Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 14:21

Now Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah. Rehoboam was forty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city which the Lord had chosen from all the tribes of Israel to put His name there. And his mother's name was Naamah the Ammonitess.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Naamah;   Thompson Chain Reference - Rehoboam;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Kings;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Ammon;   Rehoboam;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Elect, Election;   Jews, Judaism;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Naamah;   Rehoboam;   Solomon;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Kings, the Books of;   Naamah;   Rehoboam;   Solomon;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Queen;   Rehoboam;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Abijah;   Ammon, Ammonites;   Naamah;   Rehoboam,;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Boyhood ;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Ammon, Ammonites, Children of Ammon;   Naamah ;   Rehoboam ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Naamah;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Rehoboam;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ammoni'tess,;   Na'amah;   Rehobo'am;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Rehoboam;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Babylonish Captivity, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Ammonitess;   Naamah (1);   Queen Mother;   Rehoboam;   Relationships, Family;   Solomon;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Ammon, Ammonites;   Solomon;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

On the age of Rehoboam at his accession, see 1 Kings 12:8 note. The 17 years of his reign must have been complete, or a little more than complete, if Abijam ascended the throne in the “eighteenth” year of Jeroboam 1 Kings 15:1.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:21". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-kings-14.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

THE ACCOUNT OF REHOBOAM'S EVIL REIGN IN JUDAH

"And Rehoboam, son of Solomon, reigned in Judah. Rehoboam was forty and one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city which Jehovah had chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there: and his mother's name was Naamah the Ammonitess. And Judah did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, and they provoked him to jealousy with their sins which they committed, above all that their fathers had done. For they also built them high places, and pillars, and Asherim on every high hill, and under every green tree; and there were also Sodomites in the land: they did according to all the abominations of the nations which Jehovah drove out before the children of Israel."

Little comment is needed here. Rehoboam was an evil king just like his father, and he did absolutely nothing to restrain the wickedness of the people who followed the style of idolatry with their high places and Asherim, just as their kinsmen in northern Israel were doing under the encouragement of Jeroboam. In short, all Israel was rapidly descending into the very same idolatry that was practiced by the Canaanites whom God drove out before them. The prophet Ezekiel charged that the children of Israel actually became worse than Sodom and Gomorrah (Ezekiel 16:47-52). That horrible decline was stimulated and aggravated by the actions of Jeroboam.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:21". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-kings-14.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah,.... Over the two tribes of Judah and Benjamin, when Jeroboam reigned over the other ten:

Rehoboam was forty one years old when he began to reign; being born one year before his father Solomon began to reign, and so it might have been expected he would have begun his reign more wisely than he did:

and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem; not half so long as his father and grandfather, being neither so wise nor so good a prince as either of them:

the city which the Lord did choose out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there; to have a temple built for him, and his worship carried on in it; which was an aggravation of the sin of Rehoboam, that he should reign in such a place, and yet be guilty of the crimes he was; the three first years he reigned well, but afterwards forsook the law of the Lord, 2 Chronicles 11:17.

and his mother's name was Naamah an Ammonitess; and which is observed again, 1 Kings 14:31, she being the instrument of drawing him into idolatry, which it is very probable she practised in the days of Solomon, 1 Kings 11:5.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:21". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-14.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah. Rehoboam [was] forty and one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned seventeen p years in Jerusalem, the city which the LORD did choose out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there. And his mother's name [was] Naamah an Ammonitess.

(p) And died about four years before Jeroboam.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:21". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/1-kings-14.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

1 Kings 14:21-24. Rehoboam‘s wicked reign.

he reigned  …  in Jerusalem — Its particular designation as “the city which the Lord did choose out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there,” seems given here, both as a reflection on the apostasy of the ten tribes, and as a proof of the aggravated wickedness of introducing idolatry and its attendant vices there.

his mother‘s name was Naamah an Ammonitess — Her heathen extraction and her influence as queen mother are stated to account for Rehoboam‘s tendency to depart from the true religion. Led by the warning of the prophet (1 Kings 12:23), as well as by the large immigration of Israelites into his kingdom (1 Kings 12:17; 2 Chronicles 11:16), he continued for the first three years of his reign a faithful patron of true religion (2 Chronicles 11:17). But afterwards he began and encouraged a general apostasy; idolatry became the prevailing form of worship, and the religious state of the kingdom in his reign is described by the high places, the idolatrous statues, the groves and impure rites that with unchecked license were observed in them. The description is suited to the character of the Canaanitish worship.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:21". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/1-kings-14.html. 1871-8.

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary

(21) ¶ And Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah. Rehoboam was forty and one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city which the LORD did choose out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there. And his mother's name was Naamah an Ammonitess.

The sacred historian here turns to the subject of Judah in the government of Rehoboam. The account of this son of Solomon is short and nothing interesting. No act of obedience towards God. No act of kindness toward men. He is said merely to have lived, and to have reigned so long, and sprung from the race of the Ammonites. See Reader! what sad effects spring out of ungracious alliances!

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Bibliographical Information
Hawker, Robert, D.D. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:21". "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/1-kings-14.html. 1828.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah. Rehoboam was forty and one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city which the LORD did choose out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there. And his mother's name was Naamah an Ammonitess.

Forty one years — Therefore he was born a year before Solomon was king, as appears from chap11:42, this is noted as an aggravation of Rehoboam's folly, that he was old enough to have been wiser.

An Ammonitess — A people cursed by God, and shut out of the congregation of his people for ever. This is observed as one cause both of God's displeasure in punishing Solomon with such a son, and of Rehoboam's apostacy after his three first years, 2 Chronicles 11:17. None can imagine how fatal and how lasting are the consequence of being unequally yoked with an unbeliever.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:21". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-kings-14.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 14:21 And Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah. Rehoboam [was] forty and one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city which the LORD did choose out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there. And his mother’s name [was] Naamah an Ammonitess.

Ver. 21. His mother’s name was Naamah an Ammonitess.] Mentioned here, and again, 1 Kings 14:31, but for no good. Omne malum ex Gynaeceo. She had the breeding of him, and corrupted him likely. His wicked wife also, Maachah, helped after.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:21". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-14.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Rehoboam was forty and one years old; therefore he was born a year before Solomon was king, as appears from 1 Kings 11:42. This is noted as an aggravation of Rehoboam’s folly, that he was old enough to have been wiser.

An Ammonitess; a people cursed by God, and shut out of the congregation of his people for ever, Deuteronomy 23:3 Nehemiah 13:1. This is observed as one cause both of God’s displeasure in punishing Solomon with such a son, and of Rehoboam’s apostacy after his three first years, 2 Chronicles 11:17.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:21". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-14.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

REHOBOAM’S EVIL REIGN, AND SHISHAK’S INVASION, 1 Kings 14:21-31.

21.Rehoboam — On the beginning of his reign, his unwise policy, and his loss of most of his father’s kingdom, see 1 Kings 12:1-24. The various acts and incidents of this king’s reign are given more fully in 2 Chronicles 11, 12.

Forty and one years old — This number, confirmed by 2 Chronicles 12:13, should be followed, rather than conjectures formed from the fact that Rehoboam’s companions are called young men, (ילדים,) 1 Kings 12:8, and from the statements of the Septuagint in its addition to 1 Kings 12:24. Since Solomon reigned forty years, (1 Kings 11:42,) Rehoboam was born one year before his father’s accession.

Naamah — Schultz supposes that his mother’s name is here mentioned because she was the occasion of Rehoboam’s idolatry; and Keil thinks it is because she had, as queen-mother, considerable influence in the government. But the single fact that she was of foreign birth — an Ammonitess — would be a sufficient reason for mentioning her in this connexion, though she may have been dead before Solomon’s marriage with Pharaoh’s daughter. See note on 1 Kings 11:43.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:21". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-kings-14.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

1 Kings 14:21. Rehoboam was forty and one years old when he began to reign Although many learned men are of opinion that there is an error in the text here in regard to the age of Rehoboam when he began to reign, and some think the reading should be twenty-one, while Houbigant, following the Seventy, reads sixteen years; yet as they do not seem to give sufficient reasons for the alteration, it is certainly safest to abide by the Hebrew text. According to this, he was born in the last year of David’s life, and certainly had his education, and the forming of his mind, in the best days of Solomon; and yet, with all the advantages he enjoyed, he was a weak and inconsiderate prince, who, instead of being a blessing, proved a curse to his kingdom. Probably Solomon’s defection, in the latter part of his life, did more to corrupt him than his prior wisdom and devotion had done to render him wise and virtuous. He reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city, &c. — Where he had opportunities in abundance to know his duty, had he but had a heart to practice it. His mother was Naamah an Ammonitess — She was probably the daughter of Shobi, the Ammonite, who was so kind to David in Absalom’s rebellion. And as there is reason to think Shobi had become a proselyte to the true religion, it is likely that gratitude, for his kindness moved David to take his daughter, though an Ammonitess, to be the wife of his son Solomon. It is very doubtful, however, whether ever she cordially embraced the religion of the Israelites, and as Solomon worshipped the gods of the Ammonites, among his other idols, it is not improbable that she was concerned in seducing him. None can imagine how lasting and how fatal the consequences may be, of being unequally yoked with an unbeliever.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:21". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/1-kings-14.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Forty. Some suspect there is a mistake, and that it should be twenty-one. See 1 Paralipomenon xxii. 5. (Grotius) (Du Hamel) --- Hardouin dates from the æra of Solomon. Roboam was young, in the Scripture style. But he might be forty-one years old, chap. xii. 10. (Calmet) --- Ammonitess. She probably perverted her son; (Menochius) so that he only continued three years faithful to the Lord; (2 Paralipomenon xi. 17.) when his people readily imitated the idolatry of Israel, as they had been already staggered in their faith by the conduct of Solomon. (Calmet)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:21". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-kings-14.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

mother"s name. Mentioned here and in the case of each successive king (Compare 1 Kings 15:10; 1 Kings 22:42. 2 Kings 8:26, &c.); because the king"s character stands connected with the mother; and because of the position which the queen dowager occupied (Compare 1 Kings 2:19, 1 Kings 15:13. Jeremiah 13:18).

Ammonitess. Twice mentioned, and in connection with Jerusalem. See 1 Kings 14:31.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:21". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-kings-14.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah. Rehoboam was forty and one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city which the LORD did choose out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there. And his mother's name was Naamah an Ammonitess.

Reigned in Judah - the southern kingdom.

Rehoboam was forty and one years old - (see the notes at 2 Chronicles 13:7.) Its particular designation as "the city which the Lord did choose out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there," seems given here, both as a reflection on the apostasy of the ten tribes, and as a proof of the aggravated wickedness of introducing idolatry its attendant vices there.

His mother's name was Naamah an Ammonitess, [ Na`

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:21". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-kings-14.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(21) And Rehoboam.—Here begins the second series of the book—a series of brief annals, touching only the main points of the history of the kings of Israel and Judah, till the appearance of Elijah (1 Kings 17:1). In respect of the kingdom of Judah, and of Israel so far as it is connected with Judah, it is largely supplemented by the fuller record of the Chronicles (2 Chronicles 11-17).

During this first epoch of the existence of the two kingdoms, including about sixty years, their relations appear to have been incessantly hostile, the aggression being on the side of the kingdom of Israel. In the reign of Rehoboam the invasion of Shishak was probably instigated, perhaps aided, by Jeroboam; subsequently the attack on Abijah, victoriously repelled, seems a direct attempt at subjugation; the same policy in substance is pursued by Baasha, and only checked by the desperate expedient of calling in the foreign power of Syria; till at last, wearied out by continual war against a superior force, Judah, even under such a king as Jehoshaphat, is forced to ally itself, apparently on a footing of something like dependence, with the kingdom of Israel.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:21". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-kings-14.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah. Rehoboam was forty and one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city which the LORD did choose out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there. And his mother's name was Naamah an Ammonitess.
Rehoboam
11:43; 2 Chronicles 12:13; 13:7
the city
8:16,44; 11:36; Psalms 78:68,69; 87:1,2; 132:13,14; Isaiah 12:6
to put his name
Exodus 20:24; Deuteronomy 12:5,21
Naamah
31; Deuteronomy 23:3; 2 Chronicles 12:13
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 15:3 - all the sins;  1 Kings 22:42 - And his mother's;  Ecclesiastes 2:8 - silver

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:21". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-14.html.