Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 21:15

When Jezebel heard that Naboth had been stoned and was dead, Jezebel said to Ahab, "Arise, take possession of the vineyard of Naboth, the Jezreelite, which he refused to give you for money; for Naboth is not alive, but dead."
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Confiscation;   Covetousness;   Dishonesty;   Government;   Homicide;   Indictments;   Jezebel;   King;   Money;   Naboth;   Property;   Usurpation;   Women;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Injustice;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Jezebel;   Jezreel;   Naboth;   Vine;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Ahab;   Jezebel;   Lie;   Steal;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Confiscation;   Esdraelon;   Festivals;   King, Kingship;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Government;   Jezebel;   Justice;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Jezebel ;   Jezreelite, Jezreelitess ;   Naboth ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Naboth;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Elijah;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Law of Moses;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Babylonish Captivity, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Jezebel;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Arise, take possession - By what rites or in what forms this was done, we do not know.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:15". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-kings-21.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And it came to pass when Jezebel heard that Naboth was stoned, and was dead, that Jezebel said to Ahab,.... To whom she communicated the news as soon as possible:

arise, take possession of the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, which he refused to give thee for money, for Naboth is not alive, but dead; some think that Naboth was a near relation to Ahab, his father's brother's sonF5T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol. 48. 2. ; which they endeavour to support from his estate lying next to Ahab's, and from his being ordered to be set in an high place among the people; and Josephus, as before observed, says he was of illustrious descent; and so Ahab upon his death, his sons being also put to death with him, was next heir to his estate; and therefore Jezebel bid him enter on the possession of it, he being dead, and his sons also, and therefore there was nothing in his way to obstruct him: but rather her meaning is, that Naboth was dead, not of a natural but violent death, by the hand of the civil magistrate; as for blasphemy against God, so for treason against the king, in virtue of which his estate was forfeited to the crown, and that Ahab had a right to possess it; and so it was certainly condemned in later times however among the Jews, that if a man was condemned to die by the sanhedrim, his goods came to his heirs, but if for treason against the king, they ceded to himF6Sanhed. ib. .

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:15". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-21.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And it came to pass, when Jezebel heard that Naboth was stoned, and was dead, that Jezebel said to Ahab, f Arise, take possession of the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, which he refused to give thee for money: for Naboth is not alive, but dead.

(f) This example of monstrous cruelty the Holy Spirit leaves to us, to the intent that we should abhor all tyranny, and especially in those whom nature and kind should move to be pitiful and inclined to mercy.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:15". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/1-kings-21.html. 1599-1645.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 21:15 And it came to pass, when Jezebel heard that Naboth was stoned, and was dead, that Jezebel said to Ahab, Arise, take possession of the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, which he refused to give thee for money: for Naboth is not alive, but dead.

Ver. 15. For Naboth is not alive, but dead.] He and all his heirs are dead, and the vineyard doth confiscate to thee.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:15". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-21.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Take possession of the vineyard of Naboth; either, first, By right of confiscation, to repair the injury which he did to the king by blaspheming him. Or, secondly, By tyrannical usurpation. Or, thirdly, By right of inheritance; for some say that Ahab was his next kinsman, his sons being dead; which they judge more likely, because his land was next to the king’s.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:15". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-21.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

15.Take possession of the vineyard — As confiscated property.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:15". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-kings-21.html. 1874-1909.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Arise. This form of the imperative is only found in connection with Jehovah, and always with reference to the promised land. And the lengthened form is found only in Moses" mouth in Numbers 10:35.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:15". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-kings-21.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And it came to pass, when Jezebel heard that Naboth was stoned, and was dead, that Jezebel said to Ahab, Arise, take possession of the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, which he refused to give thee for money: for Naboth is not alive, but dead.

Jezebel ... said ... Arise, take possession. Naboth's execution having been announced, and his family being involved in the same fatal sentence (2 Kings 9:26) his property became forfeited to the crown, not by law, but by traditionary usage (see the notes at 2 Samuel 16:4).

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:15". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-kings-21.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(15) Take possession.—Naboth’s sons (see 2 Kings 9:26) were murdered with him, so that there was none to claim the inheritance. Even had this not been so, the property of executed traitors would naturally fall to the king, although no enactment to this effect is found in the Law.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:15". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-kings-21.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And it came to pass, when Jezebel heard that Naboth was stoned, and was dead, that Jezebel said to Ahab, Arise, take possession of the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, which he refused to give thee for money: for Naboth is not alive, but dead.
Arise
7; Proverbs 1:10-16; 4:17
Reciprocal: Joshua 19:18 - Jezreel;  2 Kings 9:7 - at the hand;  2 Kings 9:21 - the portion of Naboth

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:15". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-21.html.