Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 6:5

Against the wall of the house he built stories encompassing the walls of the house around both the nave and the inner sanctuary; thus he made side chambers all around.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Oracle;   Temple;   Thompson Chain Reference - Solomon;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Holy of Holies;   Temple, the First;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Oracle;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Cubit;   Temple;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Oracle;   Parlour;   Temple, Solomon's;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Kings, the Books of;   Temple;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Architecture in the Biblical Period;   Tools;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Israel;   Jerusalem;   Palm Tree;   Solomon;   Temple;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Oracle;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Chamber;   Debir (2);   Holy Place;   Oracle;   Stories;   Temple;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Holy of Holies;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Chambers - (Margin, floors). Rather, a lean-to, which completely surrounded three sides of the building, the north, the west, and the south.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Kings 6:5". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-kings-6.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And against the wall of the house he built chambers round about,.... Or near it, as Jarchi interprets it, for the beams of them were not fastened in in it, 1 Kings 6:6; or rather "upon" itF16על קיר "super parietem", V. L. Montanus. ; and when they are said to be round about the house, it must be understood of the two sides, north and south, and of the west end only, for at the east end, where the porch was, there were none:

against the walls of the house round about, both of the temple and of the oracle; that is, both of the holy and the most holy place:

and he made chambers round about; the said buildings; which is repeated that it might be observed; how many chambers there were, is not said; Josephus saysF17Antiqu. l. 8. c. 3. sect. 2. there were thirty of them, and over them others of the same measure and number, and over them others also; so that there were three stories of them, and in all ninety; and which is countenanced by what follows in 1 Kings 6:6, and agrees with Ezekiel 41:6; the Jewish doctors sayF18Misn. Middot, c. 4. sect. 3. , there were thirty eight of them, fifteen on the north, fifteen on the south, and eight on the west; they that were to the north and south were five upon five, and five over them; and they that were to the west were three upon three, and two over them; upper rooms or chambers were rare in Heathen templesF19Pausan. Laconic. sive. l. 3. p. 190. : these chambers were for the priests, where they lodged and laid up their garments, and ate their holy things; and were emblems of congregated churches, where the true members thereof, who are priests to God, have communion with him, and partake of divine things.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 6:5". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-6.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And against the wall of the house he built chambers round about, [against] the walls of the house round about, [both] of the temple and of d the oracle: and he made chambers round about:

(d) When God spoke between the Cherubim, called also the most holy place.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 1 Kings 6:5". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/1-kings-6.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

1 Kings 6:5-10. The chambers thereof.

against the wall of the house he built chambers — On three sides, there were chambers in three stories, each story wider than the one beneath it, as the walls were narrowed or made thinner as they ascended, by a rebate being made, on which the beams of the side floor rested, without penetrating the wall. These chambers were approached from the right-hand side, in the interior of the under story, by a winding staircase of stone, which led to the middle and upper stories.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Kings 6:5". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/1-kings-6.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And against the wall of the house he built chambers round about, against the walls of the house round about, both of the temple and of the oracle: and he made chambers round about:

Against the wall — The beams of the chambers were not fastened into the wall, but leaned upon the buttresses of the wall.

Chambers — For the laying the priests garments, and other utensils belonging to the temple, therein.

Round about — On all the sides except the east, where the porch was; and except some very small passages for the light. And yet these lights might be in the five uppermost cubits of the wall, which were above all these chambers, for these were only fifteen cubits high, and the wall was twenty cubits high.

Chambers — Galleries which encompassed all the chambers; and which were necessary for passage to them.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 6:5". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-kings-6.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 6:5 And against the wall of the house he built chambers round about, [against] the walls of the house round about, [both] of the temple and of the oracle: and he made chambers round about:

Ver. 5. He built chambers round about.] Against all the parts of the temple, but only the entrance, which was at the east end. Of these chambers, or galleries, there were three stories, five cubits high, for the use of the priests that served at the altar.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 6:5". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-6.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Against the wall; or, upon it; or, joining to it; for the beams of the chambers were not fastened into the wall, but leaned upon the buttresses of the wall. He built chambers, for the laying the priests’ garments and other utensils belonging to the temple, or to the worship of God, therein: see 2 Kings 11:2 1 Chronicles 28:12 Ezekiel 42:13,14.

Round about; not simply, for there were none on the, east side; and it may seem that there were some spaces left for the windows, which being narrow outwardly, little spaces would suffice; but in a manner, i.e. on all the sides except the east, where the porch was, and except some very small passages for the light. And yet these lights might be in the five uppermost cubits of the wall, which were above all these chambers; for these were only fifteen cubits high, and the wall was twenty cubits high.

He made chambers, Heb. ribs, i.e. either other chambers above and besides the former; or rather, long galleries, which encompassed all the chambers, as the ribs do man’s body; and which were necessary for passage to all the several chambers.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 6:5". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-6.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

5.Against the wall — On the outside of the main building, as the sequel shows, and built up against it, as a lateral building, or lean-to.

Chambers — The Hebrew word thus rendered, (יצוע, here and in 1 Kings 6:10 construed as masculine, and taken collectively, as the plural rendering shows, but feminine in 1 Kings 6:6, where it is rendered in the singular,) comes from a root signifying to spread out, as in spreading a couch, and is used in the sense of a couch or bed in Genesis 49:4; 1 Chronicles 5:1; Job 17:13; Psalms 63:7; Psalms 132:3. It is evidently here used as an architectural term, and designates a wing or side-building, containing three stories of chambers, and extending around three sides of the entire building, namely, on the south, west, and north. Rawlinson translates it a lean-to. Margin, floors. Perhaps the nearest equivalent in our language would be a wing.

Against the walls — This expression is repeated, with walls in the plural, to introduce the more precise statement that the wing extended around the entire building; that is, the walls both of the temple and of the oracle. The oracle was the most holy place, the innermost apartment of the house. (C in plan.) See on 1 Kings 6:16. Its Hebrew name is דביר, Debir, derived by a number of scholars from דבר, to speak; hence the speaking place; the place where Jehovah spoke with his people. But Gesenius, Furst, and most recent critics, derive it from an Arabic root signifying to be behind; hence the hindmost or inner apartment; the adytum. It is often thus distinguished from the holy place before it, (B in plan,) in which case the latter is called, as here, the temple, (compare 1 Kings 6:3; 1 Kings 6:17,) “the house,” or “the greater house.” 2 Chronicles 3:5.

Chambers — This is in the Hebrew a different word from that rendered chambers above. The margin gives the literal meaning, ribs, (צלעות,) but there is little doubt that the word, as used here and in Ezekiel 41:6, means side-chambers — the different apartments into which the wings above described were partitioned. (c c c in plan.) The purpose which these side-chambers was designed to serve is nowhere stated in the Scriptures. According to Thenius, they were expensively furnished sleeping apartments for the priests. They may also have been used as store-rooms for depositing consecrated gifts and sacred relics.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Kings 6:5". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-kings-6.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

1 Kings 6:5. Against the wall of the house he built chambers — For the accommodation of the priests, when they were upon duty at the temple. Here they kept their clothes, the sacred vessels not in immediate use, and the treasures belonging to the temple. These chambers are said to have been built against or adjoining to the wall; for their beams were not fastened into the wall, but leaned upon the buttresses of the wall. Round about — On all the sides except the east, where the porch was, and except some very small passages for the light. And yet the lights might be in the five uppermost cubits of the wall, which were above all these chambers, for these were only fifteen cubits high, and the wall was twenty cubits high. And he made chambers round about — In the Hebrew, He made ribs; by which some understand galleries, which encompassed all the forenamed chambers, and were necessary for passages to them.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 1 Kings 6:5". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/1-kings-6.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Upon the wall. That is, joining to the wall. --- He built floors round about. Chambers or cells adjoining to the temple, for the use of the temple and of the priests, so contrived as to be between the inward and outward wall of the temple, in three stories, one above another. --- The oracle. The inner temple or holy of holies, where God gave his oracles. (Challoner) --- Sides. Protestants, "he made chambers round about." (Haydock) --- Some think that buttresses were used, to strengthen the building. Septuagint, "ribs," (Menochius) sides. But there seem rather to have been three off-sets; so that the wall kept decreasing in breadth, as it grew higher, (Haydock) every ten cubits, (Ezechiel xli. 6.; Menochius) and thus the upper chamber was two cubits broader than the lowest. The beams might thus rest upon the walls, and be easily changed. (Haydock)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Kings 6:5". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-kings-6.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

oracle. See note on 2 Samuel 16:23.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Kings 6:5". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-kings-6.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And against the wall of the house he built chambers round about, against the walls of the house round about, both of the temple and of the oracle: and he made chambers round about:

Against the wall of the house he built chambers round about. The number of these chambers is not stated. Ezekiel (Ezekiel 41:6) in his visionary temple places thirty; and Jewish writers say this was the number in Solomon's temple. On three sides there were chambers - i:e., corridors or galleries, in three storeys, each storey wider than the one beneath it, as the walls were narrowed or made thinner as they ascended, by a rebate being made, on which the beams of the side floor rested, without penetrating the walls. Josephus ('Antiquities,' b. 8:, ch. 3:, sec. 2) says that each of these side rooms was 20 cubits in height; otherwise there must have been a long unoccupied space between the lower chamber and that above it, with double floors, the one 6 cubits distance from the floor beneath it. These chambers were approached from the righthand side, in the interior of the under storey, by a winding staircase of stone, which led to the middle and upper storeys.

Of the temple, [ heeykaal (Hebrew #1964)] - the palace or temple of Yahweh, here used for that part of it which intervened between the entrance and the most holy place [Septuagint, too (Greek #3588) naoo (Greek #3485), the nave].

And of the oracle, [ w

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Kings 6:5". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-kings-6.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And against the wall of the house he built chambers round about, against the walls of the house round about, both of the temple and of the oracle: and he made chambers round about:
against
or, upon, or joining to. built.
1 Chronicles 9:26; 23:28; 28:11; 2 Chronicles 31:11; Nehemiah 10:37; 12:44; 13:5-9; Song of Solomon 1:4; Jeremiah 35:4; Ezekiel 40:44; 41:5-11; 42:3-12
chambers
Heb. floors. These appear to have been what we should now call corridors or galleries; in which were apartments for the use of the priests. They consisted of three stories, and increased one cubit in breadth in every story, the wall of the temple being two cubits thicker at the bottom than at the top; and where the wall diminished, a rest was thus formed for the beams of the chambers to lodge upon.
oracle
16,19-21,31; Exodus 25:22; Leviticus 16:2; Numbers 7:89; 2 Chronicles 4:20; 5:7,9; Psalms 28:2
chambers
Heb. ribs.
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 6:21 - by the chains;  1 Kings 7:3 - beams;  2 Kings 11:2 - in the bedchamber;  Nehemiah 6:10 - the house;  Jeremiah 35:2 - into one;  Ezekiel 40:7 - GeneralEzekiel 40:17 - there were

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 6:5". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-6.html.