Attention!
Tired of seeing ads while studying? Now you can enjoy an "Ads Free" version of the site for as little as 10¢ a day and support a great cause!
Click here to learn more!

Bible Commentaries

Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

James 4

Introduction

1:3 works (g-8) Works out as an effect. see ver. 20; Philippians 2:12 .

Verse 1

4:1 pleasures, (g-16) Lit. 'pleasures,' not 'lusts;' there is an additional idea, the satisfaction the heart feels in satisfying, or rather gratifying, lust. see Titus 3:3 .

Verse 4

4:4 God? (h-13) Lit. 'the friendship of the world is enmity of God;' but it is the state as between the parties, in English 'with.' In what follows, the same construction in Greek, it is taken up as 'our state towards' God, but this is warning to conscience.

Verse 5

4:5 enviously? (i-20) I have, with some hesitation, translated this passage as above. I cannot find that the Greek word is used in a good or holy sense of jealousy. The application to what precedes is evident.

Verse 6

4:6 says, (k-8) See Proverbs 3:34 .

Verse 7

4:7 patience, (a-1) 'Have it done,' not 'be doing it;' the aorist tense. All the imperatives (ten) from vers. 7 to 10 are in the aorist.

Verse 8

4:8 near (a-2) Cleanse (a-12) 'Have it done,' not 'be doing it;' the aorist tense. All the imperatives (ten) from vers. 7 to 10 are in the aorist.

Verse 9

4:9 wretched, (a-2) 'Have it done,' not 'be doing it;' the aorist tense. All the imperatives (ten) from vers. 7 to 10 are in the aorist.

Verse 10

4:10 yourselves (a-2) 'Have it done,' not 'be doing it;' the aorist tense. All the imperatives (ten) from vers. 7 to 10 are in the aorist.

Verse 12

4:12 thy (b-21) Lit. 'the neighbour.'

Verse 14

4:14 who (c-2) 'Who are such as do not.'

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Darby, John. "Commentary on James 4". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/dsn/james-4.html. 1857-67.