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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Proverbs 11

 

 

Introduction
1From this chapter to the five and twentieth are sundry observations of moral virtues, and their contrary vices.

Verse 1
A false balance is abomination to the LORD: but a just weight is his delight.
A false balance is
Heb. Balances of deceit. are.
16:11; 20:10,23; Leviticus 19:35,36; Deuteronomy 25:13-16; Hosea 12:7; Amos 8:5,6; Micah 6:10,11
a just weight
Heb. a perfect stone.
16:11; Ezekiel 45:10-12

Verse 2
When pride cometh, then cometh shame: but with the lowly is wisdom.
pride
3:34,35; 16:18,19; Daniel 4:30-32; Luke 14:8-11; 18:14
but
15:33; 1 Corinthians 8:1,2

Verse 3
The integrity of the upright shall guide them: but the perverseness of transgressors shall destroy them.
The integrity
5; 13:6; Psalms 25:21; 26:1; John 7:17
the perverseness
21:7; 28:18; Ecclesiastes 7:17; Isaiah 1:28

Verse 4
Riches profit not in the day of wrath: but righteousness delivereth from death.
Riches
10:2; Job 36:18,19; Psalms 49:6-8; Ezekiel 7:19; Zephaniah 1:18; Matthew 16:26; Luke 12:20
but
12:28; Genesis 7:1; Romans 5:17; 1 Timothy 4:8

Verse 5
The righteousness of the perfect shall direct his way: but the wicked shall fall by his own wickedness.
direct
Heb. rectify.
3; 1:31,32; 5:22; 2 Samuel 17:23; Esther 7:3-10; Psalms 9:15,16; Matthew 27:4,5

Verse 6
The righteousness of the upright shall deliver them: but transgressors shall be taken in their own naughtiness.
righteousness
Genesis 30:33; 31:37; 1 Samuel 12:3,4
but
5:22; 1 Kings 2:32,33,44; Psalms 7:16; Ecclesiastes 10:8

Verse 7
When a wicked man dieth, his expectation shall perish: and the hope of unjust men perisheth.
10:28; 14:32; Exodus 15:9,10; Job 8:13,14; 11:20; Psalms 146:4; Ezekiel 28:9; Luke 12:19,20

Verse 8
The righteous is delivered out of trouble, and the wicked cometh in his stead.
21:18; Esther 7:9,10; Isaiah 43:3,4; Daniel 6:23,24

Verse 9
An hypocrite with his mouth destroyeth his neighbour: but through knowledge shall the just be delivered.
An hypocrite
Or rather, as chanaiph properly signifies, a wicked, profligate person, an infidel.
1 Kings 13:18-22; 22:6,20-23; Job 8:13; 34:30; Psalms 55:12,20,21; Matthew 7:15; Matthew 15:5-14; Acts 20:30; 2 Corinthians 11:13-15; 2 Thessalonians 2:8-10; 1 Timothy 4:1-3; 2 Peter 2:1-3
through
2:10-16; 4:5,6; 6:23,24; Mark 13:14,22,23; Ephesians 4:13,14; 2 Peter 3:16-18; 1 John 2:21,27

Verse 10
When it goeth well with the righteous, the city rejoiceth: and when the wicked perish, there is shouting.
it goeth
28:12,28; Esther 8:15,16
when
Exodus 15:21; Judges 5:31; Job 27:23; Psalms 58:10,11; Revelation 19:1-7

Verse 11
By the blessing of the upright the city is exalted: but it is overthrown by the mouth of the wicked.
the blessing
14:34; 29:8; Genesis 41:38-42; 45:8; 2 Chronicles 32:20-22; Job 22:30; Ecclesiastes 9:15
it
2 Samuel 20:1; Esther 3:8-15; 9:1-16; James 3:6

Verse 12
He that is void of wisdom despiseth his neighbour: but a man of understanding holdeth his peace.
that
Judges 9:27-29,38; Nehemiah 4:2-4; Psalms 123:3,4; Luke 16:14; 18:9; John 7:48-52
void of wisdom
Heb. destitute of heart. a man.
10:19; 1 Samuel 10:27; 2 Kings 18:36; 1 Peter 2:23

Verse 13
A talebearer revealeth secrets: but he that is of a faithful spirit concealeth the matter.
A tale bearer
Heb. He that walketh being a talebearer.
20:19; Leviticus 19:16
revealeth
25:9; 26:20-22; Nehemiah 6:17-19
he
14:5; Joshua 2:14,20; Jeremiah 38:27

Verse 14
Where no counsel is, the people fall: but in the multitude of counsellors there is safety.
15:22; 16:22; 24:6; 1 Kings 12:1-19; Isaiah 19:11-14; Acts 15:6-21

Verse 15
He that is surety for a stranger shall smart for it: and he that hateth suretiship is sure.
that is surety
6:1-5; 17:18; 20:16; 22:26,27
smart
Heb. be sore broken. suretiship. Heb. those that strike hands.

Verse 16
A gracious woman retaineth honour: and strong men retain riches.
gracious
31:30,31; 1 Samuel 25:32,33; 2 Samuel 20:16-22; Esther 9:25; Matthew 26:13; Luke 8:3; Luke 10:42; 21:2-4; Acts 9:39; 16:14,15; Romans 16:2-4,6; 2 John 1:1
and
Luke 11:21,22

Verse 17
The merciful man doeth good to his own soul: but he that is cruel troubleth his own flesh.
merciful
Psalms 41:1-4; 112:4-9; Isaiah 32:7,8; 57:1; 58:7-12; Daniel 4:27; Matthew 5:7; Matthew 6:14,15; 25:34-40; Luke 6:38; 2 Corinthians 9:6-14; Philippians 4:17
but
15:27; Job 20:19-23; Ecclesiastes 4:8; James 2:13; 5:1-5

Verse 18
The wicked worketh a deceitful work: but to him that soweth righteousness shall be a sure reward.
wicked
1:18; 5:22; Job 27:13-23; Ecclesiastes 10:8; Isaiah 59:5-8; Ephesians 4:22
but
22:8; Psalms 126:5,6; Hosea 10:12,13; Galatians 6:8,9; James 3:18

Verse 19
As righteousness tendeth to life: so he that pursueth evil pursueth it to his own death.
righteousness
4; 10:16; 12:28; 19:23; Acts 10:35; 1 John 3:7,10
he
1:16-19; 7:22,23; 8:36; Romans 2:8,9

Verse 20
They that are of a froward heart are abomination to the LORD: but such as are upright in their way are his delight.
of
6:14,16-19; 8:13; Psalms 18:25,26
upright
9:7; 15:8; 16:17; 21:29; Psalms 11:7; 51:6; 140:13

Verse 21
Though hand join in hand, the wicked shall not be unpunished: but the seed of the righteous shall be delivered.
hand
16:5; Exodus 23:2
the seed
13:22; Genesis 17:7,8; Psalms 37:26; 112:1,2; Isaiah 27:4; Jeremiah 32:39; Acts 2:39

Verse 22
As a jewel of gold in a swine's snout, so is a fair woman which is without discretion.
a jewel
31:30; Ezekiel 16:15-22; Nahum 3:4-6; 1 Peter 3:3,4; 2 Peter 2:22
is without
Heb. departed from.
7:10; 9:13

Verse 23
The desire of the righteous is only good: but the expectation of the wicked is wrath.
desire
Psalms 10:17; 27:4; 37:4; 39:7,8; 119:5,10; Isaiah 26:9; Jeremiah 17:16; Matthew 5:6
expectation
7; 10:28; Romans 2:8,9; Hebrews 10:27

Verse 24
There is that scattereth, and yet increaseth; and there is that withholdeth more than is meet, but it tendeth to poverty.
that scattereth
18; 19:17; 28:8; Deuteronomy 15:10; Psalms 112:9; Ecclesiastes 11:1,2,6; Luke 6:38; Acts 11:29,30; 2 Corinthians 9:5-11
but
Haggai 1:6,9-11; 2:16-19

Verse 25
The liberal soul shall be made fat: and he that watereth shall be watered also himself.
liberal soul
Heb. soul of blessing.
28:27; Job 29:13-18; 31:16-20; Isaiah 32:8; 58:7-11; Matthew 5:7; 25:34,35

Verse 26
He that withholdeth corn, the people shall curse him: but blessing shall be upon the head of him that selleth it.
that withholdeth
Amos 8:4-6
blessing
Job 29:13

Verse 27
He that diligently seeketh good procureth favour: but he that seeketh mischief, it shall come unto him.
diligently
Shochair, properly, "rising early to seek" what is greatly desired.
he that seekeeth
17:11; Esther 7:10; Psalms 7:15,16; 9:15,16; 10:2; 57:6

Verse 28
He that trusteth in his riches shall fall: but the righteous shall flourish as a branch.
that
10:15; Deuteronomy 8:12-14; Job 31:24,25; Psalms 52:7; 62:10; Mark 10:24; Luke 12:20; 1 Timothy 6:17
but
Psalms 1:3; 52:8; 92:12-14; Isaiah 60:21; Jeremiah 17:8

Verse 29
He that troubleth his own house shall inherit the wind: and the fool shall be servant to the wise of heart.
that
Genesis 34:30; Joshua 7:24,25; 1 Samuel 25:3,17,38; Habakkuk 2:9,10
inherit
Ecclesiastes 5:16; Hosea 8:7

Verse 30
The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life; and he that winneth souls is wise.
fruit
3:18; 15:4
and
Daniel 12:3; Matthew 4:19; John 4:36; 1 Corinthians 9:19-23; 1 Thessalonians 2:19; James 5:20
winneth
Heb. taketh.
Luke 5:9,10

Verse 31
Behold, the righteous shall be recompensed in the earth: much more the wicked and the sinner.
2 Samuel 7:14,15; 12:9-12; 1 Kings 13:24; Jeremiah 25:29; 1 Corinthians 11:30-32; 1 Peter 4:17,18

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 11:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-11.html.

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