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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Proverbs 13

 

 

Introduction
1From this chapter to the five and twentieth are sundry observations of moral virtues, and their contrary vices.

Verse 1
A wise son heareth his father's instruction: but a scorner heareth not rebuke.
wise
4:1-14,20-22; 10:1; 15:5,20
but
9:7,8; 14:6; 1 Samuel 2:25; Isaiah 28:14,15

Verse 2
A man shall eat good by the fruit of his mouth: but the soul of the transgressors shall eat violence.
eat
12:14; 18:20
the soul
1:11-13,18,31; 4:17; 10:11; Psalms 75:8; 140:11; Jeremiah 25:27-31; Habakkuk 2:8,17; Revelation 16:6

Verse 3
He that keepeth his mouth keepeth his life: but he that openeth wide his lips shall have destruction.
10:19; 12:13; 21:23; Psalms 39:1; Matthew 12:36,37; James 1:26; 3:2-12

Verse 4
The soul of the sluggard desireth, and hath nothing: but the soul of the diligent shall be made fat.
desireth
10:4; 12:11,24; 26:13; Numbers 23:10
but
2:2-9; 8:34; John 6:27; Hebrews 6:11; 2 Peter 1:5-11
made
11:25; 28:25; Psalms 92:14; Isaiah 58:11

Verse 5
A righteous man hateth lying: but a wicked man is loathsome, and cometh to shame.
righteous
6:17; 30:8; Psalms 119:163; Ephesians 4:25; Colossians 3:9
is
Ezekiel 6:9; 20:43; 36:31; Zechariah 11:8
and
3:35; Daniel 12:2; Revelation 21:8

Verse 6
Righteousness keepeth him that is upright in the way: but wickedness overthroweth the sinner.
Righteousness
11:3,5,6; Psalms 15:2; 25:21; 26:1
wickedness
5:22; 21:12; 2 Chronicles 28:23; Psalms 140:11
the sinner
Heb. sin.

Verse 7
There is that maketh himself rich, yet hath nothing: there is that maketh himself poor, yet hath great riches.
is that maketh himself rich
11; 12:9; Luke 18:11-14; 1 Corinthians 4:8; 2 Peter 2:19; Revelation 3:17
that maketh himself poor
Ecclesiastes 11:1,2; 1 Corinthians 4:10,11; 2 Corinthians 4:7; Revelation 2:9

Verse 8
The ransom of a man's life are his riches: but the poor heareth not rebuke.
ransom
6:35; Exodus 21:30; Job 2:4; Psalms 49:6-10; Jeremiah 41:8; Matthew 16:26; 1 Peter 1:18,19
the poor
2 Kings 24:14; 25:12; Jeremiah 39:10; Zephaniah 3:12

Verse 9
The light of the righteous rejoiceth: but the lamp of the wicked shall be put out.
light
4:18; 1 Kings 11:36; Psalms 97:11; 112:4
lamp
or, candle.
20:20; 24:20; Job 18:5,6; 21:17; Isaiah 50:10,11; Matthew 22:13; 25:8

Verse 10
Only by pride cometh contention: but with the well advised is wisdom.
Only
21:24; Judges 12:1-6; 1 Kings 12:10,11,16; 2 Kings 14:10; Luke 22:24; 1 Timothy 6:4; James 3:14-16; 4:1,5,6; 3 John 1:9,10
with
12:15,16; 17:14; 19:20; 20:18; 25:8; Judges 8:1-3; Luke 14:28-32; Acts 6:1-5

Verse 11
Wealth gotten by vanity shall be diminished: but he that gathereth by labour shall increase.
Wealth
10:2; 20:21; 28:8; Job 15:28,29; 20:15,19-22; 27:16,17; Ecclesiastes 5:14; Jeremiah 17:11; Habakkuk 2:6,7; James 5:1-5
he
22,23; 20:21; 27:23-27; Psalms 128:2
by labour
Heb. with the hand.

Verse 12
Hope deferred maketh the heart sick: but when the desire cometh, it is a tree of life.
Hope
Psalms 42:1-3; 69:3; 119:81-83; 143:7; Song of Solomon 5:8
when
19; Genesis 21:6,7; 46:30; 1 Samuel 1:26-28; Psalms 17:15; 40:2,3; Luke 2:29,30; John 16:22
a tree
3:18; 11:30; Revelation 22:2

Verse 13
Whoso despiseth the word shall be destroyed: but he that feareth the commandment shall be rewarded.
despiseth
1:25,30,31; 2 Samuel 12:9,10; 2 Chronicles 36:16; Jeremiah 43:2; 44:16,17; Ezekiel 20:13,16,24; Luke 16:31; Hebrews 10:28,29
he
Ezra 10:3; Psalms 115:13; Isaiah 66:2; Malachi 3:16
rewarded
Heb. in peace.
Psalms 19:11; 119:165; Matthew 5:12; 2 John 1:8

Verse 14
The law of the wise is a fountain of life, to depart from the snares of death.
law
9:11; 10:11; 14:27; 16:22
to
15:24; 16:6,17; 2 Samuel 22:6,7; Psalms 18:5; 116:3

Verse 15
Good understanding giveth favour: but the way of transgressors is hard.
Good
3:4; 14:35; 1 Samuel 18:14-16; Luke 2:52; Acts 7:10
but
4:19; 15:10; Psalms 95:9-11; Jeremiah 2:19; Romans 6:21

Verse 16
Every prudent man dealeth with knowledge: but a fool layeth open his folly.
prudent
12:22,23; 15:2; 21:24; Psalms 112:5; Isaiah 52:13; Matthew 10:16; Romans 16:19; 1 Corinthians 14:20; Ephesians 5:17
a fool
1 Samuel 25:10,11,17,25; Ecclesiastes 10:3
layeth
Heb. spreadeth.

Verse 17
A wicked messenger falleth into mischief: but a faithful ambassador is health.
wicked
10:26; 26:6; Jeremiah 23:13-16,28; Ezekiel 3:18; 33:7,8; 2 Corinthians 2:17
but
25:13,23; 1 Corinthians 4:2; 2 Corinthians 5:20; 1 Timothy 1:12; 2 Timothy 2:2
a faithful ambassador
Heb. an ambassador of faithfulness.

Verse 18
Poverty and shame shall be to him that refuseth instruction: but he that regardeth reproof shall be honoured.
Poverty
13; 5:9-14; 12:1; 15:5,31,32; 19:6; Jeremiah 5:3-9; Hebrews 12:25
he
9:9; 25:12; Psalms 141:5

Verse 19
The desire accomplished is sweet to the soul: but it is abomination to fools to depart from evil.
The desire
12; 1 Kings 1:48; Psalms 21:1,2; Song of Solomon 3:4; 2 Timothy 4:7,8; Revelation 7:14-17
it is
29:27
depart
3:7; 16:6,17; Job 28:28; Psalms 34:14; 37:27; 2 Timothy 2:19

Verse 20
He that walketh with wise men shall be wise: but a companion of fools shall be destroyed.
that
2:20; Psalms 119:63; Song of Solomon 1:7,8; Malachi 3:16; Acts 2:42; Hebrews 10:24
but
1:11-19; 2:12-19; 7:22,23,27; 9:6; Genesis 13:12,13; 14:12; 1 Kings 12:8,10; 1 Kings 22:4,32; 2 Chronicles 19:2; 1 Corinthians 15:33,34; 2 Corinthians 6:14-18; Revelation 18:4
destroyed
Heb. broken.

Verse 21
Evil pursueth sinners: but to the righteous good shall be repayed.
pursueth
Genesis 4:7; Numbers 32:23; Psalms 32:10; 140:11; Acts 28:4
righteous
Isaiah 3:10,11; Romans 2:7-10

Verse 22
A good man leaveth an inheritance to his children's children: and the wealth of the sinner is laid up for the just.
leaveth
Genesis 17:7,8; Psalms 25:12,13; 102:28; 112:2; 128:6
the wealth
28:8; Job 27:16,17; Ecclesiastes 2:26

Verse 23
Much food is in the tillage of the poor: but there is that is destroyed for want of judgment.
food
12:11,14; 27:18,23-27; 28:19; Ecclesiastes 5:9
destroyed
6:6-11; 11:5,6; Psalms 112:5; Ecclesiastes 8:5,6; Jeremiah 8:7-10

Verse 24
He that spareth his rod hateth his son: but he that loveth him chasteneth him betimes.
3:12; 8:36; 19:18; 22:15; 23:13,14; 29:15,17; Luke 14:26; Hebrews 12:6-8

Verse 25
The righteous eateth to the satisfying of his soul: but the belly of the wicked shall want.
righteous
Psalms 34:10; 37:3,16,18,19; 1 Timothy 4:8; Hebrews 13:5
the belly
6:11; 24:34; Deuteronomy 28:48; 32:24; Isaiah 65:13,14; 2 Thessalonians 3:10

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 13:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-13.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, December 8th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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