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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Joshua 17

 

 

Introduction
1The lot of Manasseh.
7His coast.
12The Canaanites not driven out.
14The children of Joseph obtain another lot.

Verse 1
There was also a lot for the tribe of Manasseh; for he was the firstborn of Joseph; to wit, for Machir the firstborn of Manasseh, the father of Gilead: because he was a man of war, therefore he had Gilead and Bashan.
the firstborn
Genesis 41:51; 46:20; 48:18; Deuteronomy 21:17
Machir
Genesis 50:23; Numbers 26:29; 27:1; 32:39,40; Judges 5:14; 1 Chronicles 2:23; 7:14,15
Gilead
Numbers 26:29; 32:33,40; Deuteronomy 3:13-15

Verse 2
There was also a lot for the rest of the children of Manasseh by their families; for the children of Abiezer, and for the children of Helek, and for the children of Asriel, and for the children of Shechem, and for the children of Hepher, and for the children of Shemida: these were the male children of Manasseh the son of Joseph by their families.
the rest
Numbers 26:29-32
the children
Judges 6:11; 8:2; 1 Chronicles 7:18
Abiezer
Numbers 26:30
Jeezer
children of Asriel.
Numbers 26:31
children of Hepher
Numbers 26:32

Verse 3
But Zelophehad, the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, had no sons, but daughters: and these are the names of his daughters, Mahlah, and Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah.
Numbers 26:33; 27:1; 36:2-11

Verse 4
And they came near before Eleazar the priest, and before Joshua the son of Nun, and before the princes, saying, The LORD commanded Moses to give us an inheritance among our brethren. Therefore according to the commandment of the LORD he gave them an inheritance among the brethren of their father.
Eleazar
14:1; Numbers 34:17-29
The Lord commanded
Numbers 27:6,7; Galatians 3:28

Verse 5
And there fell ten portions to Manasseh, beside the land of Gilead and Bashan, which were on the other side Jordan;
ten portions
As there were six sons and five daughters, among whom this division was to be made, there should be eleven portions: but Zelophehad, son of Hepher, having left five daughters in his place, neither he nor Hepher is reckoned. The lot of Manasseh therefore was divided into ten parts; five for the five sons of Gilead, Abiezer, Helek, Asriel, Shechem, and Shemida; and five for the five daughters of Zelophehad, Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah.
2,3,14
beside
13:29-31; Numbers 32:30-42

Verse 7
And the coast of Manasseh was from Asher to Michmethah, that lieth before Shechem; and the border went along on the right hand unto the inhabitants of Entappuah.
Asher
Eusebius says this was a town in his time not far from Neapolis, towards Scythopolis or Bethshan; between which towns it is also placed by the old Jerusalem Itinerary.
Michmethah
Situated, probably, east of Shechem, though its precise situation, as well as that of many others, cannot, at this distance of time, be ascertained. Many of these towns were small, and we may rationally conclude, slightly built; and consequently have perished more than two thousand years ago. It would therefore be useless now to look for such places; though in many instances, their ancient names have been preserved, and their sites identified. Several towns even in England, mentioned by Cæsar and other ancient writers, are no longer discernible; several have changed their names, and not a few their situation.
16:6-8
Shechem
20:7; 21:21; 24:1,32; Genesis 34:2; 37:12,14; Judges 9:1; 1 Kings 12:1,25; 1 Chronicles 6:67

Verse 8
Now Manasseh had the land of Tappuah: but Tappuah on the border of Manasseh belonged to the children of Ephraim;
of Tappuah
12:17; 15:34,53; 16:8

Verse 9
And the coast descended unto the river Kanah, southward of the river: these cities of Ephraim are among the cities of Manasseh: the coast of Manasseh also was on the north side of the river, and the outgoings of it were at the sea:
river Kanah
or, brook of reeds. The brook Kanah seem to be what is now called Nahr el Kasab, which falls into the Mediterranean a few miles south of Cæsarea of Palestine, mentioned by the Hon. C. L. Irby, and J. Mangles.
16:8
these cities
16:9
the out-goings
16:3,8; 19:29
the sea
The Mediterranean.

Verse 11
And Manasseh had in Issachar and in Asher Bethshean and her towns, and Ibleam and her towns, and the inhabitants of Dor and her towns, and the inhabitants of Endor and her towns, and the inhabitants of Taanach and her towns, and the inhabitants of Megiddo and her towns, even three countries.
Manasseh
16:9; 1 Chronicles 7:29; Beth-shean, the Scythopolis of the Greek and Roman writers, was situated in the plain of Jordan, west of that river, 120; furlongs (south) from Tiberias, according to Josephus, and 600; furlongs (north) from Jerusalem. (2; 12:29.); hours or 24; miles from Tiberias; and described by Dr. Richardson, exclusive of its ruins, as a "collection of miserable hovels, containing 200; inhabitants."; 1 Samuel 31:10,12
Beth-shan
1 Kings 4:12
Ibleam
2 Kings 9:27; 1 Chronicles 6:70
Bileam
Dor
Dor, according to Eusebius, was situated on the Mediterranean, nine miles from Cæsarea Palestine, towards Carmel. The village of Tortura, four leagues north of Cæsarea, is supposed to nearly occupy it site.
12:23; Judges 1:27; 1 Kings 4:11
Endor
1 Samuel 28:7; Psalms 83:10
Taanach
12:21; Judges 5:19
Megiddo
Judges 1:27; 5:19; 1 Kings 4:12; 9:15; 2 Kings 9:27; 23:29,30; 2 Chronicles 35:22; Zechariah 12:11

Verse 12
Yet the children of Manasseh could not drive out the inhabitants of those cities; but the Canaanites would dwell in that land.
15:63; 16:10; Exodus 23:29-33; Numbers 33:52-56; Judges 1:27,28; Romans 6:12-14

Verse 13
Yet it came to pass, when the children of Israel were waxen strong, that they put the Canaanites to tribute; but did not utterly drive them out.
waxen strong
Judges 1:28; 2 Samuel 3:1; Ephesians 6:10; Philippians 4:13; 2 Peter 3:18
put the
16:10; Deuteronomy 20:11-18; Judges 1:30,33,35; 2 Chronicles 8:7,8

Verse 14
And the children of Joseph spake unto Joshua, saying, Why hast thou given me but one lot and one portion to inherit, seeing I am a great people, forasmuch as the LORD hath blessed me hitherto?
one lot
Genesis 48:22; Numbers 26:34-37; Deuteronomy 33:13-17
a great
Genesis 48:19; 49:22-26

Verse 15
And Joshua answered them, If thou be a great people, then get thee up to the wood country, and cut down for thyself there in the land of the Perizzites and of the giants, if mount Ephraim be too narrow for thee.
If thou be
Luke 12:48
the Perizzites
Genesis 13:7; Exodus 33:2; Ezra 9:1
giants
or, Rephaims.
Genesis 14:5; 15:20; 2 Samuel 5:18,22

Verse 16
And the children of Joseph said, The hill is not enough for us: and all the Canaanites that dwell in the land of the valley have chariots of iron, both they who are of Bethshean and her towns, and they who are of the valley of Jezreel.
chariots
18; Judges 1:19; 4:3
Beth-shean
11; 1 Kings 4:12
Jezreel
19:18; Judges 6:33; 1 Kings 4:12; 18:46; 21:1,23; 2 Kings 9:10,37; Hosea 1:4,5

Verse 17
And Joshua spake unto the house of Joseph, even to Ephraim and to Manasseh, saying, Thou art a great people, and hast great power: thou shalt not have one lot only:
Thou art a great

Verse 18
But the mountain shall be thine; for it is a wood, and thou shalt cut it down: and the outgoings of it shall be thine: for thou shalt drive out the Canaanites, though they have iron chariots, and though they be strong.
the mountain
15; 15:9; 20:7
for thou shalt
11:4-6; 13:6; Numbers 14:6-9; Deuteronomy 20:1-4; Psalms 27:1,2; Isaiah 41:10-16; Isaiah 51:12,13; Romans 8:31,37; Hebrews 13:6

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Joshua 17:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/joshua-17.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 16th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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