Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 14:31

And Rehoboam slept with his fathers and was buried with his fathers in the city of David; and his mother's name was Naamah the Ammonitess. And Abijam his son became king in his place.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Abijam;   Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Naamah;   Rehoboam;   Thompson Chain Reference - Abijah;   Abijam;   Israel;   Israel-The Jews;   Kings of Israel;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Kings;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Rehoboam;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Ancestors;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Ammonite;   Burial;   Naamah;   Rehoboam;   Solomon;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Abijah;   Kings, the Books of;   Naamah;   Holman Bible Dictionary - David, City of;   Naamah;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Abijah;   Ammon, Ammonites;   Naamah;   Name, Names;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Fathers;   Tomb, Grave, Sepulchre;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Abijah ;   Ammon, Ammonites, Children of Ammon;   Naamah ;   Rehoboam ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Rehoboam;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ammoni'tess,;   Na'amah;   Rehobo'am;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Israel;   Kingdom of Judah;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Abijah;   Abijam;   Ammonitess;   Queen Mother;   Rehoboam;   Relationships, Family;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Ammon, Ammonites;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Naamah an Ammonitess - He was born of a heathen mother, and begotten of an apostate father. From such an impure fountain could sweet water possibly spring?

Abijam his son reigned in his stead - Though righteousness cannot be propagated, because it is supernatural, yet unrighteousness may, for that is a genuine offspring of nature. Abijam was the wicked son of an apostate father and heathenish mother. Grace may be grafted on a crab stock; but let none do evil that good may come of it. A bad stock will produce bad fruit.

Dr. Kennicott observes that the name of this king of Judah is now expressed three ways: here and in four other places it is Abijam or Abim; in two others it is Abihu, but in eleven other places it is Abiah, as it is expressed by St. Matthew, Matthew 1:7, Ῥοβοαμ εγεννησε τον ΑΒΙΑ ; and this is the reading of thirteen of Kennicott's and De Rossi's MSS., and of thirteen respectable editions of the Hebrew Bible. The Syriac is the same. The Septuagint in the London Polyglot has αβιου, Abihu; but in the Complutensian and Antwerp Polyglots, it is αβια, Abiah. Though the common printed Vulgate has Abiam, yet the Editio Princeps of the Vulgate, some MSS., and the text in the Complutensian and Antwerp Polyglots, have Abia; which without doubt is the reading that should in all cases be followed.

The rabbins say, and particularly Rab. Sol. Jarchi, that the Shishak mentioned in this chapter is Pharaoh Necho, and that he invaded Israel in order to get the ivory throne of his son-in-law Solomon, which he had always coveted; and this throne he carried away. It appears however that he spoiled the temple, the king's palace, etc., and in short took every thing away without resistance which he chose to carry off. It is very likely that this had a good effect on Rehoboam; it probably caused him to frequent the temple, 1 Kings 14:28, which it is likely he had before neglected. This history is more particularly told in 2 Chron. 12, to which the reader will do well to refer; and as to Rehoboam, though so much positive iniquity is not laid to his charge as to his father, yet little can be said for his piety; the idolatry introduced by Solomon does not appear to have been lessened in the days of Rehoboam.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:31". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-kings-14.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Slept with his fathers and was buried … - Compare 1 Kings 11:43. The expression is a sort of formula, and is used with respect to all the kings of Judah, except two or three. The writer probably regards the fact, which he records so carefully, as a continuation of God‘s mercy to David.

His mother‘s name … - The mention of the queen-mother so regularly in the account of the kings of Judah is thought to indicate that she had an important position in the state. There are, however, only two instances where such a person seems to have exercised any power 1 Kings 15:13; 1 Kings 4:15, and perhaps of Jehoahaz into Ahaz (2 Kings 15:38 note).

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:31". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-kings-14.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And Rehoboam slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David,.... Where David and Solomon were buried, 1 Kings 2:10 and his mother's name was Naamah, an Ammonitess; which is repeated, that it might be observed as what was the leading step to his idolatry, and the means of his continuing in it:

and Abijam his son reigned in his stead; of whom there is a further account in the following chapter.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:31". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-14.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And Rehoboam slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David. And his mother's name [was] Naamah an t Ammonitess. And Abijam his son reigned in his stead.

(t) Whose idolatry Rehoboam her son followed.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:31". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/1-kings-14.html. 1599-1645.

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary

REFLECTIONS

WHILE we have reason to shudder in beholding the sad consequences of our fallen nature, in an example so truly dreadful as that of Jeroboam; and while I would for myself and Reader pray for grace to lay low in the dust of self-abasement in a conscious sense, that if we differ from him it is grace alone that hath done it; I would pause over the beautiful account that is given of the man of God, and pray that the Lord in mercy to the present hour would grant his church many, many Ahijahs. Blessed Jesus! I would say, send forth faithful ministers who will neither fear the frowns, nor court the smiles, of any man; but speak the whole truth as it is in Jesus, and keep back nothing that may be profitable to the alarming of sinners, the comforting of saints, and to the building up thy people in their most holy faith.

But while I would thus look up and beg a blessing for a faithful ministry, shall I contemplate the servant and forget the master? Shall not the view of Ahijah lead my soul to thee, thou great Prophet and Priest of thy people? Yes! blessed Jesus! if I forget thee let my right hand forget her cunning. If I do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth. Thou art indeed a faithful high priest! and thy faithfulness and truth in making manifest thine and thy father's laws, which our whole race have broken, have been the blessed means, through the influence of thy Holy Spirit upon our hearts, of turning thy people from darkness to light, and from the power of sin and Satan to thee the living God. Yes! dearest Jesus! thou art a minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man! and thou hast not only proclaimed to us our faults, and by the influence of thy blessed Spirit convinced us of sin, but thou hast in infinite mercy constrained us to thy love, and turned our hearts back again. Lord Jesus! break down all our idols! take away all our false refuges of lies! do thou sit, blessed Jesus, as a refiner and purifier of silver; and purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the Lord an offering in righteousness. For then the promise is sweet, and will surely be fulfilled; then shall the offering of Judah be pleasant to the Lord as in the days of old, and as in former years. Hasten, blessed Jesus! the accomplishment of this glorious end; purge away all my dross, and take away all my sin.

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Hawker, Robert, D.D. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:31". "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/1-kings-14.html. 1828.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And Rehoboam slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David. And his mother's name was Naamah an Ammonitess. And Abijam his son reigned in his stead.

An Ammonitess — This is repeated as a thing very observable.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Wesley, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:31". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-kings-14.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 14:31 And Rehoboam slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David. And his mother’s name [was] Naamah an Ammonitess. And Abijam his son reigned in his stead.

Ver. 31. And Rehoboam slept.] Jeroboam lived to see three successions in the throne of Judah. Thus the ivy liveth where the oak is dead.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:31". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-14.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

His mother’s name was Naamah, an Ammonitess; this is repeated as a thing very observable. See Poole "1 Kings 14:21".

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:31". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-14.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

31.Abijam — Called Abijah in the Chronicles.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:31". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-kings-14.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Roboam. He deserved some commendation for procuring provisions, and fortifying his dominion; (2 Paralipomenon xi. 5, 12.) but was a prince devoid of wisdom and religion. He married 18 wives and 60 concubines. The son of Maacha, his most favourite queen, succeeded him, after he had reigned seventeen years, and lived fifty-eight. (Calmet) --- Semeias and Addo wrote his history, 2 Paralipomenon xii. 15.

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:31". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-kings-14.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Abijam = Abijah.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:31". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-kings-14.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And Rehoboam slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David. And his mother's name was Naamah an Ammonitess. And Abijam his son reigned in his stead.

And his mother's name was Naamah an Ammonitess. This is a repetition of what was previously said (see the notes at 1 Kings 14:21). [The Septuagint omits this here; but in 1 Kings 12:24 of that version, which corresponds to this verse of the Hebrew text, it is added, Naanan, thugateer Ana huiou Naas basileoos huioon Ammoon, daughter of Ana (Hanun), the son of Nahash, king of the Ammonites.]

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:31". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-kings-14.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And Rehoboam slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David. And his mother's name was Naamah an Ammonitess. And Abijam his son reigned in his stead.
A. M. 3046. B.C. 958. Rehoboam
20; 11:43; 15:3,24; 22:50; 2 Chronicles 12:16
his mother's
Abijam
Dr. Kennicott observes, that the name of this king of Judah is now expressed three ways; here and in four other places, it is Abijam; in two others (2 Ch 13:20, 21) it is Abijahu; but in eleven others it is Abijah or Abiah, as it is expressed by St. Matthew, (ch. 1:7,) [Abia;] and this is the reading of thirteen of Kennicott's and De Rossi's MSS., and of thirteen respectable editions of the Hebrew Bible. The Syriac is the same. The Septuagint in the London Polyglott has [Abiou] Abihu; but in the Complutensian and Antwerp Polyglotts it has [Abia] Abiah; and the Editio Princeps of the Vulgate, some MSS. and the text in these two Polyglotts, instead of Abiam, have Abia.
1 Chronicles 3:10
Abia
2 Chronicles 12:16
Abijah
Matthew 1:7
Abia Reciprocal: 1 Kings 15:1 - General1 Kings 15:8 - Abijam;  1 Kings 22:40 - slept;  2 Kings 8:24 - slept;  2 Kings 10:35 - Jehu slept;  2 Kings 13:8 - General2 Kings 15:38 - Jotham;  2 Kings 20:21 - slept;  2 Chronicles 14:1 - slept

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:31". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-14.html.