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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Proverbs 26

 

 

Introduction
1Observations about fools;
13about sluggards;
17and about contentious busy-bodies.

Verse 1
As snow in summer, and as rain in harvest, so honour is not seemly for a fool.
in summer
1 Samuel 12:17,18
so
3; 28:16; Judges 9:7,20,56,57; Esther 3:1-15; 4:6,9; Psalms 12:8; 15:4; Psalms 52:1; *title; Ecclesiastes 10:5-7

Verse 2
As the bird by wandering, as the swallow by flying, so the curse causeless shall not come.
so
Numbers 23:8; Deuteronomy 23:4,5; 1 Samuel 14:28,29; 17:43; 2 Samuel 16:12; Nehemiah 13:2; Psalms 109:28

Verse 3
A whip for the horse, a bridle for the ass, and a rod for the fool's back.
10:13; 17:10; 19:25; 27:22; Judges 8:5-7; Psalms 32:9; 1 Corinthians 4:21; 2 Corinthians 10:6; 2 Corinthians 13:2

Verse 4
Answer not a fool according to his folly, lest thou also be like unto him.
17:14; Judges 12:1-6; 2 Samuel 19:41-43; 1 Kings 12:14,16; 2 Kings 14:8-10; 1 Peter 2:21-23; 3:9; Jude 1:9

Verse 5
Answer a fool according to his folly, lest he be wise in his own conceit.
a fool
1 Kings 22:24-28; Jeremiah 36:17,18; Matthew 15:1-3; 16:1-4; 21:23-27; 22:15-32; Luke 12:13-21; 13:23-30; John 8:7; 9:26-33; Titus 1:13
lest
12; 28:11; Romans 11:25
conceit
Heb. eyes.
Isaiah 5:21; Romans 12:16

Verse 6
He that sendeth a message by the hand of a fool cutteth off the feet, and drinketh damage.
sendeth
10:26; 13:17; 25:13; Numbers 13:31
damage
or, violence.

Verse 7
The legs of the lame are not equal: so is a parable in the mouth of fools.
not equal
Heb. lifted up. so.
9; 17:7; Psalms 50:16-21; 64:8; Matthew 7:4,5; Luke 4:23

Verse 8
As he that bindeth a stone in a sling, so is he that giveth honour to a fool.
bindeth a stone in a sling
Heb. putteth a precious stone in a heap of stones. This probably refers, as Coverdale understands it, to the custom of throwing a stone to the heap under which a criminal was buried. So the Vulgate, Sicut qui mittit lapidem in acervum Mercurii; ita qui tribuit insipienti honorem, "As he who throws a stone to Mercury's heap, so is he who gives honour to a fool." Mercury was a heathen god of highways; and stones were erected in different parts to guide the traveller: hence those lines of Dr. Young,
so
1; 19:10; 30:22

Verse 9
As a thorn goeth up into the hand of a drunkard, so is a parable in the mouth of fools.
23:35

Verse 10
The great God that formed all things both rewardeth the fool, and rewardeth transgressors.
The great, etc
or, A great man grieveth all; and he hireth the fool, he hireth also the transgressors.
both
11:31; Romans 2:6

Verse 11
As a dog returneth to his vomit, so a fool returneth to his folly.
a dog
Exodus 8:15; Matthew 12:45; 2 Peter 2:22
returneth to his folly
Heb. iterateth his folly.

Verse 12
Seest thou a man wise in his own conceit? there is more hope of a fool than of him.
Seest
22:29; 29:20; Matthew 21:31; Luke 7:44
a man
5,16; 28:11; 29:20; Matthew 21:31; Luke 18:11; Romans 12:16; 1 Corinthians 3:18,19; 2 Corinthians 8:1,2; Revelation 3:17

Verse 13
The slothful man saith, There is a lion in the way; a lion is in the streets.
15:19; 19:15; 22:13

Verse 14
As the door turneth upon his hinges, so doth the slothful upon his bed.
6:9,10; 12:24,27; 24:33; Hebrews 6:12

Verse 15
The slothful hideth his hand in his bosom; it grieveth him to bring it again to his mouth.
slothful
19:24
it grieveth him
or, he is weary.

Verse 16
The sluggard is wiser in his own conceit than seven men that can render a reason.
12; 12:15; 1 Peter 3:15

Verse 17
He that passeth by, and meddleth with strife belonging not to him, is like one that taketh a dog by the ears.
passeth
17:11; 18:6; 20:3; Luke 12:14; 2 Timothy 2:23,24
meddleth
or, is enraged.

Verse 18
As a mad man who casteth firebrands, arrows, and death,
firebrands
Heb. flames, or sparks. arrows.
7:23; 25:18; Genesis 49:23

Verse 19
So is the man that deceiveth his neighbour, and saith, Am not I in sport?
and
10:23; 14:9; 15:21; Ephesians 5:4; 2 Peter 2:13

Verse 20
Where no wood is, there the fire goeth out: so where there is no talebearer, the strife ceaseth.
Where no wood is
Heb. Without wood. so.
22; 16:28; 22:10; James 3:6
tale-bearer
or, whisperer. ceaseth. Heb. is silent.

Verse 21
As coals are to burning coals, and wood to fire; so is a contentious man to kindle strife.
10:12; 15:18; 29:22; 30:33; 2 Samuel 20:1; 1 Kings 12:2,3,20; Psalms 120:4

Verse 22
The words of a talebearer are as wounds, and they go down into the innermost parts of the belly.
words
18:8; 20:19; Ezekiel 22:9
innermost parts
Heb. chambers.

Verse 23
Burning lips and a wicked heart are like a potsherd covered with silver dross.
10:18; 2 Samuel 20:9,10; Ezekiel 33:31; Luke 22:47,48

Verse 24
He that hateth dissembleth with his lips, and layeth up deceit within him;
dissembleth
or, is known. deceit.
11:1; 12:5,17,20; 14:8

Verse 25
When he speaketh fair, believe him not: for there are seven abominations in his heart.
speaketh fair
Heb. maketh his voice gracious.
Psalms 12:2; 28:3; Jeremiah 9:2-8; Micah 7:5
believe
Jeremiah 12:6; Matthew 24:23
seven
6:16-19

Verse 26
Whose hatred is covered by deceit, his wickedness shall be shewed before the whole congregation.
Whose hatred is covered by deceit
or, Hatred is covered in secret.
Genesis 4:8; 1 Samuel 18:17,21; 2 Samuel 3:27-30; 13:22-28; Psalms 55:21-23

Verse 27
Whoso diggeth a pit shall fall therein: and he that rolleth a stone, it will return upon him.
diggeth
28:10; Esther 7:10; Psalms 7:15,16; 9:15; 10:2; 57:6; Ecclesiastes 10:8

Verse 28
A lying tongue hateth those that are afflicted by it; and a flattering mouth worketh ruin.
lying
He that injures another hates him in proportion to the injury; Proprium humani ingenii est, odisse quem l├Žseris, says Tacitlus: and strange to say, in proportion to the innocence of the injured.
John 8:40,44-49; 10:32,33; 15:22-24
a flattering
6:24; 7:5,21-23; 29:5; Luke 20:20,21

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 26:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-26.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, December 11th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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