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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Jeremiah 46

 

 

Introduction
1Jeremiah prophesies the overthrow of Pharaoh's army at Euphrates,
13and the conquest of Egypt by Nebuchadrezzar.
27He comforts Jacob in his chastisement.

Verse 1
The word of the LORD which came to Jeremiah the prophet against the Gentiles;
The word
This is a general title to the prophecies contained in this and the following chapters, concerning different nations which had less or more connexion with the Jews, either as enemies, neighbours, or allies. They were not delivered at the same time: to some the date is annexed; in others it is left uncertain.
against
1:10; 4:7; 25:15-29; Genesis 10:5; Numbers 23:9; Zechariah 2:8; Romans 3:29

Verse 2
Against Egypt, against the army of Pharaohnecho king of Egypt, which was by the river Euphrates in Carchemish, which Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon smote in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah.
Against Egypt
14; 25:9,19; Ezekiel 29:1-32
Pharaoh-necho
2 Kings 23:29
Pharaoh-nechoh
2 Chronicles 35:20,21
Necho
Carchemish
Isaiah 10:9
in the
25:1; 36:1

Verse 3
Order ye the buckler and shield, and draw near to battle.
51:11,12; Isaiah 8:9,10; 21:5; Joel 3:9; Nahum 2:1; 3:14

Verse 4
Harness the horses; and get up, ye horsemen, and stand forth with your helmets; furbish the spears, and put on the brigandines.
furbish
Ezekiel 21:9-11,28
brigandines
51:3

Verse 5
Wherefore have I seen them dismayed and turned away back? and their mighty ones are beaten down, and are fled apace, and look not back: for fear was round about, saith the LORD.
and their
Revelation 6:15
beaten down
Heb. broken in pieces. fled apace. Heb. fled a flight.
15; Genesis 19:17; 2 Kings 7:6,7; Nahum 2:8
fear
6:25; 20:3,4; *marg:; 10; 49:29; Isaiah 19:16; Ezekiel 32:10; Revelation 6:15-17

Verse 6
Let not the swift flee away, nor the mighty man escape; they shall stumble, and fall toward the north by the river Euphrates.
not
Judges 4:15-21; Psalms 33:16,17; 147:10,11; Ecclesiastes 9:11; Isaiah 30:16,17; Amos 2:14,15; 9:1-3
stumble
12; 20:11; 50:32; Psalms 27:2; Isaiah 8:15; Daniel 11:19,22
toward
10; 1:14; 4:6; 6:1; 25:9

Verse 7
Who is this that cometh up as a flood, whose waters are moved as the rivers?
Who
Song of Solomon 3:6; 8:5; Isaiah 63:1
as a flood
47:2; Isaiah 8:7,8; Daniel 9:26; 11:22; Amos 8:8; Revelation 12:15

Verse 8
Egypt riseth up like a flood, and his waters are moved like the rivers; and he saith, I will go up, and will cover the earth; I will destroy the city and the inhabitants thereof.
riseth
Ezekiel 29:3; 32:2
I will go
Exodus 15:9,10; Isaiah 10:13-16; 37:24-26

Verse 9
Come up, ye horses; and rage, ye chariots; and let the mighty men come forth; the Ethiopians and the Libyans, that handle the shield; and the Lydians, that handle and bend the bow.
rage
Nahum 2:3,4
Ethiopians
Heb. Cush and Put.
Genesis 10:6
Phut
1 Corinthians 1:8; Ezekiel 27:10
Phut
Nahum 3:9
Lubim
Acts 2:10
Lydians
Genesis 10:13; 1 Chronicles 1:11
Ludim
Isaiah 66:19; Ezekiel 27:10
Lud
30:5

Verse 10
For this is the day of the Lord GOD of hosts, a day of vengeance, that he may avenge him of his adversaries: and the sword shall devour, and it shall be satiate and made drunk with their blood: for the Lord GOD of hosts hath a sacrifice in the north country by the river Euphrates.
the day
51:6; Isaiah 13:6; 34:6,8; 61:2; 63:4; Joel 1:15; 2:1; Zephaniah 1:14,15; Luke 21:22
the sword
Deuteronomy 32:42; Isaiah 34:5-8; Ezekiel 39:17-21; Zephaniah 1:7,8; Revelation 19:17-21
the north
2,6; 2 Kings 24:7

Verse 11
Go up into Gilead, and take balm, O virgin, the daughter of Egypt: in vain shalt thou use many medicines; for thou shalt not be cured.
Gilead
8:22; 51:8; Genesis 37:25; 43:11; Ezekiel 27:17
O virgin
14:17; Isaiah 47:1
in vain
30:12-15; Ezekiel 30:21-25; Micah 1:9; Nahum 3:19; Matthew 5:26; Luke 8:43,44
thou shalt not be cured
Heb. no cure shall be unto thee.

Verse 12
The nations have heard of thy shame, and thy cry hath filled the land: for the mighty man hath stumbled against the mighty, and they are fallen both together.
heard
Ezekiel 32:9-12; Nahum 3:8-10
thy cry
14:2; 48:34; 49:21; 51:54; 1 Samuel 5:12; Isaiah 15:5-8; Zephaniah 1:10
stumbled
6; Isaiah 10:4; 19:2

Verse 13
The word that the LORD spake to Jeremiah the prophet, how Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon should come and smite the land of Egypt.
Cir A
&M. 3398. B.C. 606. Nebuchadrezzar.
43:10-13; 44:30; Isaiah 19:1-25; 29:1-32

Verse 14
Declare ye in Egypt, and publish in Migdol, and publish in Noph and in Tahpanhes: say ye, Stand fast, and prepare thee; for the sword shall devour round about thee.
Migdol
43:9; 44:1; Exodus 14:2; Ezekiel 30:16-18
Stand
3,4; 6:1-5; Joel 3:9-12
the sword
10; 2:30; 12:12; 2 Samuel 2:26; Isaiah 1:20; 31:8; 34:6; Nahum 2:13

Verse 15
Why are thy valiant men swept away? they stood not, because the LORD did drive them.
thy
5,21; Judges 5:20,21; Isaiah 66:15,16
the Lord
Exodus 6:1; Deuteronomy 11:23; Psalms 18:14,39; 44:2; 68:2; 114:2-7

Verse 16
He made many to fall, yea, one fell upon another: and they said, Arise, and let us go again to our own people, and to the land of our nativity, from the oppressing sword.
made many to fall
Heb. multiplied the faller. one.
Leviticus 26:36,37
they said
21; 51:9

Verse 17
They did cry there, Pharaoh king of Egypt is but a noise; he hath passed the time appointed.
Pharaoh
Exodus 15:9; 1 Kings 20:10,18; Isaiah 19:11-16; 31:3; 37:27-29; Ezekiel 29:3; Ezekiel 31:18

Verse 18
As I live, saith the King, whose name is the LORD of hosts, Surely as Tabor is among the mountains, and as Carmel by the sea, so shall he come.
saith
10:10; 44:26; 48:15; 51:17; Isaiah 47:4; 48:2; Malachi 1:14; Matthew 5:35; 1 Timothy 1:17
Tabor
Joshua 19:22; Judges 4:6; Psalms 89:12
Carmel
1 Kings 18:42,43

Verse 19
O thou daughter dwelling in Egypt, furnish thyself to go into captivity: for Noph shall be waste and desolate without an inhabitant.
thou
48:18
furnish thyself to go into captivity
Heb. make thee instruments of captivity.
Isaiah 20:4; Ezekiel 12:3; *marg:; Ezekiel 12:4-12
Noph
Noph, or Moph, is the celebrated city of Memphis, as the Chaldee and LXX. render; long the residence of the ancient Egyptian kings, and situated fifteen miles above where the Delta begins, on the western side of the Nile. It was in the neighbourhood of Memphis that the famous pyramids were erected, whose grandeur and beauty still astonish the modern traveller: they are about twenty in number; the largest of which is 481 feet perpendicular height, and the area of its basis is on 480,249 square feet, or something more than eleven acres, being exactly the size of Lincoln's Inn Fields in London. The immense ruins between the northern and southern pyramids, and about fourteen miles from Cairo, still called Memf, Menf, or Menouf, seem to mark the site of this city.
44:1; Ezekiel 30:13
waste
26:9; 34:22; 51:29,30; Zephaniah 2:5

Verse 20
Egypt is like a very fair heifer, but destruction cometh; it cometh out of the north.
a very
50:11; Hosea 10:11
it cometh
6,10; 1:14; 25:9; 47:2

Verse 21
Also her hired men are in the midst of her like fatted bullocks; for they also are turned back, and are fled away together: they did not stand, because the day of their calamity was come upon them, and the time of their visitation.
her hired
9,16; 2 Samuel 10:6; 2 Kings 7:6; Ezekiel 27:10,11; 30:4-6
like
50:11,27; Isaiah 34:7
fatted bullocks
Heb. bullocks of the stall.
Proverbs 15:17; Amos 6:4
they did
5,15,16
the day
18:17; Deuteronomy 32:15; Psalms 37:13; Isaiah 10:3; Ezekiel 35:5; Hosea 9:7; Obadiah 1:13; Micah 7:4

Verse 22
The voice thereof shall go like a serpent; for they shall march with an army, and come against her with axes, as hewers of wood.
voice
Isaiah 29:4; Micah 1:8; 7:16
and come
51:20-23; Isaiah 10:15,33,34; 14:8; 37:24; Zechariah 11:2

Verse 23
They shall cut down her forest, saith the LORD, though it cannot be searched; because they are more than the grasshoppers, and are innumerable.
cut
Isaiah 10:18; Ezekiel 20:46
because
Judges 6:5; 7:12; Joel 2:25; Revelation 9:2-10

Verse 24
The daughter of Egypt shall be confounded; she shall be delivered into the hand of the people of the north.
daughter
11,19; Psalms 137:8
she shall
20; 1:15; Ezekiel 29:1-32

Verse 25
The LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saith; Behold, I will punish the multitude of No, and Pharaoh, and Egypt, with their gods, and their kings; even Pharaoh, and all them that trust in him:
multitude
or, nourisher. Heb. Amon. No.
Ezekiel 30:14; Nahum 3:8
with their
43:12,13; Exodus 12:12; Isaiah 19:1; Ezekiel 30:13; Zephaniah 2:11
and their
Ezekiel 32:9-12; Nahum 3:9
and all
17:5,6; 42:14-16; Isaiah 20:5,6; 30:2,3; 31:1-3; Ezekiel 39:6,7

Verse 26
And I will deliver them into the hand of those that seek their lives, and into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and into the hand of his servants: and afterward it shall be inhabited, as in the days of old, saith the LORD.
I will
44:30; Ezekiel 32:11
and afterward
48:47; 49:39; Ezekiel 29:8-14

Verse 27
But fear not thou, O my servant Jacob, and be not dismayed, O Israel: for, behold, I will save thee from afar off, and thy seed from the land of their captivity; and Jacob shall return, and be in rest and at ease, and none shall make him afraid.
fear
30:10,11; Isaiah 41:13,14; 43:1,5; 44:2
I will save
23:3,4; 29:14; 31:8-11; 32:37; Isaiah 11:11-16; Ezekiel 34:10-14; 36:24; Ezekiel 37:21,22; 39:25; Amos 9:14; Micah 7:11-16
and be
23:6; 33:16; 50:19; Ezekiel 34:25,26

Verse 28
Fear thou not, O Jacob my servant, saith the LORD: for I am with thee; for I will make a full end of all the nations whither I have driven thee: but I will not make a full end of thee, but correct thee in measure; yet will I not leave thee wholly unpunished.
for I am
1:19; 15:20; 30:11; Joshua 1:5,9; Psalms 46:7,11; Isaiah 8:9,10; 41:10; 43:2; Matthew 1:23; 28:20; Acts 18:10; 2 Timothy 4:17
make
25:9; Isaiah 45:23; Daniel 2:35
but I will not
4:27; 5:10,18; 30:11; 32:42-44; 33:24-26; Amos 9:8,9; Romans 11:15-17
correct
10:24; Habakkuk 3:2; 1 Corinthians 11:32
will I
Isaiah 27:7,9; Hebrews 12:5-10; Revelation 3:19
not leave thee wholly unpunished
or, not utterly cut thee off.

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 46:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/jeremiah-46.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, September 16th, 2019
the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
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