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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Numbers 36



1The inconvenience of the inheritance of daughters is remedied by marrying in their own tribes,
7lest the inheritance should be removed from the tribe.
10The daughters of Zelophehad marry their father's brothers' sons.

Verse 1
And the chief fathers of the families of the children of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, of the families of the sons of Joseph, came near, and spake before Moses, and before the princes, the chief fathers of the children of Israel:
26:29-33; 27:1; Joshua 17:2,3; 1 Chronicles 7:14-16

Verse 2
And they said, The LORD commanded my lord to give the land for an inheritance by lot to the children of Israel: and my lord was commanded by the LORD to give the inheritance of Zelophehad our brother unto his daughters.
The Lord commanded
To one division of the tribe of Manasseh, a portion had been assigned eastward of Jordan; but Zelophehad was of that division, to which an inheritance was afterwards allotted west of Jordan; yet, expecting the promised land, the elders of the Manassites now propose a difficulty, upon the adjudged case of Zelophehad's daughters. (ch. 27:1-11.) If the females should inherit, in defect of male issue, and should intermarry with other tribes they would diminish the interest, and weaken the influence of their own tribes, and give occasion to future confusion, and perhaps contention. The Manassites therefore referred the case to Moses; and he, by the authority of God, annexed a clause, which would effectually keep the tribes and inheritances distinct, as long as it was observed. Heiresses were not allowed to marry out of their own tribe, though within those bounds they might consult their own inclinations.
26:55,56; 27:1-7; 33:54; Joshua 13:6; 14:1,2; 17:3
to give
27:1,7; Joshua 17:3-6; Job 42:15

Verse 3
And if they be married to any of the sons of the other tribes of the children of Israel, then shall their inheritance be taken from the inheritance of our fathers, and shall be put to the inheritance of the tribe whereunto they are received: so shall it be taken from the lot of our inheritance.
whereunto they are received
Heb. unto whom they shall be.

Verse 4
And when the jubile of the children of Israel shall be, then shall their inheritance be put unto the inheritance of the tribe whereunto they are received: so shall their inheritance be taken away from the inheritance of the tribe of our fathers.
Leviticus 25:10-18,23; Isaiah 61:2; Luke 4:18,19

Verse 5
And Moses commanded the children of Israel according to the word of the LORD, saying, The tribe of the sons of Joseph hath said well.
hath said well
27:7; Deuteronomy 5:28

Verse 6
This is the thing which the LORD doth command concerning the daughters of Zelophehad, saying, Let them marry to whom they think best; only to the family of the tribe of their father shall they marry.
Heb. be wives. only to the family.
12; Genesis 24:3,57,58; 2 Corinthians 6:14

Verse 7
So shall not the inheritance of the children of Israel remove from tribe to tribe: for every one of the children of Israel shall keep himself to the inheritance of the tribe of his fathers.
for every one
That is, he shall not endeavour to obtain any part of the inheritance of another tribe by marrying an heiress.
keep himself
Heb. cleave
9; 1 Kings 21:3

Verse 8
And every daughter, that possesseth an inheritance in any tribe of the children of Israel, shall be wife unto one of the family of the tribe of her father, that the children of Israel may enjoy every man the inheritance of his fathers.
every daughter
1 Chronicles 23:22

Verse 10
Even as the LORD commanded Moses, so did the daughters of Zelophehad:
Exodus 39:42,43; Leviticus 24:23; 2 Chronicles 30:12; Matthew 28:20

Verse 11
For Mahlah, Tirzah, and Hoglah, and Milcah, and Noah, the daughters of Zelophehad, were married unto their father's brothers' sons:

Verse 12
And they were married into the families of the sons of Manasseh the son of Joseph, and their inheritance remained in the tribe of the family of their father.
into the families
Heb. to some that were of the families.

Verse 13
These are the commandments and the judgments, which the LORD commanded by the hand of Moses unto the children of Israel in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho.
the commandments
Leviticus 7:37,38; 11:46; 13:59; 14:54-57; 15:32,33; 27:34
in the plains of Moab
26:3; 33:50; 35:1


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Numbers 36:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, November 28th, 2020
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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