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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Proverbs 22

 

 

Introduction
1From this chapter to the five and twentieth are sundry observations of moral virtues, and their contrary vices.

Verse 1
A good name is rather to be chosen than great riches, and loving favour rather than silver and gold.
1 Kings 1:47; Ecclesiastes 7:1; Luke 10:20; Philippians 4:3; Hebrews 11:39
loving favour rather than
or, favour is better than, etc.
Acts 7:10

Verse 2
The rich and poor meet together: the LORD is the maker of them all.
rich
29:13; 1 Samuel 2:7; Psalms 49:1,2; Luke 16:19,20; 1 Corinthians 12:21; James 2:2-5
the Lord
14:31; Job 31:15; 34:19

Verse 3
A prudent man foreseeth the evil, and hideth himself: but the simple pass on, and are punished.
prudent
14:16; 27:12; Exodus 9:20,21; Isaiah 26:20,21; Matthew 24:15-18; 1 Thessalonians 5:2-6; Hebrews 6:18; 11:7
the simple
7:7,22,23; 9:16-18; 29:1

Verse 4
By humility and the fear of the LORD are riches, and honour, and life.
By, etc
Heb. The reward of humility, etc.
3:16; 21:21; Psalms 34:9,10; 112:1-3; Isaiah 33:6; 57:15; Matthew 6:33; 1 Timothy 4:8; James 4:6,10

Verse 5
Thorns and snares are in the way of the froward: he that doth keep his soul shall be far from them.
Thorns
13:15; 15:19; Joshua 23:13; Job 18:8; Psalms 11:6; 18:26,27
he
13:3; 16:17; 19:16; Psalms 91:1; 1 John 5:18; Jude 1:20,21

Verse 6
Train up a child in the way he should go: and when he is old, he will not depart from it.
Train up
or, Catechize. a child.
Genesis 18:19; Deuteronomy 4:9; 6:7; Psalms 78:3-6; Ephesians 6:4; 2 Timothy 3:15
the way
Heb. his way. when.
1 Samuel 1:28; 2:26; 12:2,3

Verse 7
The rich ruleth over the poor, and the borrower is servant to the lender.
rich
16,22; 14:31; 18:23; Amos 2:6; 4:1; 5:11,12; 8:4,6; James 2:6; 5:1,4
the borrower
2 Kings 4:1; Nehemiah 5:4,5; Isaiah 24:2; Matthew 18:25
lender
Heb. man that lendeth.

Verse 8
He that soweth iniquity shall reap vanity: and the rod of his anger shall fail.
that
Job 4:8; Hosea 8:7; 10:13; Galatians 6:7,8
the rod of his anger shall fail
or, with the rod of his anger he shall be consumed.
14:3; Psalms 125:3; Isaiah 9:4; 10:5; 14:29; 30:31

Verse 9
He that hath a bountiful eye shall be blessed; for he giveth of his bread to the poor.
He that hath a bountiful eye
Heb. Good of eye.
11:25; 19:17; 21:13; Deuteronomy 15:7-11; 28:56; Job 31:16-20; Psalms 41:1-3; Psalms 112:9; Ecclesiastes 11:1,2; Isaiah 32:8; 58:7-12; Matthew 20:15; 25:34-40; Mark 7:22; Luke 6:35-38; Acts 20:35; 2 Corinthians 8:1,2; 9:6-11; 1 Timothy 6:18,19; Hebrews 6:10; 13:16; 1 Peter 4:9

Verse 10
Cast out the scorner, and contention shall go out; yea, strife and reproach shall cease.
21:24; 26:20,21; Genesis 21:9,10; Nehemiah 4:1-3; 13:28; Psalms 101:5; Matthew 18:17; 1 Corinthians 5:5,6,13

Verse 11
He that loveth pureness of heart, for the grace of his lips the king shall be his friend.
that
16:13; Psalms 101:6; Matthew 5:8
for the grace of his lips
or, and hath grace in his lips.
Psalms 45:2; Luke 4:22
the king
Genesis 41:39-57; Ezra 7:6-11; Nehemiah 2:4-6; Esther 10:3; Daniel 2:46-49; 3:30; Daniel 6:20-23

Verse 12
The eyes of the LORD preserve knowledge, and he overthroweth the words of the transgressor.
eyes
2 Chronicles 16:9; Isaiah 59:19-21; Matthew 16:16-18; Acts 5:39; 12:23,24; Revelation 11:3-11; Revelation 12:14-17
he
Job 5:12,13; Acts 8:9-12; 13:8-12; 2 Thessalonians 2:8; 2 Timothy 3:8,9
words
or, matters,

Verse 13
The slothful man saith, There is a lion without, I shall be slain in the streets.
The slothful
That is, the slothful man uses any pretext, however improbable, to indulge his love of ease and indolence.
15:19; 26:13-16; Numbers 13:32,33

Verse 14
The mouth of strange women is a deep pit: he that is abhorred of the LORD shall fall therein.
mouth
2:16-19; 5:3-23; 6:24-29; 7:5-27; 23:27; Judges 16:20,21; Nehemiah 13:26; Ecclesiastes 7:26
a deep pit
That is, it is like a deep pit, or pitfall, in which animals are often taken alive.
abhorred
Deuteronomy 32:19; Psalms 81:12

Verse 15
Foolishness is bound in the heart of a child; but the rod of correction shall drive it far from him.
Foolishness
Job 14:4; Psalms 51:5; John 3:6; Ephesians 2:3
but
13:24; 19:18; 23:13,14; 29:15,17; Hebrews 12:10,11

Verse 16
He that oppresseth the poor to increase his riches, and he that giveth to the rich, shall surely come to want.
that oppresseth
22,23; 14:31; 28:3; Job 20:19-29; Psalms 12:5; Micah 2:2,3; Zechariah 7:9-14; James 2:13; 5:1-5
he that giveth
Luke 6:33-35; 14:12-14; 16:24

Verse 17
Bow down thine ear, and hear the words of the wise, and apply thine heart unto my knowledge.
Bow
2:2-5; 5:1,2
and hear
1:3; 3:1; 4:4-8; 8:33,34; Isaiah 55:3; Matthew 17:5
apply
23:12; Psalms 90:12; Ecclesiastes 7:25; 8:9,16

Verse 18
For it is a pleasant thing if thou keep them within thee; they shall withal be fitted in thy lips.
it is
2:10; 3:17; 24:13,14; Psalms 19:10; 119:103,111,162; Jeremiah 15:16
within thee
Heb. within thy belly.
Job 32:18,19; John 7:38
fitted
8:6; 10:13,21; 15:7; 16:21; 25:11; Psalms 119:13,171; Malachi 2:7; Hebrews 13:15

Verse 19
That thy trust may be in the LORD, I have made known to thee this day, even to thee.
thy
3:5; Psalms 62:8; Isaiah 12:2; 26:4; Jeremiah 17:7; 1 Peter 1:21
even to thee
or, trust thou also.

Verse 20
Have not I written to thee excellent things in counsels and knowledge,
8:6; Psalms 12:6; Hosea 8:12; 2 Timothy 3:15-17; 2 Peter 1:19-21

Verse 21
That I might make thee know the certainty of the words of truth; that thou mightest answer the words of truth to them that send unto thee?
I
Luke 1:3,4; John 20:31; 1 John 5:13
answer
1 Peter 3:15
them that send unto thee
or, those that send thee.

Verse 22
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
Rob
23:10,11; Ezekiel 22:29
oppress
16; Exodus 23:6; Job 29:12-16; 31:16,21; Zechariah 7:10; Malachi 3:5
in the gate
That is, in the court of justice, which, as we have already seen, was held at the gates of cities in the East.

Verse 23
For the LORD will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them.
the Lord
23:11; 1 Samuel 24:12,15; 25:39; Psalms 12:5; 35:1,10; 43:1; 68:5; 140:12; Jeremiah 50:34; 51:36; Micah 7:9; Malachi 3:5
spoil
Isaiah 33:1; Habakkuk 2:8

Verse 24
Make no friendship with an angry man; and with a furious man thou shalt not go:
21:24; 29:22; 2 Corinthians 6:14-17

Verse 25
Lest thou learn his ways, and get a snare to thy soul.
13:20; Psalms 106:35; 1 Corinthians 15:33

Verse 26
Be not thou one of them that strike hands, or of them that are sureties for debts.
6:1-5; 11:15; 17:18; 27:13

Verse 27
If thou hast nothing to pay, why should he take away thy bed from under thee?
20:16; Exodus 22:26,27; 2 Kings 4:1

Verse 28
Remove not the ancient landmark, which thy fathers have set.
remove
23:10; Deuteronomy 19:14; 27:17; Job 24:2
landmark
or, bound.

Verse 29
Seest thou a man diligent in his business? he shall stand before kings; he shall not stand before mean men.
a man
10:4; 12:24; 1 Kings 11:28; Ecclesiastes 9:10; Matthew 25:21,23; Romans 12:11; 2 Timothy 4:2
he shall stand
That is, he shall have the honour of serving kings; as the phrase denotes.
mean men
Heb. obscure men.

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 22:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-22.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, October 15th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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