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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
James 5

 

 

Introduction
1Wicked rich men are to fear God's vengeance.
7We ought to be patient in afflictions, after the example of the prophets, and Job;
12to forbear swearing;
13to pray in adversity, to sing in prosperity;
14to acknowledge mutually our several faults, to pray one for another;
19and to reduce a straying brother to the truth.

Verse 1
Go to now, ye rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon you.
Go
4:13
ye
1:11; 2:6; Deuteronomy 8:12-14; 32:15; Nehemiah 9:25,26; Job 20:15-29; Psalms 17:14; Psalms 49:6-20; 73:3-9,18-20; Proverbs 11:4,28; Ecclesiastes 5:13,14; Jeremiah 9:23; Micah 6:12; Zephaniah 1:18; Matthew 19:23,24; Luke 6:24; 12:16-21; 16:19-25; 1 Timothy 6:9,10; Revelation 6:15-17
weep
4:9; Isaiah 13:6; 22:12,13; Jeremiah 4:8; Ezekiel 19:2; Joel 1:5,11,13; Amos 6:6,7; Zechariah 11:2,3; Luke 6:25; 23:28,29

Verse 2
Your riches are corrupted, and your garments are motheaten.
Your riches
Jeremiah 17:11; Matthew 6:19,20; Luke 12:33; 1 Peter 1:4
your garments
2:2; Job 13:28; Psalms 39:11; Isaiah 50:9; 51:8; Hosea 5:12

Verse 3
Your gold and silver is cankered; and the rust of them shall be a witness against you, and shall eat your flesh as it were fire. Ye have heaped treasure together for the last days.
cankered
2 Timothy 2:17
a witness
Genesis 31:48,52; Joshua 24:27; Job 16:8
and shall
Jeremiah 19:9; Micah 3:3; Revelation 17:16; 20:15; 21:8
Ye have
Deuteronomy 32:33,34; Job 14:16,17; Romans 2:5
the last
Genesis 49:1; Isaiah 2:2; Micah 4:1; Acts 2:17; 2 Peter 3:3

Verse 4
Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth: and the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of the Lord of sabaoth.
the hire
Leviticus 19:13; Deuteronomy 24:14,15; Job 24:10,11; 31:38,39; Isaiah 5:7; Jeremiah 22:13; Habakkuk 2:11; Malachi 3:5; Colossians 4:1
the cries
Genesis 4:10; Exodus 2:23,24; 3:9; 22:22-24,27; Deuteronomy 24:15; Job 34:28; Psalms 9:12; Luke 18:7
Lord
Romans 9:29; Isaiah 1:9; *Heb:

Verse 5
Ye have lived in pleasure on the earth, and been wanton; ye have nourished your hearts, as in a day of slaughter.
have lived
1 Samuel 25:6,36; Job 21:11-15; Psalms 17:14; 73:7; Ecclesiastes 11:9; Isaiah 5:11,12; Isaiah 47:8; 56:12; Amos 6:1,4-6; Luke 16:19,25; 1 Timothy 5:6; 2 Timothy 3:4; Jude 1:12; Revelation 18:7
been
Isaiah 3:16; Romans 13:13
as in
Proverbs 7:14; 17:1; Isaiah 22:13; Ezekiel 39:17; Revelation 19:17,18

Verse 6
Ye have condemned and killed the just; and he doth not resist you.
have
2:6; Matthew 21:38; 23:34,35; 27:20,24,25; John 16:2,3; Acts 2:22,23; Acts 3:14,15; 4:10-12; 7:52; 13:27,28; 22:14; 1 Thessalonians 2:15,16
and he
Isaiah 53:7; Matthew 5:39; 26:53,54; Luke 22:51-53; John 19:9-11; Acts 8:32; 1 Peter 2:22,23

Verse 7
Be patient therefore, brethren, unto the coming of the Lord. Behold, the husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the earth, and hath long patience for it, until he receive the early and latter rain.
Be patient
or, Be long patient, or, Suffer with long patience.
Luke 8:15; Romans 2:7; 8:24,25; 15:4; 2 Corinthians 6:4,5; Galatians 5:5; 6:9; Colossians 1:11; 1 Thessalonians 1:3; Hebrews 6:15; 12:1-3
unto
8,9; Matthew 24:27,44; Luke 18:8; 21:27; 1 Corinthians 1:7; 1 Thessalonians 2:19; 3:13; 2 Peter 3:4
until
Deuteronomy 11:14; Jeremiah 5:24; Hosea 6:3; Joel 2:23; Zechariah 10:1

Verse 8
Be ye also patient; stablish your hearts: for the coming of the Lord draweth nigh.
ye also
Genesis 49:18; Psalms 37:7; 40:1-3; 130:5; Lamentations 3:25,26; Micah 7:7; Habakkuk 2:3; Romans 8:25; Galatians 5:22; 1 Thessalonians 1:10; 2 Thessalonians 3:5; Hebrews 10:35-37
stablish
Psalms 27:14
for
9; Philippians 4:5; Hebrews 10:25-37; 1 Peter 4:7; Revelation 22:20

Verse 9
Grudge not one against another, brethren, lest ye be condemned: behold, the judge standeth before the door.
Grudge not
or, Groan not, or, grieve not.
4:11; Leviticus 19:18; Psalms 59:15; Mark 6:19; *marg: ; 2 Corinthians 9:7; Galatians 5:14,26; 1 Peter 4:9
lest
Matthew 6:14,15; 7:1,2
the Judge
Genesis 4:7; Matthew 24:33; 1 Corinthians 4:5; 10:11; Revelation 3:20

Verse 10
Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example of suffering affliction, and of patience.
who
Isaiah 39:8; Jeremiah 23:22; 26:16; Acts 3:21; Hebrews 13:7
for
2 Chronicles 36:16; Jeremiah 2:30; Matthew 5:11,12; 21:34-39; 23:34-37; Luke 6:23; 13:34; Acts 7:52; 1 Thessalonians 2:14,15; Hebrews 11:32-38

Verse 11
Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy.
we count
1:12; Psalms 94:12; Matthew 5:10,11; 10:22; Hebrews 3:6,14; 10:39
Ye
Job 1:21,22-2; 13:15,16; 23:10
and have
Job 42:10-17; Psalms 37:37; Ecclesiastes 7:8; 1 Peter 1:6,7,13; 2 Peter 2:9
the Lord is
Exodus 34:6; Numbers 14:18; 1 Chronicles 21:13; 2 Chronicles 30:9; Nehemiah 9:17,31; Psalms 25:6,7; Psalms 51:1; 78:38; 86:5,15; 103:8,13; 116:5; 119:132; 136:1-26; Psalms 145:8; Isaiah 55:6,7; 63:7,9; Lamentations 3:22; Daniel 9:9,18,19; Joel 2:13; Jonah 4:2; Micah 7:18; Luke 1:50; 6:36; Romans 2:4; Ephesians 1:6; 2:4

Verse 12
But above all things, my brethren, swear not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any other oath: but let your yea be yea; and your nay, nay; lest ye fall into condemnation.
above
1 Peter 4:8; 3 John 1:2
swear not
Matthew 5:33-37; 23:16-22
but
2 Corinthians 1:17-20
lest
3:1,2; 1 Corinthians 11:34

Verse 13
Is any among you afflicted? let him pray. Is any merry? let him sing psalms.
any among
2 Chronicles 33:12,13; Job 33:26; Psalms 18:6; 50:15; 91:15; 116:3-5; 118:5; Psalms 142:1-3; Lamentations 3:55,56; Hosea 6:1; Jonah 2:2,7; Luke 22:44; 23:42; Acts 16:24,25; 2 Corinthians 12:7-10; Hebrews 5:7
any merry
Judges 16:23-25; Daniel 5:4
let him sing
1 Chronicles 16:9; Psalms 95:2; 105:2; Micah 4:5; Matthew 26:30; 1 Corinthians 14:26; Ephesians 5:19; Colossians 3:16,17; Revelation 5:9-14; 7:10; 14:3; 19:1-6

Verse 14
Is any sick among you? let him call for the elders of the church; and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord:
for
Acts 14:23; 15:4; Titus 1:5
pray
1 Kings 17:21; 2 Kings 4:33; 5:11; Acts 9:40; 28:8
anointing
Mark 6:13; 16:18

Verse 15
And the prayer of faith shall save the sick, and the Lord shall raise him up; and if he have committed sins, they shall be forgiven him.
the prayer
13,16; 1:6; Matthew 17:20,21; 21:21,22; Mark 11:22-24; 16:17,18; 1 Corinthians 12:28-30
if he
Isaiah 33:24; Matthew 9:2-6; Mark 2:5-11; John 5:14; 1 Corinthians 11:30-32; 1 John 5:14-16

Verse 16
Confess your faults one to another, and pray one for another, that ye may be healed. The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much.
Confess
Genesis 41:9,10; 2 Samuel 19:19; Matthew 3:6; 18:15-17; Luke 7:3,4; Acts 19:18
pray
Colossians 1:9; 1 Thessalonians 5:17,23,25; Hebrews 13:18
that
Genesis 20:17; 2 Chronicles 30:20; Luke 9:6; Acts 10:38
The effectual
Genesis 18:23-32; 19:29; 20:7,17; 32:28; Exodus 9:28,29,33; 17:11; 32:10-14; Numbers 11:2; 14:13-20; 21:7-9; Deuteronomy 9:18-20; Joshua 10:12; 1 Samuel 12:18; 1 Kings 13:6; 17:18-24; 2 Kings 4:33-35; 19:15-20; 20:2-5; 2 Chronicles 14:11,12; 2 Chronicles 32:20-22; Job 42:8; Psalms 10:17,18; 34:15; 145:18,19; Proverbs 15:8,29; Proverbs 28:9; Jeremiah 15:1; 29:12,13; 33:3; Daniel 2:18-23; 9:20-22; Hosea 12:3,4; Matthew 7:7-11; 21:22; Luke 11:11-13; 18:1-8; John 9:31; Acts 4:24-31; 12:5-11; 1 John 3:22
a righteous
Romans 3:10; 5:19; Hebrews 11:4,7

Verse 17
Elias was a man subject to like passions as we are, and he prayed earnestly that it might not rain: and it rained not on the earth by the space of three years and six months.
Elias
1 Kings 17:1
Elijah
subject.
Acts 10:26; 14:15
and he
Romans 11:2; Revelation 11:6
earnestly
or, in prayer. and it rained not.
Luke 4:25

Verse 18
And he prayed again, and the heaven gave rain, and the earth brought forth her fruit.
1 Kings 18:18,42-45; Jeremiah 14:22; Acts 14:17

Verse 19
Brethren, if any of you do err from the truth, and one convert him;
err
Psalms 119:21,118; Proverbs 19:27; Isaiah 3:12; 1 Timothy 6:10,21; 2 Timothy 2:18; 2 Peter 3:17; Jude 1:11
and one
20; Ezekiel 34:4,16; Matthew 18:15; Luke 22:32; Galatians 6:1; Hebrews 12:12,13; Jude 1:22,23

Verse 20
Let him know, that he which converteth the sinner from the error of his way shall save a soul from death, and shall hide a multitude of sins.
that he
19
shall save
Proverbs 11:30; Romans 11:14; 1 Corinthians 9:22; 1 Timothy 4:16; Philemon 1:19
from death
1:15; Proverbs 10:2; 11:4; John 5:24; Revelation 20:6
hide
Psalms 32:1; Proverbs 10:12; 1 Peter 4:8

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on James 5:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/james-5.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, November 13th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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