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Holman Bible Dictionary

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OR ABIJAM (uh bi' jah) Personal name meaning, “my Father is Yahweh.” 1. Second son of Samuel whose crooked acts as judge led Israel to demand a king (1 Samuel 8:2-5).2 . Son of Jeroboam, first king of the Northern Kingdom Israel. Abijah died according to prophecy of Ahijah (1 Kings 14:1-18).3 . Son of Rehoboam and second king of divided Southern Kingdom of Judah (915-913), called Abijam in 1 Kings 15:1 , a name meaning, “my father is Yam” (or sea), possibly a reference to Canaanite god. Abijah was his father's favorite son (2 Chronicles 11:22 ). Abijah followed the sins of Rehoboam (1 Kings 15:3 ) but still maintained proper worship in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 13:10 ), and God gave him victory over Jeroboam of Israel (2 Chronicles 13:15-20 ). Abijah was remembered for his large family (2 Chronicles 13:21 ). He is listed in the ancestors of Jesus (Matthew 1:7 ). 4 . Wife of Hezron connected with genealogy of Caleb in a text whose meaning is not clear (1 Chronicles 2:24 ). 5 . A grandson of Benjamin (1 Chronicles 7:8 ). 6 . A priestly descendant of Aaron (1 Chronicles 24:10 ). 7 . A priest under Nehemiah who signed a covenant to obey God's law (Nehemiah 10:7 ). 8 . A leading priest in the days of the return from Exile (Nehemiah 12:4 ), and then a priestly house (Nehemiah 12:17 ) to which Zechariah, father of John the Baptist, belonged (Luke 1:5 ). 9 . Mother of King Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 29:1 ) and thus a powerful political influence. See Abia , Abiah .

Bibliography Information
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Abijah'. Holman Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/​dictionaries/​eng/​hbd/​a/abijah.html. 1991.
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