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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Job 4

 

 

Introduction
1Eliphaz reproves Job for want of religion.
7He teaches God's judgments to be not for the righteous, but for the wicked.
12His fearful vision to humble the excellency of creatures before God.

Verse 1
Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered and said,
Eliphaz
2:11; 15:1; 22:1; 42:9
answered
3:1,2; 6:1; 8:1

Verse 2
If we assay to commune with thee, wilt thou be grieved? but who can withhold himself from speaking?
to commune
Heb. a word. wilt thou.
2 Corinthians 2:4-6; 7:8-10
withhold himself from speaking
Heb. refrain from words.
32:18-20; Jeremiah 6:11; 20:9; Acts 4:20

Verse 3
Behold, thou hast instructed many, and thou hast strengthened the weak hands.
Behold
Genesis 18:19; Proverbs 10:21; 15:7; 16:21; Isaiah 50:4; Ephesians 4:29; Colossians 4:6
and thou hast
16:5; Deuteronomy 3:28; Ezra 6:22; Isaiah 35:3; Ezekiel 13:22; Luke 22:32,43

Verse 4
Thy words have upholden him that was falling, and thou hast strengthened the feeble knees.
upholden
Psalms 145:14; Proverbs 12:18; 16:23,24; 2 Corinthians 2:7; 7:6; 1 Thessalonians 5:14
feeble knees
Heb. bowing knees.
Isaiah 35:3,4; Daniel 5:6; Hebrews 12:12

Verse 5
But now it is come upon thee, and thou faintest; it toucheth thee, and thou art troubled.
it is come
3:25,26
thou faintest
Proverbs 24:10; 2 Corinthians 4:1,16; Hebrews 12:3,5
it toucheth
1:11; 2:5; 19:21

Verse 6
Is not this thy fear, thy confidence, thy hope, and the uprightness of thy ways?
thy fear
1:1,9,10; 2 Kings 20:3
thy confidence
13:15; Proverbs 3:26; 14:26
thy hope
17:15; 1 Peter 1:13,17
the uprightness
1:8; 16:17; 23:11,12; 27:5,6; 29:12-17; 31:1-40

Verse 7
Remember, I pray thee, who ever perished, being innocent? or where were the righteous cut off?
who ever
9:22,23; Psalms 37:25; Ecclesiastes 7:15; 9:1,2; Acts 28:4; 2 Peter 2:9

Verse 8
Even as I have seen, they that plow iniquity, and sow wickedness, reap the same.
they that plow
Psalms 7:14-16; Proverbs 22:8; Jeremiah 4:18; Hosea 8:7; 10:12,13; 2 Corinthians 9:6; Galatians 6:7,8

Verse 9
By the blast of God they perish, and by the breath of his nostrils are they consumed.
the blast
Exodus 15:8,10; 2 Kings 19:7; Psalms 18:15
by the breath of his nostrils
that is, by his anger.
1:19; 15:30; Isaiah 11:4; 30:33; 2 Thessalonians 2:8; Revelation 2:16

Verse 10
The roaring of the lion, and the voice of the fierce lion, and the teeth of the young lions, are broken.
the teeth
29:17; Psalms 3:7; 57:4; 58:6; Proverbs 30:14

Verse 11
The old lion perisheth for lack of prey, and the stout lion's whelps are scattered abroad.
old lion
38:39; Genesis 49:9; Numbers 23:24; 24:9; Psalms 7:2; Jeremiah 4:7; Hosea 11:10; 2 Timothy 4:17
perisheth
Psalms 34:10
the stout
1:19; 8:3,4; 27:14,15

Verse 12
Now a thing was secretly brought to me, and mine ear received a little thereof.
a thing
Psalms 62:11
secretly
Heb. by stealth. a little.
1 Corinthians 13:12

Verse 13
In thoughts from the visions of the night, when deep sleep falleth on men,
thoughts
33:14-16; Genesis 20:3; 28:12; 31:24; 46:2; Numbers 12:6; 22:19,20; Daniel 2:19,28,29; 4:5
deep sleep
Genesis 2:21; 15:12; Daniel 8:18; 10:9

Verse 14
Fear came upon me, and trembling, which made all my bones to shake.
Fear
7:14; Psalms 119:120; Isaiah 6:5; Daniel 10:11; Habakkuk 3:16; Luke 1:12,29; Revelation 1:17
came upon
Heb. met. all my bones. Heb. the multitude of my bones.
33:19

Verse 15
Then a spirit passed before my face; the hair of my flesh stood up:
a spirit
Psalms 104:4; Matthew 14:26; Luke 24:37-39; Hebrews 1:7,14
the hair
Isaiah 13:8; 21:3,4; Daniel 5:6

Verse 16
It stood still, but I could not discern the form thereof: an image was before mine eyes, there was silence, and I heard a voice, saying,
there, etc
or, I heard a still voice.
1 Kings 19:12

Verse 17
Shall mortal man be more just than God? shall a man be more pure than his maker?
Shall mortal
8:3; 9:2; 35:2; 40:8; Genesis 18:25; Psalms 143:2; 145:17; Ecclesiastes 7:20; Jeremiah 12:1; Romans 2:5; 3:4-7; 9:20; 11:33
shall a man
9:30,31; 14:4; 15:14; 25:4; Jeremiah 17:9; Mark 7:20-23; Revelation 4:8

Verse 18
Behold, he put no trust in his servants; and his angels he charged with folly:
he put
15:15,16; 25:5,6; Psalms 103:20,21; 104:4; Isaiah 6:2,3
and his angels he charged with folly
or, nor in his angels in whom he put light.
2 Peter 2:4; Jude 1:6

Verse 19
How much less in them that dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation is in the dust, which are crushed before the moth?
dwell
10:9; 13:12; 33:6; Genesis 2:7; 3:19; 18:27; Ecclesiastes 12:7; 2 Corinthians 4:7; 5:1
crushed
13:28; 14:2; Psalms 39:11; 90:5-7; 103:15,16; 146:4; 1 Peter 1:24

Verse 20
They are destroyed from morning to evening: they perish for ever without any regarding it.
destroyed
Heb. beaten in pieces.
2 Chronicles 15:6; *marg
from morning
Isaiah 38:12,13
they perish
14:14; 16:22; Psalms 39:13; 92:7
without
18:17; 20:7; 2 Chronicles 21:20; Psalms 37:36; Proverbs 10:7

Verse 21
Doth not their excellency which is in them go away? they die, even without wisdom.
excellency
Psalms 39:5,11; 49:14; 146:3,4; Isaiah 14:16; Luke 16:22,23; James 1:11
die
36:12; Psalms 49:20; Isaiah 2:22; Luke 12:20

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 4:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-4.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, February 23rd, 2020
Transfiguration Sunday / the Last Sunday after Epiphany
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