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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalms 68

 

 

Introduction
1A prayer at the removing of the ark.
4An exhortation to praise God for his mercies;
7for his care of the church;
19for his great works.

Verse 1
Let God arise, let his enemies be scattered: let them also that hate him flee before him.
A. M. 2962. B.C. 1042. (Title.) This magnificent and truly sublime ode is supposed, with much probability, to have been composed by David, and sung at the removal of the ark from Kirjath-jearim
God arise
7:6,7; 44:26; 78:65-68; 132:8,9; Numbers 10:35; 2 Chronicles 6:41; Isaiah 33:3; Isaiah 42:13,14; 51:9,10
be scattered
14,30; 59:11; 89:10; Isaiah 41:15,16; Ezekiel 5:2; 12:14,15; Daniel 2:35
that hate
21:8; Exodus 20:5; Deuteronomy 7:10; John 14:23,24
before him
Heb. from his face.

Verse 2
As smoke is driven away, so drive them away: as wax melteth before the fire, so let the wicked perish at the presence of God.
As smoke
37:20; Isaiah 9:18; Hosea 13:3
as wax
97:5; Isaiah 64:2; Micah 1:4
in the presence
76:7; 80:16; Nahum 1:5,6; 2 Thessalonians 1:8,9; Revelation 6:16,17

Verse 3
But let the righteous be glad; let them rejoice before God: yea, let them exceedingly rejoice.
But
32:11; 33:1; 58:10; 64:10; 97:12; Revelation 18:20; 19:7
rejoice
95:1,2; 98:8,9; 100:1,2; Deuteronomy 12:12; 1 Thessalonians 5:16
exceedingly rejoice
Heb. rejoice with gladness.
21:1; 43:4; 1 Peter 1:8

Verse 4
Sing unto God, sing praises to his name: extol him that rideth upon the heavens by his name JAH, and rejoice before him.
Sing unto God
66:4; 67:4; Isaiah 12:4-6
rideth
33; 18:10; 104:3; Deuteronomy 33:26; Isaiah 19:1
his name
Exodus 3:14; 6:3,8
JAH
[Yâhh] JAH, is an abbrevivation of [Yehôvâh] JEHOVAH and signifies self-existence:--He who derives his being from none, but gives being to all.

Verse 5
A father of the fatherless, and a judge of the widows, is God in his holy habitation.
A father
10:14,18; 82:3,4; 146:9; Job 31:16,17; Jeremiah 49:11; Hosea 14:3
a judge
72:2,4; Deuteronomy 10:18; Job 29:12,13; Isaiah 1:23; Jeremiah 5:28; Luke 18:2-7; Ephesians 5:1
in his
33:14; 2 Chronicles 6:2; 30:27; Isaiah 57:15; 66:1; Acts 7:48,49

Verse 6
God setteth the solitary in families: he bringeth out those which are bound with chains: but the rebellious dwell in a dry land.
God
107:10,41; 113:9; 1 Samuel 2:5; Galatians 4:27
families
Heb. a house. he bringeth.
107:10,14; 146:7; Isaiah 61:1; Acts 12:6-25
the rebellious
107:34,40; Deuteronomy 28:23,24; Hosea 2:3; Malachi 1:3

Verse 7
O God, when thou wentest forth before thy people, when thou didst march through the wilderness; Selah:
O God
114:1-8; Exodus 13:21; Deuteronomy 4:34; Judges 4:14; Habakkuk 3:13
thou didst
Judges 5:4; Micah 2:13; Habakkuk 3:12

Verse 8
The earth shook, the heavens also dropped at the presence of God: even Sinai itself was moved at the presence of God, the God of Israel.
earth
77:18; 114:7; Isaiah 64:1,3; Habakkuk 3:13; Hebrews 12:26; Revelation 11:19
the heavens
Judges 5:4,5
Sinai
Exodus 19:16,18; Deuteronomy 5:23-25
the God
35; 41:13; Isaiah 45:3

Verse 9
Thou, O God, didst send a plentiful rain, whereby thou didst confirm thine inheritance, when it was weary.
didst
65:9-13; 77:16,17; 78:24-27; Deuteronomy 11:10-12,14; Ezekiel 34:26
send
Heb. shake out. confirm thine inheritance. Heb. confirm it.

Verse 10
Thy congregation hath dwelt therein: thou, O God, hast prepared of thy goodness for the poor.
Thy congregation
74:1,2,19; Exodus 19:5,6; Numbers 16:3; 1 Peter 5:3
thou
Deuteronomy 26:5,9,10; 32:8-14; 1 Samuel 2:8; Job 5:10,11; Matthew 11:5; Luke 1:53

Verse 11
The Lord gave the word: great was the company of those that published it.
Lord
40:3; Exodus 14:15; 17:9-16; Judges 4:6-24; Ephesians 4:11
company
Heb. army.
25; Exodus 15:20; Judges 5:1-31; Revelation 19:13

Verse 12
Kings of armies did flee apace: and she that tarried at home divided the spoil.
Kings
Exodus 14:25; Numbers 31:8,9,54; Joshua 10:16,42; 12:7,8-24; Judges 5:19; Revelation 6:15; Revelation 19:17-20
did flee apace
Heb. did flee, did flee. she.
Numbers 31:27; 1 Samuel 30:24

Verse 13
Though ye have lien among the pots, yet shall ye be as the wings of a dove covered with silver, and her feathers with yellow gold.
Though
That is, probably, "Though ye have laboured and lain down between the brick-kilns in Egypt--a poor, enslaved, and oppressed people, yet ye shall gradually rise to dignity, prosperity, and splendour; as a dove, which has been defiled with dirt, disordered, and dejected, by washing herself in a running stream, and trimming her plumage, gradually recovers the serenity of her disposition, the purity of colour, and the richness and varied elegance of her appearance."
ye have
81:6; Exodus 1:14; 1 Corinthians 6:9-11; 12:2; Ephesians 2:1-3; Titus 3:3
the wings
74:19; 105:37; 149:4; 1 Kings 4:20,21; Ezekiel 16:6-14; Luke 15:16,22; Ephesians 5:26,27; Revelation 1:5,6

Verse 14
When the Almighty scattered kings in it, it was white as snow in Salmon.
When
Numbers 21:3,21-35; Joshua 10:10-43; 12:1-24; Revelation 19:14-21
in it, it was
or, for her, she was.
Judges 2:7; Jeremiah 2:3
as snow
51:7; Isaiah 1:18

Verse 15
The hill of God is as the hill of Bashan; an high hill as the hill of Bashan.
of God
2:6; 78:68,69; 87:1,2; Isaiah 2:2,3
of Bashan
Deuteronomy 3:10; Micah 7:14

Verse 16
Why leap ye, ye high hills? this is the hill which God desireth to dwell in; yea, the LORD will dwell in it for ever.
Why
114:4,6; Isaiah 2:2
the hill
132:13,14; Deuteronomy 12:5,11; 1 Kings 9:3; Hebrews 12:22,23; Revelation 21:2,3

Verse 17
The chariots of God are twenty thousand, even thousands of angels: the Lord is among them, as in Sinai, in the holy place.
chariots
18:10; Deuteronomy 33:2; 2 Kings 2:11; 6:16,17; Ezekiel 1:15-28; Daniel 7:10; Matthew 26:53; Revelation 5:11; 9:16
thousands
or, many thousands. as in Sinai.
Exodus 3:5; 19:22,23

Verse 18
Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive: thou hast received gifts for men; yea, for the rebellious also, that the LORD God might dwell among them.
ascended
24:3,7-10; 47:5; 110:1; Mark 16:9; Luke 24:51; Acts 1:2-9; Ephesians 4:8-10; Hebrews 4:14; 6:20; 8:1; 1 Peter 3:22
led
Judges 5:12
received
Luke 24:49; John 14:16,17; 16:7,13-15; Acts 1:4; 2:4,33-38; Ephesians 4:8
for men
Heb. in the man.
1 Corinthians 15:45-47; Colossians 1:18,19; 2:3,9; Hebrews 1:3
rebellious
Proverbs 1:22,23; Isaiah 55:7; Matthew 9:13; Luke 24:47; Acts 2:23,36,38-41; 9:17; 1 Corinthians 6:9-11; 1 Timothy 1:13-15; Titus 3:3-7
that
78:60; 132:13,14; 2 Chronicles 6:18; Isaiah 57:15; Ezekiel 48:35; John 14:17,23; 2 Corinthians 6:16; Revelation 1:20; 2:1; 21:3

Verse 19
Blessed be the Lord, who daily loadeth us with benefits, even the God of our salvation. Selah.
Blessed
72:17-19; 103:1-22; Ephesians 1:3
daily
32:7; 139:17; Lamentations 3:23

Verse 20
He that is our God is the God of salvation; and unto GOD the Lord belong the issues from death.
our God
Isaiah 12:2; 45:17-22; Hosea 1:7; John 4:22
unto
118:17,18; Deuteronomy 32:39; 1 Samuel 2:6; John 5:21,23,28,29; 11:25,26; Hebrews 2:14,15; Revelation 1:18; 20:1
issues
Proverbs 4:23

Verse 21
But God shall wound the head of his enemies, and the hairy scalp of such an one as goeth on still in his trespasses.
God
110:6; Habakkuk 3:13; Mark 12:4
the hairy
55:23
of such
18; 7:12; Proverbs 1:24-33; Ezekiel 18:27-30; Luke 13:5; Hebrews 2:1-3; 12:25; Revelation 2:14-16

Verse 22
The Lord said, I will bring again from Bashan, I will bring my people again from the depths of the sea:
Bashan
Numbers 21:33; Isaiah 11:11-16; 49:22
the depths
Exodus 14:22,29; Isaiah 51:10,11; Jeremiah 23:5-8; Ezekiel 36:24; Hosea 1:10,11

Verse 23
That thy foot may be dipped in the blood of thine enemies, and the tongue of thy dogs in the same.
That
58:10
dipped
Heb. red.
Isaiah 63:1-6
the tongue
1 Kings 21:19; 22:38; 2 Kings 9:33-37; Revelation 19:17-21

Verse 24
They have seen thy goings, O God; even the goings of my God, my King, in the sanctuary.
even
24:7-10; 47:5-7; 2 Samuel 6:12-17; 1 Chronicles 13:8; 15:16-24

Verse 25
The singers went before, the players on instruments followed after; among them were the damsels playing with timbrels.
the players
87:7; 150:3-5; Revelation 14:2,3; 15:2,3
among
148:12,13; Exodus 15:20; Judges 11:34; 1 Samuel 18:6; Jeremiah 31:4,13

Verse 26
Bless ye God in the congregations, even the Lord, from the fountain of Israel.
Bless
107:32; 111:1; 135:19-21; 1 Chronicles 16:7,8-36
from the fountain
or, ye that are of the fountain.
Deuteronomy 33:28; Proverbs 5:16; Isaiah 48:1

Verse 27
There is little Benjamin with their ruler, the princes of Judah and their council, the princes of Zebulun, and the princes of Naphtali.
little
Genesis 42:32; Judges 20:35; 21:6-25; 1 Samuel 9:21; 1 Chronicles 12:16,29; 15:3; 27:12
princes
47:9; 60:7; Isaiah 11:13; Ezekiel 37:19-27
and their council
or, with their company.

Verse 28
Thy God hath commanded thy strength: strengthen, O God, that which thou hast wrought for us.
commanded
42:8; 44:4; 71:3; Isaiah 40:31; John 5:8,9; Acts 3:6-8; 2 Corinthians 12:9,10
strengthen
138:8; Ephesians 3:17-20; Philippians 1:6; 2 Thessalonians 1:11

Verse 29
Because of thy temple at Jerusalem shall kings bring presents unto thee.
Because
1 Chronicles 17:4-12; 22:7-11; 28:10-21; 29:3; 2 Chronicles 2:5,6; 6:8,9
shall
72:10,11; 76:11; 1 Kings 10:10,24,25; 2 Chronicles 32:33; Ezra 7:13-28; Nehemiah 2:8; Isaiah 60:6-11,16,17

Verse 30
Rebuke the company of spearmen, the multitude of the bulls, with the calves of the people, till every one submit himself with pieces of silver: scatter thou the people that delight in war.
Rebuke
2 Samuel 8:1-18; 10:1-19; 2 Chronicles 14:1-15; 20:1-37; Isaiah 37:1-38
company of spearmen
or, beasts of the reeds.
Jeremiah 51:32,33
multitude
22:12,13; Isaiah 34:7; Jeremiah 50:11
every
2:12; 18:44; 2 Samuel 8:2,8-11
scatter thou
or, he scattereth.
delight
120:7; Romans 7:22; James 4:1

Verse 31
Princes shall come out of Egypt; Ethiopia shall soon stretch out her hands unto God.
Princes
72:8-11; Isaiah 19:18-25; 45:14; 60:6,7; 66:19
Ethiopia
Zephaniah 3:10; Acts 8:27-40
stretch
44:20; 88:9; 143:6; 1 Kings 8:22

Verse 32
Sing unto God, ye kingdoms of the earth; O sing praises unto the Lord; Selah:
ye kingdoms
67:2-5; 100:1; 117:1,2; Deuteronomy 32:43; Romans 15:10,11; Revelation 15:4

Verse 33
To him that rideth upon the heavens of heavens, which were of old; lo, he doth send out his voice, and that a mighty voice.
rideth
4; 18:10; 104:3
of old
93:2; 102:25
send out
Heb. give. his voice.
29:3-9; 77:17,18; Ezekiel 10:5; John 12:28,29; Revelation 11:12,15,19

Verse 34
Ascribe ye strength unto God: his excellency is over Israel, and his strength is in the clouds.
Ascribe
29:1,2; 96:6-8; 1 Chronicles 16:28,29; Revelation 19:6
his excellency
Deuteronomy 33:26; 2 Peter 1:17
and his strength
This refers to the phenomena of thunder and lightning; for all nations have observed the electric fluid is an irresistible agent,--destroying life, tearing towers and castles to pieces, rending the strongest oaks, and cleaving the most solid rocks; and the most enlightened nations have justly considered it as an especial manifestation of the power and sovereignty of God.
clouds
or, heavens.

Verse 35
O God, thou art terrible out of thy holy places: the God of Israel is he that giveth strength and power unto his people. Blessed be God.
terrible
45:4; 65:5; 66:5; 76:12; Exodus 15:1; Nehemiah 1:5; Hebrews 12:24-29; Revelation 6:16,17
he that giveth
29:11; Deuteronomy 33:25; Isaiah 40:31; 45:21; Zechariah 10:12; Ephesians 3:16; Philippians 4:13; Colossians 1:11
Blessed
72:18,19

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 68:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-68.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, November 16th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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