corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.19.10.20
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Commentaries

Vincent's Word Studies
Romans 15

 

 

Other Authors
Verse 1

Infirmities ( ἀσθενήματα )

Only here in the New Testament.


Verse 8

Of the circumcision

Of those circumcised. See on the election, Romans 11:7.


Verse 9

It is written

The citations are from Psalm 18:50, compare 2 Samuel 22:50; Deuteronomy 32:43; Psalm 117:1; Isaiah 11:10.

Confess

Rev., give praise. See on Romans 14:11.

Sing ( ψαλῶ )

See on James 5:13.


Verse 10

Rejoice ( εὐφράνθητε )

Frequently in the New Testament of merry-making. Luke 12:19; Luke 15:23, Luke 15:24. See on fared sumptuously, Luke 16:19.


Verse 12

Root

See on Nazarene, Matthew 2:23. Root is a sprout from the root.

He that shall rise to reign

Rev., that ariseth to reign. Literally from the Septuagint. Ariseth to reign is a paraphrase of the Hebrew stands as banner. Bengel says: “There is a pleasant contrast: the root is in the lowest place, the banner rises highest, so as to be seen even by the remotest nations.”

Shall - hope

So Septuagint, which is a free rendering of the Hebrew seek or resort to.


Verse 14

d Here the Epilogue of the Epistle begins. Bengel says: “As one street often leads men, leaving a large city, through several gates, so the conclusion of this Epistle is manifold.”

Goodness ( ἀγαθωσύνης )

See on Romans 3:12.

To admonish ( νουθετεῖν )

See on Acts 20:31.


Verse 15

I have written ( ἔγραψα )

Rev., I write. The epistolary aorist. See on 1 John 2:13.

The more boldly ( τολμηρότερον )

Not too boldly, but the more boldly because you are full of goodness.

In some sort ( ἀπὸ μέρους )

See on Romans 11:25. Rev., in some measure, qualifying I write, and referring to some passage in which he had spoken with especial plainness; as Romans 6:12, Romans 6:19; Romans 8:9; Romans 11:17; Romans 14:3, Romans 14:4, Romans 14:10, Romans 14:13, Romans 14:15, Romans 14:20, etc.


Verse 16

Minister ( λειτουργὸν )

See on Romans 13:6.

Ministering ( ἱερουργοῦντα )

Only here in the New Testament. Lit., ministering as a priest.

Offering up ( προσφορὰ )

Lit., the bringing to, i.e., to the altar. Compare doeth service, John 16:2.


Verse 17

Whereof I may glory ( τὴν καύχησιν )

Rather, as Rev., my glorying, denoting the act. The ground of glorying would be καύχημα as in Romans 4:2; Galatians 6:4, etc.

Those things which pertain to God ( τὰ πρὸς τὸν Θεόν )

A technical phrase in Jewish liturgical language to denote the functions of worship (Hebrews 2:17; Hebrews 5:1). According with the sacerdotal ideas of the previous verse.


Verse 19

Signs - wonders

See on Matthew 11:20.

Round about ( κύκλῳ )

Not, in a circuitous track to Illyricum, but Jerusalem and the regions round it. For the phrase, see Mark 3:34; Mark 6:6, Mark 6:36; Luke 9:12; Revelation 4:6. For the facts, Acts href="/desk/?q=ac+20:1-3&sr=1">Acts 20:1-3.

Fully preached ( πεπληρωκέναι )

Lit., fulfilled Some explain, have given the Gospel its fall development so that it has reached every quarter.


Verse 20

Have I strived ( φιλοτιμούμενον )

The verb means originally to be fond of honor, and hence, from a love of honor, to strive, be ambitious. Compare 2 Corinthians 5:9; 1 Thessalonians 4:11. The correct sense is to prosecute as a point of honor.

Foundation ( θεμέλιον )

See on settle, 1 Peter 5:10.


Verse 22

I have been hindered ( ἐνεκοπτόμην )

Imperfect tense, denoting continuousness, and implying a succession of hindrances. Rev., was hindered. Hence these many times.


Verse 23

Place ( τόπον )

Scope, opportunity. So of Esau, Hebrews 12:17. Compare Romans 12:19; Ephesians 4:27.

Many ( ἱκανῶν )

See on worthy, Luke 7:6. The primary meaning is sufficient, and hence comes to be applied to number and quantity; many, enough, as Mark 10:46; Luke 8:32; Acts 9:23, etc. So, long, of time (Acts 8:11; Acts 27:9). Worthy, i.e., sufficient for an honor or a place (Mark 1:7; Luke 7:6; 1 Corinthians 15:9). Adequate (2 Corinthians 2:16; 2 Corinthians 3:5). Qualified (2 Timothy 2:2). Here the sense might be expressed by for years enough.


Verse 24

Spain

The usual Greek name is Iberia. Paul adopts a modification of the Roman name, Hispania.

In my journey ( διαπορευόμενος )

Lit., journeying through, or as I pass through.

To be brought on my way ( προπεμφθῆναι )

Escorted. See on Acts 15:3.

Filled ( ἐμπλησθῶ )

Lit., filled full: satiated. Compare Acts 14:17; Luke 1:53. Rev., satisfied.


Verse 26

Contribution ( κοινωνίαν )

See on fellowship, Acts 2:42.

Poor saints ( πτωχοὺς τῶν ἁγίων )

More literally, and better, the poor of the saints. Rev., among the saints. All the saints were not poor.


Verse 27

To minister ( λειτουργῆσαι )

See on Romans 13:6. By using this word for priestly service, Paul puts the ministry of almsgiving on the footing of a sacrificial service. It expresses the worship of giving.


Verse 28

Sealed - this fruit

Secured to them the product of the contribution. See on John 3:33; see on Revelation 22:10.


Verse 29

Gospel

Omit, and read blessing of Christ.


Verse 30

Strive together ( συναγωνίσασθαι )

The simple verb is used of contending in the games, and implies strenuous effort. Here earnest prayer.


Verse 31

Them that do not believe ( τῶν ἀπειθούντων )

See on Romans 10:21. Better, Rev., them that are disobedient.


Verse 32

With you be refreshed ( συναναπαύσωμαι ὑμῖν )

See on give rest, Matthew 11:28.

 


Copyright Statement
The text of this work is public domain.

Bibliography Information
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Romans 15:4". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/romans-15.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, October 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
ADVERTISEMENT
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology