Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 21:23

Of Jezebel also has the Lord spoken, saying, ‘The dogs will eat Jezebel in the district of Jezreel.'
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Ahab;   Elijah;   Homicide;   Jezebel;   Judgments;   Prophecy;   Repentance;   Reproof;   Rulers;   Women;   Thompson Chain Reference - Elijah;   Jezebel;   Queens;   Women;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Kings;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Jezebel;   Jezreel;   Joram or Jehoram;   Naboth;   Vine;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Ahab;   Elijah;   Jezebel;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Animals;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Dog;   Elijah;   Jezreel, Ditch of;   Naboth;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Dog;   Elijah;   Fenced Cities;   Jehu;   Jezebel;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Ahab;   Esdraelon;   Festivals;   King, Kingship;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Naboth;   Oracles;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Dog;   Elijah;   Fortification and Siegecraft;   Government;   Justice;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Elisha ;   Jehu ;   Jezebel ;   Jezreel ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Naboth;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Elijah;   Jezebel;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Dog,;   Eli'jah;   Jez'ebel;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Dog;   Urim and Thummim;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Israel;   Babylonish Captivity, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Ahab;   Dog;   Jezebel;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Fortress;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

The dogs shall eat Jezebel - This was most literally fulfilled; see 2 Kings 9:36. The carcasses of poor Hindoos, and of persons who have received public punishment, are thrown into the rivers, and floating to the side, are devoured by dogs, vultures, and crows.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:23". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-kings-21.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And of Jezebel also spake the Lord, saying - These are not the words of Elijah, but of the writer, who notes a special prophecy against Jezebel, whose guilt was at least equal to her husband‘s.

Wall - The marginal rendering “ditch,” is preferable. There is always in Oriental towns a space outside the walls which lies uncultivated, and which is naturally used for the deposit of refuse of every kind. Here the dogs prowl, and the kites and vultures find many a feast.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:23". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-kings-21.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And of Jezebel also spake the Lord,.... To Elijah, and by him:

saying, the dogs shall eat Jezebel by the wall of Jezreel or in the inheritance or portion of Jezreel, as the Targum; Jarchi interprets it, the valley of Jezreel; the fulfilment of this see in 2 Kings 9:30.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:23". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-21.html. 1999.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And of Jezebel also spake the LORD, saying, The dogs shall eat Jezebel by the wall of Jezreel.

By the wall — Or, in the portion, as it is explained2Kings9:36.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:23". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-kings-21.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 21:23 And of Jezebel also spake the LORD, saying, The dogs shall eat Jezebel by the wall of Jezreel.

Ver. 23. The dogs shall eat Jezebel.] So the Donatists that threw the sacramental bread to dogs were themselves afterwards devoured of dogs.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:23". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-21.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Or, by the ditch, or fort; or, in the portion, as it is explained 2 Kings 9:36; the Hebrew chel here being put for chelek, used there by an apocope of the last Hebrew letter, which is not unusual in the Hebrew tongue.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:23". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-21.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

23.Dogs shall eat Jezebel — See the fulfilment of this in 2 Kings 9:30-37.

By the wall — The wall of her palace, according to 2 King 9:33.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:23". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-kings-21.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Field. Hebrew, "wall," or "before the wall." This was exactly fulfilled, 4 Kings ix. 32. Jezabel was hurled from a window over the gate or wall of the city. (Calmet)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:23". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-kings-21.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

by the wall. The word behel is thought by Ginsburg to be an abbreviation for bthelek = "in the portion of", as in 2 Kings 9:10, 2 Kings 9:36 : i.e. within the rampart.

Jezreel. Not Samaria the capital, but Jezreel where Naboth had been murdered.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:23". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-kings-21.html. 1909-1922.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And of Jezebel also spake the LORD, saying, The dogs shall eat Jezebel by the wall of Jezreel.
Jezebel
25; 2 Kings 9:10,30-37
the dogs
Shocking as this must appear to minds that have been humanized by the kindly influence of Christianity, we still find similar instances in the accounts of modern travellers. Mr. Bruce says, that when at Gondar, "the bodies of those killed by the sword were hewn to pieces and scattered about the streets, being denied burial. I was miserable, and almost driven to despair, at seeing my hunting dogs, twice let loose by the carelessness of my servants, bringing into the court-yard the heads and arms of slaughtered men, and which I could no way prevent, but by the destruction of the dogs themselves."
wall
or, ditch.
Reciprocal: Joshua 17:16 - Jezreel;  1 Samuel 29:1 - Jezreel;  1 Kings 14:11 - that dieth;  1 Kings 18:45 - Ahab;  2 Kings 9:36 - This is;  Job 12:21 - poureth;  Proverbs 28:17 - GeneralJeremiah 15:3 - I will;  Jeremiah 16:4 - as dung;  Jeremiah 22:19 - GeneralJeremiah 34:20 - and their;  Revelation 2:20 - that woman

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:23". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-21.html.