Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 17:15

So she went and did according to the word of Elijah, and she and he and her household ate for many days.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Blessing;   Elijah;   Faith;   Hospitality;   Minister, Christian;   Miracles;   Oil;   Poor;   Readings, Select;   Self-Denial;   Women;   Zarephath;   Thompson Chain Reference - Bible Stories for Children;   Children;   Elijah;   Giving;   Home;   Pleasant Sunday Afternoons;   Religion;   Sacrificial Giving;   Stories for Children;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Miracles Wrought through Servants of God;   Self-Denial;   Widows;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Elijah;   Miracle;   Zarephath;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Barrel;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Oil;   Zarephath;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ahab;   Barrel;   Haggai;   Zarephath;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Feeding the Multitudes;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Miracles;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Chief parables and miracles in the bible;   Elijah;   Zarephath;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Israel;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Elisha;   Text of the Old Testament;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Amittai;  

The Biblical Illustrator

1 Kings 17:15

She went and did according to the saying of Elijah.

Modern liberality, and the widow of Zarephath

I. The treatment he received was verily the manifestation of the woman’s mind towards god himself. Were it otherwise, it would be hard to point out anything in which we could be pronounced as doing it for, or contrary to the will of Almighty God. He has Himself, however, placed this matter beyond all dispute, for He has said, “He that giveth to the poor leadeth to the Lord”; and Christ represents the judgment scene in telling you that He will welcome His people with the assurance, “Inasmuch as ye did a deed of charity unto one of these My brethren, ye did it unto Me.”

II. This gift is to be no act of necessity, but one of pure oblation To grudge while you give, or to give because the necessity of fashion, or custom, or demand is laid upon you, is to spoil the gift altogether. That is but half a gift which is not brought freely home. It is one thing to give of our substance in obedience to a reiterated request; it is another thing to bring it unto God freely and with delight.

III. Observe what it is which God demands? Satan, the world, or vanities, let these obtain your service, and you are speedily enhanced in their thraldom, and all is sure to be at length drawn into and swallowed in their insatiable vortex. You cannot, even if you would try deliberately to make the compromise, arrange for the bestowment of a certain portion of your means, or time or thought, upon unhallowed pursuits. All absorbing is the power of sin. The energies of body and mind insensibly flow into its channel, and the votary becomes the slave, and ultimately the ruined victim. But what is His demand of you, whose service is perfect freedom? Not so much as He has a right to demand; far less than many, moved by His grace, are willing to bestow. Sin, which absorbs all if it can, is but a robber at the best, for it can lay claim to no sort of right whatever, while God, who has a right to all, demands but little. What I do here claim, however, is, that though the requirements of God be comparatively small, they are, nevertheless, universal.

IV. No act for God is performed without his favour, and the “blessing of the Lord it maketh rich, and He addeth no sorrow with it.” (G. Venables.)

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Bibliographical Information
Exell, Joseph S. "Commentary on "1 Kings 17:15". The Biblical Illustrator. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/1-kings-17.html. 1905-1909. New York.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And she went, and did according to the saying of Elijah,..... Made a cake for him first, and brought it to him, which showed great faith in the word of the Lord by him:

and she, and he, and her house, did eat; many days, a year at least, if not two years, see 1 Kings 17:7 the widow, the prophet, and her family, lived upon the meal and oil so long; we read but of one son, but she might have more.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 17:15". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-17.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And she went and did according to the saying of Elijah: and she, and he, and her house, did eat h [many] days.

(h) That is, till he had rain and food on the earth.
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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 1 Kings 17:15". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/1-kings-17.html. 1599-1645.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And she went and did according to the saying of Elijah: and she, and he, and her house, did eat many days.

Many days — A long time, even above two years, before the following event about her son happened. And surely the increase of her faith to such a degree, as to enable her thus to deny herself and trust the promise, was as great a miracle in the kingdom of grace, as the increase of her oil in the kingdom of providence. Happy are they who can thus against hope believe and obey in hope.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 17:15". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-kings-17.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 17:15 And she went and did according to the saying of Elijah: and she, and he, and her house, did eat [many] days.

Ver. 15. And her house.] Which till now we read not of, more than of a son only. See on 1 Kings 17:12.

Many days,] viz., Till the Lord gave rain, and the earth returned to its former fertility. When means may be had and used, miracles are not to be expected.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 17:15". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-17.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

She did according to the saying of Elijah; giving glory to the God of Israel, by believing his prophet.

Many days, i.e. a long time, even above two years: see 1 Kings 18:1. Heb. days, i.e. a full year; as 1 Kings 17:7; namely, before the following event about her son happened, and the rest of the time of the famine after it.

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 17:15". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-17.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

15.She went and did according to the saying of Elijah — “It was one of those sudden recognitions of unknown kindred souls — one of those cross purposes of Providence — which come in with a peculiar charm to checker the commonplace course of ecclesiastical history. The Phenician mother knew not what great destinies lay in the hand of that gaunt figure at the city gate, worn with travel, and famine, and drought. But she listened to his cry, and saved in him the deliverer of herself and her son. It may be that this incident is the basis of the sacred blessing of the Prophet of prophets on those who, even by a cup of cold water, receiving a prophet in the name of a prophet, shall receive a prophet’s reward.” — Stanley.

And her house — There were others, then, in that household besides herself and son.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Kings 17:15". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-kings-17.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

1 Kings 17:15. She did according to the saying of Elijah — Giving glory to the God of Israel, by believing his prophet. O woman, great was thy faith! One has not found the like, no not in Israel. All things considered, it exceeded that of the widow, who, when she had but two mites, cast them into the treasury. She took the prophet’s word that she should not lose by it, but it should be repaid with interest. “Those that can venture upon the promise of God,” says Henry, “will make no difficulty of exposing and emptying themselves in his service, and giving him his dues out of a little, and giving him his part first. They that deal with God, must deal on trust; seek first the kingdom of God, and then other things shall be added. Surely,” adds he, “the increase of this widow’s faith to such a degree as to enable her thus to deny herself, and to depend upon the divine promise, was as great a miracle in the kingdom of grace, as the increase of her oil was in the kingdom of providence. Happy they that can thus, against hope, believe and obey in hope.” She and her house did eat many days — A long time, even above two years before the following event about her son happened, and the rest of the time of the famine. See how the reward answered the service! She generously made one cake for the prophet, and was repaid with many for herself and son! What is laid out in charity, is set out to the best interest, upon the best security. One poor meal’s meat this poor widow gave the prophet, and in recompense of it she and her son did eat many days, and probably some of her kindred too, here included in the term her house, an expression which would hardly have been used of her one son.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 1 Kings 17:15". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/1-kings-17.html. 1857.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(15) The barrel of meal wasted not.—The miracle is doubly remarkable. First, in this instance, as in the similar miracles of Elisha and of our Lord Himself, we see that God’s higher laws of miracle, like the ordinary laws of His providence, admit within their scope the supply of what we should consider as homely and trivial needs—in this respect perhaps contradicting what our expectation would have suggested. Next, that it is a miracle of multiplication, which is virtual creation—not necessarily out of nothing—doing rapidly and directly what, under ordinary laws, has to be done slowly and by indirect process.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 17:15". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-kings-17.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And she went and did according to the saying of Elijah: and she, and he, and her house, did eat many days.
did according
Genesis 6:22; 12:4; 22:3; 2 Chronicles 20:20; Matthew 15:28; Mark 12:43; John 11:40; Romans 4:19,20; Hebrews 11:7,8,17
many days
or, a full year.
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 18:1 - in the third year;  2 Kings 4:5 - she went

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 17:15". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-17.html.