Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 17:9

"Arise, go to Zarephath, which belongs to Sidon, and stay there; behold, I have commanded a widow there to provide for you."
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Elijah;   Minister, Christian;   Miracles;   Readings, Select;   Women;   Zarephath;   Thompson Chain Reference - Direction, Divine;   Divine;   Faith;   Guidance, Divine;   Hindrances;   Sarepta;   Tested;   Tests, Spiritual;   Widows;   Women;   Zarephath;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Famine;   Judgments;   Sidonians, the;   Widows;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Elijah;   Zarephath;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Elijah;   Phoenicia;   Tyre;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Widow;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Zarephath;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Jonah;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Zarephath;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ahab;   Haggai;   Zarephath;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Elijah (2);   Nazarene (2);   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Sarepta ;   Zarephath ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Elijah;   Zarephath;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Zar'ephath;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Phoenicia;   Sarepta;   Zarephath;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Amittai;   Didascalia;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Get thee to Zarephath - This was a town between Tyre and Sidon, but nearer to the latter, and is therefore called in the text Zarephath which belongeth to Sidon; or, as the Vulgate and other versions express it, Sarepta of the Sidonians. Sarepta is the name by which it goes in the New Testament; but its present name is Sarphan. Mr. Maundrell, who visited it, describes it as consisting of a few houses only on the tops of the mountains; but supposes that it anciently stood in the plain below, where there are still ruins of a considerable extent.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 Kings 17:9". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-kings-17.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The dependence of Zarephath (Sarepta) on Sidon is indicated in the inscriptions of Sennacherib, where it is mentioned as belonging to Luliya (Elulaeus), king of Sidon, and as submitting to the Assyrian monarch on Luliya‘s flight from his capital. Elijah may have been sent to this place, so near the city of Jezebel‘s father, as one which it was most unlikely that he would visit.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Kings 17:9". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-kings-17.html. 1870.

The Biblical Illustrator

1 Kings 17:9

Arise, get thee to Zarephath.

Ordered to Zarephath

A friend of mine, spending a few days in the neighbourhood of our English lakes, came upon the most beautiful shrubs he had ever seen. Arrested by their extraordinary luxuriance, he inquired the cause; and learnt that it was due to a judicious system of transplanting, constantly pursued. Whatever may be the effect of such a process In nature, it is certainly true that our heavenly Father employs similar methods to secure the highest results in us. He is constantly transplanting us. And though these changes threaten at times to hinder all steady progress in the Divine life, yet, if they are rightly borne, they result in the most exquisite manifestations of Christian character and experience. Another illustration of the same truth is given by the prophet Jeremiah (Jeremiah 48:11). The quiet life is by no means the greatest life. Some characters can only reach the highest standard of spirituality by the disturbings or displacings in the order of God’s providence. Will not this cast light upon God’s dealings with Elijah? Once he stood in the vessel, “Home”; then emptied into the vessel, “Jezreel”; then into the vessel, “Cherith”; and now into the fourth vessel, “Zarephath”: and all that he might not settle upon his lees. Believe only that your circumstances are those most suited to develop your character. To one who lives ever in the presence of the unchanging God, and who can say, “Thus saith Jehovah, before whom I stand,” the ever-varying conditions of our lot touch only the outer rim of life; whatever they take away, they cannot take away that; whatever they bring, they cannot give more than that. The consciousness of that Presence is the one all-mastering thought; the inspiration, the solace, the comfort, of every waking hour.

I. Faith awaits God’s plans. “It came to pass, after a while, that the brook dried up, because there had been no rain in the land.” Week after week, with unfaltering and steadfast spirit, Elijah watched that dwindling brook; often tempted to stagger through unbelief, but refusing to allow his circumstances to come between himself and God. Unbelief sees God through circumstances, as we sometimes see the sun shorn of his rays through the smoky air; but faith puts God between itself and circumstances, and looks at them through Him. Only then, to his patient and unwavering spirit, “the word of the Lord came, saying, Arise, get thee to Zarephath.” Most of us would have got anxious and worn with planning long before that. We should have ceased our songs, as soon as the streamlet carolled less musically over its rocky bed. And, probably, long ere the brook was dry, we should have devised some plan, and asking God’s blessing on it, would have started off elsewhere. Alas! we are all too full of our own schemes, and plans, and contrivings. “Lord, show me Thy way; teach me to do Thy will: show me the way wherein I should walk, for unto Thee do I lift up my soul.”

II. God’s plans demand implicit obedience. “So he arose and went to Zarephath,” as before he had gone to Cherith, and as presently he would go to show himself to Ahab. We catch sight of God’s ideal; we are enamoured with it; we vow to be only His; we use the most emphatic words; we dedicate ourselves upon the altar. For awhile we seem to tread another world, bathed in heavenly light. Then there comes a command clear and unmistakable. We must leave some beloved Cherith, and go to some unwelcome Zarephath; we must speak some word, take some step, cut off some habit: and we shrink from it--the cost is too great. But, directly we refuse obedience, the light dies off the landscape of our lives, and dark clouds fling their shadows far and near. Search the Bible from board to board, and see if strict, implicit, and instant obedience has not been the secret of the noblest lives.

III. Implicit obedience sometimes brings us into a smelting-furnace. “Zarephath” means a smelting-furnace. It lay outside the Land of Canaan, occupying the site of the modern Surafend, which stands on a long ridge, backed by the snowclad steeps of Hermon, and overlooking the blue waters of the Mediterranean. Many things might have made it distasteful to the prophet. It belonged to the land from which Jezebel had brought her impious tribe. It was as much cursed by the terrible drought as Canaan. It was impossible to reach it save by a weary journey of 100 miles through the heart of the land, where his name was execrated, and his person proscribed. And then to be sustained by a widow woman belonging to a heathen people! Surely it was a smelting-furnace for cleansing out any alloy of pride, or self-reliance, or independence which might be lurking in the recesses of his heart. And there was much of the refining fire in the character of his reception. When he reached the straggling town it was probably toward nightfall; and at the city gate a widow woman was gathering a few sticks to prepare the evening meal. To some it might have seemed a coincidence; but there is no such word in faith’s vocabulary--that which, to human judgment Is a coincidence, to faith is a Providence. “Everything that may abide the fire, ye shall make it go through the fire, and it shall be clean” (Numbers 31:23). If, then, there is aught in you that can bear the ordeal, be sure you will be put into the furnace. But the fire shall not destroy; it shall only cleanse you.

IV. When God puts His people into the furnace, He will supply all their need. God had said that he should be fed, and by that widow; and so it should be, though the earth and heaven should pass away. Difficulties are to faith what gymnastic apparatus are to boys, means of strengthening the muscular fibre. Like the fabled salamander, faith feeds on fire. And so with heroic faith Elijah said: “Fear not; go and do as thou hast said: for thus saith the Lord God of Israel, The barrel of meal shall not waste, neither shall the cruse of oil fail, until the day that the Lord sendeth rain upon the earth.” Our only need is to inquire if we are at that point in God’s pattern where He would have us be. If we are, though it seem impossible for us to be maintained, the thing impossible shall be done. (F. B. Meyer, M. A.)

I have commanded a widow woman there to sustain thee.--

The widow of Zarephath

1. This woman was a Phoenician, of Jezebel’s own race and country, and by birth and training a believer in those very idolatries which the bloody Queen was then establishing in Palestine, and against which it was the chief part of the prophet’s burden to witness. From earliest days she had adored her gods. Doubtless the gorgeous ritual of Baal-worship had impressed and awed her senses, and under the terror of Astarte, the lover of blood, she had lived and cowered. Yet it is in her home that the persecuted Preacher of Jehovah finds refuge and welcome! And it is to her home that, in turn, he brings blessing. The Prophet of the Separation is also the Apostle of the Reconciliation. The essential germ of ultimate universality, that was in the Church from the beginning, bursts forth even in him who is the vindicator of her Dispensational exclusiveness. What a world of suggestion lies in the picture of Hebrew Prophet and Phoenician widow, Jehovah’s champion and Jezebel’s countrywoman, under the same roof, sharing the same meal, in friendship and fellowship! The sternest anti-idolater of history by the side of an idolater, blessed and blessing! It is a forecast and prophecy, amid the world’s enmities and hates, of the reconciliation of the future to be wrought out by a greater than Elijah.

2. We have here, too, an illustration of the part which, in the economy of God, suffering plays in the education and perfection of men. The presence of common woe or want, of common peril or pain, has been to multitudes as the very angel of God, conciliating feuds, softening asperities, enlightening prejudices, cementing sundered souls, and forming those sympathetic attachments which give warmth to character and sweetness to life. These two in that marrow house at Zarephath, dwelling in harmony under the pressure of a common straitening, represent in themselves the emollient and healthful influence of suffering in softening and sweetening souls. They illustrate the part which the “Divine economy of pain” plays in purifying from prejudice, in bridging over the chasms of alienations and the gulches of hate. Dearth, drought, and the wrath of evil men drove these two to their meeting, a meeting for the gain of both, and of us too, and of all who have come between.

3. In this widow we have also a beautiful example of that faith that pleases God and is blessing to the soul in which it abides. I dare say there are some who may so unworthily judge about the matter as to think that she somewhat superstitiously concluded that this stranger was a miracle-worker, or that he was a God-possessed man, and that her “faith” was simply the credulity that led her to that conclusion. But I hope such persons are few. Lot us not draw that sharp line between faith and faithfulness which such a way of thinking implies. The two are not, indeed, as some would seem to say, the same thing. There is a difference; but it is such a difference as that which exists between bud and flower, flower and fruit, or fountain and flow. Faithfulness is that which impels a man to walk in the way of duty or charity, no matter how hard it may be, and to bear the consequences, be they what they may. Faith makes him do all that, but it adds its own element too. Her faithfulness would have made her do her duty: her faith made the doing of it to be religious. In this spirit and confidence she received her guest, followed her purest instincts--the dictates of her womanly affections--into the ways of self-forgetful charity, and looking up to the giving God overhead, left issues to Him. I do not say she thought or reasoned about it any more than a child would be likely to think or reason about the laws of respiration before breathing, or a flower to speculate scientifically before giving out its aroma. She herself was good, and kind, and self-denying, and she lovingly did her duty so as, according to her light, to please the power of the skies. A very commonplace village woman, in a lowly rut of life, tenderly doing the duty that lay next to her hand; and, within, a trustful heart, and an eye to look up.

4. But the point to which, just now, I must give the chief and closing emphasis is that she was a heathen. “But of a truth I say unto you, There were many widows in Israel in the days of Elijah, and unto none of them was Elijah sent, but only to Zarephath, in the land of Zidon, unto a woman that was a widow.” The point to which he here calls attention, and which was so distasteful to the Jews, is that the prophet was not sent to any of those within the circle of the visible Church, but to one living outside, in the darkness of a heathen land. And in her, the child of disprivilege, he found that faith which he found not among the children of privilege. (G. M. Grant, B. D.)

The widow of Zarephath

I. Faith in the promises of God.

II. Obedience. Elijah obeys God at the risk of his own life. The widow obeys when requested by the prophet to bring him first a little water, and then a little cake. As disobedience led to the ruin of our first parents, so is it ever still the cause of endless difficulties and dangers in our spiritual course.

III. That God’s demands often increase gradually in their stringency. The prophet asks the widow first for a little water, and afterwards, as if water was not sufficiently difficult to be obtained in such a time of drought, he further requests a little cake, when only a small store of meal and oil was left to the poor widow. So God demands often the lighter sacrifices from us first, and then, as our faith and our patience increase, He afterwards asks from us sacrifices of a higher character; until at length, when, by a course of afflictions He has weaned us from earthly attachments, He exclaims, “My son, give Me thy heart.”

IV. That the darkest hour often precedes the dawn. It was when the widow woman was about to resign herself to despair, and to despondently await death, that the prophet appeared with the promise of prolonged support for life. The darkest cloud frequently has a silver lining. “Never despair,” is a good motto, and is a still better one if coupled with another maxim, “Put your trust in God.”

V. That God is no respecter of persons. This moral our Lord Himself draws from the story of this widow of Zarephath, or Sarepta. The lesson that to the Gentiles also the mercies of God were to be shown, was one that the prejudiced and self-righteous Jews were loath to admit. In the same way the modern Pharisee is disinclined to allow that salvation is possible for those who are outside his own little coterie of professors. (R. Young, M. A.)

Lessons from the obedient widow

I. The personalness of the Divine providence. It is always toward a Providential personalness that the Bible reads, e.g. Joseph in his dungeon; Daniel in Babylon; Saul in the house of Judas in the street called Straight--how beautiful that is, God knew the street and number of the praying Saul who became Paul; Elijah at Cherith; this widow at Zeraphath. In hard times get vision of this fact and lean your heart against the solid truth of the personalness of Providence.

II. What seem to be often our worst trials, are really our best blessings. What could seem worse to this widow than the advent of Elijah demanding that she make him the little cake? But what seemed worst embosomed what was best--the unwasting meal, the unfailing oil. Do not let us be overmuch scared at black trials; they may hold the best benignancies.

III. How small soever our resources, we can still do something for God.

IV. The value of sharing. “This woman gave one meal to the prophet and God sustained her for two years.” It is as we give we get. This is specially true in religious experience. If we seek to impart the blessedness of our own faith we infallibly get increase of faith.”

V. God first. Elijah, representing God, commanded, Make me a little cake first. Ah, that first I Seek ye first the kingdom of God and His righteousness and all these things shall be added unto you.” (W. Hoyt, D. D.)

Gracious people outside the church

Nature has her wild flowers, and they have their own loose lawless beauty. Yet the finest effects in form, colour, and fragrance are only to be found under careful cultivation. Wild roses are no argument against the value of gardening; for even cultivated flowers, if left to themselves, will revert little by little to their wild, rude state. And so outside the church of Jesus Christ there are good and noble, end in some senses morally winsome souls: and yet it is true that, for the full cultivation of Christian character, we need the garden of the Lord, Christ Jesus, by His Spirit being the Chief Gardener. Even the wild flowers, in whatever measure they possess beauty and perfume, get it, from His secret influence, though they know it not. In the realm of spirit it is as true as in nature and history, “He upholdeth all things by the word of His power.” (H. O. Mackey.)

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Exell, Joseph S. "Commentary on "1 Kings 17:9". The Biblical Illustrator. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/1-kings-17.html. 1905-1909. New York.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Arise, get thee to Zarephath, which belongeth to Zidon, and dwell there,.... This might be a trial of the prophet's faith, to be sent to dwell in a place belonging to the Zidonians, among whom Jezebel had an interest, being the daughter of their king, 1 Kings 16:31, the place is so called, to distinguish it from another Zarephath, Obadiah 1:20, Kimchi interprets it, near to Zidon, yet not as belonging to it, but of the land of Israel; though it rather seems to be a Gentile city; it is called, in Luke 4:26 Sarepta of Sidon; and also by PlinyF26Nat. Hist. l. 5. c. 19. ; according to JosephusF1Ut supra. (Antiqu. l. 8. c. 13. sect. 2.) , it was not far either from Sidon or Tyre, and lay between them; it was three quarters of a mile from Sidon; and so Mr. MaundrellF2Journey from Aleppo, &c. p. 48. speaks of it as in the way from Sidon to Tyre, and which is now called Sarphan; of which he says, the place shown us for this city consisted only of a few houses, on the tops of the mountains, within about half a mile from the sea; but it is more probable the principal part of the city stood below in the space between the hills and the sea, there being ruins still to be seen in that place of a considerable extent; and a traveller into those parts many years before him saysF3Rauwolff's Travels, par. 3. ch. 22. p. 326. , that he saw nothing of any building on the shore, but some small houses in the place where formerly the town of Sarepta did stand; and Bunting saysF4Ut supra. (Travels, &c. p. 205.) , there are at this time but eight houses in all the town, though by the ruins it seems to have been in times past a very fair city; and anotherF5Baumgarten. Peregrinatio, l. 3. c. 9. p. 126. observes, that it is about three miles from Berytus:

behold, I have commanded a widow woman there to sustain thee; not that this was declared to the woman, or that she had any orders from the Lord to support him; but that he had determined it in his mind, and would take care in his providence that he should be supplied by her: this was another trial of the prophet's faith, that he should be sent to a poor widow woman for his support, and she a Gentile; but he that had been so long fed by ravens, could have no reason to doubt of his being provided for in this way.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 17:9". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-17.html. 1999.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Arise, get thee to Zarephath, which belongeth to Zidon, and dwell there: behold, I have commanded a widow woman there to sustain thee.

Zarephath — A city between Tyre and Sidon, called Sarepta by St. Luke 4:26, and others.

Zidon — To the jurisdiction of that city, which was inhabited by Gentiles. And God's providing for his prophet, first, by an unclean bird, and then by a Gentile, whom the Jews esteemed unclean, was a presage of the calling of the Gentiles, and rejection of the Jews. So Elijah was the first prophet of the Gentiles.

Commanded — Appointed or provided, for that she had as yet no revelation or command of God about it, appears from verse12.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 17:9". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-kings-17.html. 1765.

Scofield's Reference Notes

Zarephath called Sarepta, Obadiah 1:20; Luke 4:26.

Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.
Bibliographical Information
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on 1 Kings 17:9". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/1-kings-17.html. 1917.

James Nisbet's Church Pulpit Commentary

THE UNEXPECTED IN LIFE

‘Arise, get thee to Zarephath.… I have commanded a widow woman to sustain thee.’

1 Kings 17:9

I. Notice how God often takes us by unexpected roads.—From Cherith, by the command of God, Elijah was sent to the little town of Zarephath. Now Zarephath was a Sidonian town. It lay on the sea-coast between Tyre and Sidon. It was not a place where the true God was worshipped; it was a haunt and home of foul idolatry. It was indeed the last place in the world where we should look for a prophet of Jehovah. Of course, as we look back on it to-day, we can see the meaning of the command of God. Here Baal was worshipped, in all his horrid foulness, and Elijah was to be the antagonist of Baal. Where better, then, could he see the moral death that would creep upon Israel if she turned to Baal, than in this city where that worship was supreme? All this is very plain to us to-day; but it was not plain to the prophet when he went there. Like Joseph, when he was carried down to Egypt, Elijah was led by an unlooked-for road. Yet just as Joseph, by that unlikely path, was brought to his true sphere and highest honour, so it was in this leading of Elijah. It is well that we all should carry that in mind. We are often led by paths we would not choose. Like St. Paul, we essay to go into Bithynia, but the Spirit of God in Providence suffers us not. And we think it hard, as Paul and Elijah did, until we find ‘He knoweth the way that we take,’ for Macedonia is better than Bithynia, and we would have failed but for our years in Zarephath.

II. Notice how God is often using us when we know it not.—This widow woman never thought of God when she acted so kindly to the alien prophet. She did what she could for him out of her kindly heart—how was she to know that his promises were true? And she did it (or at least she thought she did) just because it pleased her, and of her own free will. Yet all the time, although she knew it not, she was obeying the Divine commandment—‘I have commanded,’ the Lord had said to Elijah, ‘a widow woman to sustain thee there.’ Let us be taught, then, that our service of the King is a far wider thing than sometimes we imagine. When we are kind and charitable and good and loving, we are carrying out some mandate of the Master. Lord, when did we see Thee hungry or in prison—when did we see Thee sick and visited Thee? ‘Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these, ye have done it unto Me.’

Illustrations

(1) ‘Not unseldom God bids His servants hide themselves towards the sunrising, but in these periods of enforced seclusion, He makes Himself responsible for the supply of their want. The brook may dwindle, only to reveal other resources. Not nature only, but human hearts are at the disposal of our Master, Who can make a cruse of oil and an handful of meal outlast a famine. Our one aim must be to know God’s plan and live on it, then no good thing can fail.’

(2) ‘There is a terrible epitaph on an old Roman tomb, “Quod edi et hibi, mecum habeo”—what I ate and drank I have with me. But I am certain that the widow of Sarepta would never write that upon her headstone. She had learned the truth of these words of John Wesley, “What I gave away, I have still.”

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Nisbet, James. "Commentary on 1 Kings 17:9". Church Pulpit Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cpc/1-kings-17.html. 1876.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 17:9 Arise, get thee to Zarephath, which [belongeth] to Zidon, and dwell there: behold, I have commanded a widow woman there to sustain thee.

Ver. 9. Arise, get thee to Zarephath.] Which was, say chorographere, a hundred miles from the brook Cherith. But the Popish friars stick not at a journey to China or Peru, if their superiors command them to go it.

Which belongeth to Zidon.] And was inhabited by Gentiles; to figure out the rejection of the Jews, and vocation of the Gentiles, as our Saviour showeth. [Luke 4:25]

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 17:9". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-17.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

1 Kings 17:9. Arise, get thee to Zarephath Zarephath, or Sarepta, lay between Tyre and Sidon, but nearest to the latter. Mr. Maundrell observes, that it is the same which is now called Sarphan, about three hours travel from Sidon, in the way to Tyre. It consists at present only of a few houses on the tops of the mountains; but there is reason to believe, that the principal part of the city stood in the plain below, because there are still ruins to be seen there of very considerable extent.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 1 Kings 17:9". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/1-kings-17.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Zarephath; a city between Tyrus and Sidon, called Sarepta by Luke 4:26, by Pliny, and others.

To Zidon; to the jurisdiction of that city, which therefore was inhabited by Gentiles. See Luke 4:25. And God’s providing for his prophet, first by an unclean bird, and then by a Gentile, whom the Jews esteemed unclean, was a notable presage of the calling of the Gentiles, and of the rejection of the Jews.

I have commanded, i.e. appointed or provided, as before, 1 Kings 17:4; for that she had as yet no revelation or command of God about it, appears from 1 Kings 17:12.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 17:9". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-17.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

9.Zarephath — An ancient city about half way between Sidon and Tyre, called Sarepta in Luke 4:26, and at present Surafend. “It would seem,” says Dr. Robinson, “that the former city of Sarepta stood near the seashore; and that the present village bearing the same name upon the adjacent hills, has sprung up since the time of the crusades; the people having probably chosen to remove thither for the same reason, whatever it may have been, which has caused the abandonment of all the rest of the plain. In the rocks along the foot of the hills are many excavated tombs, once doubtless belonging to the ancient city.” The ancient site is marked by “broken foundations and irregular heaps of stones.”

I have commanded a widow woman there to sustain thee — The widow, like the ravens, supplies Elijah by Divine command; a command, however, not audibly laid upon them. As the ravens obeyed, unconscious of the Divine power that controlled them, so largely with this woman.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Kings 17:9". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-kings-17.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

1 Kings 17:9. Arise, get thee to Zarephath — A city between Tyre and Sidon, called Sarepta by St. Luke 4:26, and others. Which belongeth to Zidon — To the jurisdiction of that city, which was inhabited by Gentiles. And God’s providing for his prophet, first, by an unclean bird, and then by a Gentile, whom the Jews esteemed unclean, was a presage of the calling of the Gentiles, and rejection of the Jews. So Elijah was the first prophet of the Gentiles. Commanded a widow woman — That is, appointed or provided; for that she had as yet received no revelation or command of God about it, appears from 1 Kings 17:12.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 1 Kings 17:9". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/1-kings-17.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Sidonians, and nearer their city than it was to Tyre. (Calmet) --- Commanded, or provided that she shall feed thee. So he commanded the ravens, ver. 4. (Menochius) --- It appears that the widow had received no precise intimation, ver. 12. She was not an Israelite, (Luke iv. 25.) but probably a pagan. (St. Chrysostom, &c.) --- Many suppose that Elias did not know, at first, that she was to entertain him. (Calmet) --- But both the one and the other might be divinely instructed how to act. In due time the widow and the prophet became acquainted with the will of God, and complied with it. (Haydock)

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Kings 17:9". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-kings-17.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Zarephath = the Sarepta of Luke 4:26.

a widow. One of nine widows mentioned. See note on 1 Kings 17:4 and Genesis 38:19.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Kings 17:9". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-kings-17.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Arise, get thee to Zarephath, which belongeth to Zidon, and dwell there: behold, I have commanded a widow woman there to sustain thee.

Which belongeth to Zidon, [ '

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Kings 17:9". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-kings-17.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 17:9". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-kings-17.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Arise, get thee to Zarephath, which belongeth to Zidon, and dwell there: behold, I have commanded a widow woman there to sustain thee.
Zarephath
Obadiah 1:20; Luke 4:26
Sarepta
which belongeth.
Matthew 15:21,22
widow woman
4; Judges 7:2,4; Romans 4:17-21; 2 Corinthians 4:7
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 17:11 - a morsel;  1 Kings 18:10 - they found thee not;  1 Kings 19:6 - cake;  Jeremiah 36:26 - but;  Zechariah 9:2 - Zidon;  Matthew 10:11 - inquire;  Matthew 10:41 - that receiveth a prophet;  Matthew 21:3 - straightway;  Luke 7:12 - the only;  Revelation 12:6 - that

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 17:9". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-17.html.