Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 21:17

Then the word of the Lord came to Elijah the Tishbite, saying,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Elijah;   Homicide;   Naboth;   Prophecy;   Repentance;   Usurpation;   Women;   Thompson Chain Reference - Elijah;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Prophets;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Jezebel;   Jezreel;   Naboth;   Vine;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Ahab;   Lie;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Naboth;   Tishbite;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Festivals;   King, Kingship;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Naboth;   Oracles;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Government;   Justice;   Tishbite;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Jezebel ;   Naboth ;   Tishbite ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Naboth;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Elijah;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Tish'bite, the,;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Urim and Thummim;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Israel;   Babylonish Captivity, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Jezreel;  

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

ELIJAH APPEARED AND DELIVERED GOD'S JUDGMENT UPON AHAB AND UPON ALL HIS HOUSE

"And the word of Jehovah came to Elijah the Tishbite saying, Arise, go down to meet Ahab king of Israel, who dwelleth in Samaria: for he is in the vineyard of Naboth, whither he is gone down to take possession of it. And thou shalt speak unto him, saying, Thus saith Jehovah, Hast thou killed, and also taken possession? And thou shalt speak unto him, saying, In the place where the dogs licked the blood of Naboth shall dogs lick thy blood, even thine. And Ahab said to Elijah, Hast thou found me, O mine enemy? And he answered, I have found thee, because thou hast sold thyself to do that which is evil in the sight of Jehovah. Behold, I will bring evil upon thee, and will utterly sweep thee away and will cut off from Ahab every man-child, and him that is shut up and him that is left at large in Israel: and I will make thy house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and like the house of Baasha the son of Ahijah for the provocation wherewith thou hast provoked me to anger, and hast made Israel to sin. And of Jezebel also spake Jehovah, saying, The dogs shall eat Jezebel by the rampart of Jezreel. Him that dieth of Ahab in the city shall the dogs eat; and him that dieth in the field shall the birds of the heavens eat. (But there was none like unto Ahab, who did sell himself to do that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, whom Jezebel his wife stirred up. And he did very abominably in following idols, according to all that the Amorites did, whom Jehovah cast out before the children of Israel)."

"In the place where the dogs licked the blood of Naboth shall dogs lick thy blood, even thine" (1 Kings 21:19). How ridiculous is the comment of critics that, "These words were not exactly fulfilled in history."[11] While true enough that the fulfillment of this dreadful prophecy varied in some degree from what is said here, the variation was due to the repentance of Ahab which fully justified the slight changes (Jeremiah 18:7-10), because all of God's promises of judgment and punishment upon either nations or individuals are contingent, always, upon whether or not there is a significant change in the life of the condemned.

In Ahab's case, that change occurred. But even so, the fulfillment of these dreadful judgments against Ahab were so remarkably and circumstantially fulfilled that the witness of God's eternal power and Godhead is evident in every one of them!

God promised to remove Ahab? He did so. Some of the penalties God would defer from Ahab to his son, because of his repentance (1 Kings 21:29). This occurred. Jezebel would be eaten of dogs at the rampart of Jezreel. Did that happen? Yes. Ahab's household would become like that of Jeroboam or Baasha, his dynasty would terminate. Did that occur? Certainly. The dogs would lick Ahab's blood in the place where they licked the blood of Naboth. The dogs licked the blood of Ahab at the pool in Samaria where the harlots bathed, instead of doing so in the vineyard that belonged to Naboth at Jezreel (only seven miles away), but both were in one place (the kingdom of Samaria). Furthermore, Joram who carried the blood of Ahab was the last of Ahab's house, and he was thrown by Jehu upon the very plot of ground where the dogs licked Naboth's blood (at Jezreel) (2 Kings 9:26). In all the Bible there's hardly a more convincing group of prophecies and their marvelous fulfillment than we have here.

"Thou hast sold thyself to do that which is evil (1 Kings 21:20). Ahab did sell himself to do that which is evil in the sight of Jehovah" (1 Kings 21:25). The tragic thing about selling oneself to do evil is that it always ends up being selling oneself for nothing! Judas got no benefit for the thirty pieces of silver. Ahab received no blessing from the vineyard of Naboth. Achan found the rich mantle and the wedge of gold to him were worthless.

"And he did very abominably ... according to all that the Amorites did, whom Jehovah cast out before the children of Israel" (1 Kings 21:26). The Amorites here are used as a synecdoche for all of the seven nations of the Canaanites whom God drove out of Canaan before Israel. "The threat implied by this mention of the horrible wickedness of the Amorites is that Israel also must be cast out of Canaan for the same reason, their idolatry."[12] The eternal justice and impartiality of God made such a casting out of Israel mandatory.

Copyright Statement
Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:17". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-kings-21.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And the word of the Lord came to Elijah the prophet,.... Where he now was, when this word came to him, is not certain; nor what he had been employed in for some time past, since we hear nothing of him since the unction of Elisha, other prophets of lesser note being employed in messages to Ahab from time to time; perhaps Elijah, while Ahab was engaged in war with the king of Syria, spent his time in founding or reviving the schools of the prophets, and instructing and training up those that were in them for public usefulness, since we afterwards hear of them; the word that came to him is, by the Targum, called the word of prophecy, as indeed it was, foretelling the destruction of Ahab and his house: saying; as follows.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:17". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-21.html. 1999.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 21:17 And the word of the LORD came to Elijah the Tishbite, saying,

Ver. 17. And the word of the Lord came to Elijah.] The day after Naboth’s death came Elijah to Ahab with this sad message, as Tostatus noteth from 2 Kings 9:26. "The triumphing of the wicked is short."

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:17". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-21.html. 1865-1868.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And the word of the LORD came to Elijah the Tishbite, saying,

No JFB commentary on this verse.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:17". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-kings-21.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(17) Elijah.—We have heard nothing of him since the call of Elisha, as though he had once more retired to solitude. In the mere political service of the preceding chapter, important in the eyes of the world, he takes no part; but emerges now for the higher moral duty of rebuking crime, and avenging innocent blood, in what Eastern tyranny would deem a very trivial matter. Ahab’s address to him seems to imply wonder at his unusual appearance among men.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:17". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-kings-21.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And the word of the LORD came to Elijah the Tishbite, saying,
2 Kings 1:15,16; 5:26; Psalms 9:12; Isaiah 26:21
Reciprocal: Matthew 18:12 - into;  Mark 12:12 - knew

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:17". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-21.html.