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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Proverbs 14

 

 

Introduction
1From this chapter to the five and twentieth are sundry observations of moral virtues, and their contrary vices.

Verse 1
Every wise woman buildeth her house: but the foolish plucketh it down with her hands.
wise
24:3,4; 31:10-31; Ruth 4:11
the foolish
9:13-15; 19:13; 21:9,19; 1 Kings 16:31; 21:24,25; 2 Kings 11:1

Verse 2
He that walketh in his uprightness feareth the LORD: but he that is perverse in his ways despiseth him.
that walketh
16:17; 28:6; 1 Kings 3:6; Job 1:1; 28:28; Psalms 25:21; 112:1; Ecclesiastes 12:13; Malachi 2:5,6; Acts 9:31; 10:22,35
but
11:12; Job 12:4; Psalms 123:3,4; Luke 10:16; 16:14; Romans 2:4,5; 2 Timothy 3:2,3

Verse 3
In the mouth of the foolish is a rod of pride: but the lips of the wise shall preserve them.
the mouth
18:6; 21:24; 22:8; 28:25; 1 Samuel 2:3; Job 5:21; Psalms 12:3; 31:18; 52:1,2; Psalms 57:4; Daniel 7:20; James 3:5,6; 2 Peter 2:18; Revelation 15:5,6
but
12:6; Romans 10:9,10; Revelation 3:10; 12:11

Verse 4
Where no oxen are, the crib is clean: but much increase is by the strength of the ox.
clean
Amos 4:6
but
13:23; 1 Corinthians 9:9-11

Verse 5
A faithful witness will not lie: but a false witness will utter lies.
25; 6:19; 12:17; 13:5; 19:5,9; Exodus 20:16; 23:1; 1 Kings 21:13; 22:12-14

Verse 6
A scorner seeketh wisdom, and findeth it not: but knowledge is easy unto him that understandeth.
scorner
18:2; 26:12; Isaiah 8:20; Jeremiah 8:9; Matthew 6:22,23; 11:25-27; Romans 1:21-28; Romans 9:31,32; 1 Corinthians 3:18,19; 8:2; 2 Peter 3:3-5
knowledge
8:9; 17:24; Psalms 119:18,98-100; Matthew 13:11,12; James 1:5

Verse 7
Go from the presence of a foolish man, when thou perceivest not in him the lips of knowledge.
9:6; 13:20; 19:27; 1 Corinthians 5:11; Ephesians 5:11

Verse 8
The wisdom of the prudent is to understand his way: but the folly of fools is deceit.
wisdom
2:9; 8:20; Psalms 111:10; 119:5,34,35,73; 143:8; Ephesians 5:17; Colossians 1:9,10; 2 Timothy 3:15-17; James 3:13
folly
11:18; Jeremiah 13:20; *marg:; Luke 12:19,20; Ephesians 4:22; 2 Timothy 3:13

Verse 9
Fools make a mock at sin: but among the righteous there is favour.
Fools
1:22; 10:23; 26:18,19; 30:20; Job 15:16; 34:7-9; Jude 1:18
among
3:4; 8:35; 12:2; 13:15; Romans 14:17,18

Verse 10
The heart knoweth his own bitterness; and a stranger doth not intermeddle with his joy.
heart
15:13; 18:14; 1 Samuel 1:10; 2 Kings 4:27; Job 6:2-4; 7:11; 9:18; 10:1; Ezekiel 3:14; Mark 14:33,34; John 12:27
his, etc
Heb. the bitterness of his soul.
Genesis 42:21
and
Psalms 25:14; John 14:18,23; Philippians 4:7; 1 Peter 1:8; Revelation 2:17

Verse 11
The house of the wicked shall be overthrown: but the tabernacle of the upright shall flourish.
house
3:33; 12:7; 21:12; Job 8:15; 15:34; 18:14,15,21; 20:26-28; 21:28; Job 27:13-23; Zechariah 5:4; Matthew 7:26,27
the tabernacle
11:28; 21:20; Job 8:6; Psalms 112:2,3; 128:3; Isaiah 58:11,12

Verse 12
There is a way which seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof are the ways of death.
12:15; 16:25; 30:12; Matthew 7:13,14; Luke 13:24; Romans 6:21; Galatians 6:3; Ephesians 5:6; James 1:22

Verse 13
Even in laughter the heart is sorrowful; and the end of that mirth is heaviness.
5:4; Ecclesiastes 2:2,10,11; 7:5,6; 11:9; Luke 16:25; James 4:9; Revelation 18:7,8

Verse 14
The backslider in heart shall be filled with his own ways: and a good man shall be satisfied from himself.
backslider
1:32; Jeremiah 2:19; 8:5; 17:5; Hosea 4:16; Zephaniah 1:6; Hebrews 3:12; 2 Peter 2:20-22
filled
1:31; 12:14; Ezekiel 22:31
a good
10; John 4:14; 2 Corinthians 1:12; Galatians 6:4,8

Verse 15
The simple believeth every word: but the prudent man looketh well to his going.
simple
4:26; 22:3; 27:12; Romans 16:18,19; Ephesians 4:14; 5:17; 1 John 4:1
the prudent
8; Amos 5:13; Acts 13:7

Verse 16
A wise man feareth, and departeth from evil: but the fool rageth, and is confident.
feareth
3:7; 16:6,17; 22:3; Genesis 33:9; 42:18; Nehemiah 5:15; Job 31:21-23; Psalms 119:120; 1 Thessalonians 5:22
the fool
7:22; 28:14; 29:9; 1 Kings 19:2; 20:10,11,18; Ecclesiastes 10:13; Mark 6:17-19,24,25; John 9:40

Verse 17
He that is soon angry dealeth foolishly: and a man of wicked devices is hated.
that
29; 12:16; 15:18; 16:32; 22:24; 29:22; Ecclesiastes 7:9; James 1:19
a man
6:18; 12:2; Esther 3:6; 7:5,6; Isaiah 32:7; Jeremiah 5:26-29

Verse 18
The simple inherit folly: but the prudent are crowned with knowledge.
inherit
3:35; 11:29; Jeremiah 16:19; 44:17; Matthew 23:29-32; 1 Peter 1:18
the prudent
4:7-9; 11:30; Daniel 12:3; 2 Timothy 4:8; 1 Peter 5:4

Verse 19
The evil bow before the good; and the wicked at the gates of the righteous.
Genesis 42:6; 43:28; Exodus 8:8; 9:27,28; 11:8; 2 Kings 3:12; Esther 7:7,8; Psalms 49:14; Isaiah 60:14; Micah 7:9,10,16,17; Malachi 4:3; Acts 16:39; Revelation 3:9

Verse 20
The poor is hated even of his own neighbour: but the rich hath many friends.
poor
10:15; 19:7; Job 6:21-23; 19:13,14; 30:10
but
19:4,6; Esther 3:2; 5:10,11
the rich hath many friends
Heb. many are the lovers of the rich.

Verse 21
He that despiseth his neighbour sinneth: but he that hath mercy on the poor, happy is he.
that despiseth
11:12; 17:5; 18:3; Job 31:13-15; 35:5,6; Psalms 22:24; Luke 18:9; James 2:5,6,14-16
he that hath
31; 11:24,25; 19:17; 28:27; Psalms 41:1,2; 112:5,9; Ecclesiastes 11:1,2; Isaiah 58:7-12; Daniel 4:27; Matthew 25:34-46; Luke 6:30-36; Acts 20:35; Hebrews 6:12; 1 John 3:17-22

Verse 22
Do they not err that devise evil? but mercy and truth shall be to them that devise good.
err
17; 12:2; Isaiah 32:7,8
but
Genesis 24:27; Psalms 25:10; 61:7; Matthew 5:7; John 1:17
devise
19:22; 2 Chronicles 6:8

Verse 23
In all labour there is profit: but the talk of the lips tendeth only to penury.
all
12:24; 28:19; John 6:27; Hebrews 6:10,11
but
10:10; Ecclesiastes 5:3; 2 Thessalonians 3:10-12; 1 Timothy 5:13

Verse 24
The crown of the wise is their riches: but the foolishness of fools is folly.
crown
Psalms 112:9; Ecclesiastes 7:11,12; Isaiah 33:6; Luke 16:9
foolishness
27:22; Psalms 49:10-13; Luke 12:19,20; 16:19-25

Verse 25
A true witness delivereth souls: but a deceitful witness speaketh lies.
5; Acts 20:21,26,27; 26:16-20; 1 Timothy 4:1-3; 2 Peter 3:3

Verse 26
In the fear of the LORD is strong confidence: and his children shall have a place of refuge.
fear
3:7,8,25,26; 19:23; Genesis 31:42; Psalms 34:7-11; 112:1,6-8; 115:13,14; Ecclesiastes 7:18; Malachi 3:16-18; 4:2; Acts 9:31
his
18:10; Isaiah 26:20,21; Jeremiah 15:11; 32:39,40

Verse 27
The fear of the LORD is a fountain of life, to depart from the snares of death.
a fountain
13:14; Isaiah 33:6; Revelation 21:6
to
2:10-18; 22:5; Psalms 18:5; Ecclesiastes 7:26

Verse 28
In the multitude of people is the king's honour: but in the want of people is the destruction of the prince.
Exodus 1:12,22; 1 Kings 4:20,21; 20:27; 2 Kings 10:32,33; 13:7

Verse 29
He that is slow to wrath is of great understanding: but he that is hasty of spirit exalteth folly.
slow
17; 15:18; 16:32; Numbers 12:3; Matthew 11:29; 1 Corinthians 13:4,5; James 1:19; 3:17,18
but
22:24,25; 25:8,28; Ecclesiastes 7:9; Daniel 3:19-25; Matthew 2:16
hasty
Heb. short. exalteth.
4:8; Ecclesiastes 10:6

Verse 30
A sound heart is the life of the flesh: but envy the rottenness of the bones.
sound
4:23; Psalms 119:80; 2 Timothy 1:7
envy
Job 5:2; Psalms 112:10; Acts 7:9; Romans 1:29; James 4:5
rottenness
3:8; 12:4; 17:22

Verse 31
He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that honoureth him hath mercy on the poor.
that oppresseth
17:5; 22:2,16,22,23; Job 31:13-16; Psalms 12:5; Ecclesiastes 5:8; Matthew 25:40-46
but
21; 19:17; Matthew 25:40; John 12:8; 2 Corinthians 8:7-9; 1 John 3:17-21; 4:21

Verse 32
The wicked is driven away in his wickedness: but the righteous hath hope in his death.
driven
Job 18:18; 27:20-22; Psalms 58:9; Daniel 5:26-30; John 8:21,24; Romans 9:22; 1 Thessalonians 5:3
the righteous
Genesis 49:18; Job 13:15; 19:25-27; Psalms 23:4; 37:37; Luke 2:29; 1 Corinthians 15:55-58; 2 Corinthians 1:9; 5:8; Philippians 1:21,23; 2 Timothy 4:18; Revelation 14:13

Verse 33
Wisdom resteth in the heart of him that hath understanding: but that which is in the midst of fools is made known.
12:16,23; 13:16; 15:2,28; 29:11; Ecclesiastes 10:3

Verse 34
Righteousness exalteth a nation: but sin is a reproach to any people.
Righteousness
Deuteronomy 4:6-8; 28:1-14; Judges 2:6-14; Jeremiah 2:2-25; Hosea 13:1
but
Deuteronomy 28:15-68; 29:18-28; Psalms 107:34; Ezekiel 16:1-63; 22:1-23
any people
Heb. nations.

Verse 35
The king's favour is toward a wise servant: but his wrath is against him that causeth shame.
king's
19:12,13; 20:8,26; 22:11; 25:5; 29:12; Psalms 101:4-8; Matthew 24:45-51; Luke 12:42-48
him
10:5; 17:2; 19:26

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 14:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-14.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, September 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
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