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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalms 51

 

 

Introduction
1David prays for remission of sins, whereof he makes a deep confession.
6He prays for sanctification.
16God delights not in sacrifice, but in sincerity.
18He prays for the church.

Verse 1
Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy lovingkindness: according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my transgressions.
A. M. 2970. B.C. 1034. (Title.) when
2 Samuel 12:1-13
after
2 Samuel 11:2-27
O God
25:6,7; 109:21; 119:124; Exodus 34:6,7; Numbers 14:18,19; Daniel 9:9,18; Micah 7:18; 7:19; Romans 5:20,21; Ephesians 1:6-8; 2:4-7
multitude
5:7; 69:13,16; 106:7,45; Isaiah 63:7,15; *marg:; Lamentations 3:32
tender
40:11; 77:9; 145:9
blot
9; Nehemiah 4:5; Isaiah 43:25; 44:22; Jeremiah 18:23; Acts 3:19; Colossians 2:14

Verse 2
Wash me throughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin.
Wash
7; Ezekiel 36:25; Zechariah 13:1; 1 Corinthians 6:11; Hebrews 9:13,14; 10:21,22; 1 John 1:7-9; Revelation 1:5; 7:14
cleanse
7; 19:12

Verse 3
For I acknowledge my transgressions: and my sin is ever before me.
For I
32:5; 38:18; Leviticus 26:40,41; Nehemiah 9:2; Job 33:27; Proverbs 28:13; Luke 15:18-21
my sin
40:12; Isaiah 59:12; Jeremiah 3:25

Verse 4
Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done this evil in thy sight: that thou mightest be justified when thou speakest, and be clear when thou judgest.
Against
Genesis 9:6; 20:6; 39:9; Leviticus 5:19; 6:2-7; 2 Samuel 12:9,10,13,14; James 2:9,11
evil
Genesis 38:7; 2 Kings 17:17; 21:6; Luke 15:21
that thou
50:4,6; Luke 7:29; Romans 3:4
when
Acts 17:31; Romans 2:5; Revelation 15:3,4; 16:5; 19:11

Verse 5
Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me.
shapen
58:3; Genesis 5:3; 8:21; Job 14:4; 15:14-16; John 3:6; Romans 5:12; Ephesians 2:3
conceive
Heb. warm.

Verse 6
Behold, thou desirest truth in the inward parts: and in the hidden part thou shalt make me to know wisdom.
Behold
26:2; 125:4; Genesis 20:5,6; 2 Kings 20:3; 1 Chronicles 29:17; 2 Chronicles 31:20,21; Proverbs 2:21; Jeremiah 5:3; John 4:23,24; 2 Corinthians 1:12; James 4:8
inward
5:9; 1 Samuel 16:7; Job 38:36; Luke 11:39; Romans 7:22
in the hidden
Job 32:8; Jeremiah 31:33; 32:40; 1 Peter 3:4

Verse 7
Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.
Purge
Leviticus 14:4-7,49-52; Numbers 19:18-20; Hebrews 9:19
and
Hebrews 9:13,14; 1 John 1:7; Revelation 1:5
whiter
Isaiah 1:18; Ephesians 5:26,27; Revelation 7:13,14

Verse 8
Make me to hear joy and gladness; that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice.
Make
13:5; 30:11; 119:81,82; 126:5,6; Matthew 5:4
bones
6:2,3; 38:3; Job 5:17,18; Isaiah 57:15-18; Hosea 6:1,2; Luke 4:18; Acts 2:37-41; 16:29-34

Verse 9
Hide thy face from my sins, and blot out all mine iniquities.
Hide
Isaiah 38:17; Jeremiah 16:17; Micah 7:18,19
blot
1; Colossians 2:14

Verse 10
Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.
Create
2 Corinthians 5:17; Ephesians 2:10
clean
73:1; Proverbs 20:9; Jeremiah 13:27; 32:39; Ezekiel 11:19; 18:31; 36:25-27,37; Matthew 5:8; Acts 15:9; 1 Peter 1:22
renew
Romans 12:2; Ephesians 4:22-24; Colossians 3:10; Titus 3:5
right
or, constant.
78:8,37; Joshua 14:14; 1 Kings 15:3-5; Acts 11:23; 1 Corinthians 15:58; James 1:8

Verse 11
Cast me not away from thy presence; and take not thy holy spirit from me.
Cast
43:2; 71:9,18; Genesis 4:14; 2 Kings 13:23; 17:18-23; 23:27; 2 Thessalonians 1:9
take
Genesis 6:3; Judges 13:25; 15:14; 16:20; 1 Samuel 10:10; 16:14; 2 Samuel 7:15; Isaiah 63:10,11
holy
Luke 11:13; John 14:26; Romans 1:4; 8:9; Ephesians 4:30

Verse 12
Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold me with thy free spirit.
Restore
85:6-8; Job 29:2,3; Isaiah 57:17,18; Jeremiah 31:9-14
joy
13:5; 21:1; 35:9; Isaiah 49:13; 61:10; Luke 1:47; Romans 5:2-11
uphold
17:5; 19:13; 119:116,117,133; Isaiah 41:10; Jeremiah 10:23; Romans 14:4; 1 Peter 1:5; Jude 1:24
free
Romans 8:15; 2 Corinthians 3:17; Galatians 4:6,7

Verse 13
Then will I teach transgressors thy ways; and sinners shall be converted unto thee.
Then
32:5,8-10; Zechariah 3:1-8; Luke 22:32; John 21:15-17; Acts 2:38-41; 9:19-22; 2 Corinthians 5:8-20
ways
25:4,8; Isaiah 2:3; Acts 13:10
converted
19:7; Isaiah 6:10; Jeremiah 31:18; Matthew 18:3; Acts 3:19; 15:3; 26:18-20; James 5:19,20

Verse 14
Deliver me from bloodguiltiness, O God, thou God of my salvation: and my tongue shall sing aloud of thy righteousness.
Deliver
26:9; 55:23; Genesis 9:6; 42:22; 2 Samuel 3:28; 11:15-17; 12:9; 21:1
bloodguiltiness
Heb. bloods.
Ezekiel 33:8; Hosea 4:2; Acts 18:6; 20:26
thou God
38:22; 68:20; 88:1; Isaiah 12:2; 45:17; Habakkuk 3:18
tongue
35:28; 71:15-24; 86:12,13
righteousness
Ezra 9:13; Nehemiah 9:33; Daniel 9:7,16; Romans 10:3

Verse 15
O Lord, open thou my lips; and my mouth shall shew forth thy praise.
O Lord
Genesis 44:16; 1 Samuel 2:9; Ezekiel 16:63; Matthew 22:12; Romans 3:19
open
Exodus 4:11; Ezekiel 3:27; 29:21; Mark 7:34
mouth
63:3-5; 119:13; Hebrews 13:15

Verse 16
For thou desirest not sacrifice; else would I give it: thou delightest not in burnt offering.
desirest
6; Exodus 21:14; Numbers 15:27,30,31; 35:31; Deuteronomy 22:22; Hosea 6:6
else would I
or, that I should. delightest.
40:6; 50:8; Proverbs 15:8; 21:27; Isaiah 1:11-15; Jeremiah 7:22,23,27; Amos 5:21-23; Hebrews 10:5,6

Verse 17
The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.
sacrifices
107:22; Mark 12:33; Romans 12:1; Philippians 4:18; Hebrews 13:16; 1 Peter 2:5
a broken spirit
34:18; 147:3; 2 Kings 22:19; Isaiah 57:15; 61:1-3; 66:2; Ezekiel 9:3,4,6; Matthew 5:3; Luke 18:11-14
thou
22:24; 102:17; 2 Chronicles 33:12,13; Amos 5:21; Luke 7:39-50; 15:2-7,10,21-32

Verse 18
Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion: build thou the walls of Jerusalem.
Do
25:22; 102:16; 122:6-9; 137:5,6; Isaiah 62:1,6,7; Jeremiah 51:50; 2 Corinthians 11:28,29
thy
Luke 12:32; Ephesians 1:5,9; Philippians 2:13; 2 Thessalonians 1:11
build
Nehemiah 2:17; Isaiah 58:12; Daniel 9:25; Micah 7:11; Zechariah 2:5

Verse 19
Then shalt thou be pleased with the sacrifices of righteousness, with burnt offering and whole burnt offering: then shall they offer bullocks upon thine altar.
pleased
66:13-15; 118:27; Ephesians 5:2
sacrifices
4:5; Malachi 3:3; Romans 12:1

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 51:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-51.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, November 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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