Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Proverbs 13

Verse 1

instruction = correction, or discipline.

Verse 2

man. Hebrew. "ish. App-14. eat = get his food: "eat" being put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Effect), App-6, for what is gained by effort.

soul. Hebrew. nephiesh. App-13.

transgressors = traitors, faithless ones. Hebrew. bagad, as in Proverbs 13:15; Proverbs 2:22; Proverbs 11:3, Proverbs 11:6; Proverbs 16:10; Proverbs 21:18, &c.

Verse 3

life = soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.

Verse 4

the diligent = diligent ones.

Verse 5

hateth lying. Illustrations: Joseph (Genesis 46:31-34); Samuel (1 Samuel 3:18); Mieaiah (1 Kings 22:13, 1 Kings 22:14; 1 Kings 14:5); Elihu (Job 32:22); Hezekiah (Psalms 119:29, Psalms 119:163); David (Psalms 101:7); Agur (Proverbs 30:8); Jeremiah (Jeremiah 26:1-15); John Baptist (Matthew 14:4).

wicked = lawless one. Hebrew. rasha". App-44.

Cometh to shame. Illustrations: Jehoram (2 Chronicles 21:18, 2 Chronicles 21:19); Gehazi (2 Kings 5:27. 2 Kings 20:17); Jezebel (2 Kings 9:35); Manasseh(2 Kings 21:7-13. 2 Kings 17:15); Herod (Acts 12:21-23).

Verse 6

wickedness = lawlessness. Hebrew. rasha". App-44.

overthroweth = subverteth.

the sinner = the sin offering. Hebrew. chata =. sin. Always so rendered in Leviticus. App-43.

Verse 7

maketh himself rich: i.e. or pretendeth to be rich. Hebrew. "ashar. The Hithpael occurs only here.

poor = needy. Hebrew. rush. See note on Proverbs 6:11.

Verse 8

ransom = covering. Hebrew. kopher.

the poor, &c.: i.e. poor [becometh he that] heeded not rebuke.

Verse 9

the righteous = righteous ones.

lamp . . . put out. May mean that his family or line will become extinct.

the wicked = lawless ones.

Verse 10

by pride cometh contention = by pride only cometh, &c. Illustrations: Korah (Num 16); men of Ephraim (Judges 12:1-6); Rehoboam (1Ki 12); the Apostles (Luke 22:24).

well advised: or modest.

Verse 11

by labour = by the hand: "hand"being put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6, for the labour effected by it.

Verse 12

deferred = protracted.

maketh . . . sick = enfeebleth. Illustrations: Abraham (Genesis 15:2, Genesis 15:3); David (Psalms 42:1-3); the Jews (Lamentations 4:17); the two disciples (Luke 24:17, Luke 24:21).

a tree of life. See Genesis 2:9.

Verse 13

the word. Hebrew. dabar (no Art.) App-73.

shall be destroyed. Illustrations: the world (Gen 6; 1 Peter 3:20. 2 Peter 2:6); Israel (Deuteronomy 28:15-68); the lord (2 Kings 7:2, 2 Kings 7:17-20); Joash (2 Chronicles 24:17-25); Amaziah (2 Chronicles 25:16-27. 2 Chronicles 15:32); the priests and others (2 Chronicles 36:16); Jehoiakim (Jeremiah 26:20-24); the Jews (Jeremiah 44:17, Jeremiah 44:27).

shall be rewarded. Illustrations: Pharaoh"s servants (Exodus 9:20, Exodus 9:25); Amaziah (2 Chronicles 25:6-11); Ebed-melech (Jeremiah 39:15-18). Contrast Josiah (2 Chronicles 34:27, 2 Chronicles 34:30) with Jehoiakim his son (Jeremiah 36:23-30; Jeremiah 22:18, Jeremiah 22:19).

Verse 14

the wise = a wise one.

Verse 15

giveth favour. Illustrations: Abraham (Genesis 23:10, Genesis 23:11); Joseph (Genesis 39:2); Joshua (Joshua 6:27); David (1 Samuel 18:14); Abigail (1 Samuel 25:3, 1 Samuel 25:18-34); Daniel (Daniel 1:8, Daniel 1:9; Daniel 6:3); Samuel (1 Samuel 2:26. 1 Samuel 22:1).

hard = rough. This meaning may be substituted for its usual rendering "strong". See Genesis 49:24. Exodus 14:27. Numbers 24:21. Jeremiah 5:15. Amos 5:24. Micah 6:2, &c. Hebrew. "eythan.

Verse 16

fool. Hebrew. kesil. See note on Proverbs 1:7.

folly. Hebrew. "evil. See note on Proverbs 1:7. Illustrations: Balaam (Numbers 22:29, Numbers 22:30); Ahasuerus (Esther 3:10-15); Herod (Matthew 14:7. Mark 6:23).

Verse 17

mischief. Hebrew. ra"a". Same word as "evil" in Proverbs 13:19. App-44.

health = healing. Compare Proverbs 12:18.

Verse 18

Poverty. See note on "poor", Proverbs 13:7.

Verse 19

fools. Hebrew. kesil. See note on Proverbs 1:7. But some codices, with Septuagint and Syriac, read "lawless".

evil. Hebrew. ra"a", App-44.

Verse 20

shall be wise. Illustrations: Uzziah (2 Chronicles 26:5); Joash (2 Chronicles 24:2); Ruth (Proverbs 1:16); Elisha (2 Kings 2:9); Andrew (John 1:40, John 1:41); Nathanael (John 1:45-51).

a companion, &c.: or he that feedeth (or entertaineth) fools shall be bankrupt.

shall be destroyed = shall be broken.

Verse 22

good. Figure of speech Anadiplosis (App-6). Hebrew text Proverbs 13:21 ends with "good", which is repeated at the beginning of Proverbs 13:22.

an inheritance. Not necessarily wealth; but a good name, &c.

children"s = sons". Illustrations: Jacob (Genesis 48:15, Genesis 48:16, Genesis 48:20); Caleb (Numbers 14:24. Joshua 14:14).

Verse 23

in the tillage of, &c.: i.e. with Jehovah"s blessing.

Verse 24

spareth = withholdeth. Illustrations: Eli (1 Samuel 3:13; 1 Samuel 4:11); David (2 Samuel 13:39; 2 Samuel 14:25. 1 Kings 1:6).

chasteneth him betimes = carefully seeketh correction (or discipline) for him: or, seeketh early, &c.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Proverbs 13". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/proverbs-13.html. 1909-1922.