Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 3

Introduction

1Job curses the day and services of his birth.
13The ease of death.
20He complains of life, because of his anguish.

Verse 1

After this opened Job his mouth, and cursed his day.
After
1:22; 2:10
opened
35:16; Psalms 39:2,3; 106:33
cursed
3; 1:11; 2:5,9; Jeremiah 20:14,15
his day
That is, the day of his birth.
Reciprocal: Genesis 30:1 - or else I die;  Genesis 40:20 - birthday;  Exodus 16:3 - we had;  Job 4:1 - answered;  Job 33:2 - I;  Jeremiah 15:10 - my;  Matthew 5:2 - GeneralRevelation 13:6 - he opened

Verse 2

And Job spake, and said,
spake
Heb. answered.
Judges 18:14
Reciprocal: Job 4:1 - answered

Verse 3

Let the day perish wherein I was born, and the night in which it was said, There is a man child conceived.
Let the day
That is, as we say, "Let it be blotted out of the calendar."
10:18,19; Jeremiah 15:10; 20:14,15
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 1:21 - no dew;  Job 3:1 - cursed;  Job 6:26 - reprove;  Jeremiah 31:22 - A woman

Verse 4

Let that day be darkness; let not God regard it from above, neither let the light shine upon it.
darkness
Exodus 10:22,23; Joel 2:2; Amos 5:18; Matthew 27:45; Acts 27:20; Revelation 16:10
God regard
Deuteronomy 11:12
Reciprocal: Amos 5:20 - darkness;  Zephaniah 1:15 - a day of darkness

Verse 5

Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell upon it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.
the shadow
10:21,22; 16:16; 24:17; 28:3; 38:17; Psalms 23:4; 44:19; 107:10,14; Isaiah 9:2; Jeremiah 2:6; 13:16; Amos 5:8; Matthew 4:16; Luke 1:79
stain it
or, challenge it. let a cloud.
Deuteronomy 4:11; Ezekiel 30:3; 34:12; Joel 2:2; Hebrews 12:18
let the blackness
or, let them terrify it, as those who have a bitter day.
Jeremiah 4:28; Amos 8:10
Reciprocal: Judges 18:25 - angry;  Job 12:22 - bringeth;  Job 18:2 - mark;  Job 34:22 - nor

Verse 6

As for that night, let darkness seize upon it; let it not be joined unto the days of the year, let it not come into the number of the months.
let it not be joined unto the days
or, let it not rejoice among the days.
Reciprocal: Job 18:2 - mark

Verse 7

Lo, let that night be solitary, let no joyful voice come therein.
solitary
Isaiah 13:20-22; 24:8; Jeremiah 7:34; Revelation 18:22,23

Verse 8

Let them curse it that curse the day, who are ready to raise up their mourning.
who are ready
2 Chronicles 35:25; Jeremiah 9:17,18; Amos 5:16; Matthew 11:17; Mark 5:38
their mourning
or, a leviathan.
41:1,10
Reciprocal: Psalm 74:14 - leviathan;  Psalm 104:26 - leviathan

Verse 9

Let the stars of the twilight thereof be dark; let it look for light, but have none; neither let it see the dawning of the day:
look for light
30:26; Jeremiah 8:15; 13:16
the dawning of the day
Heb. the eye-lids of the morning.
41:18
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:14 - and let;  Job 33:28 - see

Verse 10

Because it shut not up the doors of my mother's womb, nor hid sorrow from mine eyes.
it shut not
10:18,19; Genesis 20:18; 29:31; 1 Samuel 1:5; Ecclesiastes 6:3-5; Jeremiah 20:17
hid
6:2,3; 10:1; 23:2; Ecclesiastes 11:10
Reciprocal: Exodus 16:3 - we had;  Numbers 20:3 - God;  Ecclesiastes 4:3 - better;  Ecclesiastes 6:5 - this

Verse 11

Why died I not from the womb? why did I not give up the ghost when I came out of the belly?
died I
Psalms 58:8; Jeremiah 15:10; Hosea 9:14
when I came
Psalms 22:9,10; 71:6; 139:13-16; Isaiah 46:3
Reciprocal: Genesis 30:1 - or else I die;  Numbers 14:2 - Would;  Numbers 20:3 - God;  Job 10:18 - hast thou;  Job 14:10 - man;  Job 40:2 - he that reproveth;  Jeremiah 20:17 - he slew

Verse 12

Why did the knees prevent me? or why the breasts that I should suck?
the knees
Genesis 30:3; 50:23; Isaiah 66:12; Ezekiel 16:4,5
Reciprocal: Job 40:2 - he that reproveth

Verse 13

For now should I have lain still and been quiet, I should have slept: then had I been at rest,
then had I been at rest
Ecclesiastes 6:3-5; 9:10
Reciprocal: Job 7:21 - sleep;  Job 14:12 - awake;  Ezekiel 32:27 - shall not;  Luke 16:22 - that

Verse 14

With kings and counsellors of the earth, which built desolate places for themselves;
kings
30:23; 1 Kings 2:10; 11:43; Psalms 49:6-10,14; 89:48; Ecclesiastes 8:8; Isaiah 14:10-16; Ezekiel 27:18-32
which built
Who erect splendid mausoleums, funeral monuments, etc. to keep their names from perishing, while their bodies are turned to corruption.
15:28; Isaiah 5:8; Ezekiel 26:20
Reciprocal: Isaiah 22:16 - hewed

Verse 15

Or with princes that had gold, who filled their houses with silver:
who filled their houses
That is, "the covetous, whom nothing can satisfy," as the poet Saady has observed, "but the dust that fills his mouth, when laid in the grave."
22:25; 27:16; Numbers 22:18; 1 Kings 10:27; Isaiah 2:7; Zephaniah 1:18; Zechariah 9:3

Verse 16

Or as an hidden untimely birth I had not been; as infants which never saw light.
an hidden
Psalms 58:8; 1 Corinthians 15:8
Reciprocal: Numbers 12:12 - of whom;  Job 3:20 - light;  Job 33:28 - see;  Ecclesiastes 6:3 - that an;  Jeremiah 20:17 - he slew

Verse 17

There the wicked cease from troubling; and there the weary be at rest.
the wicked
14:13; Psalms 55:5-8; Matthew 10:28; Luke 12:4; 2 Thessalonians 1:6,7; 2 Peter 2:8
the weary
Heb. the wearied in strength. at rest.
Isaiah 57:1,2; Hebrews 4:9,11; Revelation 14:13
Reciprocal: Job 16:7 - he hath;  Job 17:16 - rest;  Job 18:2 - mark;  Job 20:22 - wicked;  Job 21:33 - sweet;  Ecclesiastes 4:2 - GeneralEcclesiastes 7:1 - the day;  Ecclesiastes 9:6 - their love

Verse 18

There the prisoners rest together; they hear not the voice of the oppressor.
they
39:7; Exodus 5:6-8,15-19; Judges 4:3; Isaiah 14:3,4
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:30 - build;  Job 21:26 - alike;  Job 21:33 - sweet;  Ecclesiastes 9:6 - their love

Verse 19

The small and great are there; and the servant is free from his master.
The small
30:23; Psalms 49:2,6-10; Ecclesiastes 8:8; 12:5,7; Luke 16:22,23; Hebrews 9:27
and the servant
Psalms 49:14-20
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 23:2 - both small and great;  2 Chronicles 15:13 - whether small;  2 Chronicles 34:30 - great and small;  Job 21:26 - alike

Verse 20

Wherefore is light given to him that is in misery, and life unto the bitter in soul;
Wherefore
6:9; 7:15,16; Jeremiah 20:18
light
16; 33:28,30
the bitter
7:15,16; 1 Samuel 1:10; 2 Kings 4:27; Proverbs 31:6
Reciprocal: Genesis 27:46 - I am;  Genesis 30:1 - or else I die;  Exodus 16:3 - we had;  Numbers 11:15 - kill me;  1 Kings 19:4 - he requested;  Job 9:18 - filleth me;  Job 10:1 - My soul;  Job 13:26 - writest;  Job 18:18 - He shall be driven;  Job 21:25 - in the bitterness;  Job 36:20 - Desire;  Job 40:2 - he that reproveth;  Ecclesiastes 2:17 - I hated;  Isaiah 15:4 - his;  Jeremiah 8:3 - death;  Jonah 4:3 - take;  Revelation 9:6 - shall men

Verse 21

Which long for death, but it cometh not; and dig for it more than for hid treasures;
long
Heb. wait.
Numbers 11:15; 1 Kings 19:4; Jonah 4:3,8; Revelation 9:6
dig
Proverbs 2:4
Reciprocal: Job 36:20 - Desire

Verse 23

Why is light given to a man whose way is hid, and whom God hath hedged in?
whose way
Isaiah 40:27
hedged in
12:14; 19:8; Psalms 31:8; Lamentations 3:7,9; Hosea 2:6
Reciprocal: Job 40:2 - he that reproveth

Verse 24

For my sighing cometh before I eat, and my roarings are poured out like the waters.
my sighing
7:19; Psalms 80:5; 102:9
I eat
Heb. my meat. my roarings.
Psalms 22:1,2; 32:3; 38:8; Isaiah 59:11; Lamentations 3:8
Reciprocal: Job 7:20 - I am;  Psalm 31:10 - my life;  Lamentations 2:19 - pour;  Ezekiel 12:18 - General

Verse 25

For the thing which I greatly feared is come upon me, and that which I was afraid of is come unto me.
the thing, etc
Heb. I feared a fear and it came upon me. that which.
1:5; 31:23
Reciprocal: Job 4:5 - it is come;  Job 30:26 - When I looked;  Proverbs 10:24 - fear;  Isaiah 38:17 - for peace I had great bitterness;  Ezekiel 11:8 - General

Verse 26

I was not in safety, neither had I rest, neither was I quiet; yet trouble came.
yet trouble came
27:9; Psalms 143:11 Reciprocal: Job 4:5 - it is come;  Job 16:12 - at ease;  Job 30:26 - When I looked;  Isaiah 38:17 - for peace I had great bitterness

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 3". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/job-3.html.