of Israel. See note on Isaiah 1:4 .Psalms 71:22 .
neither seek the LORD. Compare Isaiah 30:2 . Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 17:16 ). App-92 .
the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. (with 'eth). App-4 .
evil. evildoers. Hebrew. ra'a' . App-44 .
iniquity. Hebrew. 'aven. App-44 .
men, and not GOD. Figure of speech Pleonasm . The statement put two ways for great emphasis (positive and negative).
men. Hebrew. 'ddam. App-14 .
GOD. Hebrew El = the mighty God. App-4 .
flesh, and not spirit. Figure of speech Pleonasm . See above.
spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9 .
prey = live prey.
multitude = crowd.
the LORD of hosts. See note on Isaiah 1:9 and 1 Samuel 1:3 .
for: or, over.
As birds flying. As birds hovering [covering and protecting their nest with their wings], so will, &c. The Figure of speech Ellipsis is to be thus supplied. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 32:11 ). App-92 .
defend = shield. The verb is found only in Isaiah's utterances (2 Kings 19:34 , 2 Kings 20:6 . 2Ki 31:5 ; 2Ki 37:35 ; 2Ki 38:6 ; and Zechariah 9:15 ; Zechariah 12:8 .
defending, &c. = shielding. Only used of God. Only here, 2Ki 19:34 ; 2 Kings 20:6 . Literally "[then there will be] a shielding, and He will rescue; a passing over [as in Egypt at the Passover], and he will cause to escape. "
passing over. Reference to Pentateuch (Ex. Isa 12:13 , Isa 12:23 , Isa 12:27 ). App-92 . This word is nowhere else used in this sense.
Turn = Return.
children = sons.
every man. Hebrew. 'Ish . App-14 .
idols = nothings.
mighty man. Hebrew. 'ish. App-14 .
mean man. Hebrew. 'adam. App-14 .
discomfited = become tributaries.
pass over. Not the same word as in Isaiah 31:5 (which is pasah). Here, Hebrew. 'abar, to cross over, or retreat.
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Isaiah 31". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 14 / Ordinary 19