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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Joshua 14



1The nine tribes and a half are to have their inheritance by lot.
6Caleb by privilege obtains Hebron.

Verse 1
And these are the countries which the children of Israel inherited in the land of Canaan, which Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun, and the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel, distributed for inheritance to them.
which Eleazar
Numbers 34:17-29

Verse 2
By lot was their inheritance, as the LORD commanded by the hand of Moses, for the nine tribes, and for the half tribe.
Though God had sufficiently pointed out by the predictions of Jacob and Moses what portions he designed for each tribe, yet we readily discern an admirable proof of His wisdom, in the orders he gave to decide them by lot. By this means the false interpretations which might have been given to the words of Jacob and Moses were prevented; and by striking at the root of whatever might occasion jealousies and disputes among the tribes, he evidently secured the honesty of those appointed to distribute the conquered lands of Canaan. Besides, the success of this method gave a fresh proof of the divinity of the Jewish religion, and the truth of its oracles. Each tribe finding itself placed by lot exactly in the spot where Jacob and Moses foretold, it was evident that Providence had equally directed both the predictions and that lot; and it would be the greatest folly and presumption not to acknowledge the inspiration of God in the words of Jacob and Moses; the direction of his hand in the lot, and his providence in the event.
Numbers 26:55,56; 33:54; 34:13; Psalms 16:5,6; Proverbs 16:33; 18:18; Matthew 25:34

Verse 3
For Moses had given the inheritance of two tribes and an half tribe on the other side Jordan: but unto the Levites he gave none inheritance among them.
13:8; Numbers 32:29-42; Deuteronomy 3:12-17
but unto

Verse 4
For the children of Joseph were two tribes, Manasseh and Ephraim: therefore they gave no part unto the Levites in the land, save cities to dwell in, with their suburbs for their cattle and for their substance.
the children
Genesis 48:5; 1 Chronicles 5:1,2
save cities
21:2-42; Numbers 35:2-8; 1 Chronicles 6:54-81

Verse 6
Then the children of Judah came unto Joshua in Gilgal: and Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite said unto him, Thou knowest the thing that the LORD said unto Moses the man of God concerning me and thee in Kadeshbarnea.
4:19; 10:43
Numbers 13:6; 14:6
14; 15:17; Numbers 32:12
Thou knowest
Numbers 14:24,30; Deuteronomy 1:36-38
the man
Numbers 12:7,8; Deuteronomy 33:1; 34:5,10; Judges 13:6-8; 1 Kings 13:1,14; 2 Kings 4:9,16,42; 8:7,11; Psalms 90:1; *title; 1 Timothy 6:11; 2 Timothy 3:17
Numbers 13:26

Verse 7
Forty years old was I when Moses the servant of the LORD sent me from Kadeshbarnea to espy out the land; and I brought him word again as it was in mine heart.
sent me
Numbers 13:6,16-20
I brought
Numbers 13:26-33; 14:6-10

Verse 8
Nevertheless my brethren that went up with me made the heart of the people melt: but I wholly followed the LORD my God.
14; Numbers 14:24; Deuteronomy 1:36; Revelation 14:4

Verse 9
And Moses sware on that day, saying, Surely the land whereon thy feet have trodden shall be thine inheritance, and thy children's for ever, because thou hast wholly followed the LORD my God.
1:3; Numbers 13:22; 14:22-24

Verse 10
And now, behold, the LORD hath kept me alive, as he said, these forty and five years, even since the LORD spake this word unto Moses, while the children of Israel wandered in the wilderness: and now, lo, I am this day fourscore and five years old.
11:18; Numbers 14:33,34
Heb. walked.

Verse 11
As yet I am as strong this day as I was in the day that Moses sent me: as my strength was then, even so is my strength now, for war, both to go out, and to come in.
Deuteronomy 31:2; 34:7; Psalms 90:10; 103:5

Verse 12
Now therefore give me this mountain, whereof the LORD spake in that day; for thou heardest in that day how the Anakims were there, and that the cities were great and fenced: if so be the LORD will be with me, then I shall be able to drive them out, as the LORD said.
the Anakims
11:21,22; Numbers 13:28,33
if so be
Numbers 14:8,9; 21:34; 1 Samuel 14:6; 2 Chronicles 14:11; Psalms 18:32-34; 27:1-3; 44:3; Psalms 60:12; 118:10-12; Romans 8:31; Philippians 4:13; Hebrews 11:33
I shall
15:14; Judges 1:20

Verse 13
And Joshua blessed him, and gave unto Caleb the son of Jephunneh Hebron for an inheritance.
22:6; Genesis 47:7,10; 1 Samuel 1:17; Song of Solomon 6:9
gave unto
10:36,37; 15:13; 21:11,12; Judges 1:20; 1 Chronicles 6:55,56

Verse 14
Hebron therefore became the inheritance of Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite unto this day, because that he wholly followed the LORD God of Israel.
8,9; 1 Corinthians 15:58

Verse 15
And the name of Hebron before was Kirjatharba; which Arba was a great man among the Anakims. And the land had rest from war.
And the name
15:13; Genesis 23:2
And the land
11:23; Judges 3:11,30; 5:31; 8:28


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Joshua 14:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, December 6th, 2019
the First Week of Advent
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