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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Jeremiah 39

 

 

Introduction
1Jerusalem is taken.
4Zedekiah is made blind and sent to Babylon.
8The city laid in ruins,
9and the people captivated.
11Nebuchadrezzar's charge for the good usage of Jeremiah.
15God's promise to Ebed-melech.

Verse 1
In the ninth year of Zedekiah king of Judah, in the tenth month, came Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon and all his army against Jerusalem, and they besieged it.
A. M. 3414. B.C. 590. the ninth
52:4-7; 2 Kings 25:1,2-7; Ezekiel 24:1,2; Zechariah 8:19
the tenth
This was the month Tebeth, (Es 2:16,) which began with the first moon of January; and it was on the 10th of this month that Nebuchadnezzar invested the city.

Verse 2
And in the eleventh year of Zedekiah, in the fourth month, the ninth day of the month, the city was broken up.
A. M. 3416. B.C. 588. the fourth. This was the month Tammuz, which commences with the first moon of July: the siege had lasted just eighteen months
2 Kings 25:3
was
5:10; 52:6,7; 2 Kings 25:4; Ezekiel 33:21; Micah 2:12,13; Zephaniah 1:10

Verse 3
And all the princes of the king of Babylon came in, and sat in the middle gate, even Nergalsharezer, Samgarnebo, Sarsechim, Rabsaris, Nergalsharezer, Rabmag, with all the residue of the princes of the king of Babylon.
all the
1:15; 21:4; 38:17
Nergalsharezer
13; 2 Kings 17:30
Sarsechim
These were the principal commanders; but Dr. Blayney thinks that, instead of six persons, we have in reality but three, as the name that follows each is the title of the office. Thus Nergal-Sharezer, who was Samgar-nebo, or keeper, i.e., priest of Nebo; Sarsechim, who was Rab-saris, or chief eunuch; and Nergal-sharezer, who was Rab-mag, or chief magi; as the words mog in Persian, magoos in Arabic, magooshai in Syriac, and [magos (ma/gov)] in Greek, signify; and we learn from Justin and Curtius that the magi attended the king in war.

Verse 4
And it came to pass, that when Zedekiah the king of Judah saw them, and all the men of war, then they fled, and went forth out of the city by night, by the way of the king's garden, by the gate betwixt the two walls: and he went out the way of the plain.
38:18-20; Leviticus 26:17,36; Deuteronomy 28:25; 32:24-30; 2 Kings 25:4-7; Isaiah 30:15,16; Ezekiel 12:12; Amos 2:14
betwixt
52:7-11; 2 Chronicles 32:5

Verse 5
But the Chaldeans' army pursued after them, and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho: and when they had taken him, they brought him up to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath, where he gave judgment upon him.
Chaldeans'
32:4,5; 38:18,23; 2 Chronicles 33:11; Lamentations 1:3; 4:20
in the plains
52:8; Joshua 4:13; 5:10
Riblah
52:9,26,27; 2 Kings 23:33; 25:6
Hamath
Numbers 13:21; Joshua 13:5; Judges 3:3; 2 Samuel 8:9; 2 Kings 17:24
gave judgment upon him
Heb. spake with him judgments.
4:12; Ezekiel 17:15-21

Verse 6
Then the king of Babylon slew the sons of Zedekiah in Riblah before his eyes: also the king of Babylon slew all the nobles of Judah.
slew the
52:10; 2 Kings 25:7
before
Genesis 21:16; 44:34; Deuteronomy 28:34; 2 Kings 22:20; 2 Chronicles 34:28; Esther 8:6; Isaiah 13:16
slew all
21:7; 24:8-10; 34:19-21

Verse 7
Moreover he put out Zedekiah's eyes, and bound him with chains, to carry him to Babylon.
he put
32:4,5; 52:11; 2 Kings 25:7; Ezekiel 12:13
chains
Heb. two brasen chains, or fetters.
Judges 16:21; Psalms 107:10,11; 119:8

Verse 8
And the Chaldeans burned the king's house, and the houses of the people, with fire, and brake down the walls of Jerusalem.
burned
7:20; 9:10-12; 17:27; 21:10; 34:2,22; 37:10; 38:18; 52:13; 2 Kings 25:9; 2 Chronicles 36:19; Isaiah 5:9; Lamentations 1:10; 2:2,7; Amos 2:5; Micah 3:12
and brake
52:14; 2 Kings 25:10; Nehemiah 1:3

Verse 9
Then Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive into Babylon the remnant of the people that remained in the city, and those that fell away, that fell to him, with the rest of the people that remained.
Nebuzar-adan
13; 40:1; 52:12-16,26; 2 Kings 25:11,20
captain of the guard
or, chief marshal. Heb. chief of the executioners, or slaughter-men. and so.
10,11-14; Genesis 37:36
carried
10:18; 16:13; 20:4-6; 52:28-30; Leviticus 26:33; Deuteronomy 4:27; 2 Kings 20:18; Isaiah 5:13

Verse 10
But Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard left of the poor of the people, which had nothing, in the land of Judah, and gave them vineyards and fields at the same time.
left of
40:7; 2 Kings 25:12; Ezekiel 33:24
at the same time
Heb. in that day.

Verse 11
Now Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon gave charge concerning Jeremiah to Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard, saying,
Now
Nebuchadnezzar must have frequently heard of Jeremiah's predictions, many of which were now fulfilled, which would dispose him to respect his character and treat him with kindness.
gave
15:11,21; Job 5:19; Acts 24:23
to
Heb. by the hand of.
37:2; *marg:

Verse 12
Take him, and look well to him, and do him no harm; but do unto him even as he shall say unto thee.
look well to him
Heb. set thine eyes upon him.
24:6; 40:4; *marg:; Proverbs 23:5; Amos 9:4; 1 Peter 3:12
do him
Psalms 105:14,15; Proverbs 16:7; 21:1; Acts 7:10; 1 Peter 3:13

Verse 13
So Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard sent, and Nebushasban, Rabsaris, and Nergalsharezer, Rabmag, and all the king of Babylon's princes;
Nebuzar-adan
3,9

Verse 14
Even they sent, and took Jeremiah out of the court of the prison, and committed him unto Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan, that he should carry him home: so he dwelt among the people.
took
15; 37:21; 38:13,28; 40:1-4; Psalms 105:19
committed
40:5-16; 41:1-3; 2 Kings 25:22-25
Ahikam
26:24

Verse 15
Now the word of the LORD came unto Jeremiah, while he was shut up in the court of the prison, saying,
while
14; 32:1,2; 36:1-5; 37:21; 2 Timothy 2:9

Verse 16
Go and speak to Ebedmelech the Ethiopian, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will bring my words upon this city for evil, and not for good; and they shall be accomplished in that day before thee.
Ebed-melech
38:7-13
Behold
5:14; 19:11,12; 21:7-10; 24:8-10; 26:15,18,20; 32:28,29; 34:2,3,22; 35:17; 36:31; 44:28,29; Joshua 23:14,15; 2 Chronicles 36:21; Daniel 9:12; Zechariah 1:6; Matthew 24:35
before thee
Psalms 91:8,9; 92:11

Verse 17
But I will deliver thee in that day, saith the LORD: and thou shalt not be given into the hand of the men of whom thou art afraid.
I will
1:19; Job 5:19-21; Psalms 41:1,2; 50:15; 91:14,15; Daniel 6:16; Matthew 10:40-42; Matthew 25:40; 2 Timothy 1:16-18
of whom
38:1,9; Genesis 15:1; 2 Samuel 24:14

Verse 18
For I will surely deliver thee, and thou shalt not fall by the sword, but thy life shall be for a prey unto thee: because thou hast put thy trust in me, saith the LORD.
but
21:9; 38:2; 45:4,5
because
17:7,8; Romans 2:12; 1 Chronicles 5:20; Psalms 2:12; 33:18; 34:22; 37:3,39,40; 84:12; Psalms 146:3-6; 147:11; Isaiah 26:3; Ephesians 1:12; 1 Peter 1:21

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 39:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/jeremiah-39.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, September 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
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