Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 14:17

Then Jeroboam's wife arose and departed and came to Tirzah. As she was entering the threshold of the house, the child died.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Abijah;   Jeroboam;   Prophecy;   Tirzah;   Thompson Chain Reference - Fulfilment of Prophecy;   Prophecy;   Tirzah;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Abijah;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Ahijah;   Jeroboam;   Palestine;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Jeroboam;   Tirza;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Israel;   Jeroboam;   Tirzah (2);   Holman Bible Dictionary - Abijah;   Ahijah;   Tirzah;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Abijah;   House;   Israel;   Tirzah;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Abijah ;   Ahijah ;   Tirzah ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Israel kingdom of;   Tirzah;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Israel, Kingdom of;   Tir'zah,;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Jeroboam;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Israel;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Door;   House;   Israel, Kingdom of;   Jeroboam;   Samaria, City of;   Tirzah;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Abijah;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Ahijah (the Prophet);  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Jeroboam had by this time removed from Shechem, and established a new capital in Tirzah, one of the old Canaanite towns Joshua 12:24 - a town of great reputation for beauty, counted in that respect on a par with Jerusalem 1 Kings 16:23-24. Toward the close of the kingdom it appears again as the city of Menahem, who murdered Shallum and succeeded him 2 Kings 15:14.

The threshold of the door - literally,” the threshold of the house.” Compare the prophecy 1 Kings 14:12. The child actually died as she crossed the threshold of the palace. Probably the palace, like that of Sargon at Khorsabad, lay at the outer edge of the town.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:17". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-kings-14.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

THE DEATH OF JEROBOAM'S SON; ABIJAH

"And Jeroboam's wife arose, and departed, and came to Tirzah: and as she came to the threshold of the house, the child died. And all Israel buried him, and mourned for him, according to the word of Jehovah, which he spake by his servant Ahijah the prophet."

"Jeroboam's wife arose, ... and came to Tirzah" (1 Kings 14:17). "This place was a few miles northeast of Shechem where the royal residence was located in the times of Jeroboam."[3] Just as God's prophet had said it would happen, Abijah died as soon as Jeroboam's wife came home. It seems very strange to us that none of the critics have denied that this happened. Perhaps they deny only those passages which contradict their false theories. Ahijah's prophecy of the child's death was just as valid as the other prophecies.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:17". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-kings-14.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And Jeroboam's wife arose, and departed, Upon this speech of the prophet's to her:

and came to Tirzah; where Jeroboam now had his court, and where their son now was; it was a royal city in the time of the Canaanites, and is commonly placed in the tribe of Manasseh, and was a very pleasant one, as its name signifies, to which there is an allusion, Song of Solomon 6:4; see Gill on Joshua 12:24,

and when she came to the threshold of the door, the child died: just as she was about to step over the threshold of the royal palace, which seems to have been at the entering of the city of Tirzah, 1 Kings 14:12.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:17". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-14.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Tirzah — a place of pre-eminent beauty (Song of Solomon 6:4), three hours‘ travelling east of Samaria, chosen when Israel became a separate kingdom, by the first monarch, and used during three short reigns as a residence of the royal house. The fertile plains and wooded hills in that part of the territory of Ephraim gave an opening to the formation of parks and pleasure-grounds similar to those which were the “paradises” of Assyrian and Persian monarchs [Stanley]. Its site is occupied by the large village of Taltise [Robinson]. As soon as the queen reached the gate of the palace, she received the intelligence that her son was dying, according to the prophet‘s prediction [1 Kings 14:12 ].

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:17". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/1-kings-14.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And Jeroboam's wife arose, and departed, and came to Tirzah: and when she came to the threshold of the door, the child died;

Tirzah — An ancient and royal city, in a pleasant place, where the kings of Israel had a palace, whither Jeroboam was now removed from Shechem, either for his pleasure, or for his son's recovery, by the healthfulness of the place.

The threshold — Of the king's house, which probably was upon, or by the wall of the city, and near the gate.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:17". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-kings-14.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 14:17 And Jeroboam’s wife arose, and departed, and came to Tirzah: [and] when she came to the threshold of the door, the child died;

Ver. 17. And came to Tirzah.] A pleasant cry, [Song of Solomon 6:4] but to her at this time dismal and dolorous: the door also thereof, - whereto when she came, the child died, - like the porta Scelerata in Rome, whereof see Florus, lib. i. cap. 12.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:17". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-14.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Tirzah; an ancient and royal city, Joshua 12:24, in a pleasant place, Song of Solomon 6:4, where the kings of Israel had a palace, 1 Kings 15:33 16:6,8,15,23; whither Jeroboam was removed from Shechem, either for his pleasure, or for his son’s recovery, by the healthfulness of the place.

To the threshold of the door, to wit, of the king’s house, which probably was upon or by the wall of the city, and near the gate, which was the place of judicature. See 1 Kings 14:12.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:17". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-14.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

17.Tirzah — This was the royal residence of the kings of Israel until Omri built Samaria and made it the capital of the northern kingdom. Possibly it was Jeroboam’s birthplace, and identical with Zereda of 1 Kings 11:26. It was the residence of a Canaanitish king who was conquered by Joshua. See Joshua 12:24. It is identified by Dr. Robinson with the modern Tulluzah, about five miles north of Shechem. The modern town “is of some size, and tolerably well built. We saw no remains of antiquity, except a few sepulchral excavations and some cisterns. The place lies in a sightly and commanding position; though the change of royal residence to the still more beautiful and not distant Samaria would be very natural.” — Robinson.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:17". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-kings-14.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

1 Kings 14:17. And come to Tirzah — An ancient and royal city, in a pleasant place, where the kings of Israel had a palace, whither Jeroboam was now removed from Shechem, either for his pleasure, or for his son’s recovery, by the healthfulness of the place. When she came to the threshold — Of the king’s house, which probably was upon or by the wall of the city, and near the gate.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:17". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/1-kings-14.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Thersa. Septuagint inform us that Jeroboam had built this place, which the call Sarira, while he was employed by Solomon. No wonder, therefore, that it is not mentioned by Josue. Its exact situation is not known, though it must have been very delightful, since Solomon compares the spouse to it. (Calmet) --- Where we read sweet, (Canticle of Canticles vi. 3.) Hebrew has, "Thou art beautiful....as Thersa, and comely as Jerusalem." Hither Jeroboam had removed his court from Sichem. (Tirinus) --- Some place Thersa in the tribe of Manasses; (Adrichomius) others, in that of Ephraim. (Bonfrere) --- House. Hebrew, "door," or gate of the city, when the prophet had denounced that the child should die, (ver. 12.) unless the palace was contiguous to the walls. (Haydock)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:17". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-kings-14.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Tirzah. Afterward made the capital by Baasha (1 Kings 15:21), till Samaria was built by Omri (1 Kings 15:33; 1 Kings 16:8, 1 Kings 16:15, 1 Kings 16:23, 1 Kings 16:24).

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:17". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-kings-14.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And Jeroboam's wife arose, and departed, and came to Tirzah: and when she came to the threshold of the door, the child died;

Tirzah - the residence of an ancient king of Canaan; a place of pre-eminent beauty (Song of Solomon 6:4), and probably of great salubrity also, three hours traveling east of Samaria; chosen, when Israel became a separate kingdom, by the first monarch, in whose reign, 'it was to Shechem what Windsor is to London' (Porter's 'Handbook,' p.

348), and used during three short reigns (about 40 years) as a residence of the royal house (Joshua 12:24; 1 Kings 15:17-21). The fertile plains and wooded hills in that part of the territory of Ephraim gave an opening to the formation of parks and pleasure grounds similar to those which were the 'paradises' of Assyrian and Persian monarchs (Stanley, 'Sinai and Palestine,' p. 240). Its site is occupied by the large village of Tulluzah, next to Thebez (Tubas), district of Haritheh, north of Nabulus (Robinson's 'Biblical Researches,' 3:, p. 158; also Second Appendix). As soon as the queen reached the gate of the palace, she received the intelligence that her son was dying, according to the prophet's prediction.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:17". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-kings-14.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(17) Tirzah.—From this incidental notice it would seem that Jeroboam had removed his habitation, temporarily or permanently, to Tirzah, a place renowned for beauty (Song of Solomon 6:4), and farther from the hostile frontier than Shechem. It seems to have continued as the capital till the foundation of Samaria. Its site is generally identified with a spot now called Tellûzah, about nine miles north-east of Shechem, still in the high ground of Mount Ephraim.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:17". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-kings-14.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And Jeroboam's wife arose, and departed, and came to Tirzah: and when she came to the threshold of the door, the child died;
Tirzah
Tirzah was a city of Ephraim, to which tribe Jeroboam belonged; and appears to have been pleasantly situated, as it is said in So 6:4, "Thou art beautiful, O my love, as Tirzah," though its precise situation cannot now be ascertained. It seems to have been the royal city, and the seat of government for a long time after the revolt of the ten tribes, till Omri built Samaria.
15:21,33; 16:6,8,9,15,23; Joshua 12:24; Song of Solomon 6:4
when she came
12,13; 1 Samuel 2:20-34; 4:18-20
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 15:14 - Tirzah

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:17". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-14.html.