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Bible Commentaries

Vincent's Word Studies
Romans 15



Other Authors
Verse 1

Infirmities ( ἀσθενήματα )

Only here in the New Testament.

Verse 8

Of the circumcision

Of those circumcised. See on the election, Romans 11:7.

Verse 9

It is written

The citations are from Psalm 18:50, compare 2 Samuel 22:50; Deuteronomy 32:43; Psalm 117:1; Isaiah 11:10.


Rev., give praise. See on Romans 14:11.

Sing ( ψαλῶ )

See on James 5:13.

Verse 10

Rejoice ( εὐφράνθητε )

Frequently in the New Testament of merry-making. Luke 12:19; Luke 15:23, Luke 15:24. See on fared sumptuously, Luke 16:19.

Verse 12


See on Nazarene, Matthew 2:23. Root is a sprout from the root.

He that shall rise to reign

Rev., that ariseth to reign. Literally from the Septuagint. Ariseth to reign is a paraphrase of the Hebrew stands as banner. Bengel says: “There is a pleasant contrast: the root is in the lowest place, the banner rises highest, so as to be seen even by the remotest nations.”

Shall - hope

So Septuagint, which is a free rendering of the Hebrew seek or resort to.

Verse 14

d Here the Epilogue of the Epistle begins. Bengel says: “As one street often leads men, leaving a large city, through several gates, so the conclusion of this Epistle is manifold.”

Goodness ( ἀγαθωσύνης )

See on Romans 3:12.

To admonish ( νουθετεῖν )

See on Acts 20:31.

Verse 15

I have written ( ἔγραψα )

Rev., I write. The epistolary aorist. See on 1 John 2:13.

The more boldly ( τολμηρότερον )

Not too boldly, but the more boldly because you are full of goodness.

In some sort ( ἀπὸ μέρους )

See on Romans 11:25. Rev., in some measure, qualifying I write, and referring to some passage in which he had spoken with especial plainness; as Romans 6:12, Romans 6:19; Romans 8:9; Romans 11:17; Romans 14:3, Romans 14:4, Romans 14:10, Romans 14:13, Romans 14:15, Romans 14:20, etc.

Verse 16

Minister ( λειτουργὸν )

See on Romans 13:6.

Ministering ( ἱερουργοῦντα )

Only here in the New Testament. Lit., ministering as a priest.

Offering up ( προσφορὰ )

Lit., the bringing to, i.e., to the altar. Compare doeth service, John 16:2.

Verse 17

Whereof I may glory ( τὴν καύχησιν )

Rather, as Rev., my glorying, denoting the act. The ground of glorying would be καύχημα as in Romans 4:2; Galatians 6:4, etc.

Those things which pertain to God ( τὰ πρὸς τὸν Θεόν )

A technical phrase in Jewish liturgical language to denote the functions of worship (Hebrews 2:17; Hebrews 5:1). According with the sacerdotal ideas of the previous verse.

Verse 19

Signs - wonders

See on Matthew 11:20.

Round about ( κύκλῳ )

Not, in a circuitous track to Illyricum, but Jerusalem and the regions round it. For the phrase, see Mark 3:34; Mark 6:6, Mark 6:36; Luke 9:12; Revelation 4:6. For the facts, Acts href="/desk/?q=ac+20:1-3&sr=1">Acts 20:1-3.

Fully preached ( πεπληρωκέναι )

Lit., fulfilled Some explain, have given the Gospel its fall development so that it has reached every quarter.

Verse 20

Have I strived ( φιλοτιμούμενον )

The verb means originally to be fond of honor, and hence, from a love of honor, to strive, be ambitious. Compare 2 Corinthians 5:9; 1 Thessalonians 4:11. The correct sense is to prosecute as a point of honor.

Foundation ( θεμέλιον )

See on settle, 1 Peter 5:10.

Verse 22

I have been hindered ( ἐνεκοπτόμην )

Imperfect tense, denoting continuousness, and implying a succession of hindrances. Rev., was hindered. Hence these many times.

Verse 23

Place ( τόπον )

Scope, opportunity. So of Esau, Hebrews 12:17. Compare Romans 12:19; Ephesians 4:27.

Many ( ἱκανῶν )

See on worthy, Luke 7:6. The primary meaning is sufficient, and hence comes to be applied to number and quantity; many, enough, as Mark 10:46; Luke 8:32; Acts 9:23, etc. So, long, of time (Acts 8:11; Acts 27:9). Worthy, i.e., sufficient for an honor or a place (Mark 1:7; Luke 7:6; 1 Corinthians 15:9). Adequate (2 Corinthians 2:16; 2 Corinthians 3:5). Qualified (2 Timothy 2:2). Here the sense might be expressed by for years enough.

Verse 24


The usual Greek name is Iberia. Paul adopts a modification of the Roman name, Hispania.

In my journey ( διαπορευόμενος )

Lit., journeying through, or as I pass through.

To be brought on my way ( προπεμφθῆναι )

Escorted. See on Acts 15:3.

Filled ( ἐμπλησθῶ )

Lit., filled full: satiated. Compare Acts 14:17; Luke 1:53. Rev., satisfied.

Verse 26

Contribution ( κοινωνίαν )

See on fellowship, Acts 2:42.

Poor saints ( πτωχοὺς τῶν ἁγίων )

More literally, and better, the poor of the saints. Rev., among the saints. All the saints were not poor.

Verse 27

To minister ( λειτουργῆσαι )

See on Romans 13:6. By using this word for priestly service, Paul puts the ministry of almsgiving on the footing of a sacrificial service. It expresses the worship of giving.

Verse 28

Sealed - this fruit

Secured to them the product of the contribution. See on John 3:33; see on Revelation 22:10.

Verse 29


Omit, and read blessing of Christ.

Verse 30

Strive together ( συναγωνίσασθαι )

The simple verb is used of contending in the games, and implies strenuous effort. Here earnest prayer.

Verse 31

Them that do not believe ( τῶν ἀπειθούντων )

See on Romans 10:21. Better, Rev., them that are disobedient.

Verse 32

With you be refreshed ( συναναπαύσωμαι ὑμῖν )

See on give rest, Matthew 11:28.


Copyright Statement
The text of this work is public domain.

Bibliography Information
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Romans 15:4". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, November 14th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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