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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Proverbs 17

 

 

Introduction
1From this chapter to the five and twentieth are sundry observations of moral virtues, and their contrary vices.

Verse 1
Better is a dry morsel, and quietness therewith, than an house full of sacrifices with strife.
a dry
15:17; Psalms 37:16
an house
7:14
sacrifices
or, good cheer. with.
21:9,19

Verse 2
A wise servant shall have rule over a son that causeth shame, and shall have part of the inheritance among the brethren.
wise
11:29; 14:35; Genesis 24:4-67; Ecclesiastes 4:13
that
10:5; 19:26; 29:15

Verse 3
The fining pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold: but the LORD trieth the hearts.
27:21; Psalms 26:2; 66:10; Isaiah 48:10; Jeremiah 17:10; Zechariah 13:9; Malachi 3:2,3; 1 Peter 1:7; Revelation 2:23

Verse 4
A wicked doer giveth heed to false lips; and a liar giveth ear to a naughty tongue.
28:4; 1 Samuel 22:7-11; 1 Kings 22:6-28; Isaiah 30:10; Jeremiah 5:31; 2 Timothy 4:3,4; 1 John 4:5; Revelation 13:3-8

Verse 5
Whoso mocketh the poor reproacheth his Maker: and he that is glad at calamities shall not be unpunished.
mocketh
14:21,31; Psalms 69:9; 1 John 3:17
and
24:17,18; Job 31:29; Jeremiah 17:16; Obadiah 1:11-13,16; Romans 12:15
unpunished
Heb. held innocent.
16:5; *marg:

Verse 6
Children's children are the crown of old men; and the glory of children are their fathers.
Children's
Genesis 50:23; Job 42:16,17; Psalms 127:3-5; 128:3-6
and the
Exodus 3:14,15; 1 Kings 11:12; 15:4

Verse 7
Excellent speech becometh not a fool: much less do lying lips a prince.
Excellent speech
Heb. A lip of excellency.
26:7; Psalms 50:16,17; Matthew 7:5
much
16:10-13; 29:12; 2 Samuel 23:3; Job 34:12; Psalms 101:3-5
lying lips
Heb. a lip of lying.
12:19

Verse 8
A gift is as a precious stone in the eyes of him that hath it: whithersoever it turneth, it prospereth.
gift
23; Psalms 18:16; 19:6; 21:13; 29:4; Exodus 23:8; Deuteronomy 16:19
precious stone
Heb. stone of grace. whithersoever.
Genesis 33:9-11; 43:11; 1 Samuel 25:35; 2 Samuel 16:1-4; Micah 7:3

Verse 9
He that covereth a transgression seeketh love; but he that repeateth a matter separateth very friends.
that covereth
10:12; Psalms 32:1; 1 Peter 4:8
seeketh
or, procureth. but.
16:28

Verse 10
A reproof entereth more into a wise man than an hundred stripes into a fool.
9:8,9; 13:1; 15:5; 19:25; 27:22; 29:19; Psalms 141:5; Revelation 3:19

Verse 11
An evil man seeketh only rebellion: therefore a cruel messenger shall be sent against him.
2 Samuel 15:12; 16:5-9; 18:15,19; 20:1,22; 1 Kings 2:24,25,31,46; Matthew 21:41; Matthew 22:7; Luke 19:27

Verse 12
Let a bear robbed of her whelps meet a man, rather than a fool in his folly.
a bear
28:15; 2 Samuel 17:8; 2 Kings 2:24; Hosea 13:8
rather
27:3; Matthew 2:16

Verse 13
Whoso rewardeth evil for good, evil shall not depart from his house.
1 Samuel 24:17; 31:2,3; 2 Samuel 21:1-14; Psalms 35:12; 38:20; 55:12-15; 109:4-13; Jeremiah 18:20,21; Matthew 27:5,25; Romans 12:17; 1 Thessalonians 5:15; 1 Peter 3:9

Verse 14
The beginning of strife is as when one letteth out water: therefore leave off contention, before it be meddled with.
beginning
19; 26:21; 29:22; Judges 12:1-6; 2 Samuel 2:14-17; 19:41-43; 20:1-22; 2 Chronicles 10:14-16; 13:17; 25:17-24; 28:6
leave
13:10; 14:29; 15:1; 16:32; 19:11; 20:3; 25:8; Genesis 13:8,9; Judges 8:1-3; Ecclesiastes 7:8,9; Matthew 5:39-41; Acts 6:1-5; 15:2-21; Romans 12:18; 1 Thessalonians 4:11; 2 Timothy 2:23,24; James 3:14-18

Verse 15
He that justifieth the wicked, and he that condemneth the just, even they both are abomination to the LORD.
that justifieth
24:23,24; Exodus 23:7; 1 Kings 21:13; Isaiah 5:23; 55:8,9; Ezekiel 22:27-29; Amos 5:7,12; 6:12; Luke 23:18-25; Romans 4:5; James 5:6
abomination
6:16; 11:1; 15:8

Verse 16
Wherefore is there a price in the hand of a fool to get wisdom, seeing he hath no heart to it?
a price
1:22,23; 8:4,5; 9:4-6; Isaiah 55:1-3; Acts 13:46; 2 Corinthians 6:1
seeing
14:6; 18:15; 21:25,26; Deuteronomy 5:29; Psalms 81:11-13; Hosea 4:11; John 3:20; Acts 28:26,27

Verse 17
A friend loveth at all times, and a brother is born for adversity.
18:24; 19:7; Ruth 1:16; 1 Samuel 18:3; 19:2; 20:17; 23:16; 2 Samuel 1:26; 9:1-13; Esther 4:14; John 15:13,14; Hebrews 2:11

Verse 18
A man void of understanding striketh hands, and becometh surety in the presence of his friend.
void
6:1-5; 11:15; 20:16; 22:16,27
understanding
Heb. heart.

Verse 19
He loveth transgression that loveth strife: and he that exalteth his gate seeketh destruction.
loveth
14; 29:9,22; 2 Corinthians 12:20; James 1:20; 3:14-16
he that
16:18; 18:12; 24:27; 1 Samuel 25:36-38; 2 Samuel 15:1; 1 Kings 1:5; Jeremiah 22:13-15; Daniel 4:20,21

Verse 20
He that hath a froward heart findeth no good: and he that hath a perverse tongue falleth into mischief.
He that hath a froward heart
Heb. The froward of heart.
3:32; 6:12-15; 8:13; Psalms 18:26
and he
10:10,14,31; 18:6,7; Ecclesiastes 10:12; James 3:6-8

Verse 21
He that begetteth a fool doeth it to his sorrow: and the father of a fool hath no joy.
that
25; 10:1; 15:20; 19:13; Genesis 26:34; 1 Samuel 2:32-35; 8:3; 2 Samuel 18:33
hath
23:15,16; 2 Corinthians 2:3; Philemon 1:19,20; 3 John 1:4

Verse 22
A merry heart doeth good like a medicine: but a broken spirit drieth the bones.
merry
12:25; 15:13; 18:14; Ecclesiastes 9:7-9; Romans 5:2-5
like a medicine
Heb. to a medicine. a broken.
Psalms 22:15; 32:3,4; 102:3-5; 2 Corinthians 2:7; 7:10

Verse 23
A wicked man taketh a gift out of the bosom to pervert the ways of judgment.
8; 18:16; 21:14; Exodus 23:8; Deuteronomy 16:19; 1 Samuel 8:3; 12:3; Isaiah 1:23; Ezekiel 22:12; Micah 7:3; Mark 14:10,11

Verse 24
Wisdom is before him that hath understanding; but the eyes of a fool are in the ends of the earth.
before
14:6; 15:14; Ecclesiastes 2:14; 8:1; John 7:17
the eyes
23:5; Psalms 119:37; Ecclesiastes 6:9; 1 John 2:16

Verse 25
A foolish son is a grief to his father, and bitterness to her that bare him.
10:1; 15:20; 19:13; 2 Samuel 13:1-22; Ecclesiastes 2:18,19

Verse 26
Also to punish the just is not good, nor to strike princes for equity.
to punish
15; 18:5; Genesis 18:25
to strike
2 Samuel 3:23-25,39; 16:7,8; 19:7; Job 34:18,19; Micah 5:1; John 18:22

Verse 27
He that hath knowledge spareth his words: and a man of understanding is of an excellent spirit.
spareth
10:19; 15:28; James 1:19; 3:2
an excellent spirit
or, a cool spirit.
16:32; Ecclesiastes 9:17; James 3:18

Verse 28
Even a fool, when he holdeth his peace, is counted wise: and he that shutteth his lips is esteemed a man of understanding.
15:2; Job 13:5; Ecclesiastes 5:3; 10:3,14

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 17:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-17.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, November 13th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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