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Lev 1:1 And the LORD called unto Moses, and spake unto him out of the tabernacle of the congregation, saying,
Ver. 1. And the Lord called. ] A continuation of the former history, from the rearing of the tabernacle to the numbering of the people; being the history of one month only.
Lev 1:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, If any man of you bring an offering unto the LORD, ye shall bring your offering of the cattle, [even] of the herd, and of the flock.
Ver. 2. Bring an offering. ] Whereby they were led to Christ; as the apostle showeth in that excellent Epistle to the Hebrews, which is a just commentary upon this book.
Lev 1:3 If his offering [be] a burnt sacrifice of the herd, let him offer a male without blemish: he shall offer it of his own voluntary will at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD.
Ver. 3. Burnt sacrifice. ] A whole burnt offering, Heb 10:6 purporting whole Christ suffering for us, Isa 53:12 and our sacrificing our whole selves to him as a "reasonable service." Rom 12:1
Lev 1:4 And he shall put his hand upon the head of the burnt offering; and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him.
Ver. 4. And he shall put his hand. ] As acknowledging his own guilt, and transferring the same upon Christ, resting upon him with full assurance of faith, handfasting us unto him.
Lev 1:5 And he shall kill the bullock before the LORD: and the priests, Aaron’s sons, shall bring the blood, and sprinkle the blood round about upon the altar that [is by] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
Ver. 5. And he shall kill the bullock. ] The priest shall kill it: for it was death for any man to offer his own sacrifice. So it is still for any to come to God, otherwise than in and by Christ.
Lev 1:6 And he shall flay the burnt offering, and cut it into his pieces.
Ver. 6. And he shall flay the burntoffering. ] To show the grievousness of our Saviour’s sufferings; the cruel usage of his suffering saints; Mic 3:3 Heb 11:35 and the duty of all that have benefit by him, to flay off the old man with his deceitful lusts, Eph 4:22 dealing thereby as the Turk dealt by him that betrayed the Rhodes. He presented unto him his promised wife and portion; but with it told him that he would not have a Christian to be his son-in-law; and therefore caused his baptized skin, as he called it, to be flayed off, and him to be cast into a bed strawed with salt, that he might get a new skin. a See Mark 9:49 .
Lev 1:7 And the sons of Aaron the priest shall put fire upon the altar, and lay the wood in order upon the fire:
Ver. 7. Fire upon the altar. ] That fire from heaven Lev 9:24 - which the heathens apishly imitated in their vestal fire - typing either the scorching wrath of God seizing upon Christ, or the ardent love of Christ to his, and their zeal for him.
Lev 1:8 And the priests, Aaron’s sons, shall lay the parts, the head, and the fat, in order upon the wood that [is] on the fire which [is] upon the altar:
Ver. 8. In order upon the wood. ] Showing that ministers must rightly divide, and dispose the word of God, 2Ti 2:15 and evidently set forth Christ crucified. Gal 3:1
Lev 1:9 But his inwards and his legs shall he wash in water: and the priest shall burn all on the altar, [to be] a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.
Ver. 9. Shall he wash. ] Shadowing Christ’s perfect purity Heb 7:26 and our entire sanctification. Eze 26:19 Heb 10:22
Of a sweet savour unto the Lord. ] The burning and broiling of the beasts could yield no sweet savour; but thereto was added wine, oil, and incense, by God’s appointment, and then there was a savour of rest in it. Our prayers, as from us, would never please; but as indited by the Spirit, and presented by Christ, they are highly accepted in heaven.
Lev 1:10 And if his offering [be] of the flocks, [namely], of the sheep, or of the goats, for a burnt sacrifice; he shall bring it a male without blemish.
Ver. 10. A male without blemish. ] But "cursed be the deceiver that hath in his flock a male, and voweth and sacrificeth unto God a corrupt thing." Mal 1:14
Lev 1:11 And he shall kill it on the side of the altar northward before the LORD: and the priests, Aaron’s sons, shall sprinkle his blood round about upon the altar.
Ver. 11. On the side of the altar northward. ] Not eastward, as the heathen sacrifices: or to note the obscurity of the legal ceremonies.
Lev 1:12 And he shall cut it into his pieces, with his head and his fat: and the priest shall lay them in order on the wood that [is] on the fire which [is] upon the altar:
Ver. 12. In order. ] See Trapp on " Lev 1:8 "
Lev 1:13 But he shall wash the inwards and the legs with water: and the priest shall bring [it] all, and burn [it] upon the altar: it [is] a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.
Ver. 13. He shall wash. ] See Trapp on " Lev 1:9 "
Lev 1:14 And if the burnt sacrifice for his offering to the LORD [be] of fowls, then he shall bring his offering of turtledoves, or of young pigeons.
Ver. 14. Turtle doves, or young pigeons. ] Old turtles and young pigeons are the best: God must have the very best of the best, as being best worthy.
Lev 1:15 And the priest shall bring it unto the altar, and wring off his head, and burn [it] on the altar; and the blood thereof shall be wrung out at the side of the altar:
Ver. 15. Wring off his head. ] Or, Pinch it with his nail, that the blood might go out, without separating it from the rest of the body. This prefigured the death of Christ without either breaking a bone or dividing the Godhead from the manhood; as also the skill that should be in ministers, to cut or divide aright the word of truth.
Lev 1:16 And he shall pluck away his crop with his feathers, and cast it beside the altar on the east part, by the place of the ashes:
Ver. 16. His crop with his feathers. ] Or, The maw with the filth thereof - that is, the guts which receive the filth sent unto them from the maw - was plucked out, and the blood strained at the side of the altar. This signified those clots of blood wrung from our Saviour before his oblation upon the cross.
Lev 1:17 And he shall cleave it with the wings thereof, [but] shall not divide [it] asunder: and the priest shall burn it upon the altar, upon the wood that [is] upon the fire: it [is] a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.
Ver. 17. And he shall cleave it. ] That the inward part might be laid on the fire. See Psa 51:18-19 Mark 12:33 .
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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Leviticus 1". Trapp's Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/
the Second Week of Advent