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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Mark 6

 

 

Introduction
1Christ is contemned of his countrymen.
7He gives the twelve power over unclean spirits.
14Divers opinions of Christ.
16John the Baptist is imprisoned, beheaded, and buried.
30The apostles return from preaching.
34The miracle of five loaves and two fishes.
45Christ walks on the sea;
53and heals all that touch him.

Verse 1
And he went out from thence, and came into his own country; and his disciples follow him.
and came
Matthew 13:54-4; Luke 4:16-30

Verses 1-6
And he went out from thence, and came into his own country; and his disciples follow him.
and came
Matthew 13:54-4; Luke 4:16-30

Verse 2
And when the sabbath day was come, he began to teach in the synagogue: and many hearing him were astonished, saying, From whence hath this man these things? and what wisdom is this which is given unto him, that even such mighty works are wrought by his hands?
he began
1:21,22,39; Luke 4:15,31,32
From
John 6:42; 7:15; Acts 4:13,14

Verse 3
Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are not his sisters here with us? And they were offended at him.
this
Matthew 13:55,56; Luke 4:22; John 6:42
carpenter
Isaiah 49:7; 53:2,3; 1 Peter 2:4
James
15:40; Matthew 12:46; 1 Corinthians 9:4; Galatians 1:19
Juda
John 14:22; Jude 1:1
Simon
3:18; Acts 1:13
offended
Matthew 11:6; 13:57; Luke 2:34; 4:23-29; 7:23; John 6:60,61; 1 Corinthians 1:23

Verse 4
But Jesus said unto them, A prophet is not without honour, but in his own country, and among his own kin, and in his own house.
Jeremiah 11:21; 12:6; Matthew 13:57; Luke 4:24; John 4:44

Verse 5
And he could there do no mighty work, save that he laid his hands upon a few sick folk, and healed them.
9:23; Genesis 19:22; 32:25; Isaiah 59:1,2; Matthew 13:58; Hebrews 4:2

Verse 6
And he marvelled because of their unbelief. And he went round about the villages, teaching.
marvelled
Isaiah 59:16; Jeremiah 2:11; Matthew 8:10; John 9:30
And he went
Matthew 4:23; 9:35; Luke 4:31,44; 13:22; Acts 10:38

Verse 7
And he called unto him the twelve, and began to send them forth by two and two; and gave them power over unclean spirits;
the twelve
3:13,14; Matthew 10:1-4; Luke 6:13-16; 9:1-6; 10:3-12
two and
Exodus 4:14,15; Ecclesiastes 4:9,10; Revelation 11:3
power
16:17; Luke 10:17-20

Verses 7-13
And he called unto him the twelve, and began to send them forth by two and two; and gave them power over unclean spirits;
the twelve
3:13,14; Matthew 10:1-4; Luke 6:13-16; 9:1-6; 10:3-12
two and
Exodus 4:14,15; Ecclesiastes 4:9,10; Revelation 11:3
power
16:17; Luke 10:17-20

Verse 8
And commanded them that they should take nothing for their journey, save a staff only; no scrip, no bread, no money in their purse:
take
Matthew 10:9,10; Luke 10:4; 22:35
save
Matthew says that they were to take "neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves;" but this precept plainly means, "Go just as you are; take no other coat, shoes, or staff than what you already have."
money
"The word signifieth a piece of brass money in value something less than a farthing. Mt 10:9: but here it is taken in general for money."
Luke 9:3

Verse 9
But be shod with sandals; and not put on two coats.
be shod
Ephesians 6:15
sandals
The sandal consisted only of a sole, fastened about the foot and ankle with straps.
Acts 12:8

Verse 10
And he said unto them, In what place soever ye enter into an house, there abide till ye depart from that place.
Matthew 10:11-13; Luke 9:4; 10:7,8; Acts 16:15; 17:5-7

Verse 11
And whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear you, when ye depart thence, shake off the dust under your feet for a testimony against them. Verily I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrha in the day of judgment, than for that city.
whosoever
Nehemiah 5:13; Matthew 10:14; Luke 9:5; 10:10,11; Acts 13:50,51; 18:6
It shall
Ezekiel 16:48-51; Matthew 10:15; 11:20-24; Luke 10:12-15; John 15:22-24; Hebrews 6:4-8; 10:26-31; 2 Peter 2:6; Jude 1:7
and
Gr. or. in the day.
Matthew 12:36; Romans 2:5,16; 2 Peter 2:9; 3:7; 1 John 4:17

Verse 12
And they went out, and preached that men should repent.
preached
1:3,15; Ezekiel 18:30; Matthew 3:2,8; 4:17; 9:13; 11:20; Luke 11:32; 13:3,5; Luke 15:7,10; 24:47; Acts 2:38; 3:19; 11:18; 20:21; 26:20; 2 Corinthians 7:9,10; 2 Timothy 2:25,26

Verse 13
And they cast out many devils, and anointed with oil many that were sick, and healed them.
cast
7; Luke 10:17
anointed
James 5:14,15

Verse 14
And king Herod heard of him; (for his name was spread abroad:) and he said, That John the Baptist was risen from the dead, and therefore mighty works do shew forth themselves in him.
king Herod
22,26,27; Matthew 14:1,2; Luke 3:1; 9:7-9; 13:31; 23:7-12
his name
1:28,45; 2 Chronicles 26:8,15; Matthew 9:31; 1 Thessalonians 1:8

Verses 14-29
And king Herod heard of him; (for his name was spread abroad:) and he said, That John the Baptist was risen from the dead, and therefore mighty works do shew forth themselves in him.
king Herod
22,26,27; Matthew 14:1,2; Luke 3:1; 9:7-9; 13:31; 23:7-12
his name
1:28,45; 2 Chronicles 26:8,15; Matthew 9:31; 1 Thessalonians 1:8

Verse 15
Others said, That it is Elias. And others said, That it is a prophet, or as one of the prophets.
it is Elias
8:28; 9:12,13; 15:35,36; Malachi 4:5
Elijah
Matthew 16:14; 17:10,11; Luke 1:17; 9:8,19; John 1:21,25
a prophet
Matthew 21:11; Luke 7:16,39; John 6:14; 7:40; 9:17; Acts 3:22,23

Verse 16
But when Herod heard thereof, he said, It is John, whom I beheaded: he is risen from the dead.
It is
Genesis 40:10,11; Psalms 53:5; Matthew 14:2; 27:4; Luke 9:9; Revelation 11:10-13

Verse 17
For Herod himself had sent forth and laid hold upon John, and bound him in prison for Herodias' sake, his brother Philip's wife: for he had married her.
A. M. 4032. A.D. 28. Herod
Matthew 4:12; 11:2; 14:3-12; Luke 3:19,20
Philip's
Luke 3:1

Verse 18
For John had said unto Herod, It is not lawful for thee to have thy brother's wife.
It is
Leviticus 18:16; 20:21; 1 Kings 22:14; Ezekiel 3:18,19; Matthew 14:3,4; Acts 20:26,27; Acts 24:24-26

Verse 19
Therefore Herodias had a quarrel against him, and would have killed him; but she could not:
Herodias
Genesis 39:17-20; 1 Kings 21:20
a quarrel
or, an inward grudge.
Ecclesiastes 7:9; Ephesians 4:26,27

Verse 20
For Herod feared John, knowing that he was a just man and an holy, and observed him; and when he heard him, he did many things, and heard him gladly.
feared
11:18; Exodus 11:3; 1 Kings 21:20; 2 Kings 3:12,13; 6:21; 13:14; 2 Chronicles 24:2,15-22; 2 Chronicles 26:5; Ezekiel 2:5-7; Daniel 4:18,27; 5:17; Matthew 14:5; 21:26
observed him
or, kept him, or saved him. and heard.
4:16; Psalms 106:12,13; Ezekiel 33:32; John 5:35

Verse 21
And when a convenient day was come, that Herod on his birthday made a supper to his lords, high captains, and chief estates of Galilee;
when
Genesis 27:41; 2 Samuel 13:23-29; Esther 3:7; Psalms 37:12,13; Acts 12:2-4
his birthday
Genesis 40:20; Esther 1:3-7; 2:18; Proverbs 31:4,5; Daniel 5:1-4; Hosea 7:5; 1 Peter 4:3; Revelation 11:10

Verse 22
And when the daughter of the said Herodias came in, and danced, and pleased Herod and them that sat with him, the king said unto the damsel, Ask of me whatsoever thou wilt, and I will give it thee.
Esther 1:10-12; Isaiah 3:16-26; Daniel 5:2; Matthew 14:6

Verse 23
And he sware unto her, Whatsoever thou shalt ask of me, I will give it thee, unto the half of my kingdom.
he
1 Samuel 28:10; 2 Kings 6:31; Matthew 5:34-37; 14:7
Whatsoever
Esther 5:3,6; 7:2; Proverbs 6:2; Matthew 4:9

Verse 24
And she went forth, and said unto her mother, What shall I ask? And she said, The head of John the Baptist.
said
Genesis 27:8-11; 2 Chronicles 22:3,4; Ezekiel 19:2,3; Matthew 14:8
The head
Job 31:31; Psalms 27:2; 37:12,14; Proverbs 27:3,4; Acts 23:12,13

Verse 25
And she came in straightway with haste unto the king, and asked, saying, I will that thou give me by and by in a charger the head of John the Baptist.
with haste
Proverbs 1:16; Romans 3:15
a charger
Numbers 7:13,19-89

Verse 26
And the king was exceeding sorry; yet for his oath's sake, and for their sakes which sat with him, he would not reject her.
Matthew 14:9; 27:3-5,24,25

Verse 27
And immediately the king sent an executioner, and commanded his head to be brought: and he went and beheaded him in the prison,
the king
Matthew 14:10,11
an executioner
or, one of his guard. [spekoulator (spekoula/twr)] in Latin, speculator, from speculor, to look about, spy, properly denotes a sentinel; and as these sentinels kept guard at the palaces of kings, and the residences of Roman governors, so they were employed in other offices besides guarding, and usually performed that of executioners. As, however, we learn from Josephus, that Herod was at this very time engaged in war with Aretas, king of Arabia, in consequence of Herod's having divorced his daughter in order to marry Herodias, his brother Philip's wife; and as this event occurred at an entertainment given at the castle of Machaerus, while his army was on its march against his father-in-law; we are furnished with an additional reason why a speculator, or sentinel, should have been employed as an executioner; and are thus enabled to discover such a latent and undesigned coincidence as clearly evinces the truth of the evangelical narrative.

Verse 29
And when his disciples heard of it, they came and took up his corpse, and laid it in a tomb.
they came
1 Kings 13:29,30; 2 Chronicles 24:16; Matthew 14:12; 27:57-60; Acts 8:2

Verse 30
And the apostles gathered themselves together unto Jesus, and told him all things, both what they had done, and what they had taught.
the apostles
7-13; Luke 9:10; 10:17
both
Acts 1:1; 20:18-21; 1 Timothy 4:12-16; Titus 2:6,7; 1 Peter 5:2,3

Verses 30-44
And the apostles gathered themselves together unto Jesus, and told him all things, both what they had done, and what they had taught.
the apostles
7-13; Luke 9:10; 10:17
both
Acts 1:1; 20:18-21; 1 Timothy 4:12-16; Titus 2:6,7; 1 Peter 5:2,3

Verse 31
And he said unto them, Come ye yourselves apart into a desert place, and rest a while: for there were many coming and going, and they had no leisure so much as to eat.
come
1:45; 3:7,20; Matthew 14:13; John 6:1

Verse 32
And they departed into a desert place by ship privately.
Matthew 14:13

Verse 33
And the people saw them departing, and many knew him, and ran afoot thither out of all cities, and outwent them, and came together unto him.
54,55; Matthew 15:29-31; John 6:2; James 1:19

Verse 34
And Jesus, when he came out, saw much people, and was moved with compassion toward them, because they were as sheep not having a shepherd: and he began to teach them many things.
saw
Matthew 14:14; 15:32; Luke 9:11; Romans 15:2,3; Hebrews 2:17; 4:15
because
Numbers 27:17; 1 Kings 22:17; 2 Chronicles 18:16; Jeremiah 50:6; Zechariah 10:2; Matthew 9:36
and he
Isaiah 61:1-3

Verse 35
And when the day was now far spent, his disciples came unto him, and said, This is a desert place, and now the time is far passed:
Matthew 14:15-21; Luke 9:12-17; John 6:5-15

Verse 36
Send them away, that they may go into the country round about, and into the villages, and buy themselves bread: for they have nothing to eat.
3:21; 5:31; Matthew 15:23; 16:22

Verse 37
He answered and said unto them, Give ye them to eat. And they say unto him, Shall we go and buy two hundred pennyworth of bread, and give them to eat? 38 He saith unto them, How many loaves have ye? go and see. And when they knew, they say, Five, and two fishes.
give
8:2,3; 2 Kings 4:42-44; Matthew 14:16; 15:32; Luke 9:13; John 6:4-10
Shall
Numbers 11:13,21-23; 2 Kings 7:2; Matthew 15:33; John 6:7
penny-worth
"The Roman penny is sevenpence halfpenny; as Mt 18:28, marg."

Verse 38
He answered and said unto them, Give ye them to eat. And they say unto him, Shall we go and buy two hundred pennyworth of bread, and give them to eat? 38 He saith unto them, How many loaves have ye? go and see. And when they knew, they say, Five, and two fishes.
8:5; Matthew 14:17,18; 15:34; Luke 9:13; John 6:9

Verse 39
And he commanded them to make all sit down by companies upon the green grass.
1 Kings 10:5; Esther 1:5,6; Matthew 15:35; 1 Corinthians 14:33,40

Verse 40
And they sat down in ranks, by hundreds, and by fifties.
by hundreds
It is generally supposed that they were so arranged as to be a hundred in rank, or depth, and fifty in front, or file; which would make the number just five thousand, and will reconcile this account with Luke's, who only speaks of their sitting down by fifties.
Luke 9:14,15

Verse 41
And when he had taken the five loaves and the two fishes, he looked up to heaven, and blessed, and brake the loaves, and gave them to his disciples to set before them; and the two fishes divided he among them all.
looked
7:34; Matthew 14:19; Luke 9:16; John 11:41; 17:1
blessed
8:6,7; 14:22; Deuteronomy 8:10; 1 Samuel 9:13; Matthew 15:36; 26:26; Luke 24:30; John 6:11,23; Acts 27:35; Romans 14:6; 1 Corinthians 10:31; Colossians 3:17; 1 Timothy 4:4,5

Verse 42
And they did all eat, and were filled.
8:8,9; Deuteronomy 8:3; 2 Kings 4:42-44; Psalms 145:15,16; Matthew 14:20,21; 15:37,38; Luke 9:17; John 6:12

Verse 43
And they took up twelve baskets full of the fragments, and of the fishes.
8:19,20

Verse 45
And straightway he constrained his disciples to get into the ship, and to go to the other side before unto Bethsaida, while he sent away the people.
straightway
Matthew 14:22-33; John 6:15-17,18-21
unto Bethsaida
or, over against Bethsaida. Bethsaida, according to Josephus, was situated on the sea of Gennesaret, in the lower Gaulonitis, (consequently on the east of the lake, as Pliny states,) and at the beginning of the mountainous country; and it was raised from a village to the honour of a city by Philip, and called Julias in honour of the emperor's daughter. Some learned men, however, are of opinion that the Bethsaida mentioned in the gospels was a different place; and that it was situated on the western shore of the sea of Tiberias, in Galilee, near Chorazin and Capernaum, with which it is associated, (Mt 11:21, 23. Joh 12:21;) and Bishop Pococke mentions the ruins of a town or large village in the plain of Huttin, about two miles west of the lake, still bearing the name of Baitsida, which he thinks occupies its site.
8:22; Luke 10:13

Verses 45-52
And straightway he constrained his disciples to get into the ship, and to go to the other side before unto Bethsaida, while he sent away the people.
straightway
Matthew 14:22-33; John 6:15-17,18-21
unto Bethsaida
or, over against Bethsaida. Bethsaida, according to Josephus, was situated on the sea of Gennesaret, in the lower Gaulonitis, (consequently on the east of the lake, as Pliny states,) and at the beginning of the mountainous country; and it was raised from a village to the honour of a city by Philip, and called Julias in honour of the emperor's daughter. Some learned men, however, are of opinion that the Bethsaida mentioned in the gospels was a different place; and that it was situated on the western shore of the sea of Tiberias, in Galilee, near Chorazin and Capernaum, with which it is associated, (Mt 11:21, 23. Joh 12:21;) and Bishop Pococke mentions the ruins of a town or large village in the plain of Huttin, about two miles west of the lake, still bearing the name of Baitsida, which he thinks occupies its site.
8:22; Luke 10:13

Verse 46
And when he had sent them away, he departed into a mountain to pray.
1:35; Matthew 6:6; 14:23; Luke 6:12; 1 Peter 2:21

Verse 47
And when even was come, the ship was in the midst of the sea, and he alone on the land.
Matthew 14:23; John 6:16,17

Verse 48
And he saw them toiling in rowing; for the wind was contrary unto them: and about the fourth watch of the night he cometh unto them, walking upon the sea, and would have passed by them.
he saw
Isaiah 54:11; John 1:13; Matthew 14:24
the fourth
Exodus 14:24; 1 Samuel 11:11; Luke 12:38
he cometh
Job 9:8; Psalms 93:4; 104:3
would
Genesis 19:2; 32:26; Luke 24:28

Verse 49
But when they saw him walking upon the sea, they supposed it had been a spirit, and cried out:
they saw
Job 9:8
supposed
Job 4:14-16; Matthew 14:25,26; Luke 24:37

Verse 50
For they all saw him, and were troubled. And immediately he talked with them, and saith unto them, Be of good cheer: it is I; be not afraid.
it is I
Isaiah 43:2; Matthew 14:27; Luke 24:38-41; John 6:19,20; 20:19,20

Verse 51
And he went up unto them into the ship; and the wind ceased: and they were sore amazed in themselves beyond measure, and wondered.
and the
4:39; Psalms 93:3,4; 107:28-30; Matthew 8:26,27; 14:28-32; Luke 8:24,25; John 6:21
and they
1:27; 2:12; 4:41; 5:42; 7:37

Verse 52
For they considered not the miracle of the loaves: for their heart was hardened.
they
7:18; 8:17,18,21; Matthew 16:9-11; Luke 24:25
their
3:5; 16:14; Isaiah 63:17

Verse 53
And when they had passed over, they came into the land of Gennesaret, and drew to the shore.
the land
Matthew 14:34-36; Luke 5:1; John 6:24

Verses 53-56
And when they had passed over, they came into the land of Gennesaret, and drew to the shore.
the land
Matthew 14:34-36; Luke 5:1; John 6:24

Verse 54
And when they were come out of the ship, straightway they knew him,
knew
Psalms 9:10; Philippians 3:10

Verse 55
And ran through that whole region round about, and began to carry about in beds those that were sick, where they heard he was.
2:1-3; 3:7-11; Matthew 4:24

Verse 56
And whithersoever he entered, into villages, or cities, or country, they laid the sick in the streets, and besought him that they might touch if it were but the border of his garment: and as many as touched him were made whole.
they laid
Acts 5:15
touch
3:10; 5:27,28; 2 Kings 13:21; Luke 6:19; 22:51; Acts 4:9,12
the border
Numbers 15:38,39; Deuteronomy 22:12; Matthew 9:20; Luke 8:44
him
or, it.

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Mark 6:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/mark-6.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, October 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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