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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Leviticus 10



1Nadab and Abihu, for offering strange fire, are burnt by fire.
6Aaron and his sons are forbidden to mourn for them.
8The priests are forbidden wine when they are to go into the tabernacle.
12The law of eating the holy things.
16Aaron's excuse for transgressing thereof.

Verse 1
And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of them his censer, and put fire therein, and put incense thereon, and offered strange fire before the LORD, which he commanded them not.
16:1; 22:9; Exodus 6:23; 24:1,9; 28:1; Numbers 3:3,4; 26:61
16:12; Exodus 27:3; 38:3; Numbers 16:6,7,16,17,46; Hebrews 9:4
put incense
Exodus 30:1-9,34-36; 31:11; 37:29; 40:27; 1 Kings 13:1,2; 2 Chronicles 26:16-20; Psalms 141:2; Jeremiah 44:8,15,19-21; Luke 1:9-11; Revelation 8:3-5
9:24; 16:12; Numbers 16:18,46
Exodus 30:9; Deuteronomy 4:2; 12:32; 17:3; Jeremiah 7:31; 19:5; 32:35; Bp. Hall says, "It is a dangerous thing, in the service of God, to decline from his institutions; we have to do with a God, who is wise to prescribe his own worship--just to require what he has prescribed--and powerful to avenge what he has not prescribed."

Verse 2
And there went out fire from the LORD, and devoured them, and they died before the LORD.
9:24; 16:1; Numbers 3:3,4; 16:35; 26:61; 2 Samuel 6:7; 2 Kings 1:10,12; 1 Chronicles 24:2
they died
Numbers 3:3,4; 16:32,33,49; 26:61; 1 Samuel 6:19; 1 Chronicles 13:10; 15:13; Acts 5:5,10; 1 Corinthians 10:11; This fire, which destroyed the sacrificers, came from the same source with that which had consumed the sacrifices.
See ch
9:24; Note. They died.--The wages of sin is death.--They died suddenly--they died before the Lord; that is, before the vail that covered the mercy-seat.--They died by fire, as by fire they sinned. The fire did not burn them to ashes, as it had done the sacrifices, nor so much as singe their coats, (ver. 5) but struck them dead in an instant. By these different effects of the same fire, we learn that it was no common fire, but kindled by the breath of the Almighty.; Isaiah 30:33

Verse 3
Then Moses said unto Aaron, This is it that the LORD spake, saying, I will be sanctified in them that come nigh me, and before all the people I will be glorified. And Aaron held his peace.
I will be
8:35; 21:6,8,15,17,21; 22:9; Exodus 14:4; 19:22; 29:43,44; Numbers 20:12; Deuteronomy 32:51; 1 Samuel 6:20; 1 Chronicles 15:12,13; Psalms 89:7; 119:120; Isaiah 52:11; Ezekiel 20:41; 42:13; Hebrews 12:28,29
1 Samuel 2:30; Isaiah 49:3; Ezekiel 28:22; John 12:28; 13:31,32; 14:13; Acts 5:11-13; 2 Thessalonians 1:10; 1 Peter 4:17
Genesis 18:25; 1 Samuel 3:18; Job 1:20,21; 2:10; Psalms 39:9; 46:10; Isaiah 39:8; Matthew 10:37

Verse 4
And Moses called Mishael and Elzaphan, the sons of Uzziel the uncle of Aaron, and said unto them, Come near, carry your brethren from before the sanctuary out of the camp.
Exodus 6:18,22; Numbers 3:19,30; 1 Chronicles 6:2
Luke 7:12; Acts 5:6,9,10; 8:2

Verse 6
And Moses said unto Aaron, and unto Eleazar and unto Ithamar, his sons, Uncover not your heads, neither rend your clothes; lest ye die, and lest wrath come upon all the people: but let your brethren, the whole house of Israel, bewail the burning which the LORD hath kindled.
13:45; 21:1-15; Exodus 33:5; Numbers 5:18; 6:6,7; 14:6; Deuteronomy 33:9; Jeremiah 7:29; Ezekiel 24:16,17; Micah 1:16
lest wrath
Numbers 16:22,41-47; Joshua 7:1,11; 22:18,20; 2 Samuel 24:1,15-17

Verse 7
And ye shall not go out from the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, lest ye die: for the anointing oil of the LORD is upon you. And they did according to the word of Moses.
ye shall
21:12; Matthew 8:21,22; Luke 9:60
the anointing
8:12,30; Exodus 28:41; 30:30; 40:13-15; Acts 10:38; 2 Corinthians 1:21

Verse 9
Do not drink wine nor strong drink, thou, nor thy sons with thee, when ye go into the tabernacle of the congregation, lest ye die: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations:
Do not
Numbers 6:3,20; Proverbs 31:4,5; Isaiah 28:7; Jeremiah 35:5,6; Ezekiel 44:21; Luke 1:15; Ephesians 5:18; 1 Timothy 3:3,8; 5:23; Titus 1:7
strong drink
The Hebrew shecher, Arabic sakar, or sukr, Greek [sikera] from shachar, to inebriate, signifies any kind of fermented and inebriating liquor beside wine. So St. Jerome informs us, that sicera in Hebrew denotes any inebriating liquor, whether made of corn, the juice of apples, honey, dates, or any other fruit. These different kinds of liquors are described by Pliny, who calls then vina factitia. One of the four prohibited drinks among the Mohammedans in India is called sakar, which denotes inebriating liquor in general, but especially date wine.
it shall be

Verse 10
And that ye may put difference between holy and unholy, and between unclean and clean;
11:47; 20:25,26; Jeremiah 15:19; Ezekiel 22:26; 44:23; Titus 1:15; 1 Peter 1:14-16

Verse 11
And that ye may teach the children of Israel all the statutes which the LORD hath spoken unto them by the hand of Moses.
Deuteronomy 24:8; 33:10; 2 Chronicles 17:9; 30:22; Nehemiah 8:2,8; 9:13,14; Jeremiah 2:8; 18:18; Malachi 2:7; Matthew 28:20; Acts 20:27; 1 Thessalonians 4:2

Verse 12
And Moses spake unto Aaron, and unto Eleazar and unto Ithamar, his sons that were left, Take the meat offering that remaineth of the offerings of the LORD made by fire, and eat it without leaven beside the altar: for it is most holy:
2:1-16; 6:15-18; 7:9; 21:22; Exodus 29:2; Numbers 18:9,10; Ezekiel 44:29
for it is most

Verse 13
And ye shall eat it in the holy place, because it is thy due, and thy sons' due, of the sacrifices of the LORD made by fire: for so I am commanded.
ye shall
Numbers 18:10
for so I
2:3; 6:16

Verse 14
And the wave breast and heave shoulder shall ye eat in a clean place; thou, and thy sons, and thy daughters with thee: for they be thy due, and thy sons' due, which are given out of the sacrifices of peace offerings of the children of Israel.
7:29-34; 9:21; Exodus 29:24-28; Numbers 18:11; John 4:34

Verse 15
The heave shoulder and the wave breast shall they bring with the offerings made by fire of the fat, to wave it for a wave offering before the LORD; and it shall be thine, and thy sons' with thee, by a statute for ever; as the LORD hath commanded.
heave shoulder
for ever
7:34; Genesis 13:15; 17:8,13,17; 1 Corinthians 9:13,14

Verse 16
And Moses diligently sought the goat of the sin offering, and, behold, it was burnt: and he was angry with Eleazar and Ithamar, the sons of Aaron which were left alive, saying,
the goat
6:26,30; 9:3,15
Exodus 32:19-22; Numbers 12:3; Matthew 5:22; Mark 3:5; 10:14; Ephesians 4:26

Verse 17
Wherefore have ye not eaten the sin offering in the holy place, seeing it is most holy, and God hath given it you to bear the iniquity of the congregation, to make atonement for them before the LORD?
6:26,29; 7:6,7
to bear
16:22; 22:16; Exodus 28:38,43; Numbers 18:1; Isaiah 53:6-11; Ezekiel 4:4-6; Ezekiel 18:19,20; John 1:29; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Hebrews 9:28; 1 Peter 2:24

Verse 18
Behold, the blood of it was not brought in within the holy place: ye should indeed have eaten it in the holy place, as I commanded.
the blood
as I commanded

Verse 19
And Aaron said unto Moses, Behold, this day have they offered their sin offering and their burnt offering before the LORD; and such things have befallen me: and if I had eaten the sin offering to day, should it have been accepted in the sight of the LORD?
this day
9:8,12; Hebrews 7:27; 9:8
Deuteronomy 12:7; 26:14; 1 Samuel 1:7,8; Isaiah 1:11,15; Jeremiah 6:20; 14:12; Hosea 9:4; Malachi 1:10,13; 2:13; Philippians 4:4

Verse 20
And when Moses heard that, he was content.
he was content
2 Chronicles 30:18-20; Zechariah 7:8,9; Matthew 12:3-7,20


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Leviticus 10:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, November 24th, 2020
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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