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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Romans 5

 

 

Other Authors
Introduction
1Being justified by faith, we have peace with God;
2and joy in our hope;
8that since we were reconciled by his blood, when we were enemies;
10we shall much more be saved, being reconciled.
12As sin and death came by Adam;
17so much more righteousness and life by Jesus Christ.
20Where sin abounded, grace did superabound.

Verse 1
Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:
being
9,18; 1:17; 3:22,26-28,30; 4:5,24,25; 9:30; 10:10; Habakkuk 2:4; John 3:16-18; 5:24; Acts 13:38,39; Galatians 2:16; 3:11-14,25; 5:4-6; Philippians 3:9; James 2:23-26
we have
10; 1:7; 10:15; 14:17; 15:13,33; Job 21:21; Psalms 85:8-10; 122:6; Isaiah 27:5; 32:17; 54:13; 55:12; 57:19-21; Zechariah 6:13; Luke 2:14; 10:5,6; Luke 19:38,42; John 14:27; 16:33; Acts 10:36; 2 Corinthians 5:18-20; Ephesians 2:14-17; Colossians 1:20; 3:15; 1 Thessalonians 5:23; 2 Thessalonians 3:16; Hebrews 13:20; James 2:23
through
6:23; John 20:31; Ephesians 2:7

Verse 2
By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
By whom
John 10:7,9; 14:6; Acts 14:27; Ephesians 2:18; 3:12; Hebrews 10:19,20; 1 Peter 3:18
wherein
9,10; 8:1,30-39; 14:4; John 5:24; 1 Corinthians 15:1; Ephesians 6:13; 1 Peter 1:4
and rejoice
5; 8:24; 12:12; 15:13; Job 19:25-27; Psalms 16:9-11; 17:15; Proverbs 14:32; 2 Thessalonians 2:16; Hebrews 3:6; 6:18; 1 Peter 1:3-9; 1 John 3:1-3
the glory
2:7; 3:23; 8:17,18; Exodus 33:18-20; Psalms 73:24; Matthew 25:21; John 5:24; 2 Corinthians 3:18; 4:17; Revelation 3:21; 21:3,11,23; 22:4,5

Verse 3
And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
but we
8:35-37; Matthew 5:10-12; Luke 6:22,23; Acts 5:41; 2 Corinthians 11:23-30; 12:9,10; Ephesians 3:13; Philippians 1:29; 2:17,18; James 1:2,3,12; 1 Peter 3:14; 4:16,17
knowing
2 Corinthians 4:17; Hebrews 12:10,11

Verse 4
And patience, experience; and experience, hope:
patience
15:4; 2 Corinthians 1:4-6; 4:8-12; 6:9,10; James 1:12; 1 Peter 1:6,7; 5:10
and experience
Joshua 10:24,25; 1 Samuel 17:34-37; Psalms 27:2,3; 42:4,5; 71:14,18-24; 2 Corinthians 4:8-10; 2 Timothy 4:16-18

Verse 5
And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.
hope
Job 27:8; Psalms 22:4,5; Isaiah 28:15-18; 45:16,17; 49:23; Jeremiah 17:5-8; Philippians 1:20; 2 Thessalonians 2:16; 2 Timothy 1:12; Hebrews 6:18,19
because
8:14-17,28; Matthew 22:36,37; 1 Corinthians 8:3; Hebrews 8:10-12; 1 John 4:19
shed
Isaiah 44:3-5; Ezekiel 36:25; 2 Corinthians 1:22; 3:18; 4:6; Galatians 4:6; 5:22; Ephesians 1:13; Ephesians 3:16-19; 4:30; Titus 3:5

Verse 6
For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly.
For
Ezekiel 16:4-8; Ephesians 2:1-5; Colossians 2:13; Titus 3:3-5
without
Lamentations 1:6; Daniel 11:15
in due time
or, according to the time.
Galatians 4:4; Hebrews 9:26; 1 Peter 1:20
Christ
8; 4:25; 1 Thessalonians 5:9
ungodly
4:5; 11:26; Psalms 1:1; 1 Timothy 1:9; Titus 2:12; 2 Peter 2:5,6; 3:7; Jude 1:4,15,18

Verse 7
For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yet peradventure for a good man some would even dare to die.
scarcely
John 15:13; 1 John 3:16
a good
2 Samuel 18:27; Psalms 112:5; Acts 11:24
some
16:4; 2 Samuel 18:3; 23:14-17

Verse 8
But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.
commendeth
20; 3:5; John 15:13; Ephesians 1:6-8; 2:7; 1 Timothy 1:16
in that
Isaiah 53:6; 1 Peter 3:18; 1 John 3:16; 4:9,10

Verse 9
Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him.
being
1; 3:24-26; Ephesians 2:13; Hebrews 9:14,22; 1 John 1:7
we shall
10; 1:18; 8:1,30; John 5:24; 1 Thessalonians 1:10

Verse 10
For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.
when
8:7; 2 Corinthians 5:18,19,21; Colossians 1:20,21
reconciled
11; *marg:; 8:32; Leviticus 6:30; 2 Chronicles 29:24; Ezekiel 45:20; Daniel 9:24; Ephesians 2:16; Hebrews 2:17
we shall
John 5:26; 6:40,57; 10:28,29; 11:25,26; 14:19; 2 Corinthians 4:10,11; Colossians 3:3,4; Hebrews 7:25; Revelation 1:18

Verse 11
And not only so, but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.
but we
2:17; 3:29,30; 1 Samuel 2:1; Psalms 32:11; 33:1; 43:4; 104:34; 149:2; Isaiah 61:10; Habakkuk 3:17,18; Luke 1:46; Galatians 4:9; 5:22; Philippians 3:1,3; 4:4; 1 Peter 1:8
by whom
John 1:12; 6:50-58; 1 Corinthians 10:16; Colossians 2:6
atonement
or, reconciliation.
10; 2 Corinthians 5:18,19

Verse 12
Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:
as by
19; Genesis 3:6
and death
6:23; Genesis 2:17; 3:19,22-24; Ezekiel 18:4; 1 Corinthians 15:21; James 1:15; Revelation 20:14,15
for that
or, in whom. all.
3:23; James 3:2; 1 John 1:8-10

Verse 13
(For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.
until
Genesis 4:7-11; 6:5,6,11; 8:21; 13:13; 18:20; 19:4,32,36; 38:7,10
but sin
4:15; 1 Corinthians 15:56; 1 John 3:4,14

Verse 14
Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come.
death
17,21; Genesis 4:8; 5:5-31; 7:22; 19:25; Exodus 1:6; Hebrews 9:27
even
8:20,22; Exodus 1:22; 12:29,30; Jonah 4:11
who is the figure
Or "type (pattern, or resemblance, [tupos (tu/pov)]) of him who was to come," i.e., THE MESSIAH. Mr. Baxter remarks, It is indeed interesting to compare, on Scripture authority, Adam as the root of sin and death to all, with CHRIST, who is to all true Christians the root of holiness and life.

Verse 15
But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many.
But not
16,17,20; Isaiah 55:8,9; John 3:16; 4:10
many
12,18; Daniel 12:2; Matthew 20:28; 26:28
much
Ephesians 2:8
and the gift
6:23; 2 Corinthians 9:15; Hebrews 2:9; 1 John 4:9,10; 5:11
hath
20; Isaiah 53:11; 55:7; 1 John 2:2; Revelation 7:9,10,14-17

Verse 16
And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences unto justification.
for the
Genesis 3:6-19; Galatians 3:10; James 2:10
but the free
Isaiah 1:18; 43:25; 44:22; Luke 7:47-50; Acts 13:38,39; 1 Corinthians 6:9-11; 1 Timothy 1:13-16

Verse 17
For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.)
For if
12; Genesis 3:6,19; 1 Corinthians 15:21,22,49
by one man's offence
or, by one offence. abundance.
20; John 10:10; 1 Timothy 1:14
gift
6:23; Isaiah 61:10; Philippians 3:9
shall reign
8:39; Matthew 25:34; 1 Corinthians 4:8; 2 Timothy 2:12; James 2:5; 1 Peter 2:9; Revelation 1:6; 3:21; Revelation 5:9,10; 20:4,6; 22:5

Verse 18
Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life.
the offence
or, one offence. upon.
12,15,19; 3:19,20
the righteousness
or, one righteousness.
3:21,22; 2 Peter 1:1
all men
John 1:7; 3:26; 12:32; Acts 13:39; 1 Corinthians 15:22; 1 Timothy 2:4-6; Hebrews 2:9; 1 John 2:20

Verse 19
For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
as by one
so by
Isaiah 53:10-12; Daniel 9:24; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Ephesians 1:6; Revelation 7:9-17

Verse 20
Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:
the law
3:19,20; 4:15; 6:14; 7:5-13; John 15:22; 2 Corinthians 3:7-9; Galatians 3:19-25
But
6:1; 2 Chronicles 33:9-13; Psalms 25:11; Isaiah 1:18; 43:24,25; Jeremiah 3:8-14; Ezekiel 16:52,60-63; 36:25-32; Micah 7:18,19; Matthew 9:13; Luke 7:47; 23:39-43; John 10:10; 1 Corinthians 6:9-11; Ephesians 1:6-8; 2:1-5; 1 Timothy 1:13-16; Titus 3:3-7

Verse 21
That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.
That
14; 6:12,14,16
grace
John 1:16,17; Titus 2:11; Hebrews 4:16; 1 Peter 5:10
through
17; 4:13; 8:10; 2 Peter 1:1
unto
6:23; John 10:28; 1 John 2:25; 5:11-13

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Romans 5:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/romans-5.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, December 13th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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