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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Leviticus 1

 

 

Introduction
1The law of burnt offerings;
3of the herd;
10of the flocks;
14of the fowls.

Verse 1
And the LORD called unto Moses, and spake unto him out of the tabernacle of the congregation, saying,
called
Exodus 19:3; 24:1,2,12; 29:42; John 1:17
out of
Exodus 25:22; 33:7; 39:32; 40:34,35

Verse 2
Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, If any man of you bring an offering unto the LORD, ye shall bring your offering of the cattle, even of the herd, and of the flock.
If any
22:18,19; Genesis 4:3,5; 1 Chronicles 16:29; Romans 12:1,6; Ephesians 5:2
an offering
Korban, from karav to approach, an introductory offering, or offering of access, in allusion to the present which is always required in the East, on being introduced to a superior.

Verse 3
If his offering be a burnt sacrifice of the herd, let him offer a male without blemish: he shall offer it of his own voluntary will at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD.
a burnt
6:9-13; 8:18,21; Genesis 8:20; 22:2,8,13; Exodus 24:5; 29:18,42; 32:6; 38:1; Numbers 23:3,10,11,19,23,24,27,30; 29:8-11,13; Isaiah 1:11; Hebrews 10:8-10
a male
3:1; 4:23; 22:19-24; Exodus 12:5; Deuteronomy 15:21; Zechariah 13:7; Malachi 1:14; Luke 1:35; John 1:36; Ephesians 5:27; Hebrews 7:26; 9:14; 1 Peter 1:18,19
his own
7:16; 22:19,21; Exodus 35:5,21,29; 36:3; Psalms 40:8; 110:3; 2 Corinthians 8:12; 9:7
at the
16:7; 17:4; Exodus 29:4; Deuteronomy 12:5,6,13,14,27; Ezekiel 20:40; John 10:7,9; Ephesians 2:18

Verse 4
And he shall put his hand upon the head of the burnt offering; and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him.
put
3:2,8,13; 4:4,15,24,29; 8:14,22; 16:21; Exodus 29:10,15,19; Numbers 8:12; Isaiah 53:4-6; 2 Corinthians 5:20,21
be accepted
22:21,27; Isaiah 56:7; Romans 12:1; Philippians 4:18
atonement
4:20,26,31,35; 5:6; 6:7; 9:7; 16:24; Numbers 15:25,28; 25:13; 2 Chronicles 29:23,24; Daniel 9:24; Romans 3:25; 5:11; Hebrews 10:4; 1 John 2:2

Verse 5
And he shall kill the bullock before the LORD: and the priests, Aaron's sons, shall bring the blood, and sprinkle the blood round about upon the altar that is by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
kill
11; 3:2,8,13; 16:15; 2 Chronicles 29:22-24; Micah 6:6
the priests
11,15; 2 Chronicles 35:11; Hebrews 10:11
sprinkle
11; 3:2,8,13; Exodus 24:6-8; 29:16; Numbers 18:17; 2 Chronicles 35:11; Isaiah 52:15; Ezekiel 36:25; Hebrews 12:24; 1 Peter 1:2

Verse 6
And he shall flay the burnt offering, and cut it into his pieces.
7:8; Genesis 3:21

Verse 7
And the sons of Aaron the priest shall put fire upon the altar, and lay the wood in order upon the fire:
fire
6:12,13; 9:24; 10:1; 1 Chronicles 21:26; 2 Chronicles 7:1; Malachi 1:10
lay
Genesis 22:9; Nehemiah 13:31

Verse 8
And the priests, Aaron's sons, shall lay the parts, the head, and the fat, in order upon the wood that is on the fire which is upon the altar:
8:18-21; 9:13,14; Exodus 29:17,18; 1 Kings 18:23,33

Verse 9
But his inwards and his legs shall he wash in water: and the priest shall burn all on the altar, to be a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.
inwards
13; 8:21; 9:14; Psalms 51:6; Jeremiah 4:14; Matthew 23:25-28
burn all
13,17; 3:11; Psalms 66:15; Zechariah 13:7
a sweet
Genesis 8:21; Ezekiel 20:28,41; 2 Corinthians 2:15; Ephesians 5:2; Philippians 4:18

Verse 10
And if his offering be of the flocks, namely, of the sheep, or of the goats, for a burnt sacrifice; he shall bring it a male without blemish.
of the flocks
2; Genesis 4:4; 8:20; Isaiah 53:6,7; John 1:29
a burnt sacrifice
Olah, a burnt offering, from âlah, to ascend, because this offering ascended, as it were, to God in flame and smoke, being wholly consumed; for which reason its is called in the Septuagint, [holo kautóma] a whole burnt offering. This was the most important of all the sacrifices; and no part of it was eaten either by the priest or the offerer, but the whole was offered to God. It has been sufficiently shown by learned men, that almost every nation of the earth, in every age, had their burnt offerings, from the persuasion that there was no other way to appease the incensed gods; and they even offered human sacrifices, because they imagined that life was necessary to redeem life, and that the gods would be satisfied with nothing less.
a male
3; 4:23; 22:19; Malachi 1:14

Verse 11
And he shall kill it on the side of the altar northward before the LORD: and the priests, Aaron's sons, shall sprinkle his blood round about upon the altar.
he shall
5; Exodus 40:22; Ezekiel 8:5
northward
6:25; 7:2
and the
7-9; 9:12-14

Verse 12

Leviticus href="/desk/?q=le+1:6-8&sr=1">Leviticus 1:6-8


Verse 13

Leviticus href="/desk/?q=le+1:9&sr=1">Leviticus 1:9


Verse 14
And if the burnt sacrifice for his offering to the LORD be of fowls, then he shall bring his offering of turtledoves, or of young pigeons.
of fowls
5:7; 12:8; Matthew 11:29; Luke 2:24; 2 Corinthians 8:12; Hebrews 7:26

Verse 15
And the priest shall bring it unto the altar, and wring off his head, and burn it on the altar; and the blood thereof shall be wrung out at the side of the altar:
wring off his head
or, pinch off the head with the nail.
5:8; Psalms 22:1,21; 69:1-21; Isaiah 53:4,5,10; Matthew 26:1-27; 1 John 2:27

Verse 16
And he shall pluck away his crop with his feathers, and cast it beside the altar on the east part, by the place of the ashes:
his feathers
or, the filth thereof.
Luke 1:35; 1 Peter 1:2
by the place
4:12; 6:10,11; 16:27; Hebrews 13:11-14

Verse 17
And he shall cleave it with the wings thereof, but shall not divide it asunder: and the priest shall burn it upon the altar, upon the wood that is upon the fire: it is a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.
shall not
Genesis 15:10; Psalms 16:10; Matthew 27:50; John 19:30; Romans 4:25; 1 Peter 1:19-21; 3:18
it is
9,10,13; Genesis 8:21; Hebrews 10:6-12; 13:15,16

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Leviticus 1:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/leviticus-1.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 16th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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