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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Mark 1

 

 

Other Authors
Introduction
1The office of John the Baptist.
9Jesus is baptized;
12tempted;
14he preaches;
16calls Peter, Andrew, James, and John;
23heals one that had a devil;
29Peter's mother in law;
32many diseased persons;
40and cleanses the leper.

Verse 1
The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God;
beginning
Luke 1:2,3; 2:10,11; Acts 1:1,2
Christ
John 20:31; Romans 1:1-4; 1 John 1:1-3; 5:11,12
son
Psalms 2:7; Matthew 3:17; 14:33; 17:5; Luke 1:35; John 1:14,34,49; 3:16; 6:69; Romans 8:3,32; Hebrews 1:1,2

Verse 2
As it is written in the prophets, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.
written
Psalms 40:7; Matthew 2:5; 26:24,31; Luke 1:70; 18:31
in
Several MSS. have, "by Isaiah the prophet." See the parallel texts.
Behold
Malachi 3:1; Matthew 11:10; Luke 1:15-17,76; 7:27,28

Verses 2-8
As it is written in the prophets, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.
written
Psalms 40:7; Matthew 2:5; 26:24,31; Luke 1:70; 18:31
in
Several MSS. have, "by Isaiah the prophet." See the parallel texts.
Behold
Malachi 3:1; Matthew 11:10; Luke 1:15-17,76; 7:27,28

Verse 3
The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.
Isaiah 40:3-5; Matthew 3:3; Luke 3:4-6; John 1:15,19-34; 3:28-36

Verse 4
John did baptize in the wilderness, and preach the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins.
did
Matthew 3:1,2,6,11; Luke 3:2,3; John 3:23; Acts 10:37; 13:24,25; 19:3,4
for
or, unto. remission.
Acts 22:16

Verse 5
And there went out unto him all the land of Judaea, and they of Jerusalem, and were all baptized of him in the river of Jordan, confessing their sins.
there
Matthew 3:5,6; 4:25
baptized
John 1:28; 3:23
confessing
Leviticus 26:40-42; Joshua 7:19; Psalms 32:5; Proverbs 28:13; Acts 2:38; 19:18; 1 John 1:8-10

Verse 6
And John was clothed with camel's hair, and with a girdle of a skin about his loins; and he did eat locusts and wild honey;
clothed
2 Kings 1:8; Zechariah 13:4; Matthew 3:4
eat
Leviticus 11:22

Verse 7
And preached, saying, There cometh one mightier than I after me, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to stoop down and unloose.
Matthew 3:11,14; Luke 3:16; 7:6,7; John 1:27; 3:28-31; Acts 13:25

Verse 8
I indeed have baptized you with water: but he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost.
have
Matthew 3:11
he shall
Proverbs 1:23; Isaiah 32:15; 44:3; Ezekiel 36:25-27; Joel 2:28; Acts 1:5; 2:4,17; Acts 10:45; 11:15,16; 19:4-6; 1 Corinthians 12:13; Titus 3:5,6

Verse 9
And it came to pass in those days, that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized of John in Jordan.
that
Matthew 3:13-15; Luke 3:21

Verses 9-11
And it came to pass in those days, that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized of John in Jordan.
that
Matthew 3:13-15; Luke 3:21

Verse 10
And straightway coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon him:
coming
Matthew 3:16; John 1:31-34
opened
or, cloven. or rent.
Isaiah 64:1
the Spirit
Isaiah 42:1; Luke 3:22; John 1:32

Verse 11
And there came a voice from heaven, saying, Thou art my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
there
Matthew 3:17; John 5:37; 12:28-30; 2 Peter 1:17,18
Thou
9:7; Psalms 2:7; Isaiah 42:1; Matthew 17:5; Luke 9:35; John 1:34; 3:16,35,36; John 5:20-23; 6:69; Romans 1:4; Colossians 1:13

Verse 12
And immediately the Spirit driveth him into the wilderness.
the Spirit
Matthew 4:1-11; Luke 4:1-4
driveth
Or, "sendeth him forth," [ ()] The expression does not necessarily imply any violence; but seems to intimate the energy of that impulse on our Lord, by which he was inwardly constrained to retire from society.

Verse 12-13
And immediately the Spirit driveth him into the wilderness.
the Spirit
Matthew 4:1-11; Luke 4:1-4
driveth
Or, "sendeth him forth," [ ()] The expression does not necessarily imply any violence; but seems to intimate the energy of that impulse on our Lord, by which he was inwardly constrained to retire from society.

Verse 13
And he was there in the wilderness forty days, tempted of Satan; and was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered unto him.
forty
Exodus 24:18; 34:28; Deuteronomy 9:11,18,25; 1 Kings 19:8
tempted
Hebrews 2:17,18; 4:15
and the
1 Kings 19:5-7; Matthew 4:11; 26:53; 1 Timothy 3:16

Verse 14
Now after that John was put in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God,
A. M. 4031. A.D. 27. after
Matthew 4:12; 11:2; 14:2; Luke 3:20; John 3:22-24
preaching
Isaiah 61:1-3; Matthew 4:23; 9:35; Luke 4:17-19,43,44; 8:1; Acts 20:25; 28:23; Ephesians 2:17

Verse 14-15
Now after that John was put in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God,
A. M. 4031. A.D. 27. after
Matthew 4:12; 11:2; 14:2; Luke 3:20; John 3:22-24
preaching
Isaiah 61:1-3; Matthew 4:23; 9:35; Luke 4:17-19,43,44; 8:1; Acts 20:25; 28:23; Ephesians 2:17

Verse 15
And saying, The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel.
The time
Daniel 2:44; 9:25; Galatians 4:4; Ephesians 1:10
the kingdom
Matthew 3:2; 4:17; 10:7; Luke 10:9,11
repent
Matthew 21:31,32; Luke 24:47; Acts 2:36-38; 20:21; 2 Timothy 2:25,26
believe
Romans 16:26

Verse 16
Now as he walked by the sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and Andrew his brother casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers.
as he
Matthew 4:18-22; Luke 5:1,4-11
Simon
3:16,18; Matthew 10:2; Luke 6:14; John 1:40-42; 6:8; 12:22; Acts 1:13

Verses 16-20
Now as he walked by the sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and Andrew his brother casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers.
as he
Matthew 4:18-22; Luke 5:1,4-11
Simon
3:16,18; Matthew 10:2; Luke 6:14; John 1:40-42; 6:8; 12:22; Acts 1:13

Verse 17
And Jesus said unto them, Come ye after me, and I will make you to become fishers of men.
fishers
Ezekiel 47:10; Matthew 4:19,20; Luke 5:10; Acts 2:38-41

Verse 18
And straightway they forsook their nets, and followed him.
forsook
10:28-31; Matthew 19:27-30; Luke 5:11; 14:33; 18:28-30; Philippians 3:8

Verse 19
And when he had gone a little further thence, he saw James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, who also were in the ship mending their nets.
James
3:17; 5:37; 9:2; 10:35; 14:33; Matthew 4:21; Acts 1:13; 12:2

Verse 20
And straightway he called them: and they left their father Zebedee in the ship with the hired servants, and went after him.
they left
10:29; Deuteronomy 33:9; 1 Kings 19:20; Matthew 4:21,22; 8:21,22; 10:37; Luke 14:26; 2 Corinthians 5:16

Verse 21
And they went into Capernaum; and straightway on the sabbath day he entered into the synagogue, and taught.
they went
2:1; Matthew 4:13; Luke 4:31; 10:15
Capernaum
Capernaum was a city of Galilee, (Lu 4:31,) situated on the confines of Zebulun, and Naphtali, (Mt 4:13,) on the western border of the lake of Tiberias, (Joh 6:59,) and in the land of Gennesaret, (ch. 6:53; Mt 14:34,) where Josephus places a spring of excellent water called Capernaum. Dr. Lightfoot places it between Tiberias and Tarichea, about two miles from the former; and Dr. Richardson, in passing through the plain of Gennesaret, was told by the natives that the ruins of Capernaum were quite near. The Arab station and ruins mentioned by Mr. Buckingham, said to have been formerly called Capharnaoom, situated on the edge of the lake from nine to twelve miles N. N. E. of Tiberias, bearing the name of Talhewn, or as Burckhardt writes it, Tel Houm, appear too far north for its site.
he entered
39; 6:2; Matthew 4:23; Luke 4:16; 13:10; Acts 13:14-52; 17:2; 18:4

Verses 21-28
And they went into Capernaum; and straightway on the sabbath day he entered into the synagogue, and taught.
they went
2:1; Matthew 4:13; Luke 4:31; 10:15
Capernaum
Capernaum was a city of Galilee, (Lu 4:31,) situated on the confines of Zebulun, and Naphtali, (Mt 4:13,) on the western border of the lake of Tiberias, (Joh 6:59,) and in the land of Gennesaret, (ch. 6:53; Mt 14:34,) where Josephus places a spring of excellent water called Capernaum. Dr. Lightfoot places it between Tiberias and Tarichea, about two miles from the former; and Dr. Richardson, in passing through the plain of Gennesaret, was told by the natives that the ruins of Capernaum were quite near. The Arab station and ruins mentioned by Mr. Buckingham, said to have been formerly called Capharnaoom, situated on the edge of the lake from nine to twelve miles N. N. E. of Tiberias, bearing the name of Talhewn, or as Burckhardt writes it, Tel Houm, appear too far north for its site.
he entered
39; 6:2; Matthew 4:23; Luke 4:16; 13:10; Acts 13:14-52; 17:2; 18:4

Verse 22
And they were astonished at his doctrine: for he taught them as one that had authority, and not as the scribes.
they were
Jeremiah 23:29; Matthew 7:28,29; 13:54; Luke 4:32; 21:15; John 7:46; Acts 6:10; Acts 9:21,22; 2 Corinthians 4:2; Hebrews 4:12,13
as the
7:3-13; Matthew 23:16-24

Verse 23
And there was in their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit; and he cried out,
a man
34; 5:2; 7:25; 9:25; Matthew 12:43; Luke 4:33-37

Verse 24
Saying, Let us alone; what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art, the Holy One of God.
Let
5:7; Exodus 14:12; Matthew 8:29; Luke 8:28,37; James 2:19
the Holy One
Psalms 16:10; 89:18,19; Daniel 9:24; Luke 4:34; Acts 2:27; 3:14; 4:27; Revelation 3:7

Verse 25
And Jesus rebuked him, saying, Hold thy peace, and come out of him.
rebuked
34; 3:11,12; 9:25; Psalms 50:16; Luke 4:35,41; Acts 16:17

Verse 26
And when the unclean spirit had torn him, and cried with a loud voice, he came out of him.
torn
9:20,26; Luke 9:39,42; 11:22

Verse 27
And they were all amazed, insomuch that they questioned among themselves, saying, What thing is this? what new doctrine is this? for with authority commandeth he even the unclean spirits, and they do obey him.
they were
7:37; Matthew 9:33; 12:22,23; 15:31
for
Luke 4:36; 9:1; 10:17-20

Verse 28
And immediately his fame spread abroad throughout all the region round about Galilee.
45; Micah 5:4; Matthew 4:24; 9:31; Luke 4:17,37

Verse 29
And forthwith, when they were come out of the synagogue, they entered into the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John.
entered
Matthew 8:14,15; Luke 4:38,39; 9:58

Verses 29-34
And forthwith, when they were come out of the synagogue, they entered into the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John.
entered
Matthew 8:14,15; Luke 4:38,39; 9:58

Verse 30
But Simon's wife's mother lay sick of a fever, and anon they tell him of her.
wife's
1 Corinthians 9:5
they tell
5:23; John 11:3; James 5:14,15

Verse 31
And he came and took her by the hand, and lifted her up; and immediately the fever left her, and she ministered unto them.
and took
5:41; Acts 9:41
ministered
15:41; Psalms 103:1-3; 116:12; Matthew 27:55; Luke 8:2,3

Verse 32
And at even, when the sun did set, they brought unto him all that were diseased, and them that were possessed with devils.
at even
21; 3:2; Matthew 8:16; Luke 4:40

Verse 33
And all the city was gathered together at the door.
5; Acts 13:44

Verse 34
And he healed many that were sick of divers diseases, and cast out many devils; and suffered not the devils to speak, because they knew him.
and suffered
25; 3:12; Luke 4:41; Acts 16:16-18
speak, because they
or, say that they.

Verse 35
And in the morning, rising up a great while before day, he went out, and departed into a solitary place, and there prayed.
6:46-48; Psalms 5:3; 109:4; Luke 4:42; 6:12; 22:39-46; John 4:34; 6:15; Ephesians 6:18; Philippians 2:5; Hebrews 5:7

Verses 35-39
And in the morning, rising up a great while before day, he went out, and departed into a solitary place, and there prayed.
6:46-48; Psalms 5:3; 109:4; Luke 4:42; 6:12; 22:39-46; John 4:34; 6:15; Ephesians 6:18; Philippians 2:5; Hebrews 5:7

Verse 37
And when they had found him, they said unto him, All men seek for thee.
All
5; Zechariah 11:11; John 3:26; 11:48; 12:19

Verse 38
And he said unto them, Let us go into the next towns, that I may preach there also: for therefore came I forth.
Let
Luke 4:43
for
Isaiah 61:1-3; Luke 2:49; 4:18-21; John 9:4; 16:28; 17:4,8

Verse 39
And he preached in their synagogues throughout all Galilee, and cast out devils.
preached
21; Matthew 4:23; Luke 4:43,44
Galilee
Galilee was a province of Palestine, being bounded, says Josephus, on the west by Ptolemais and mount Carmel; on the south by the country of Samaria and Scythopolis, on the river Jordan; on the east by the cantons of Hyppos, Gadara, and Gaulon; and on the north by the confines of the Tyrians. It was divided into Lower and Upper Galilee;--Upper Galilee, so called from its being mountainous, was termed Galilee of the Gentiles (Mt 4:15,) because inhabited, says Strabo, by Egyptians, Arabians, and Phoenicians, and comprehended the tribes of Asher and Naphtali; the Lower Galilee contained the tribes of Zebulun and Issachar, and was sometimes termed the Great Field. It was, says Josephus, very populous and rich, containing 204 cities and towns.
and cast
7:30; Luke 4:41

Verse 40
And there came a leper to him, beseeching him, and kneeling down to him, and saying unto him, If thou wilt, thou canst make me clean.
there
Matthew 8:2-4; Luke 5:12-14
a leper
Leviticus 13:1-14; Numbers 12:10-15; Deuteronomy 24:8,9; 2 Samuel 3:29; 2 Kings 5:5-27; 2 Kings 5:27; 7:3; 15:5; Matthew 11:5; Luke 17:12-19
kneeling
10:17; 2 Chronicles 6:13; Matthew 17:14; Luke 22:41; Acts 7:60; Ephesians 3:14
if thou
9:22,23; Genesis 18:14; 2 Kings 5:7

Verses 40-45
And there came a leper to him, beseeching him, and kneeling down to him, and saying unto him, If thou wilt, thou canst make me clean.
there
Matthew 8:2-4; Luke 5:12-14
a leper
Leviticus 13:1-14; Numbers 12:10-15; Deuteronomy 24:8,9; 2 Samuel 3:29; 2 Kings 5:5-27; 2 Kings 5:27; 7:3; 15:5; Matthew 11:5; Luke 17:12-19
kneeling
10:17; 2 Chronicles 6:13; Matthew 17:14; Luke 22:41; Acts 7:60; Ephesians 3:14
if thou
9:22,23; Genesis 18:14; 2 Kings 5:7

Verse 41
And Jesus, <I>moved with compassion, put forth his hand, and touched him, and saith unto him, I will; be thou clean.
moved
6:34; Matthew 9:36; Luke 7:12,13; Hebrews 2:17; 4:15
I
4:39; 5:41; Genesis 1:3; Psalms 33:9; Hebrews 1:3

Verse 42
And as soon as he had spoken, immediately the leprosy departed from him, and he was cleansed.
immediately
31; 5:29; Psalms 33:9; Matthew 15:28; John 4:50-53; 15:3

Verse 43
And he straitly charged him, and forthwith sent him away;
3:12; 5:43; 7:36; Matthew 9:30; Luke 8:56

Verse 44
And saith unto him, See thou say nothing to any man: but go thy way, shew thyself to the priest, and offer for thy cleansing those things which Moses commanded, for a testimony unto them.
shew
Leviticus 14:2-32; Matthew 23:2,3; Luke 5:14; 17:14
for a testimony
Romans 15:4; 1 Corinthians 10:11

Verse 45
But he went out, and began to publish it much, and to blaze abroad the matter, insomuch that Jesus could no more openly enter into the city, but was without in desert places: and they came to him from every quarter.
and began
Psalms 77:11; Matthew 9:31; Luke 5:15; Titus 1:10
could
2:1,2,13

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Mark 1:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/mark-1.html.


Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, November 23rd, 2017
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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