Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Joshua 16

Introduction

1The general borders of the sons of Joseph.
5The border of the inheritance of Ephraim.
10The Canaanites of Gezer not conquered.

Verse 1

And the lot of the children of Joseph fell from Jordan by Jericho, unto the water of Jericho on the east, to the wilderness that goeth up from Jericho throughout mount Bethel,
fell
Heb. went forth. the water.
8:15; 15:61; 18:12; 2 Kings 2:19-21
Reciprocal: Genesis 48:5 - two sons;  Genesis 49:22 - a fruitful;  Numbers 33:54 - give the less inheritance;  Joshua 18:5 - the house;  Joshua 18:11 - between the children;  Joshua 18:19 - this was the;  Judges 1:22 - the house;  1 Chronicles 7:29 - In these dwelt;  Ezekiel 48:5 - Ephraim;  John 11:54 - Ephraim

Verse 2

And goeth out from Bethel to Luz, and passeth along unto the borders of Archi to Ataroth,
Beth-el
18:13; Genesis 28:19; Judges 1:22-26
Archi
2 Samuel 16:16; 1 Chronicles 27:33
Reciprocal: Joshua 16:5 - Atarothaddar;  Judges 4:5 - between;  1 Samuel 30:27 - Bethel;  2 Samuel 15:32 - Archite;  1 Chronicles 2:54 - Ataroth;  1 Chronicles 7:28 - Bethel

Verse 3

And goeth down westward to the coast of Japhleti, unto the coast of Bethhoron the nether, and to Gezer: and the goings out thereof are at the sea.
Beth-horon
Eusebius says that the two Beth-horons were twelve miles from Jerusalem, towards Nicopolis or Emmaus: of which the one, called upper Beth-horon, from its situation, was built (rebuilt) by Solomon, and the other, called nether Beth-horon, was given to the Levites. Josephus places Beth-oron about 100 furlongs from Jerusalem. Dr. Clarke mentions an Arab village called Bethoor, about twelve miles from Jerusalem, a small distance from Rama, which he supposes, from its situation on a hill, to be Beth-horon the upper.
18:13; 1 Kings 9:15-17; 1 Chronicles 7:24,28; 2 Chronicles 8:5
Gezer
Probably the [gazara] of Eusebius, four miles from Nicopolis.
Numbers 34:6
Reciprocal: Joshua 10:10 - Bethhoron;  Joshua 10:33 - Gezer;  Joshua 16:8 - the sea;  Joshua 17:9 - the outgoings;  Joshua 21:22 - Bethhoron;  1 Samuel 13:18 - Bethhoron;  1 Kings 9:17 - Bethhoron;  1 Chronicles 6:67 - Gezer;  1 Chronicles 20:4 - Gezer

Verse 4

So the children of Joseph, Manasseh and Ephraim, took their inheritance.
17:14

Verse 5

And the border of the children of Ephraim according to their families was thus: even the border of their inheritance on the east side was Atarothaddar, unto Bethhoron the upper;
Ataroth-addar
2; 18:13
Reciprocal: Joshua 10:10 - Bethhoron;  Joshua 21:22 - Bethhoron;  1 Samuel 13:18 - Bethhoron;  1 Chronicles 6:68 - Bethhoron;  1 Chronicles 7:24 - Bethhoron;  2 Chronicles 8:5 - Bethhoron

Verse 6

And the border went out toward the sea to Michmethah on the north side; and the border went about eastward unto Taanathshiloh, and passed by it on the east to Janohah;
Michmethah
17:7
Taanath-shiloh
Placed by Eusebius ten miles of Neapolis or Shechem.
18:1
Janohah
Eusebius calls it [Iano] in Acrabatene, twelve miles east from Neapolis.
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 15:29 - Janoah

Verse 7

And it went down from Janohah to Ataroth, and to Naarath, and came to Jericho, and went out at Jordan.
Ataroth
1 Chronicles 7:28
Jericho
3:16; 6:1,26; Numbers 33:48
Reciprocal: Numbers 34:17 - are the names

Verse 8

The border went out from Tappuah westward unto the river Kanah; and the goings out thereof were at the sea. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Ephraim by their families.
Tappuah
12:17; 17:8
river Kanah
17:9; 19:28
the sea
3-6; Numbers 34:6

Verse 9

And the separate cities for the children of Ephraim were among the inheritance of the children of Manasseh, all the cities with their villages.
17:9
Reciprocal: Joshua 17:11 - Manasseh

Verse 10

And they drave not out the Canaanites that dwelt in Gezer: but the Canaanites dwell among the Ephraimites unto this day, and serve under tribute.
they drave
15:63; Judges 1:29; 1 Kings 9:16,21
the Canaanites dwell
Numbers 33:52-55; Deuteronomy 7:1,2 Reciprocal: Exodus 23:29 - in one year;  Deuteronomy 20:11 - tributaries;  Joshua 10:33 - Gezer;  Joshua 17:12 - GeneralJoshua 17:13 - put the;  Joshua 21:21 - Gezer;  1 Samuel 27:8 - the Amalekites;  2 Samuel 5:25 - Gazer;  1 Kings 9:15 - Gezer;  1 Chronicles 6:67 - Gezer;  1 Chronicles 14:16 - Gazer;  2 Chronicles 8:8 - to pay;  Nehemiah 5:4 - the king's tribute;  Psalm 106:34 - did not

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Joshua 16". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/joshua-16.html.