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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Micah 6

 

 


Introduction
1God's controversy for ingratitude;
6for ignorance,
10for injustice;
16and for idolatry.

Verse 1
Hear ye now what the LORD saith; Arise, contend thou before the mountains, and let the hills hear thy voice.
ye
1:2; 1 Samuel 15:16; Jeremiah 13:15; Amos 3:1; Hebrews 3:7,8
Arise
The manner of raising attention, says Abp. Newcome, in ver. 1, 2, by calling a man to urge his plea in the face of all nature, and on the inanimate creation to hear the expostulation of Jehovah with his people, is truly awakening and magnificent. The words of Jehovah follow in ver. 3-5; and God's mercies having been set before the people, one of them is introduced in a beautiful manner, asking what his duty is towards so gracious a God, ver. 6, 7. The answer follows in the words of the prophet, ver. 8.
contend
Deuteronomy 4:26; 32:1; Psalms 50:1,4; Isaiah 1:2; Jeremiah 22:29; Ezekiel 36:1,8; Luke 19:40
before
or, with.
1:4; Isaiah 2:12-14
let
Ezekiel 37:4

Verse 2
Hear ye, O mountains, the LORD'S controversy, and ye strong foundations of the earth: for the LORD hath a controversy with his people, and he will plead with Israel.
foundations
Deuteronomy 32:22; 2 Samuel 22:8,16; Psalms 104:5; Proverbs 8:29; Jeremiah 31:37
a controversy
Isaiah 1:18; 5:3; 43:26; Jeremiah 2:9,29-35; 25:31; Ezekiel 20:35,36; Hosea 4:1; Hosea 12:2

Verse 3
O my people, what have I done unto thee? and wherein have I wearied thee? testify against me.
O my
5; Psalms 50:7; 81:8,13
what
Jeremiah 2:5,31
wherein
Isaiah 43:22,23
testify
Psalms 51:4; Romans 3:4,5,19

Verse 4
For I brought thee up out of the land of Egypt, and redeemed thee out of the house of servants; and I sent before thee Moses, Aaron, and Miriam.
I brought
Exodus 12:51; 14:30,31; 20:2; Deuteronomy 4:20,34; 5:6; 9:26; Nehemiah 9:9-11; Psalms 78:51-53; 106:7-10; 136:10,11; Isaiah 63:9-12; Jeremiah 32:21; Ezekiel 20:5-9; Amos 2:10; Acts 7:36
and redeemed
Deuteronomy 7:8; 15:15; 24:18; 2 Samuel 7:23
Moses
Exodus 15:20,21; Numbers 12:1

Verse 5
O my people, remember now what Balak king of Moab consulted, and what Balaam the son of Beor answered him from Shittim unto Gilgal; that ye may know the righteousness of the LORD.
remember
Deuteronomy 8:2,18; 9:7; 16:3; Psalms 103:1,2; 111:4; Ephesians 2:11
Balak
Numbers 22:1-25; 31:16; Deuteronomy 23:4,5; Joshua 24:9,10; Revelation 2:14
Balaam
Numbers 31:8; 2 Peter 2:15; Jude 1:11
Shittim
Numbers 22:41; 23:13,14,27; 25:1; 33:49; Joshua 4:19; 5:9,10; 10:42,43
know
Judges 5:11; *marg:; Psalms 36:10; 71:15,16,19; 143:11; Romans 3:25,26; 1 John 1:9

Verse 6
Wherewith shall I come before the LORD, and bow myself before the high God? shall I come before him with burnt offerings, with calves of a year old?
Wherewith
2 Samuel 21:3; Matthew 19:16; Luke 10:25; John 6:26; Acts 2:37; 16:30; Romans 10:2,3
bow
Psalms 22:29; 95:6; Ephesians 3:14
the high
Genesis 14:18-22; Daniel 3:26; 4:9; 5:18,21; Mark 5:7; Acts 16:17
with
Leviticus 1:3-17; Numbers 23:1-4,14,15,29,30; Hebrews 10:4-10
of a year old
Heb. sons of a year.
Exodus 12:5

Verse 7
Will the LORD be pleased with thousands of rams, or with ten thousands of rivers of oil? shall I give my firstborn for my transgression, the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?
pleased
1 Samuel 15:22; Psalms 10:8-13; 50:9; 51:16; Isaiah 1:11-15; 40:16; Jeremiah 7:21,22; Hosea 6:6; Amos 5:22
rivers
Job 29:6
shall
Judges 11:31,39; 2 Kings 3:27; 16:3; 21:6; 23:10; Jeremiah 7:31; 19:5; Ezekiel 16:20,21; 23:37
body
Heb. belly.
Philemon 1:12

Verse 8
He hath shewed thee, O man, what is good; and what doth the LORD require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God?
O man
Romans 9:20; 1 Corinthians 7:16; James 2:20
what is
1 Samuel 12:23; Nehemiah 9:13; Psalms 73:28; Lamentations 3:26; Luke 10:42; Romans 7:16; 2 Thessalonians 2:16
and what
Deuteronomy 10:12,13
to do
Genesis 18:19; 1 Samuel 15:22; Proverbs 21:3; Ecclesiastes 12:13; Isaiah 1:16-19; 58:6-11; Jeremiah 7:3-6; Hosea 6:6; 12:6; Amos 5:24; Zephaniah 2:3; Matthew 3:8-10; Mark 12:30-34; Luke 11:42; Titus 2:11,12; 2 Peter 1:5-8
love
Psalms 37:26; 112:4,9; Isaiah 57:1,2; Matthew 5:7; 18:32-35; Luke 6:36; Ephesians 4:32; Colossians 3:12; 1 Peter 3:8
walk humbly
Heb. humble thyself to walk.
Genesis 5:22; Leviticus 26:41; 2 Chronicles 30:11; 32:26; 33:12,13,19,23; 34:27; Isaiah 57:15; 66:2; Ezekiel 16:63; Daniel 4:37; Matthew 5:3; Luke 18:13-17; Romans 10:1-3; James 4:6-10; 1 Peter 5:5,6

Verse 9
The LORD'S voice crieth unto the city, and the man of wisdom shall see thy name: hear ye the rod, and who hath appointed it.
Lord's
3:12; Isaiah 24:10-12; 27:10; 32:13,14; 40:6-8; 66:6; Jeremiah 19:11-13; Jeremiah 26:6,18; 37:8-10; Hosea 13:16; Amos 2:5; 3:8-15; 6:1; Jonah 3:4; Zephaniah 3:2
and
2 Kings 22:11-20; Psalms 107:43; Proverbs 22:3; Isaiah 26:11; Hosea 14:9
the man of wisdom shall see thy name
or, thy name shall see that which is wisdom.
Exodus 34:5-7; Psalms 9:16; 48:10; 83:18; Isaiah 30:27
hear
2 Samuel 21:1; Job 5:6-8,17; 10:2; Isaiah 9:13; 10:5,6; Jeremiah 14:18-22; Lamentations 3:39-42; Joel 2:11-18; Amos 4:6-12; Jonah 3:5-10; Haggai 1:5-7; Revelation 3:19

Verse 10
Are there yet the treasures of wickedness in the house of the wicked, and the scant measure that is abominable?
Are, etc
or, Is there yet unto every man an house of the wicked, etc. the treasures.
Joshua 7:1; 2 Kings 5:23,24; Proverbs 10:2; 21:6; Jeremiah 5:26,27; Amos 3:10; Habakkuk 2:5-11; Zephaniah 1:9; Zechariah 5:3,4; James 5:1-4
and
Leviticus 19:35,36; Deuteronomy 25:13-16; Proverbs 11:1; 20:10,23; Ezekiel 45:9-12; Hosea 12:7,8; Amos 8:5,6
scant measure
Heb. measure of leanness.

Verse 11
Shall I count them pure with the wicked balances, and with the bag of deceitful weights?
count them pure
or, be pure. the wicked.
Hosea 12:7
the bag
Proverbs 16:11

Verse 12
For the rich men thereof are full of violence, and the inhabitants thereof have spoken lies, and their tongue is deceitful in their mouth.
the rich
2:1,2; 3:1-3,9-11; 7:2-6; Isaiah 1:23; 5:7; Jeremiah 5:5,6,26-29; 6:6,7; Ezekiel 22:6-13,25-29; Hosea 4:1,2; Amos 5:11,12; 6:1-3; Zephaniah 3:3
spoken
Isaiah 59:3-15; Jeremiah 9:2-6,8; Hosea 7:1,13; Romans 3:13

Verse 13
Therefore also will I make thee sick in smiting thee, in making thee desolate because of thy sins.
I make
Leviticus 26:16; Deuteronomy 28:21,22; Job 33:19-22; Psalms 107:17,18; Isaiah 1:5,6; Jeremiah 14:18; Acts 12:23
in
Lamentations 1:13; 3:11; Hosea 5:9; 13:16

Verse 14
Thou shalt eat, but not be satisfied; and thy casting down shall be in the midst of thee; and thou shalt take hold, but shalt not deliver; and that which thou deliverest will I give up to the sword.
eat
Leviticus 26:26; Isaiah 65:13; Ezekiel 4:16,17; Hosea 4:10; Haggai 1:6; 2:16
and thou
Deuteronomy 32:22-25; Isaiah 3:6-8; 24:17-20; Jeremiah 48:44; Ezekiel 5:12; Amos 2:14-16; Amos 9:1-4

Verse 15
Thou shalt sow, but thou shalt not reap; thou shalt tread the olives, but thou shalt not anoint thee with oil; and sweet wine, but shalt not drink wine.
Leviticus 26:20; Deuteronomy 28:38-40; Isaiah 62:8,9; 65:21,22; Jeremiah 12:13; Joel 1:10-12; Amos 5:11; Zephaniah 1:13; Haggai 1:6

Verse 16
For the statutes of Omri are kept, and all the works of the house of Ahab, and ye walk in their counsels; that I should make thee a desolation, and the inhabitants thereof an hissing: therefore ye shall bear the reproach of my people.
the statutes of Omri are kept
or, he doth much keep the, etc.
1 Kings 16:25-30; Hosea 5:11
the works
1 Kings 16:30-33; 18:4; 21:25,26; 2 Kings 16:3; 21:3; Isaiah 9:16; Revelation 2:20
ye walk
Psalms 1:1; Jeremiah 7:24
that
1 Kings 9:8; 2 Chronicles 29:8,9; 34:25; Jeremiah 18:15,16; 19:8; 21:8,9; Ezekiel 8:17,18
desolation
or, astonishment. therefore.
Psalms 44:13; Isaiah 25:8; Jeremiah 51:51; Lamentations 5:1; Ezekiel 39:26; Daniel 9:16

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Micah 6:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/micah-6.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, November 30th, 2020
the First Week of Advent
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