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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Malachi 1

 

 

Introduction
1Malachi complains of Israel's unkindness;
2of their irreligiousness and profaneness.

Verse 1
The burden of the word of the LORD to Israel by Malachi.
burden
Isaiah 13:1; Habakkuk 1:1; Zechariah 9:1; 12:1
by
Heb. by the hand of.
Haggai 1:1; 2:1; *margins

Verse 2
I have loved you, saith the LORD. Yet ye say, Wherein hast thou loved us? Was not Esau Jacob's brother? saith the LORD: yet I loved Jacob,
I have
The prophet shows in these verses (ver. 2-5) how much Jacob and the Israelites were favoured by Jehovah, more than Esau and the Edomites. Through every period of the history of Jacob's posterity, they could not deny that God had remarkably appeared on their behalf; but he had rendered the heritage of Esau's descendants, by wars and various other means, barren and waste for ever.
Deuteronomy 7:6-8; 10:15; 32:8-14; Isaiah 41:8,9; 43:4; Jeremiah 31:3; Romans 11:28,29
Wherein
6,7; 2:17; 3:7,8,13,14; Jeremiah 2:5,31; Luke 10:29
yet I
Genesis 25:23; 27:27-30,33; 28:3,4,13,14; 32:28-30; 48:4; Romans 9:10-13

Verse 3
And I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for the dragons of the wilderness.
hated
Genesis 29:30,31; Deuteronomy 21:15,16; Luke 14:26
laid
Isaiah 34:9-12; Jeremiah 49:16-18; Ezekiel 25:13,14; 36:3,4,7,9,14,15; Joel 3:19; Obadiah 1:10,18,19-21
the
Isaiah 13:21,22; 34:13,14; 35:7; Jeremiah 9:11; 51:37

Verse 4
Whereas Edom saith, We are impoverished, but we will return and build the desolate places; thus saith the LORD of hosts, They shall build, but I will throw down; and they shall call them, The border of wickedness, and, The people against whom the LORD hath indignation for ever.
but
Isaiah 9:9,10; James 4:13-16
They shall build
Job 9:4; 12:14; 34:29; Psalms 127:1; Proverbs 21:30; Isaiah 10:4,15,16; Lamentations 3:37; Matthew 12:30
The border
Jeremiah 31:17; Ezekiel 11:10; Amos 6:2
The people
3; Psalms 137:7; Isaiah 11:14; 34:5,10; 63:1-6; Lamentations 4:21,22; Ezekiel 25:14; 35:9

Verse 5
And your eyes shall see, and ye shall say, The LORD will be magnified from the border of Israel.
your
Deuteronomy 4:3; 11:7; Joshua 24:7; 1 Samuel 12:16; 2 Chronicles 29:8; Luke 10:23,24
The Lord
Psalms 35:26,27; 58:10,11; 83:17,18; Ezekiel 38:16,23; 39:21,22
from
or, upon. Heb. from upon.

Verse 6
A son honoureth his father, and a servant his master: if then I be a father, where is mine honour? and if I be a master, where is my fear? saith the LORD of hosts unto you, O priests, that despise my name. And ye say, Wherein have we despised thy name?
son
Exodus 20:12; Leviticus 19:3; Deuteronomy 5:16; Proverbs 30:11,17; Matthew 15:4,6; 19:19; Mark 7:10; Mark 10:19; Luke 18:20; Ephesians 6:2
a servant
1 Timothy 6:1,2; Titus 2:9,10; 1 Peter 2:17-19
if then
From this verse to ch. 2:9, the prophet reproves the priests and people for sacrificing the refuse of beasts; and denounces punishment against the former for not teaching the people their duty in this respect.
Exodus 4:22,23; Isaiah 1:2; 64:8; Jeremiah 31:9; Matthew 6:9,14,15; Luke 6:36,46; 1 Peter 1:17
and if
Matthew 7:21; Luke 6:46; John 13:13-17
O priests
2:8; 1 Samuel 2:28-30; Jeremiah 5:30,31; 23:11; Ezekiel 22:26; Hosea 4:6; 5:1
And ye
2:14-17; 3:7,8,13,14; Jeremiah 2:21,22; Hosea 12:8; Luke 10:29

Verse 7
Ye offer polluted bread upon mine altar; and ye say, Wherein have we polluted thee? In that ye say, The table of the LORD is contemptible.
Ye offer, etc
or, Bring unto my, etc. polluted.
Leviticus 2:11,; Deuteronomy 15:21
The table
12; 1 Samuel 2:15-17; Ezekiel 41:22; 1 Corinthians 10:21; 11:21,22,27-32

Verse 8
And if ye offer the blind for sacrifice, is it not evil? and if ye offer the lame and sick, is it not evil? offer it now unto thy governor; will he be pleased with thee, or accept thy person? saith the LORD of hosts.
if ye offer the blind
14; Leviticus 22:19-25; Deuteronomy 15:21
for sacrifice, Heb
to sacrifice. or accept.
10,13; Job 42:8; Psalms 20:3; Jeremiah 14:10; Hosea 8:13

Verse 9
And now, I pray you, beseech God that he will be gracious unto us: this hath been by your means: will he regard your persons? saith the LORD of hosts.
beseech
2 Chronicles 30:27; Jeremiah 27:18; Joel 1:13,14; 2:17; Zechariah 3:1-5; John 9:31; Hebrews 7:26,27
God
Heb. the face of God.
Exodus 32:11; Jeremiah 26:19; *margins; Lamentations 2:19
by your means
Heb. from your hand. will he.
Acts 19:15,16; Romans 2:11; 1 Peter 1:17

Verse 10
Who is there even among you that would shut the doors for nought? neither do ye kindle fire on mine altar for nought. I have no pleasure in you, saith the LORD of hosts, neither will I accept an offering at your hand.
Who
Instead of mi, "who," one MS. (30 K.) with the LXX reads ki, "surely," which is adopted by Houbigant and Abp. Newcome, who renders, "Surely the doors shall be closed against you, neither shall ye kindle the fire of my altar in vain."
even
Job 1:9-11; Isaiah 56:11,12; Jeremiah 6:13; 8:10; Micah 3:11; John 10:12; Philippians 2:21; 1 Peter 5:2
neither
1 Corinthians 9:13
I have
Isaiah 1:11-15; Jeremiah 6:20; Amos 5:21-24; Hebrews 10:38

Verse 11
For from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same my name shall be great among the Gentiles; and in every place incense shall be offered unto my name, and a pure offering: for my name shall be great among the heathen, saith the LORD of hosts.
from
As the preceding verse was a prediction of the abolition of the Levitical priesthood, so this is a prophecy of the conversion of the Gentiles, and the spiritual priesthood of the Gospel times. As none but priests of Aaron's race might burn incense before Jehovah, a total change of the external administration of the sacred ordinances is evidently predicted.
Psalms 50:1; 113:3; Isaiah 45:6; 59:19; Zechariah 8:7
my name
14; Psalms 22:27-31; 67:2; 72:11-17; 98:1-3; Isaiah 11:9,10; 45:22,23; Isaiah 49:6,7,22,23; 54:1-3,5; 60:1-11,16-22; 66:19,20; Amos 9:12; Micah 5:4; Zephaniah 3:9; Zechariah 8:20-23; Matthew 6:9,10; 28:19; Acts 15:17,18; Revelation 11:15; 15:4
and in
Isaiah 24:14-16; 42:10-12; Zephaniah 2:11; John 4:21-23; Acts 10:30-35; Romans 15:9-11,16; 1 Timothy 2:8; Revelation 8:3
incense
Psalms 141:2; Isaiah 60:6; Luke 1:10; Romans 12:1; Philippians 4:18; Hebrews 13:15,16; Revelation 5:8; 8:3,4
for
Isaiah 66:19,20

Verse 12
But ye have profaned it, in that ye say, The table of the LORD is polluted; and the fruit thereof, even his meat, is contemptible.
ye have
6,8; 2:8; 2 Samuel 12:14; Ezekiel 36:21-23; Amos 2:7; Romans 2:24
The table
7,13; Numbers 11:4-8; Daniel 5:3,4

Verse 13
Ye said also, Behold, what a weariness is it! and ye have snuffed at it, saith the LORD of hosts; and ye brought that which was torn, and the lame, and the sick; thus ye brought an offering: should I accept this of your hand? saith the LORD.
Behold
1 Samuel 2:29; Isaiah 43:22; Amos 8:5; Micah 6:3; Mark 14:4,5,37,38
and ye have snuffed at it
or, whereas ye might have blown it away. torn.
7,8; Leviticus 22:8,19-23; Deuteronomy 15:21; Ezekiel 4:14; 44:31
should I accept
2:13; Isaiah 1:12; 57:6; Jeremiah 7:9-11,21-24; Amos 5:21-23; Zechariah 7:5,6; Matthew 6:1,2,5,16

Verse 14
But cursed be the deceiver, which hath in his flock a male, and voweth, and sacrificeth unto the Lord a corrupt thing: for I am a great King, saith the LORD of hosts, and my name is dreadful among the heathen.
cursed
3:9; Genesis 27:12; Joshua 7:11,12; Jeremiah 48:10; Matthew 24:51; Luke 12:1,2,46; Acts 5:1-10; Revelation 21:8
which hath in his flock
or, in whose flock is.
Ecclesiastes 5:4,5; Mark 12:41-44; 14:8; 2 Corinthians 8:12
for
8,11; Deuteronomy 28:58; Psalms 47:2; 48:2; 95:3; Isaiah 57:15; Jeremiah 10:10; Daniel 4:37; Zechariah 14:9; Matthew 5:35; 1 Timothy 6:15
my name
Psalms 68:35; 76:12; Daniel 9:4; Hebrews 12:29; Revelation 15:4

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Malachi 1:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/malachi-1.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, November 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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