Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 14:1

At that time Abijah the son of Jeroboam became sick.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Abijah;   Jeroboam;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Abijah;   Ahijah;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Jeroboam;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Heal, Health;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Jeroboam;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Shiloh (2);   Holman Bible Dictionary - Abijah;   Ahijah;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Abijah;   Medicine;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Possession;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Abijah ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Abijah;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Abi'jah;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Abijah;   Baasha;   Jeroboam;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Israel;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Pain;   Sick;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Abijah;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Ahijah (the Prophet);  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Abijah - fell sick - This was but a prelude to the miseries which fell on the house of Jeroboam; but it was another merciful warning, intended to turn him from his idolatry and wickedness.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:1". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-kings-14.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

At that time - The phrase here connects the narrative which follows with Jeroboam‘s persistence in his evil courses. The event related is the first judgment upon him for his obduracy, the beginning of the cutting off of his house from the face of the earth.

Abijah - We see by this name that Jeroboam did not intend to desert the worship of Yahweh, since its signification is “Yahweh is my father,” or “Yahweh is my desire” Job 34:36.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:1". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-kings-14.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

JEROBOAM TRYING TO HIDE FROM GOD;

PROPHECIES REGARDING ISRAEL'S CAPTIVITY AND HARDENING;

REHOBOAM'S LOSS OF THE GOLDEN SHIELDS

Following the death of Solomon and the division of Israel into two kingdoms, there came a dramatic shift in the interest of the sacred narrator. Kings became less and less important, and the prophets of God moved up front and center stage in Biblical emphasis. This chapter focuses upon the word of Jehovah to the prophet Ahijah, but it summarizes the whole twenty-two years of Jeroboam's reign in a few short lines (1 Kings 14:19-20).

To all intents and purposes of God, the monarchy of Israel had already ended in total failure and disgrace, and from that time forward Israel's only hope was to be found in their honoring of the word of the holy prophets. The racial nation, that is, the vast majority of them, also missed that hope, even rejecting the Christ when he came.

In the preceding two chapters, we were astounded at the excuses many modern writers offer for Jeroboam's installation of his bull calf-idols at Dan and Bethel, because the true and correct evaluation of Jeroboam's conduct in his installation of those idols is spelled out clearly in the words of God's prophet in this chapter.

JEROBOAM ADMITTED HIS ALIENATION FROM GOD

"At that time Abijah the son of Jeroboam fell sick. And Jeroboam said to his wife. Arise, I pray thee, and disguise thyself, that thou be not known to be the wife of Jeroboam; and get thee to Shiloh: behold, there is Ahijah the prophet, who spake concerning me that I should be king over this people. And take with thee ten loaves, and cakes, and a cruse of honey, and go to him: he will tell thee what shall become of the child. And Jeroboam's wife did so, and arose, and went to Shiloh, and came to the house of Ahijah. Now Ahijah could not see; for his eyes were set by reason of his age. And Jehovah said unto Ahijah, Behold, the wife of Jeroboam cometh to inquire of thee concerning her son; for he is sick: thus and thus shall thou say unto her: for it will be when she cometh in, that she will feign herself to be another woman."

Jeroboam in this maneuver confessed his estrangement from God, but he thought by hiding his identity that he might procure God's blessing by subterfuge.

TRYING TO HIDE FROM GOD

I. Adam and Eve tried to hide in Eden.

II. Ahab tried to hide in battle (1 Kings 22:30).

III. Jonah tried to hide by flight to Tarshish.

IV. Some try to hide from God by moving to some large city.

V. Forsaking the church is a means of hiding from God for some.

VI. Jeroboam found that no man can hide from God.

"Abijah the son of Jeroboam fell sick" (1 Kings 14:1). Both the word of the prophet and the mourning of the people indicate that Abijah was not wicked like his father.

"Disguise thyself" (1 Kings 14:2). It is strange indeed that Jeroboam believed that he could deceive Ahijah. Of course, Ahijah was blind, and that might have prompted Jeroboam's foolish maneuver.

"Take ... ten loaves ... cakes ... cruse of honey" (1 Kings 14:3). What a paltry gift from a king! She was pretending to be the wife of a farmer.

"And Jehovah said unto Ahijah" (1 Kings 14:5). The message of God for Jeroboam through this prophet is the important part of this chapter, and that comes next.

Copyright Statement
Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:1". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-kings-14.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

At that time Abijah, the son of Jeroboam, fell sick. Being smitten of God with some disease, as a punishment of Jeroboam's sin; how long this was after the above things were done cannot be said.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:1". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-14.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

1 Kings 14:1-20. Ahijah denounces God‘s judgments against Jeroboam.

At that time — a phrase used often loosely and indefinitely in sacred history. This domestic incident in the family of Jeroboam probably occurred towards the end of his reign; his son Abijah was of age and considered by the people the heir to the throne.

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:1". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/1-kings-14.html. 1871-8.

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary

CONTENTS

In this chapter begins the history of Israel and Judah in the division of the two kingdoms; so that attention should be paid in the reading to distinguish to which the subject belongs. The chapter opens with the relation of the affairs of Israel under king Jeroboam, and concludes his reign. The latter end of the chapter relates to the affairs of the kingdom of Judah under Rehoboam, and the close of his reign.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Hawker, Robert, D.D. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:1". "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/1-kings-14.html. 1828.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

At that time Abijah the son of Jeroboam fell sick.

At that time — Presently after the things described in the former chapter; which, though related in the beginning of his reign, yet might be done a good while after it, and so Ahijah the prophet might be very old, as he is described to be verse4. It is probable he was his eldest son.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:1". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-kings-14.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 14:1 At that time Abijah the son of Jeroboam fell sick.

Ver. 1. At that time.] While Jeroboam did evil as he could, walking contrary to God, God also walked as contrary to him; for is it fit that he should lay down the bucklers first

Abijah the son of Jeroboam.] His son and heir, likely, as was also Rehoboam’s son Abijah, not Abiud, as Sulpitius Severus calleth him.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:1". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-14.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

1 KINGS CHAPTER 14

Jeroboam sendeth his wife disguised, and with presents, to the prophet Ahijah at Shiloh, to inquire concerning his son, who was sick, 1 Kings 14:1-4. He, forewarned by God, denounceth his ruin because of idolatry; and the death of his child; and the destruction of Israel, 1 Kings 14:5-16. His son dieth, and is buried; and he likewise: Nadab his son succeedeth, 1 Kings 14:17-20. Rehoboam and Judah sin against the Lord, 1 Kings 4:21-24. Shishak king of Egypt spoileth Jerusalem, 1 Kings 14:25-28. He dieth, and Abijam his son suceeedeth, 1 Kings 14:29-31.

Either, first, Presently after the things described in the former chapter; which though related in the beginning of his reign, yet might be done a good while after it, and so Ahijah the prophet might be very old, as he is described to be, 1 Kings 14:4. Or, secondly, Many years after it, i.e. whilst Jeroboam persisted in his former course; for this phrase is oft used indefinitely, and without respect to the time last mentioned before it, as Daniel 12:1 Matthew 4:1. Abijah fell sick, by the stroke of God, to punish Jeroboam’s rebellion against God.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:1". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-14.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

1.At that time — While Jeroboam was engaged in his impious sacrilege and idolatry.

Abijah — Probably the king’s oldest son, and heir-apparent to the crown.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:1". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-kings-14.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

1 Kings 14:1. At that time — Presently after the things related in the foregoing chapter, which, though apparently connected with the beginning of his reign, yet might possibly be done a good while after it, and so Ahijah the prophet be very old, as he is described to be, 1 Kings 14:4. It is probable this Abijah was Jeroboam’s eldest son.

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:1". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/1-kings-14.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

At. The Septuagint omit the 20 verses following. But Grabe's edition has them marked with asterisks, (Haydock) as being supplied from Theodotion, &c. The Vatican copy gives a great part, with some circumstances which occur no where else, chap. xii. 24. (Calmet) --- The wife of Jeroboam is there called Ano, (Menochius) the elder sister of the queen of Egypt, Thekemina. See chap. xi. 19; where Adad marries another sister. (Haydock) --- Time. This expression does not determine the year. (St. Chrysostom, &c.) --- The passage in the Vatican Septuagint seems to place this death before Jeroboam ascended the throne: but it took place rather at the end of his reign, ver. 14. Abia seems to have been his eldest son, and fit for command; so that the people mourn for him, which they would hardly have done for an infant. (Calmet)

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:1". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-kings-14.html. 1859.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

At that time Abijah the son of Jeroboam fell sick.

At that time - a phrase used often loosely and indefinitely, in sacred history. This domestic incident in the family of Jeroboam probably occurred toward the end of his reign. His son Abijah was of age, and considered by the people the heir to the throne.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:1". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-kings-14.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(1) Abijah (“whose father is Jehovah”).—The coincidence of names in the sons of Jeroboam and Rehoboam is curious. Possibly it may be more than coincidence, if (as seems likely) the births of both took place about the same time, when Jeroboam was in favour with Solomon.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:1". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-kings-14.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

At that time Abijah the son of Jeroboam fell sick.
that time
13:33,34
the son
12,13; Exodus 20:5; 1 Samuel 4:19,20; 31:2; 2 Samuel 12:15
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 14:27 - guard;  1 Kings 15:8 - Abijam;  2 Kings 8:8 - inquire;  Jeremiah 37:17 - asked

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:1". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-14.html.