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Easton's Bible Dictionary
Deborah, Rebekah's nurse, was buried under Allon-bachuth, "the oak of weeping" (Genesis 35:8 ), near to Bethel. Rachel died, and was buried near Ephrath; "and Jacob set a pillar upon her grave" (16-20). Isaac was buried at Hebron, where he had died (27,29). Jacob, when charging his sons to bury him in the cave of Machpelah, said, "There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife; there they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife; and there I buried Leah" (49:31). In compliance with the oath which he made him swear unto him (47:29-31), Joseph, assisted by his brethren, buried Jacob in the cave of Machpelah (50:2,13). At the Exodus, Moses "took the bones of Joseph with him," and they were buried in the "parcel of ground" which Jacob had bought of the sons of Hamor (Joshua 24:32 ), which became Joseph's inheritance (Genesis 48:22; 1 Chronicles 5:1; John 4:5 ). Two burials are mentioned as having taken place in the wilderness. That of Miriam (Numbers 20:1 ), and that of Moses, "in the land of Moab" (Deuteronomy 34:5,6,8 ). There is no account of the actual burial of Aaron, which probably, however, took place on the summit of Mount Hor (Numbers 20:28,29 ).
Joshua was buried "in the border of his inheritance in Timnath-serah" (Joshua 24 :: 30 ).
In Job we find a reference to burying-places, which were probably the Pyramids (3:14,15). The Hebrew word for "waste places" here resembles in sound the Egyptian word for "pyramids."
Samuel, like Moses, was honoured with a national burial (1 Samuel 25:1 ). Joab (1 Kings 2:34 ) "was buried in his own house in the wilderness."
In connection with the burial of Saul and his three sons we meet for the first time with the practice of burning the dead (1 Samuel 31:11-13 ). The same practice is again referred to by (Amos 6:10 ).
Absalom was buried "in the wood" where he was slain (2 Samuel 18:17,18 ). The raising of the heap of stones over his grave was intended to mark abhorrence of the person buried (Compare Joshua 7:26,8:29 ). There was no fixed royal burying-place for the Hebrew kings. We find several royal burials taking place, however, "in the city of David" (1 Kings 2:10; 11:43; 15:8; 2 Kings 14:19,20; 15:38; 1 Kings 14:31; 22:50; 2 Chronicles 21:19,20; 2 Chronicles 24:25 , etc.). Hezekiah was buried in the mount of the sepulchres of the sons of David; "and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem did him honour at his death" (2 Chronicles 32:33 ).
Little is said regarding the burial of the kings of Israel. Some of them were buried in Samaria, the capital of their kingdom (2 Kings 10:35; 13:9; 14:16 ).
Our Lord was buried in a new tomb, hewn out of the rock, which Joseph of Arimathea had prepared for himself (Matthew 27:57-60; Mark 15:46; John 19:41,42 ).
The grave of Lazarus was "a cave, and a stone lay on it" (John 11:38 ). Graves were frequently either natural caverns or artificial excavations formed in the sides of rocks (Genesis 23:9; Matthew 27:60 ); and coffins were seldom used, unless when the body was brought from a distance.
These dictionary topics are from M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition, published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain.
Easton, Matthew George. Entry for 'Burial'. Easton's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ebd/b/burial.html. 1897.
the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26