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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
James 4

 

 

Other Authors
Introduction
1We are to strive against covetousness;
4intemperance;
5pride;
11detraction and rash judgment of others;
13and not to be confident in the good success of worldly business, but mindful ever of the uncertainty of this life, to commit ourselves and all our affairs to God's providence.

Verse 1
From whence come wars and fightings among you? come they not hence, even of your lusts that war in your members?
whence
3:14-18
fightings
or, brawlings. come they.
1:14; Genesis 4:5-8; Jeremiah 17:9; Matthew 15:19; Mark 7:21-23; John 8:44; Romans 8:7; 1 Timothy 6:4-10; Titus 3:3; 1 Peter 1:14; 2:11; 4:2,3; 2 Peter 2:18; 3:3; 1 John 2:15-17; Jude 1:16-18
lusts
or, pleasures.
3
in
Romans 7:5,23; Galatians 5:17; Colossians 3:5

Verse 2
Ye lust, and have not: ye kill, and desire to have, and cannot obtain: ye fight and war, yet ye have not, because ye ask not.
lust
5:1-5; Proverbs 1:19; Ecclesiastes 4:8; Habakkuk 2:5; 1 Timothy 6:9,10
kill
or, envy. because.
1:5; Isaiah 7:12; Matthew 7:7,8; Luke 11:9-13; John 4:10; 16:24

Verse 3
Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye may consume it upon your lusts.
ask, and
1:6,7; Job 27:8-10; 35:12; Psalms 18:41; 66:18,19; Proverbs 1:28; 15:8; Proverbs 21:13,27; Isaiah 1:15,16; Jeremiah 11:11,14; 14:12; Micah 3:4; Zechariah 7:13; Matthew 20:22; Mark 10:38; 1 John 3:22; 5:14
ye may
Luke 15:13,30; 16:1,2
lusts
or, pleasures.
1

Verse 4
Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God.
adulterers
Psalms 50:18; 73:27; Isaiah 57:3; Jeremiah 9:2; Hosea 3:1; Matthew 12:39; 16:4
the friendship
John 7:7; 15:19,23; 17:14; 1 John 2:15,16
enmity
Genesis 3:15; Romans 8:7
whosoever
Galatians 1:10
is the
Psalms 21:8; Luke 19:27; John 15:23,24; Romans 5:10

Verse 5
Do ye think that the scripture saith in vain, The spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy?
the scripture
John 7:42; 10:35; 19:37; Romans 9:17; Galatians 3:8
The spirit
Genesis 4:5,6; 6:5; 8:21; 26:14; 30:1; 37:11; Numbers 11:29; Psalms 37:1; 106:16; Proverbs 21:10; Ecclesiastes 4:4; Isaiah 11:13; Acts 7:9; Romans 1:29; Titus 3:3
to envy
or, enviously.

Verse 6
But he giveth more grace. Wherefore he saith, God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace unto the humble.
God
Exodus 10:3,4; 15:9,10; 18:11; 1 Samuel 2:3; Job 22:29; 40:10-12; Psalms 138:6; Proverbs 3:34; 6:16,17; 29:23; Isaiah 2:11,12,17; 10:8-14; 16:6,7; Daniel 4:37; Daniel 5:20-23; Matthew 23:12; Luke 1:52; 14:11; 18:14; 1 Peter 5:5
giveth grace
2 Chronicles 32:26; 33:12,19,23; 34:27; Job 22:29; Psalms 9:12; Proverbs 15:33; 18:12; Proverbs 22:4; Isaiah 57:15

Verse 7
Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.
Submit
1 Samuel 3:18; 2 Samuel 15:26; 2 Kings 1:13-15; 2 Chronicles 30:8; 33:12,13; Job 1:21; Job 40:3-5; 42:1-6; Psalms 32:3-5; 66:3; 68:30; Jeremiah 13:18; Daniel 4:25,32,34-37; Matthew 11:29; Acts 9:6; 16:29-31; 26:19; Romans 10:3; 14:11; Ephesians 5:21; Hebrews 12:9; 1 Peter 2:13
Resist
Matthew 4:3-11; Luke 4:2-13; Ephesians 4:27; 6:11,12; 1 Peter 5:8,9; Revelation 12:9-11

Verse 8
Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you. Cleanse your hands, ye sinners; and purify your hearts, ye double minded.
Draw nigh to God
Genesis 18:23; 1 Chronicles 28:9; 2 Chronicles 15:2; Psalms 73:28; 145:18; Isaiah 29:13; 55:6,7; Hosea 6:1,2; Zechariah 1:3; Malachi 3:7; Hebrews 7:19; 10:22
Cleanse
Job 9:30; 16:17; 17:9; Psalms 18:20; 24:4; 26:6; 73:13; Isaiah 1:15,16; 13:15; Matthew 15:2; 27:24; 1 Timothy 2:8; 1 Peter 3:21
purity
Psalms 51:6,7,10; Jeremiah 4:11; Ezekiel 18:31; 36:25-27; Matthew 12:33; 23:25,26; Luke 11:39,40; Acts 15:9; 2 Corinthians 7:1; 1 Peter 1:22; 1 John 3:3
ye double
1:8

Verse 9
Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to heaviness.
afflicted
5:1,2; Psalms 119:67,71,136; 126:5,6; Ecclesiastes 7:2-5; Isaiah 22:12,13; Jeremiah 31:9,13,18-20; Ezekiel 7:16; 16:63; Zechariah 12:10-14; Matthew 5:4; Luke 6:21; 2 Corinthians 7:10,11
let
Job 30:31; Proverbs 14:13; Ecclesiastes 2:2; 7:6; Lamentations 5:15; Luke 6:25; 16:25; Revelation 18:7,8

Verse 10
Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and he shall lift you up.
Humble
6,7
he
1 Samuel 2:9; Job 22:29; Psalms 27:6; 28:9; 30:1; 113:7; 147:6; Matthew 23:12; Luke 14:11; 18:14; 1 Peter 5:6

Verse 11
Speak not evil one of another, brethren. He that speaketh evil of his brother, and judgeth his brother, speaketh evil of the law, and judgeth the law: but if thou judge the law, thou art not a doer of the law, but a judge.
Speak
Psalms 140:11; Ephesians 4:31; 1 Timothy 3:11; 2 Timothy 3:3; Titus 2:3; 1 Peter 2:1
and judgeth
Matthew 7:1,2; Luke 6:37; Romans 2:1; 14:3,4,10-12; 1 Corinthians 4:5
speaketh evil of the law
Romans 7:7,12,13
a doer
1:22,23,25; Romans 2:13

Verse 12
There is one lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy: who art thou that judgest another?
lawgiver
Isaiah 33:22
able
Matthew 10:28; Luke 12:5; Hebrews 7:25
who
1 Samuel 25:10; Job 38:2; Romans 2:1; 9:20; 14:4,13

Verse 13
Go to now, ye that say, To day or to morrow we will go into such a city, and continue there a year, and buy and sell, and get gain:
Go to
5:1; Genesis 11:3,4,7; Ecclesiastes 2:1; Isaiah 5:5
To day
Proverbs 27:1; Isaiah 56:12; Luke 12:17-20
and buy
Isaiah 24:2; 56:11; Ezekiel 7:12; 1 Corinthians 7:30

Verse 14
Whereas ye know not what shall be on the morrow. For what is your life? It is even a vapour, that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away.
It is
or, For it is. a vapour.
1:10; Job 7:6,7; 9:25,26; 14:1,2; Psalms 39:5; 89:47; 90:5-7; 102:3; Isaiah 38:12; 1 Peter 1:24; 4:7; 1 John 2:17

Verse 15
For that ye ought to say, If the Lord will, we shall live, and do this, or that.
If
2 Samuel 15:25,26; Proverbs 19:21; Lamentations 3:37; Acts 18:21; Romans 1:10; 15:32; 1 Corinthians 4:19; 1 Corinthians 16:7; Hebrews 6:3

Verse 16
But now ye rejoice in your boastings: all such rejoicing is evil.
3:14; Psalms 52:1,7; Proverbs 25:14; 27:1; Isaiah 47:7,8,10; 1 Corinthians 4:7,8; 5:6; Revelation 18:7

Verse 17
Therefore to him that knoweth to do good, and doeth it not, to him it is sin.
Luke 12:47,48; John 9:41; 13:17; 15:22; Romans 1:20,21,32; 2:17-23; 7:13

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on James 4:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/james-4.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 16th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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