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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Leviticus 3

 

 

Introduction
1The peace offering of the herd;
6of the flock;
7whether a lamb,
12or a goat.
17A prohibition to eat fat or blood.

Verse 1
And if his oblation be a sacrifice of peace offering, if he offer it of the herd; whether it be a male or female, he shall offer it without blemish before the LORD.
a sacrifice
7:11-21,29-34; 22:19-21; Exodus 20:24; 24:5; 29:28; Numbers 6:14; 7:17; Judges 20:26; 21:4; 1 Chronicles 21:26; Proverbs 7:14; Ezekiel 45:15; Amos 5:22; Romans 5:1,2; Colossians 1:20; 1 John 1:3
without
1:3; Numbers 6:14; Malachi 1:8,14; Hebrews 10:22

Verse 2
And he shall lay his hand upon the head of his offering, and kill it at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation: and Aaron's sons the priests shall sprinkle the blood upon the altar round about.
lay
1:4,5; 8:22; 16:21,22; Exodus 29:10; Isaiah 53:6; 2 Corinthians 5:21; 1 John 1:9,10
kill it
1:11; Zechariah 12:10; Acts 2:36-38; 3:15,26; 4:10-12,26-28

Verse 3
And he shall offer of the sacrifice of the peace offering an offering made by fire unto the LORD; the fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that is upon the inwards,
the fat
or, suet.
16; 4:8,9; 7:3,4; Exodus 29:13,22; Deuteronomy 30:6; Psalms 119:70; Proverbs 23:26; Isaiah 6:10; Ezekiel 36:26; Matthew 13:16; 15:8; Romans 5:5; 6:6

Verse 4
And the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them, which is by the flanks, and the caul above the liver, with the kidneys, it shall he take away.
caul above the liver, with the kidneys
or, midriff over the liver, and over the kidneys.
10,15; 4:9; 7:4; 8:16,25; 9:10,19; Exodus 29:13; *marg:; Exodus 29:22

Verse 5
And Aaron's sons shall burn it on the altar upon the burnt sacrifice, which is upon the wood that is on the fire: it is an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.
Aaron's
1:9; 4:31,35; 6:12; 9:9,10; Exodus 29:13; 1 Samuel 2:15,16; 1 Kings 8:64; 2 Chronicles 35:14; Ezekiel 44:7,15
upon the burnt
6:12; 1 Peter 2:5

Verse 6
And if his offering for a sacrifice of peace offering unto the LORD be of the flock; male or female, he shall offer it without blemish.
a sacrifice
Galatians 4:4; Ephesians 1:10; 2:13-22
be of
1; 1:2,10; Isaiah 60:7
male
Galatians 3:28
he shall
1-17; Acts 4:27; Romans 12:1,2; Titus 2:11,12

Verse 7
If he offer a lamb for his offering, then shall he offer it before the LORD.
offer it
1; 1 Kings 8:62; Ephesians 5:2,12; Hebrews 9:14

Verse 8
And he shall lay his hand upon the head of his offering, and kill it before the tabernacle of the congregation: and Aaron's sons shall sprinkle the blood thereof round about upon the altar.
he shall
2-5,13; 4:4,15,24; Isaiah 53:6,11,12; 2 Corinthians 5:21; 1 Peter 2:24
kill it
Ephesians 2:18; 3:12; Hebrews 10:19-22
sprinkle
1:5,11; Matthew 3:17; 2 Corinthians 5:19

Verse 9
And he shall offer of the sacrifice of the peace offering an offering made by fire unto the LORD; the fat thereof, and the whole rump, it shall he take off hard by the backbone; and the fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that is upon the inwards,
the fat
3,4; Proverbs 23:26; Isaiah 53:10
the whole rump
To what has already been said on the tails of eastern sheep, we may add the testimony of Ludolf, who states that they are so very large, some of them weighing from twelve to fourteen pounds, "that the owners are obliged to tie a little cart behind them, whereupon they put the tail of the sheep, as well for the convenience of carriage, and to ease the poor creatures, as to preserve the wool from dirt, and the tail from being torn among the bushes and stones." The same is testified by Dr. Russell, who says, "In some other places where they feed in the fields, the shepherds are obliged to fix a piece of thin board to the under part of the tail, to prevent its being torn by bushes, thistles, etc., as it is not covered underneath with thick wool, like the upper part; and some have small wheels to facilitate the dragging of the board after them."
7:3; 8:25; 9:19; Exodus 29:22

Verse 10
And the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, which is by the flanks, and the caul above the liver, with the kidneys, it shall he take away.
the caul

Verse 11
And the priest shall burn it upon the altar: it is the food of the offering made by fire unto the LORD.
burn
5; Psalms 22:14; Isaiah 53:4-10; Romans 8:32
the food
16; 21:6,8,17,21,22; 22:25; Numbers 28:2; Ezekiel 44:7; Malachi 1:7,12; 1 Corinthians 10:21; Revelation 3:20

Verse 12
And if his offering be a goat, then he shall offer it before the LORD.
a goat
1,7-17; 1:2,6,10; 9:3,15; 10:16; 22:19-27; Isaiah 53:2,6; Matthew 25:32,33; Romans 8:3; 2 Corinthians 5:21

Verse 13
And he shall lay his hand upon the head of it, and kill it before the tabernacle of the congregation: and the sons of Aaron shall sprinkle the blood thereof upon the altar round about.
lay his hand
1-5,8; Isaiah 53:6,11,12; 2 Corinthians 5:21; 1 Peter 2:24; 3:18
sprinkle
2,8; Isaiah 52:15; Romans 5:6-11,15-21; Hebrews 12:24; 1 Peter 1:2

Verse 14
And he shall offer thereof his offering, even an offering made by fire unto the LORD; the fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that is upon the inwards,
the fat that covereth
3-5,9-11; Psalms 22:14,15; Proverbs 23:26; Jeremiah 20:18; Matthew 22:37; 26:38; Romans 12:1,2

Verse 15

caul above: Leviticus href="/desk/?q=le+3:4&sr=1">Leviticus 3:4


Verse 16
And the priest shall burn them upon the altar: it is the food of the offering made by fire for a sweet savour: all the fat is the LORD'S.
it is the food
all the fat
3-5,9-11,14,15; 4:8-19,26,31; 7:23-25; 8:25; 9:24; 17:6; Exodus 29:13,22; 1 Samuel 2:15,16; 2 Chronicles 7:7; Isaiah 53:10; Matthew 22:37

Verse 17
It shall be a perpetual statute for your generations throughout all your dwellings, that ye eat neither fat nor blood.
a perpetual
6:18; 7:36; 16:34; 17:7; 23:14; Numbers 19:21
eat neither
That is, neither the blood which is contained in the larger veins and arteries, nor the fat or suet which is within the animal, which exists in a separate or unmixed state, as the omentum or caul, the fat of the mesentery, or fatty part of the substance which connects the convolutions of the alimentary canal or small intestines, the fat of the kidneys, and whatever else of the internal fat was easily separable, together with the whole of the tail already described; for the blood which assumes the form of gravy, and the fat which is intermixed with the other flesh, might be eaten. This law not only related to the sacrifices, but to all the cattle which the Israelites slaughtered for food.
16; Deuteronomy 32:14; Nehemiah 8:10
blood
7:23,25-27; 17:10-14; Genesis 9:4; Deuteronomy 12:16,23; 15:23; 1 Samuel 14:32-34; Ezekiel 33:25; 44:7,15; Matthew 16:24; 26:28; Acts 15:20,21,29; Ephesians 1:7; 5:26; 1 Timothy 4:4

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Leviticus 3:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/leviticus-3.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, October 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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