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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalms 49

 

 

Introduction
1An earnest persuasion to build the faith of resurrection, not on worldly power, but on God.
16Worldly prosperity is not to be admired.

Verse 1
Hear this, all ye people; give ear, all ye inhabitants of the world:
A. M. cir. 3464. B.C. cir. 540. (Title.) A Psalm. This Psalm was probably written by one of the descendants of the sons of Korah, during the Babylonian captivity
for
or, of.
46:1; 48:1; *titles
Hear
34:11; 78:1; Proverbs 1:20-23; Matthew 11:15; 13:9; Revelation 2:7,11,17,29
inhabitants
50:1; Isaiah 49:6; Malachi 1:11; Matthew 28:19,20; Romans 3:29; 10:18

Verse 2
Both low and high, rich and poor, together.
62:9; 1 Samuel 2:7,8; Job 34:19; Proverbs 22:2; Jeremiah 5:4,5; James 1:9-11; 2:1-7; Revelation 6:15-17

Verse 3
My mouth shall speak of wisdom; and the meditation of my heart shall be of understanding.
mouth
Deuteronomy 32:2; Job 33:3,33; Proverbs 4:1,2; 8:6-11; 22:17,20,21; 2 Timothy 3:15-17
meditation
19:14; 45:1; 104:34; Matthew 12:35

Verse 4
I will incline mine ear to a parable: I will open my dark saying upon the harp.
incline
78:2; Matthew 13:35
parable
Numbers 23:7; Ezekiel 20:49; Matthew 13:11-15
dark
Proverbs 1:6; Daniel 8:23; Luke 12:3; 2 Corinthians 3:12

Verse 5
Wherefore should I fear in the days of evil, when the iniquity of my heels shall compass me about?
Wherefore
27:1,2; 46:1,2; Isaiah 41:10,11; Acts 27:24; Romans 8:33,34; Philippians 1:28
days
Proverbs 24:10; Amos 5:13; Ephesians 5:16
iniquity
38:4; Proverbs 5:22; Hosea 7:2
heels
22:16; 56:6,7; Genesis 49:17; 1 Samuel 26:20

Verse 6
They that trust in their wealth, and boast themselves in the multitude of their riches;
trust
52:7; 62:10; Job 31:24,25; Proverbs 10:15; 23:5; Mark 10:24; 1 Timothy 6:17
boast
Esther 5:11; Jeremiah 9:23; Ezekiel 28:4,5; Hosea 12:8; Luke 12:19

Verse 7
None of them can by any means redeem his brother, nor give to God a ransom for him:
give
Matthew 16:26; 20:28; 1 Timothy 2:6; 1 Peter 1:18

Verse 8
(For the redemption of their soul is precious, and it ceaseth for ever:)
Job 36:18,19

Verse 9
That he should still live for ever, and not see corruption.
That he
89:48; Proverbs 10:2; 11:4; Ecclesiastes 8:8; Zechariah 1:5; Luke 16:22,23
see
16:10; John 8:51,52; Acts 2:27,31; 13:33,35-37

Verse 10
For he seeth that wise men die, likewise the fool and the brutish person perish, and leave their wealth to others.
wise
Ecclesiastes 2:16-21; 9:1,2; Romans 5:12-14; Hebrews 9:27
fool
73:22; 92:6,7; 94:8; Proverbs 12:1; 30:2; Jeremiah 10:8
leave
17; 17:14; 39:6; Proverbs 11:4; Ecclesiastes 2:18,19,21,26; 5:13-16; Jeremiah 17:11; Luke 12:20; 1 Timothy 6:6-10

Verse 11
Their inward thought is, that their houses shall continue for ever, and their dwelling places to all generations; they call their lands after their own names.
Their inward, etc
Or, "Their grave is their house for ever, their dwelling place through all generations, though their names are celebrated over countries."
5:9; 64:6; Ezekiel 38:10; Luke 11:39; Acts 8:22
all generations
Heb. generation and generation. they call.
Genesis 4:17; 1 Samuel 15:12; 2 Samuel 18:18

Verse 12
Nevertheless man being in honour abideth not: he is like the beasts that perish.
in honour
20; 39:5; 82:7; James 1:10,11; 1 Peter 1:24
abideth
The word yalin, rendered abideth, signifies to lodge for a night. Man's continuance in the world, or in honour or distinction, resembles a traveller's lodging at an inn, whence he removes in the morning; and is frequently far more transient and evanescent.
beasts
Ecclesiastes 3:18-21; 9:12

Verse 13
This their way is their folly: yet their posterity approve their sayings. Selah.
folly
Luke 12:20; 1 Corinthians 3:19
approve their sayings
Heb. delight in their mouth.
Jeremiah 44:17; Luke 11:47,48; 16:27,28

Verse 14
Like sheep they are laid in the grave; death shall feed on them; and the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning; and their beauty shall consume in the grave from their dwelling.
Like
44:11; Jeremiah 12:3; Romans 8:36
they
Job 17:13,14; 21:13,26; 30:23; Ecclesiastes 12:7; Isaiah 38:10,11
death
Job 24:19,20
upright
47:3; Daniel 7:22; Malachi 4:3; Luke 22:30; 1 Corinthians 6:2; Revelation 2:26,27; 20:4,5
morning
30:5; Hosea 6:3
their
39:11; Job 4:21
beauty
or, strength. in the grave, etc. or, the grave being an habitation to every one of them.
Job 30:23

Verse 15
But God will redeem my soul from the power of the grave: for he shall receive me. Selah.
God
31:5; 56:13; 73:24; Hosea 13:14; Revelation 5:9; 14:13
power
Heb. hand. the grave. or, hell.
16:10; 86:13; 89:48
shall
Luke 23:46; John 14:3; Acts 7:59

Verse 16
Be not thou afraid when one is made rich, when the glory of his house is increased;
Be not
5; 37:1,7; Esther 3:1-6; Proverbs 28:12
glory
Genesis 31:1; Esther 5:11; Revelation 21:24,26

Verse 17
For when he dieth he shall carry nothing away: his glory shall not descend after him.
he shall
Job 1:21; 27:19; Ecclesiastes 5:15; Luke 12:20; 16:24; 1 Timothy 6:7
his
Isaiah 5:14; 10:3; 1 Corinthians 15:43

Verse 18
Though while he lived he blessed his soul: and men will praise thee, when thou doest well to thyself.
while he lived
Heb. in his life. blessed.
Deuteronomy 29:19; Hosea 12:8; Luke 12:19
praise
1 Samuel 25:6; Esther 3:2; Acts 12:20-22; Revelation 13:3,4

Verse 19
He shall go to the generation of his fathers; they shall never see light.
He
Heb. The soul.
Ecclesiastes 3:21; 12:7; Luke 12:20; 16:22,23
to the generation
Genesis 15:15; 1 Kings 16:6
never
56:13; Job 33:30; Matthew 8:12; 22:13; Jude 1:13

Verse 20
Man that is in honour, and understandeth not, is like the beasts that perish.
Man
12; Esther 5:11-14; 7:10
understandeth
Job 4:21
is like
73:18,19; Ecclesiastes 3:18,19

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 49:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-49.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, November 14th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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