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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Isaiah 9

 

 

Introduction
1What joy shall be in the midst of afflictions, by the birth and kingdom of Christ.
8The judgments upon Israel for their pride,
13for their hypocrisy,
18and for their impenitency.

Verse 1
Nevertheless the dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation, when at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more grievously afflict her by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, in Galilee of the nations.
A. M. 3264. B.C. 740. the dimness
8:22
when
1 Kings 15:19,20; 2 Kings 15:29; 2 Chronicles 16:4
afterward
Leviticus 26:24,28; 2 Kings 17:5,6; 1 Chronicles 5:26
by the way
Matthew 4:15
Galilee of the nations
or, Galilee the populous.

Verse 2
The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined.
walked
50:10; 60:1-3,19; Micah 7:8,9; Matthew 4:16; Luke 1:78,79; 2:32; John 8:12; John 12:35,46; Ephesians 5:8,13,14; 1 Peter 2:9; 1 John 1:5-7
in the land
Job 10:21; Psalms 23:4; 107:10,14; Amos 5:8

Verse 3
Thou hast multiplied the nation, and not increased the joy: they joy before thee according to the joy in harvest, and as men rejoice when they divide the spoil.
hast multiplied
26:15; 49:20-22; Nehemiah 9:23; Psalms 107:38; Hosea 4:7; Zechariah 2:11; 8:23; 10:8
not increased the joy
or, to him increased the joy. they joy.
12:1; 25:9; 35:2,10; 54:1; 55:12; 61:7,10; 65:18; 66:10; Psalms 4:7; Psalms 126:5,6; Jeremiah 31:7,12-14; Acts 8:8; Philippians 4:4; 1 Peter 1:8
according
16:9,10
and as men
Judges 5:3; 1 Samuel 30:16; 2 Chronicles 20:25-28; Psalms 119:162; Luke 11:22

Verse 4
For thou hast broken the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midian.
For thou hast broken
or, When thou brakest.
14:25; 47:6; Genesis 27:40; Leviticus 26:13; Jeremiah 30:8; Nahum 1:13
the staff
10:5,27; 14:3-5; 30:31,32; Psalms 125:3
as in the day
10:26; Judges 6:1-6; 7:22-25; 8:10-12; Psalms 83:9-11

Verse 5
For every battle of the warrior is with confused noise, and garments rolled in blood; but this shall be with burning and fuel of fire.
For every battle, etc
or, When the whole battle of the warrior was, etc. confused noise.
13:4; 1 Samuel 14:19; Jeremiah 47:3; Joel 2:5; Nahum 3:2
but this shall be
or, and it was, etc. burning.
4:4; 10:16,17; 30:33; 37:36; 66:15,16; Psalms 46:9; Ezekiel 39:8-10; Malachi 3:2,3; Matthew 3:11; Acts 2:3,19; 2 Thessalonians 1:8
fuel
Heb. meat.
Leviticus 3:11,16

Verse 6
For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
For unto
7:14; Luke 1:35; 2:11
unto us a son
John 1:14; 3:16,17; Romans 8:32; 1 John 4:10-14
the government
22:21,22; Psalms 2:6-12; 110:1-4; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Zechariah 6:12,13; 9:9,10; Matthew 11:27; 28:18; 1 Corinthians 15:25; Ephesians 1:21,22; Revelation 19:16
his name
7:14; Judges 13:18; *marg:; Jeremiah 31:22; Matthew 1:23; 1 Timothy 3:16
Counsellor
28:29; Zechariah 6:13; Luke 21:15; John 1:16; 1 Corinthians 1:30; Colossians 2:3
The mighty God
45:24,25; Psalms 45:3,6; 50:1; Jeremiah 23:5,6; John 1:1,2; Acts 20:28; Romans 9:5; Titus 2:13; Hebrews 1:8; 1 John 5:20
The everlasting Father
8:18; 53:10; Proverbs 8:23; Hebrews 2:13,14
The Prince of Peace
11:6-9; 53:5; Psalms 72:3,7; 85:10; Daniel 9:24,25; Micah 5:4,5; Luke 2:14; John 14:27; Acts 10:36; Romans 5:1-10; 2 Corinthians 5:19; Ephesians 2:14-18; Colossians 1:20,21; Hebrews 7:2,3; 13:20

Verse 7
Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
the increase
2 Samuel 7:16; Psalms 2:8; 72:8-11; 89:35-37; Jeremiah 33:15-21; Daniel 2:35,44; Daniel 7:14,27; Luke 1:32,33; 1 Corinthians 15:24-28
to establish it
11:3-5; 32:1,2; Psalms 45:4-6; 72:1-3,7; Hebrews 1:8; Revelation 19:11
The zeal
37:32; 59:16,17; 63:4-6; 2 Kings 19:31; Ezekiel 36:21-23

Verse 8
The Lord sent a word into Jacob, and it hath lighted upon Israel.
sent a word
7:7,8; 8:4-8; Micah 1:1-9; Zechariah 1:6; 5:1-4; Matthew 24:35

Verse 9
And all the people shall know, even Ephraim and the inhabitant of Samaria, that say in the pride and stoutness of heart,
And all
26:11; 1 Kings 22:25; Job 21:19,20; Jeremiah 32:24; 44:28,29; Ezekiel 7:9,27; Ezekiel 30:19; 33:33
even Ephraim
7:9; 10:9-11
in the pride
46:12; 48:4; Proverbs 16:18; Malachi 3:13; 4:1; 1 Peter 5:5

Verse 10
The bricks are fallen down, but we will build with hewn stones: the sycomores are cut down, but we will change them into cedars.
bricks
1 Kings 7:9-12; 10:27; Malachi 1:4

Verse 11
Therefore the LORD shall set up the adversaries of Rezin against him, and join his enemies together;
set up
8:4-7; 10:9-11; 17:1-5; 2 Kings 15:29; 16:9
join
Heb. mingle.

Verse 12
The Syrians before, and the Philistines behind; and they shall devour Israel with open mouth. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.
Syrians
2 Kings 16:6; 2 Chronicles 28:18; Jeremiah 35:11
devour Israel
Deuteronomy 31:17; Psalms 79:7; 129:3-6; Jeremiah 10:25
open mouth
Heb. whole mouth. For all.
17,21; 5:25; 10:4; Jeremiah 4:8

Verse 13
For the people turneth not unto him that smiteth them, neither do they seek the LORD of hosts.
the people
1:5; 26:11; 57:17; 2 Chronicles 28:22; Job 36:13; Jeremiah 5:3; 31:18-20; Ezekiel 24:13; Hosea 5:15; 7:10,16
neither
31:1; Deuteronomy 4:29; Jeremiah 29:11; 50:4,5; Hosea 3:4,5

Verse 14
Therefore the LORD will cut off from Israel head and tail, branch and rush, in one day.
will cut
3:2,3; 19:15; 2 Kings 17:6-20; Hosea 1:4,6,9; 4:5; 5:12-14; 8:8; 9:11-17; Hosea 13:3; Amos 2:14-16; 3:12; 5:2,3; 6:11; 7:8,9,17; 9:1-9; Micah 1:6-8
in one day
10:17; 30:13; Hosea 10:15; Revelation 18:8,10,17

Verse 15
The ancient and honourable, he is the head; and the prophet that teacheth lies, he is the tail.
ancient
3:5; 5:13; 1 Samuel 9:6
the prophet
28:17; 29:10; 1 Kings 13:18; 22:22-24; Jeremiah 5:31; 14:14,15; Jeremiah 23:9,14,15,25-27; 27:9,10,14,15; 28:15,16; 29:21,22; Ezekiel 13:1-16,19,22; Hosea 9:8; Malachi 2:9; Matthew 7:15; 24:24; 2 Corinthians 11:13-15; Galatians 1:8,9; 2 Thessalonians 2:9-12; 2 Timothy 4:2,3; 2 Peter 2:1-3; 1 John 4:1; Revelation 19:20

Verse 16
For the leaders of this people cause them to err; and they that are led of them are destroyed.
the leaders, etc
or, they that call them blessed.
3:12; Matthew 15:14; 23:16-36
led of them
or, called blessed of them.
Numbers 6:23-26; 1 Kings 8:55,56; 2 Chronicles 30:27; Hebrews 7:7
destroyed
Heb. swallowed up.

Verse 17
Therefore the Lord shall have no joy in their young men, neither shall have mercy on their fatherless and widows: for every one is an hypocrite and an evildoer, and every mouth speaketh folly. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.
have no joy
10:2; 13:18; 27:11; 62:5; 65:19; Psalms 147:10; Jeremiah 18:21; Zechariah 9:17
for every
10:6; Job 15:34; Jeremiah 5:1; Micah 7:2; Matthew 16:3
every mouth
32:6,7; Matthew 12:34
folly
or, villany. For all.
12,21; 5:25; 10:4; Ezekiel 20:33

Verse 18
For wickedness burneth as the fire: it shall devour the briers and thorns, and shall kindle in the thickets of the forest, and they shall mount up like the lifting up of smoke.
wickedness
1:31; 30:30,33; 33:12; 34:8-10; 66:16,17; Numbers 11:1-3; Deuteronomy 32:22; Job 31:11,12; Amos 7:4; Nahum 1:6,10; Malachi 4:1; Matthew 13:49,50; 25:41; Mark 9:43-50
it shall
10:16-18; 27:4; Hebrews 6:8
shall kindle
Ezekiel 20:47,48
mount
5:24; Psalms 37:20; Hosea 13:3; Joel 2:20; Revelation 14:11

Verse 19
Through the wrath of the LORD of hosts is the land darkened, and the people shall be as the fuel of the fire: no man shall spare his brother.
is the land
5:30; 8:22; 24:11,12; 60:2; Jeremiah 13:16; Joel 2:2; Amos 5:18; Matthew 27:45; Acts 2:20
fuel
Heb. meat.
no man
13:18; Ezekiel 9:5; Micah 7:2,6; 2 Peter 2:4

Verse 20
And he shall snatch on the right hand, and be hungry; and he shall eat on the left hand, and they shall not be satisfied: they shall eat every man the flesh of his own arm:
And he
49:26; Leviticus 26:26-29; Jeremiah 19:9; Lamentations 4:10
snatch
Heb. cut.

Verse 21
Manasseh, Ephraim; and Ephraim, Manasseh: and they together shall be against Judah. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.
Ephraim
Judges 7:2; 1 Samuel 14:20; 2 Kings 15:30; 2 Chronicles 28:6-8; Matthew 24:10; Galatians 5:15
For all this
12,17; 5:25; 10:4; Jeremiah 4:8

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 9:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/isaiah-9.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, October 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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