corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.19.12.05
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Proverbs 19

 

 

Introduction
1From this chapter to the five and twentieth are sundry observations of moral virtues, and their contrary vices.

Verse 1
Better is the poor that walketh in his integrity, than he that is perverse in his lips, and is a fool.
Better
22; 12:26; 15:16; 16:8; 28:6; Psalms 37:26; Matthew 16:26; James 2:5,6
perverse
1 Samuel 25:17,25; Isaiah 59:3; Matthew 12:31-34

Verse 2
Also, that the soul be without knowledge, it is not good; and he that hasteth with his feet sinneth.
that the
10:21; Ecclesiastes 12:9; Isaiah 27:11; Hosea 4:6; John 16:3; Romans 10:2; Philippians 1:9
and
1:16; 14:29; 21:5; 25:8; 28:22; Job 31:5; Ecclesiastes 7:9; Isaiah 28:16

Verse 3
The foolishness of man perverteth his way: and his heart fretteth against the LORD.
foolishness
Genesis 3:6-12; 4:5-14; Numbers 16:19-41; 17:12,13; 1 Samuel 13:13; 15:23; 1 Samuel 22:13-23; 1 Kings 20:42,43; 2 Kings 3:9,10; 6:33; 2 Chronicles 16:9,10; Acts 13:45,46
fretteth
Psalms 37:1,7; Isaiah 8:21,22; Revelation 16:9-11

Verse 4
Wealth maketh many friends; but the poor is separated from his neighbour.
maketh
6,7; 14:20; Luke 15:13-15
the poor
10:15; Job 6:15-23; 19:13-17

Verse 5
A false witness shall not be unpunished, and he that speaketh lies shall not escape.
false
9; 6:19; 21:28; Exodus 23:1; Deuteronomy 19:16-21; Psalms 120:3,4; Daniel 6:24
unpunished
Heb. held innocent.
Deuteronomy 5:11; 1 Kings 2:9

Verse 6
Many will intreat the favour of the prince: and every man is a friend to him that giveth gifts.
will
12; 16:15; 29:26; Genesis 42:6; 2 Samuel 19:19-39; Job 29:24,25; Psalms 45:12; Matthew 2:11
and
17:8; 18:16; 21:14; Genesis 32:20; 43:15; Romans 6:23
him that giveth gifts
Heb. a man of gifts.

Verse 7
All the brethren of the poor do hate him: how much more do his friends go far from him? he pursueth them with words, yet they are wanting to him.
the brethren
4; 14:20; Psalms 38:11; 88:8,18; Ecclesiastes 9:15,16; James 2:6
he
21:13; Luke 18:38-40
yet
18:23; James 2:15,16; 1 John 3:17,18

Verse 8
He that getteth wisdom loveth his own soul: he that keepeth understanding shall find good.
wisdom
Heb. an heart.
17:16; Ezekiel 36:26
loveth
8:35,36; John 12:25; 1 Peter 3:10
he that keepeth
2:1-9; 3:18,21; 4:4,6,21; 16:20; 22:18; Psalms 19:11; John 14:21

Verse 9
A false witness shall not be unpunished, and he that speaketh lies shall perish.
false
and
Isaiah 9:15-17; Jeremiah 23:25-32; 28:15-17; 29:31,32; Ezekiel 13:22; 2 Thessalonians 2:8-10; 1 Timothy 4:1,2; 2 Peter 2:1-3; Revelation 19:20; 21:8; 22:15

Verse 10
Delight is not seemly for a fool; much less for a servant to have rule over princes.
Delight
30:21,22; 1 Samuel 25:36; Esther 3:15; Isaiah 5:11,12; 22:12-14; Hosea 7:3-5; 9:1; Amos 6:3-6; Luke 16:19,23; James 4:9
much
2 Samuel 3:24,25,39; Ecclesiastes 10:5-7; Isaiah 3:5

Verse 11
The discretion of a man deferreth his anger; and it is his glory to pass over a transgression.
discretion
or, prudence. deferreth.
12:16; 14:29; 15:18; 16:32; 17:14; Colossians 3:12,13; James 1:19
and
16:32; 20:3; 25:21; Genesis 50:15-21; Matthew 5:44,45; 18:21,22; Romans 12:18-21; Ephesians 4:32; 5:1

Verse 12
The king's wrath is as the roaring of a lion; but his favour is as dew upon the grass.
king's
16:14,15; 20:2; 28:15; Esther 7:8; Ecclesiastes 8:4; Daniel 2:12,13; 3:19-23; 5:19; Daniel 6:24; Luke 12:4,5
his
2 Samuel 23:4; Psalms 72:6; Hosea 14:5

Verse 13
A foolish son is the calamity of his father: and the contentions of a wife are a continual dropping.
foolish
10:1; 15:20; 17:21,25; 2 Samuel 13:1-18; Ecclesiastes 2:18,19
the contentions
21:9,19; 25:24; 27:15; Job 14:19

Verse 14
House and riches are the inheritance of fathers: and a prudent wife is from the LORD.
the inheritance
13:22; Deuteronomy 21:16; Joshua 11:23; 2 Corinthians 12:14
and a
3:6; 18:22; 31:10-31; Genesis 24:7; 28:1-4; James 1:17

Verse 15
Slothfulness casteth into a deep sleep; and an idle soul shall suffer hunger.
casteth
24; 6:9,10; 20:13; 23:21; 24:33; Isaiah 56:10; Romans 13:11,12; Ephesians 5:14
and
10:4,5; 20:13; 23:21; 2 Thessalonians 3:10

Verse 16
He that keepeth the commandment keepeth his own soul; but he that despiseth his ways shall die.
keepeth the
3:1; 29:18; Psalms 103:18; Ecclesiastes 8:5; 12:13; Jeremiah 7:23; Luke 10:28; 11:28; John 14:15,21-23; 15:10-14; 1 Corinthians 7:19; 1 John 2:3,4; 3:22; 5:3; Revelation 22:14
keepeth his
16:17; 21:23; 22:5; Ezekiel 33:5; Matthew 16:26
he that despiseth
13:13; 15:32

Verse 17
He that hath pity upon the poor lendeth unto the LORD; and that which he hath given will he pay him again.
that hath
14:21; 28:8,27; 2 Samuel 12:6; Ecclesiastes 11:1
lendeth
11:24,25; 28:27; Deuteronomy 15:7-14; Isaiah 58:7-11; Matthew 10:41,42; 25:40; 2 Corinthians 9:6-8; Philippians 4:17; Hebrews 6:10
that which he hath given
or, his deed.

Verse 18
Chasten thy son while there is hope, and let not thy soul spare for his crying.
Chasten
13:24; 22:15; 23:13,14; 29:15,17; Hebrews 12:7-10
for his crying
or, to his destruction, or, to cause him to die.

Verse 19
A man of great wrath shall suffer punishment: for if thou deliver him, yet thou must do it again.
man
22:24,25; 25:28; 29:22; 1 Samuel 20:30,31; 22:7-23; 24:17-22; 26:21-25; 2 Samuel 16:5,6
do it again
Heb. add.

Verse 20
Hear counsel, and receive instruction, that thou mayest be wise in thy latter end.
receive
1:8; 2:1-9; 8:34,35
be
Numbers 23:10; Deuteronomy 8:16; 32:29; Psalms 37:37; 90:12,14; Luke 16:19-23

Verse 21
There are many devices in a man's heart; nevertheless the counsel of the LORD, that shall stand.
many
12:2; Genesis 37:19,20; Esther 9:25; Psalms 21:11; 33:10,11; 83:4; Ecclesiastes 7:29; Isaiah 7:6,7; Daniel 11:24,25; Matthew 26:4,5; 27:63,64
nevertheless
16:1,9; 21:1,30; Genesis 45:4-8; 50:20; Job 23:13; Isaiah 14:24,26,27; Isaiah 46:10; Daniel 4:35; Acts 4:27,28; 5:38,39; Ephesians 1:11; Hebrews 6:17,18; 1 Peter 2:8; Jude 1:4

Verse 22
The desire of a man is his kindness: and a poor man is better than a liar.
desire
1 Chronicles 29:2,3,17; 2 Chronicles 6:8; Mark 12:41-44; 14:6-8; 2 Corinthians 8:2,3,12
and
1; Job 6:15; 17:5; Psalms 62:9; Titus 1:2

Verse 23
The fear of the LORD tendeth to life: and he that hath it shall abide satisfied; he shall not be visited with evil.
fear
10:27; 14:26,27; Psalms 19:9; 33:18,19; 34:9-11; 85:9; 103:17; 145:18-20; Malachi 3:16,17; 4:2; Acts 9:31
shall abide
Psalms 90:14; 91:16; Isaiah 58:10,11; Matthew 5:6; Philippians 4:11,12; 1 Timothy 4:8; 6:6-9; Hebrews 13:5,6
he shall
12:21; Romans 8:28; 2 Timothy 4:18

Verse 24
A slothful man hideth his hand in his bosom, and will not so much as bring it to his mouth again.
15; 6:9,10; 12:27; 15:19; 24:30-34; 26:13-16; Psalms 74:11

Verse 25
Smite a scorner, and the simple will beware: and reprove one that hath understanding, and he will understand knowledge.
Smite
21:11; Deuteronomy 13:11; 21:21
beware
Heb. be cunning. reprove.
9:9,10; 15:5; 17:10; Revelation 3:19

Verse 26
He that wasteth his father, and chaseth away his mother, is a son that causeth shame, and bringeth reproach.
wasteth
10:1; 17:25; 23:22-25; 28:14; 30:11,17; Deuteronomy 21:18-21; Luke 15:12-16,30
a son
10:5; 17:2; 28:7

Verse 27
Cease, my son, to hear the instruction that causeth to err from the words of knowledge.
14:7; Deuteronomy 13:1-4; 1 Kings 22:22-28; Matthew 7:15; 16:6,12; Mark 4:24; 7:6-14; John 10:5; 2 Corinthians 11:13-15; Ephesians 4:14; 1 Timothy 4:7; 6:3-5; 2 Peter 2:1,2; 1 John 4:1; 2 John 1:10; Revelation 2:2

Verse 28
An ungodly witness scorneth judgment: and the mouth of the wicked devoureth iniquity.
An ungodly witness
Heb. a witness of Belial.
1 Kings 21:10,13; Acts 6:11-13
scorneth
Psalms 10:5,11; Isaiah 28:14-18; Luke 18:2-4
the
15:14; Job 15:16; 20:12,13; 34:7; Hosea 4:8

Verse 29
Judgments are prepared for scorners, and stripes for the back of fools.
Judgments
3:34; 9:12; Isaiah 28:22; 29:20; Acts 13:40,41; 2 Peter 3:3-7
and
7:22; 10:13; 17:10; 26:3; Hebrews 12:6

 


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 19:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-19.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, December 5th, 2019
the First Week of Advent
ADVERTISEMENT
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology